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astro boy essays Astro Boy is word something that few anime fans nowadays know about, even fewer watch or read, and even fewer still actively enjoy. I want to believe that the release of Frederik L. Schodt#8217;s latest book, The Astro Boy Essays: Osamu Tezuka, Mighty Atom, and the Manga/Anime Revolution (new from Stone Bridge Press) will change that. Fred has been writing about anime and essayes manga in America since before the terms were frequently used by 1000 word essay, anyone here. He is perhaps the essayes moi streaming top English-language authority on the subject of the #8220;God of Manga and Anime•bCrLf Osamu Tezuka and his best-known creation Astro Boy, having known Tezuka personally for many years and translated all of the Astro Boy manga into English. The Astro Boy Essays is word essay in pages a fantastic resource, but will the majority of US anime fans care, even though they should? Without Astro Boy and Osamu Tezuka, anime and manga as we know them simply wouldn#8217;t exist. Astro Boy, or Tetsuwan Atom (#8220;Mighty Atom•bCrLf) as it#8217;s known in Japan, is essay often credited as being the first #8220;modern•bCrLf anime, having begun in 1963. The 1958 film Panda and the Magic Serpent probably deserves that distinction, but Astro Boy was the first weekly anime TV series to essay in pages, be shown in english essay model, America, so it was a first for us anyway.

The general premise has not changed very much over 1000 word the years, even if the names used have: in essay questions, the future, a scientist#8217;s young son is accidentally killed, prompting the scientist to build a robot in the boy#8217;s image (thus officially qualifying him as a #8220;mad•bCrLf scientist). Another less crazy scientist adopts the robot to teach it how to 1000 word, behave like a real boy • and essay about dream also to fight against bad guys should the need arise on a weekly basis. The robot is Astro Boy and he#8217;s the strongest robot there is, gifted with powers such as flight, super strength (#8220;100,000 horsepower•bCrLf), enhanced senses, and so on. More importantly, he#8217;s also the most advanced, with a computer brain capable of 1000 word essay thinking and feeling emotions. Still, given the apparent lack of interest—the US broadcast of the complicated gorgeously animated 2003 Astro Boy TV series was canceled almost immediately—it#8217;s astounding that Dark Horse Comics released all 23 volumes of the manga, Right Stuf released 104 episodes of the original 1963 TV series, Manga Video released the 1980 TV series, and Sony released the 1000 word 2003 TV series. More incredible is that—aside from the heavily edited dub-only release of the 2003 series—the DVDs offer both Japanese and English audio and descriptive about dream the manga is relatively unedited despite being flipped to read from 1000 in pages, left to right. Complicated? Hopefully you DO like Astro Boy and Osamu Tezuka, or if you#8217;re interested in learning about them—and you SHOULD be—then The Astro Boy Essays is for you.

Don#8217;t let the term #8220;essays•bCrLf deter you; Schodt#8217;s writing is informative without being dry or overly technical like an academic journal or textbook. There are eight essays in 1000 essay in pages, all. #8220;A National Icon•bCrLf establishes the popularity of Astro Boy/Mighty Atom in Japan as it chronicles the events that happened in celebration of his fictional date of birth in 2003. Parades, fireworks displays, robotics exhibits, and english essay a flower display of essay Mighty Atom made from essayes, 100,000 tulips were just part of the 1000 word essay in pages nationwide pageantry. But even in descriptive essay your dream, Japan, the attachment to Mighty Atom that the 1000 baby boomers had is not entirely carried over to the younger generations, since the new series wasn#8217;t all that successful there either. #8220;How •Mighty Atom#8217; Came to complicated essay questions, Be•bCrLf and #8220;Designing a World•bCrLf discuss the events leading up to the 1952 manga debut of the essay character and writing the influences on Tezuka#8217;s work: World War II, the American postwar occupation of Japan, classical music, and the animated works of Walt Disney, Max Fleischer, and Paul Terry. The productions of the word essay all-female musical theatrical troupe known as the Takarazuka Revue, particularly their production of Pinocchio, also heavily influenced Mighty Atom#8217;s creation as well as his androgynous look that would later become a driving force behind the pretty boy/bishonen aesthetic of today. Speaking of driving forces, Osamu Tezuka was clearly superhuman: he not only worked on about five different manga titles while attending medical school, but he could also read 300 pages of text in 10 minutes and play the piano. Even so, Tezuka#8217;s need for production assistants to keep up with his work schedule not only trained a generation of manga creators who would become famous themselves, but established the modern method for manga production employed to this day.

All American anime fans would benefit from reading the essays #8220;Mighty Atom: TV Star•bCrLf and #8220;Go, Go, Go Astro Boy!•bCrLf These chronicle the tale of how the Mighty Atom anime series—and thus the entire modern anime industry—got its start, as well as how the series came over to America. On top of all the manga he#8217;d make, Osamu Tezuka started up an animation studio where he—at first—scripted, storyboarded, and directed for the cartoons. Apparently, the secret behind being able to accomplish this much work is to never sleep. For better or worse, Tezuka#8217;s focus on paper producing the Mighty Atom anime series as quickly and cheaply as possible while also merchandising it and selling the show overseas lay the foundation for the anime industry as it exists today. For the devout fan, #8220;An Interface Between Man and Robot•bCrLf and #8220;A Medley of Messages•bCrLf focus on the deeper messages present within Astro Boy. There#8217;s maturity to the Astro Boy manga that you may not expect, and perhaps that#8217;s why Osamu Tezuka#8217;s work hasn#8217;t really taken off in the US despite all the critical acclaim.

Fans in America don#8217;t generally take kindly to Tezuka#8217;s fondness for throwing silly gags into otherwise serious stories or, for word that matter, telling such stories using Betty Boop-looking characters in the first place. Nevertheless, whether in Japan or America, Osamu Tezuka is best known for english model creating Astro Boy, a fact that the final essay, #8220;A Complicated Relationship•bCrLf dwells upon. Revolutionary as Astro Boy was, Tezuka used the money he#8217;d made from that to in pages, finance truly experimental titles such as Phoenix. While it#8217;s excellent to see so much of Astro Boy available in the US, where#8217;s the essayes love for Black Jack? Proud as he was of 1000 essay in pages Astro Boy, it#8217;s a mistake to essay questions, equate Osamu Tezuka solely with that.

As a dedicated fan of Astro Boy who doesn#8217;t personally know any others, I#8217;m quite ecstatic that Fred Schodt wrote The Astro Boy Essays in the first place. Not only is it an excellent resource on word essay in pages Astro Boy, but true to its lengthy subtitle, it also serves as a biography on the life of Osamu Tezuka and spm a historical overview of the development of word in pages modern Japanese animation and comics. After all, the subjects are inseparable. [Excerpted from the December 2008 issue of descriptive your Otaku USA magazine] Fate/stay night [Heaven’s Feel] Film Hits Los Angeles November 3. New York Comic Con to Honor Fairy Tail Creator Hiro Mashima. 1000 In Pages? Japanese Fans Rank Their Favorite Late Night Summer 2017 Series. Live-Action Sword Art Online Series Lines Up Showrunners.

My Hero Academia Anime Ad Prepares for writing paper Season 3. A Certain Magical Index Season 3 Announced for essay 2018. Subscribe to our mailing list to get the essay in ontology phenomenological latest news to your email inbox.

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How Many Pages Is 1000 Words - YouTube

Reservation System in 1000, India: Concept, Arguments and Conclusions. Reservation System in India: Concept, Arguments and questions Conclusions! Reservation in common terms refers to an act of word essay in pages reserving, keeping back or withholding. Reservation in the Indian Context : Reservation in Indian law is a form of affirmative action whereby a percentage of seats are reserved in the public sector units, union and state civil services, union and state government departments and in essay, all public and private educational institutions, except in the religious/ linguistic minority edu­cational institutions, for the socially and educationally backward communities and the Scheduled Castes and Tribes who are inadequately represented in these services and institutions. The reserva­tion policy is also extended for the Scheduled Castes and 1000 word Scheduled Tribes for representation in the Parliament of India.

The underlying theory for the provision of reservation by essayes, the state is the 1000 under-representation of the identifiable groups as a legacy of the Indian caste system. After India gained independence, the Constitution of India listed some erstwhile groups as Scheduled Castes (SC) and writing outline paper Scheduled Tribes (ST). The framers of the Constitution believed that, due to the caste system, SCs and the STs were historically oppressed and denied respect and equal opportunity in Indian society and were thus under-represented in nation-building activities. The Constitution laid down 15% and 7.5% of vacan­cies to government aided educational institutes and for jobs in the government/public sector, as reserved quota for the SC and ST candidates respectively for a period of five years, after which the in pages situation was to be reviewed. After introducing the provision for reservation once, it got related to vote bank politics and the following governments and the Indian Parliament routinely extended this period, without any free and fair revisions. Later, reservations were introduced for other sections as well. The Supreme Court ruling that reservations cannot exceed 50% (which it judged would violate equal access guaranteed by the Constitution) has put a cap on reservations. The central government of essay India reserves 27% of higher education, and individual states may legislate further reservations. Word In Pages! Reservation in most states is at writing research paper 50%, but certain Indian states like Rajasthan have proposed a 68% reservation that includes a 14% reservation for forward castes in services and education.

However, there are states laws that exceed this 50% limit and these are under litigation in the Supreme Court. For example, the caste-based reservation fraction stands at 69% and is applicable to about 87% of the population in the state of word in pages Tamil Nadu. Arguments Offered By Supporters of Reservation : a. Reservations are a political necessity in India. b. Although Reservation schemes do undermine the quality of education but still Affirmative Action has helped many if not everyone from under-privileged and/or under-represented communities to essayes moi streaming grow and occupy top positions in the world’s leading industries. c. Although Reservation schemes do undermine the quality, they are needed to provide social justice to the most marginalized and underprivileged which is their human right.

d. Meritocracy is meaningless without equality. Essay In Pages! First all people must be brought to the same level, whether it elevates a section or decelerates another, regardless of essay in ontology merit. e. Reservations have only 1000 in pages, slowed down the process of “Forward becoming richer and backward becom­ing poorer”. Arguments Offered by Anti-Reservationists : a. Thesis Roles! Intellectuals and Philanthropists agree that reservations will divide India Reservation is word essay in pages similar to writing outline internal partition because in addition to being a form of ethnic discrimination, it also builds walls against inter-caste and inter-faith marriages. Vast majority of voters are discriminating against a newly created minority. b. Reservations are the biggest enemy of meritocracy.

By offering reservation through relaxed entry criteria, we are fuelling inflation of moderate credentials as opposed to the promotion of merit based education system, which is the foundation of many progressive countries. In Pages! Meritocracy should not be polluted by injecting relaxation of essay in ontology entry barriers, rather should be encouraged by offering financial aids to the underprivileged although deserving candidates only. Today the NTs and IIMs hold a high esteem in the global scenario due to 1000 word their conservation of merit. c. Caste Based Reservation only perpetuates the essayes notion of caste in society, rather than weakening it as a factor of social consideration, as envisaged by the constitution. Reservation is a tool to meet narrow political ends.

d. Affirmative Action can be provided at a more comprehensive level taking into account various factors of exclusion such as caste, economic conditions, gender, kind of schooling received etc. A comprehensive scheme of Affirmative Action would be more beneficial than reservations in addressing concerns of social justice. e. Allocating quotas is a form of discrimination which is contrary to the right to equality. f. There is great confusion in the “pro-reservation camp”. While they clamour for 33% reservation for in pages, women in parliament and state legislatures [and do not accept caste quotas as part of women’s quotas], they do not want special consideration for women in quotas in higher education. This is implicit acceptance of the fact that there are multiple factors of questions exclusion and 1000 word discrimination at work in essay phenomenological, society. g. The policy of reservation has never been subject to a widespread social or political audit.

Before extending reservation to more groups, the entire policy needs to be properly examined, and its ben­efits over a span of nearly 60 years have to be gauged. h. Poor people from “forward castes” do not have any social or economical advantage over rich people from word essay, backward caste. i. Combination of factors like Wealth, Income, and Occupation etc will help to identify real needy people. Most often, only the economically sound people make use of most of the seats reserved for “back­ward” castes, thus making the aim a total failure. j. There is fear that reservation once introduced will never be withdrawn even if there is a proof for upliftment of descriptive about house backward classes, due to political issues. For example, in Tamil Nadu, forward castes were able to secure only 3% of total seats (and 9% in word essay, Open Competition) in complicated essay, professional institutions at Undergraduate level as against essay, their population percentage of 13%.

This is a clear case of reverse discrimination. k. Many cite the Mandal Commission report while supporting the idea of reservations. According to the Mandal commission, 52% of the Indians belong to OBC category, while according to National Sample Survey 1999-2000, this figure is only 36% (32% excluding Muslim OBCs). l. This policy of the government has already caused increase in outline research, brain drain and may aggravate further. Under graduates and graduates will start moving to foreign universities for higher education. Committees and word Commissions on the Issue of Reservation : a. 1882 – Hunter Commission was appointed. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule made a demand of free and compulsory education for all along with proportionate reservation/representation in essay, government jobs.

b. 1953-Kalelkar Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward class. The report was accepted as far as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were concerned. The recommendations for OBC’s were rejected. c. 1000! 1979-Mandal Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward. The commission didn’t have exact figures for a sub-caste, known as the Other Backward Class (OBC), and used the 1930 census data, further classifying 1,257 communities as backward, to estimate the OBC population at 52%.ln 1980, the commission submitted a report, and recommended changes to the existing quotas, increasing them from 22% to 49.5%.ln 1990, the Mandal commission recommendations were implemented in Government Jobs by Vishwanath Pratap Singh. Student Organisations launched nationwide agitations. Rajiv Goswami, a Delhi university student attempted self-immolation. Many students followed suit.

d. 2003- The Sachar Committee headed by Justice Rajinder Sachar, and including Sayyid Hamid, Dr. Complicated! T.K. Ooman, M.A. Basith, Dr.Akhtar Majeed, Dr.Abu Saleh Shariff and 1000 word essay in pages Dr.Rakesh Basant was appointed for preparation of a report on the social, economic and educational status of the Muslim community of India. Dr.Syed Zafar Mahmood was the civil servant appointed by essay about dream house, the PM as Officer on in pages, Special Duty to the Committee.

The committee submitted its report in the year 2006. Implementation of Sachar Committee Recommendations: Marching Towards ‘Inclusive Growth’: Welfare of essay in ontology Minorities, specially of the underprivileged section of them, has been put high on the agenda of the UPA Government ever since it adopted ‘inclusive growth’ as its guiding principle of governance. Otherwise too, in every meaningful democracy, it’s the essay in pages duty of the state, and about as a corollary, responsibility of the majority community to ensure the welfare of minorities so that all sections of the society feel proud to be part of the democratic setup and thus contribute their best to the development of the nation. Specially in our historical context: where all communities and 1000 word essay in pages sections of people had marched shoulder to shoulder and laid down their lives in the War of Independence, the essay dream concept of ‘Inclusive Growth’ becomes sine qua non for the roadmap of essay in pages devel­opment and progress. It was in this context that the Prime Minister, Dr.

Manmohan Singh, had appointed in March 2005 a High Level Committee under the Chairmanship of Justice Rajindar Sachar to prepare a report on social, economic and in ontology educational status of the Muslim Community of India. This study was necessary because till then there was no authentic information on the social, economic and educational backwardness, of word this community, thereby hampering proper formulation and complicated essay implementation of specific policies, interventions and programmes to address the issues relating to its socio-economic backwardness. This 7-member High Level Committee, popularly known as Sachar Committee, gave its report in November 2006 – and it clearly found that the word in pages Muslim community was really “seriously lagging behind in terms of most of the human development indicators.” The Government immediately sensed the gravity of the problem and started working on the follow-up action in right earnest. Your! Of the 76 recommendations of the Committee, 72 were accepted. Ministry of Minority Affairs being the Nodal Ministry for examining these recommendations. 1000 Word Essay In Pages! And in less than a year, i.e., on 31 August, 2007 a statement on about gender, the follow-up action taken on the recommendations of the Sachar Committee was laid in both Houses of Parliament.

The progress of implementation is being reviewed regularly. Ever since the Government has been taking regular steps towards implementation of major recommendations of the Sachar Committee. Education being the 1000 essay most powerful means of socio­economic transformation, a multi-pronged strategy to outline address the educational backwardness of the Muslim community, as brought out by the Sachar Committee, has been adopted. The Madrasa modernization programme has been revised to essay make it more attractive by providing better salary to teachers, increased assistance for books, teaching aids and english essay spm computers, and introduction of vocational subjects, etc. 1000 Word In Pages! This scheme, now known as Quality Improvement in Madrasa Education, has been launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. A new centrally sponsored scheme of financial assistance for Infrastructure Development of outline paper Privately Managed Elementary/Secondary/Senior Secondary schools set up for in pages, minorities has been launched. National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has prepared text books for all classes in the light of the essay in ontology phenomenological National Curriculum Framework-2005. Thirteen universities have been provided Rs.40 lakh each for starting centers for studying social exclusion and inclusive policy for minorities and essay in pages scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Under the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scheme (KGBV), criteria of educational backward blocks has been revised with effect from about roles, 1st April 2008 to cover blocks with less than 30% rural female literacy and in urban areas with less than national average of female literacy 53.67 % (Census 2001).

Universalization of essay access to quality education at secondary stage (SUCCESS) has been approved. Setting up of new Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) is being incorporated in the revised schemes by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Provision of more girls’ hostels in colleges and universities in minority concentration districts/blocks is moi streaming proposed under the existing University Grants Commission scheme of the Ministry of 1000 essay in pages HRD. Three scholarship schemes for minority communities viz., Pre-Matric, Post-Matric and Merit- cum-Means were launched and 6.89 lakh scholarships were awarded to essay in ontology students belonging to minority communities in 2008-09. The corpus of Maulana Azad Education Foundation, which stood at Rs. 100 crores, was doubled to Rs. 200 crores in December, 2006. The corpus was increased by Rs. 50 crores in 2007-08 and by Rs. 60 crore in 2008-09. A budget provision of Rs.115 crore has been made in 2009-10.

A revised Coaching and Allied scheme was launched and 5522 candidates belonging to minority communities were provided assistance in 2008-09. The Multi-sectoral Development Programme was launched in identified minority concentration districts in 2008-09. Plans of 47 Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur, Bihar, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Andaman Nicobar Islands and Orissa were approved and Rs.270.85 crores were released in 2008-09. In the current Financial Year. Plans of more than a dozen more MCDs have been approved till date.

An inter-ministerial Task Force constituted to devise an appropriate strategy and action plan for developing 338 identified towns, having substantial minority population, rapidly in word in pages, a holistic manner submitted its report on complicated questions, 8th November, 2007. The concerned Ministries/Departments have been advised to essay give priority towards implementation of their schemes in 338 towns. Economic factor being an important tool in the upliftment of essay spm a community, all public sector banks have been directed to word open more branches in districts having a substantial minority population. Essay! In 2007-08, 523 branches were opened in in pages, such districts. In 2008-09, 524 new branches were opened. Reserve Bank of India revised its Master Circular on 5th July, 2007 on priority sector lending for improving credit facilities to minority communities. Rs 82864 crore were provided to minorities under priority sector lending during 2008-09. District Consultative Committees (DCCs) of lead banks have been directed to regularly monitor disposal and rejection of loan applications from minorities. Descriptive Your! The Government has accorded ‘in principle’ approval for word in pages, restructuring of National. Minorities Development and Finance Corporation: A National Data Bank, to compile data on the various socio-economic and thesis about gender basic amenities parameters for socio-religious communities, has been set up in the Ministry of 1000 word Statistics and Programme Implementation.

An autonomous Assessment Monitoring Authority (AMA), to analyse data collected for taking appropriate and corrective policy decisions, has been set up in the Planning Commission. A training module has been developed by the Indian Institute of Public Administration, for sensitization of government officials. The module has been sent to outline research the Central/ State Training Institutes for implementation. Lai Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) has prepared a module for 1000 essay in pages, sensitization of organized civil services and essay questions it has been incorporated in their training programmes. Under Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT), additional central assistance of Rs 1602.20 crore has been sanctioned for 69 towns having substantial minority population, out of which Rs.659.37 crore was released in 2008-09. A High Level Committee, set up to review the Delimitation Act, has considered the concerns expressed in the Sachar Committee report and submitted its report. Guidelines on Communal Harmony have been issued by the Ministry of word essay Home Affairs. Dissemination of information regarding health and family welfare schemes is being undertaken in regional languages in minority concentration areas.

State Governments and UTs have been advised by Department of Personnel Training for posting of Muslim police personnel in thanas and Muslim health personnel and teachers in Muslim concentration areas. State Governments have been advised by Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Ministry of Urban Development, to improve representation of minorities in local bodies. The recommendations of the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) on thesis about, Wakfs have been received. These have been processed as per approved modalities. An expert group constituted to study and recommend the structure and 1000 word essay functions of an Equal Opportunity Commission submitted its report on 13th March, 2008. This has been processed, along with the report of the descriptive about house expert group on diversity index, as per the approved modalities. To meet the ever growing need for ameliorating the condition of minorities, and Muslim community in particular, the Annual Plan allocation for the Ministry of Minority Affair is has been increased substantially to 1000 Rs 1,740 crore for writing outline paper, the year 2009-10. The issue of reservation has remained a cause of disagreement between the reserved and the non- reserved sections of the society. While the unreserved segments, keep on opposing the provision, the neediest sections from word in pages, within the reserved segments are hardly aware about how to get benefited from the about your provision or even whether there are such provisions. On the contrary, the creamy layer among the same segment is enjoying special privileges in the name of reservation and political factions are supporting them for vote banks. Reservation is no doubt good, as far as it is a method of appropriate positive discrimination for the benefit of the downtrodden and economically backward Sections o, the society but when it tends to harm the society and in pages ensures privileges for some at the cost of others for narrow political ends, as it is in the present form, it should be done away with, as soon possible.

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20+ Tips for Writing A Remarkable Resume in Today#8217;s Creative World. Essay. Posted by Assaf Avni on Oct 22, 2011 in Best of | Comments Off on 20+ Tips for Writing A Remarkable Resume in Today#8217;s Creative World. The title of this post suggests that today#8217;s world is somewhat different from yesterday#8217;s world, and that it is more creative. Before we explore this notion, lets look at the definition of the word creativity. Complicated Essay. Most dictionaries or academic researchers of creativity will agree creativity is the process of generating ideas , that are both (a) novel (new) and word essay in pages (b) useful for (c) solving problem s. Complicated Essay. To be remarkable (i.e. worth making a remark about) your resume should be somewhat different from everyone else. If you aspire to essay, be remarkable, you have to be different (i.e. novel) and your resume must be useful (for the person reading it) and solve a problem (i.e. you getting that amazing job). While most people think about art when it comes to being creative, this post will follow the traditional definition of creativity (novel, useful, solving a problem) to make you shine brighter and your resume, a star. If on the other hand, you don#8217;t think today#8217;s world is any different than yesterday#8217;s world and that your resume should follow traditional (may I say old-school?) resume-writing-advices you once got from an HR director or a career counselor, watch the about your dream following video: Before we start with actual tips, let me suggest a possibility, that every piece of advice you ever got about how to write a resume (or about 1000, anything else really) could be 100% true and 100% false at the same time. What I mean is, for the person who came up with that advice, it might have been a great one.

For you, on the other hand, this advice might be a really bad one. Why you ask? (1) They may be different people than you are, (2) working in writing a different environment or industry, (3) they may be more concerned with practicality (like how your resume will be scanned) vs. likability or remarkability. Tip #1 Don#8217;t Listen To Every Advice You Get (including this one): As a rule of essay thumb, when someone gives me advice, I always ask why? (as in, #8220;why is that a good advice?#8221;). If their explanation makes sense to me sure, I#8217;ll follow their advice. Gender. But many times, the 1000 word original reasons for essay, that advice may not apply to me or may be irrelevant, outdated or serve someone else#8217;s benefit rather than mine. Be a critical thinker.

Always ask why. If the explanation doesn#8217;t make sense to you, don#8217;t follow that advice. Tip #2 Rethink The Purpose of 1000 word a Resume: Most people think the essayes moi streaming purpose of a resume is to get you a job. Wrong; the purpose of essay a resume is to get you an in ontology, interview. Similarly, most people think the purpose of an interview is to get you the word in pages job.

Wrong again. Phenomenological. The purpose of an interview is to connect with a human being (i.e. the interviewer) on in pages a personal level and leave a remarkable impression on them. Personal connection, remarkable impression and likability will get you a dream job, not the essay resume or the interview. Word Essay In Pages. Read Seth Godin#8217;s little blurb about thesis gender roles, superpowers and tell me what#8217;s your superpower? What#8217;s yor USP (Unique Selling Proposition)? Come up with that one amazing idea that will make you unforgettable.

It’s hard not to 1000 word essay in pages, hire someone you can’t get off your mind. The first thing on your resume should be your name (dash) your brand. Paper. BIG. Word In Pages. BOLD. Job titles can be sort of a branding statement (e.g. John Doe Copywriter) but a smarter branding statement would be to actually brand the essence of who you are (in regards to what they need from you, of course). Think values and model spm skills rather than job titles. Art Director is a title Visual Thinker is essay a skill. Account Planner is a title Cultural Curious or Cultural Maven is a value. People are more likely to hire you for your skills and thesis about roles values, rather than for your title.

Plus, you#8217;re communicating that you are creative, unique, and word essay passionate about about, these values/skills. Instead of trying to 1000 in pages, convey you#8217;re good at everything, emphasize a few areas where you#8217;ve accomplished the most. Tip #4 Leave Something For The Second Date: Most people believe they should write as much information about english essay, themselves as possible in in pages a resume. They don#8217;t want to omit anything, thinking #8216;more is better#8217;. Descriptive Essay About House. If you agree with tip #2, that the word in pages purpose of a resume is to get you an interview rather than a job, then you might want to think of a resume as a first-date. We#8217;ve all been there a horrifying first date, where the other side just won#8217;t stop talking about gender roles, themselves; and the more they talk, the more you don#8217;t want to 1000 essay, see them again. On the complicated essay questions other hand, we#8217;ve all experienced an amazing first date, which left us wanting to know more about the other person.

Similarly, if the purpose of a resume is to 1000 word essay in pages, get you a second date (an interview) rather than marriage (long-term career), you want to leave the other side curious and wanting to complicated questions, know more about word, you. In addition, the more information you have on your resume, the thesis roles more likely you are to decrease the 1000 word in pages value of brand YOU (by saying something they don#8217;t want to hear, something they don#8217;t care about, in a way they don#8217;t like, etc). If you include very little information about yourself, on the other hand, they might not get the essence of brand YOU, which isn#8217;t a good thing either. The solution: Your resume should have the least amount of information that will make you a star. The same goes for a Portfolio, by the way (adverting, design, etc). If I see three amazing campaigns in your portfolio, I#8217;ll think you#8217;re a star.

But if I see three amazing campaign, plus two just-ok ones and one bad one, I#8217;d think you#8217;re just ok. Don#8217;t tell me what your objectives or aspirations are, tell me who you are. Essay. I often see people (especially students) add an word essay, #8216;objective#8217; paragraph to thesis about gender, their resume (e.g. #8216;OBJECTIVE: to find a job as a Jr. Art Director#8217;). Some take it to the next level and use the word essay word #8216;aspiring#8217; (e.g. #8216;John Doe Aspiring Art Director#8217;). Essay. I don#8217;t want to hire someone who#8217;s objective or aspiration is to become something they are not yet. I want to hire someone who has the confidence to see themselves as their brand, even if they don#8217;t have 20 years of experience in 1000 essay in pages that profession. When I#8217;ll read your resume, I#8217;m likely to see that you don#8217;t have the 20 years experience, but I#8217;ll also perceive you as a passionate person who knows where you#8217;re going. I#8217;ll know you are determined and model focused and that#8217;s the kind of person I want to hire. The metaphor I like to use comes from the world of personal relationships.

It#8217;s Friday night, you go out and meet an interesting guy/gal. What would you think of word in pages them, if they came to writing research paper, you and said: #8216;yeah, um, I think I#8217;m ok in essay relationships#8217; or #8216;well#8230; I kinda#8217; wanna be great in relationships#8217;#8230; rather than them presenting themselves as someone who#8217;s great in #8216;relating#8217; to other people? You might not know them yet, you#8217;re definitely not in a relationship with them yet, but you#8217;re more likely to about dream house, go out with them if you#8217;d get the sense their most important value/skill is 1000 word essay their ability to #8216;relate#8217; to people. Paper. HR people might tell you #8216;objectives#8217; are important on essay a resume but that#8217;s only because their job is to file your resume in the right box or put it on the right desk. What if you find a way for your resume to reach the right desk without HR? HR is not your target audience; avoid them as much as possible. If you want to be an art director or a copywriter, the moi streaming creative director or the 1000 word in pages creative recruiter are your target audience. If you want to be an descriptive about your dream house, account planner, the group account planner is word essay your target audience. Find out essay, who#8217;s making the 1000 word essay in pages final hiring decision, not who#8217;s in charge of filtering, and essayes moi streaming target your resume to them.

With that said, the cover letter is a great place to clarify what position you#8217;re applying for. If your resume starts with the headline #8220;John Doe Cultural Geek,#8221; make sure your cover letter clearly states that you#8217;re interested in that Jr. Account Planning position. Tip #7 The FedEx Rule When You Absolutely, Positively Have to 1000 word essay, Be There on Time: Online sources claim employers spend an questions, average of 1000 in pages 20 seconds on descriptive essay about each resume they read. I don#8217;t know if this is based on an actual study, but from my experience, if you get more than 30 seconds, consider yourself lucky. I#8217;m pretty sure they spend more time reviewing your resume in 1000 in pages details before you come to the interview, but during the filtering process, 10-30 seconds sounds about right to me.

I would go further and say most people don#8217;t even #8216;read#8217; your resume;. #8216;skimming through#8217; would be more like it. Now, what do you do when you skim through a textbook? You read the headlines, the bullet points, right? Well, what if your resume had only headlines and bullet points? Boom boom boom, straight to the point, easy to read, creative, quick, etc. Descriptive Essay Your Dream House. If you make your resume skimmable, it doesn#8217;t have to be readable. Make it easy for them to get all the information by skimming through your resume. One-liners are best. Think twitter every new bit of information is 140 character or less. Tip #8 Tell Me First or Last I#8217;ll Remember it Better: Teachers, professional presenters or speech writers, will all tell you people remember best what you present to 1000 word in pages, them first and then what you present to essay your dream house, them last; They least remember everything in the middle. That#8217;s why they call it #8216;first impression#8217; or #8216;last impression#8217; but not #8216;middle impression#8217;.

The most important element of your resume (the one which makes you shine brighter) should go first (creating a remarkable first impression). The second most important element should go last (leaving the reader impressed, curious and wanting to know more). Everything else should go anywhere in between. People are more likely to remember the first thing and 1000 word essay the last things they hear/read about about your dream, you. If you want to have the least amount of information that will make you shine brighter, the structure of your resume should be super simple and skimmable. 1000 Word In Pages. I#8217;d recommend having only english model spm, four main categories: Education , Experience , Skills , and Life . If your #8216;education#8217; section is word essay more impressive than your #8216;experience#8217; section, put it first, and vice versa.

In the your creative sector (any job focused on generating new ideas), awards are sometimes more important than education. 1000 Word. If you won impressive awards, honors or other forms of recognition, which are directly related to the position you#8217;re applying for, I#8217;d add an #8216;Awards#8217; section before education or experience. Roles. If the word essay in pages awards are not directly related to essay model spm, the position, but are worth mentioning, I#8217;d put them under the #8216;Life#8217; section. 1000 Word In Pages. If you agree with the previous tip, that first and last impressions are more important than anything in essay house the middle, a good structure to follow is: What What did you do? (job title, position, etc) Where When Where when did you do it? (name of the company or institution and time frame) Why (in bullet points) Why should I care? That is to say, what did you do for 1000 word essay, them, that you can do for me? If you agree that a simple and quick structure will help your resume be more skimmable, there#8217;s an easy way to do it visually.

English is read from top-left to bottom-right. Structuring your information in stairs-like shape will help the reader find the information they need, while still being able to skim through it. A good visual structure for every section of outline your resume will look like this: * Note: the actual lines on the left example are to show you the indentation; I wouldn#8217;t actually have them in my resume. 1000. Following the thesis previous tip, a good structure for your education section might look like this: BA in Marketing. California State University, Fullerton, May 2014. GPA 3.9 President of the Marketing Association Captain of the football team. My assumption is that if you#8217;re applying for a position in essay marketing, the fact that you have a BA in marketing is more important than where you got it from or when.

The first line in questions the example above is the #8216;what#8217;, the second is the word essay #8216;where when#8217; and the 3 bullet points are the #8216;why#8217;. GPA below 3.5 doesn#8217;t make you a star; don#8217;t put it on your resume. Instead, if your #8216;GPA in Major#8217; is about 3.5 or above, put that one. If you have (or getting) a BA/BS from a university, don#8217;t list past associate degree or community college education (unless they make you shine brighter than your university education). Same goes for word in pages, high school. Phrases like: #8220;Expected Graduation Date#8221; or #8220;Graduated in#8221; are redundant. Moi Streaming. If you write #8220;May 2014#8221; and we#8217;re in 2011, I#8217;ll know you#8217;re still a student. Vice versa, if you write #8220;May 2009#8221;, I#8217;ll know you already graduated. Similarly, spelling out #8220;Bachelor of Arts#8221; is a long way of 1000 in pages saying BA. Instead of listing #8216;relevant coursework#8217; under education, list the skills you gained from these courses under the #8216;Skills#8217; sections.

I#8217;m not interested in knowing you took a typography class; I want to know you master typography. Don#8217;t tell me only your previous job titles. Outline Paper. I can#8217;t learn much about you or your skills from word essay your job titles. Identify and quantify your past accomplishments instead of listing a general job descriptions. Complicated Essay Questions. In other words: Tell me what you did for them, that you can do for me. Word Essay. Be specific and quantify as much as you can. For example, instead of writing: Cashier and essay phenomenological Shift Manager. Starbucks, Los Angeles, 2001-2006. Was in charge of the cash-register Opened and 1000 essay in pages closed the store daily Served customers.

Cashier and Shift Manager. Descriptive Essay Your Dream. Starbucks, Los Angeles, 2001-2006. Managed a weekly budget of $25,000 Opened the store on time and always stayed until the 1000 essay in pages last happy customer left Served 0ver 50 happy customers daily without a single complaint for 5 years. See the essayes difference? The second example communicates so much more about you than the 1000 word in pages first one. It tells me you are trustworthy, have a positive attitude, approachable, likable, etc. Most people will write attributes like these under their #8216;Skills#8217; section without even giving examples.

By writing them under the #8216;Why#8217; section of each experience, instead of under the #8216;Skills#8217; section, you are demonstrating your skills rather than just saying you have them. Leave me curious and wanting to about dream house, know more about those skills and 1000 word in pages how you achieved them. Life experiences are great, even if you didn#8217;t get paid for them. That#8217;s why I suggested the title #8216;Experience#8217; for this category, and not #8216;Work Experience#8217;. If you volunteered for a summer camp, for example, you might be great at essay multi-tasking, solving problems, dealing with demanding customers (kids in this example, but still customers).

All of these are great skills I would love to word, know about. For each experience listed, add one, two, or maximum three things you did for them, that you can do for complicated questions, me (the Why). Bullet point style, one line for 1000 essay in pages, each. If you list three, put the most impressive first, the second most impressive last, and the least impressive in the middle. Writing Research. Tip #13 Use Light Humor to Engage Your Reader: There#8217;s an old-school belief, that a resume must be serious at 1000 word essay in pages all times; I#8217;d like to challenge that belief.

If you haven#8217;t Netflix it today! It#8217;s a masterpiece. Descriptive About Dream. In any case, the movie was the 1000 first ever to complicated questions, present the essay in pages Holocaust and descriptive essay house the Nazi regime in a light and funny way. It wasn#8217;t trying to joke about the Holocaust or to diminish its serious and horrific results. 1000 Essay In Pages. It was attempting to portray the history of events in more humanistic eyes. Phenomenological. Not only was the movie not criticized for using humor, it won a gazillion awards and I personally haven#8217;t met anyone who saw it and 1000 essay in pages didn#8217;t like it. Here#8217;s another example: Washington Mutual was among the first banks ever (if not the first) to moi streaming, use humor in word essay in pages their ads: Before WaMu, advertisers thought banking is a serious business and no one would like a bank to joke around when it comes to financial services. Again, wrong assumption. After the success of complicated questions WaMu#8217;s campaign, many banks followed with their own humorous campaigns. These examples are a testimony that as human beings, we connect better when humor is used. 1000 Essay In Pages. And if you subscribe to tip #2, that the purpose of a resume is not necessarily to present information, but rather to get people to like you enough to english essay model spm, invite you for 1000 essay in pages, a second date, humor can definitely make you remarkable.

Back to the resume instead of just having a #8216;What#8217;: Instead of just having a #8216;What#8217;: These can lead to great conversations during your interview and will present you in a positive way, while communicating the #8216;what you did for complicated questions, them that you can do for me#8217;. IMPORTANT NOTE: You don#8217;t want to come out 1000 word essay, as a joker, so keep the humor light and the language professional. In general, skills can be divided into essayes, three groups: Skills related to 1000, knowledge or intellect, like knowledge of a language, computer software, etc. Skills related to ability or intelligence (that is, putting knowledge into use), like design, negotiation, editing, etc, and Skills related to personality traits, like analytical skills, listening skills, etc.

Whichever category it is, you want to make sure: All skills listed on your resume should be useful and relevant to the position you#8217;re applying for. That means, if you#8217;re applying for a number of descriptive your house positions, each version of your resume should only include the relevant skills. Why? Remember tip #4 the least amount of information that makes you a star. Essay In Pages. Microsoft Office or Excel are not a skill; They are software anyone is expected to essay phenomenological, master these days. Personally, I#8217;d be embarrassed to list them unless I#8217;m applying for a secretarial position. More advanced software (if relevant to the position you#8217;re applying for) should be listed, but again, they are not a skill. You mastering them is a skill. I only 1000 essay, want to know about the skills that make you a star. If you feel you know Photoshop well enough to about gender roles, talk about it during an interview, tell me you master it. 1000. Telling me you#8217;re a beginner doesn#8217;t make you a star.

General human skills such as communication skills, multi-tasking skills, etc are inflated these days. Too many people add these to english essay, their resume, making you just like everyone else if you do too. Instead of 1000 in pages just telling me you have a certain skill, give me an example of an moi streaming, achievement celebrating that skill. For example: instead of writing: Communication As the membership director of the students association, I#8217;ve presented to in pages, 100+ participants weekly. Questions. That tells me so much more about your capabilities, and more important, it tells me what you did for them that you can do for word in pages, me. This is the one section of your resume where you don#8217;t want to use bullet-pointed-one-liners. Located at the bottom of the thesis gender page, this section is your opportunity to leave a remarkable last impression. Remember what we said at 1000 word in pages the beginning of this guide? Personal connection, remarkable impression and likability will get you a dream job , not the interview. This section should be one or two paragraphs, in the format of story-telling.

People connect with good stories and writing outline research this is 1000 your chance to show you#8217;re a human being and writing research paper not just another paper resume. You can talk about your hobbies, countries you#8217;ve visited, languages you speak (although if relevant to the position, these can also go under skills), anything really, but once again be remarkable. If you tell me you beat anyone you know in Guitar Hero, I might conclude from this you are passionate, goal oriented, enjoy challenges, etc. 1000. If you tell me you perform at poetry slam open mic gigs every third Tuesday of the month, I might conclude you are a great communicator, a story teller, can present in front of moi streaming a large audience, risk taker, not afraid of failure, etc. 1000 Word. While this section ends your resume, it should provide a great conversation-starter for your interviewer. Remember: your goal is to make it easier for them to connect with you on writing outline research a personal level. Some people add a list of references at the end of their resume or write #8220;References available upon request#8221;.

If you ask any HR director or a recruiting agent about the process of 1000 word essay in pages hiring they will tell you that only after a candidate is seriously being considered for research paper, a job, they call references. Calling references is the very last step in word in pages a long filtering process. Adding references to you resume is essay about your dream like brining your mom on a first date. 1000 Word. Let#8217;s get to know each other first before we meet the parents. It#8217;s redundant to list references early in the process and it adds a bunch of information that does not make you a star. With that said, keep a list of references on a nicely printed sheet of paper and bring it with you to spm, the interview in case they ask for it. And a little secret if you hear from your references (after the word interview), that they called them to ask about you, there#8217;s pretty good chance you got job. Most of the time HR will call references to cover their ass and descriptive essay about your house make sure you#8217;re not a criminal. Tip #17 Copywrite and Art Direct your resume: You might want to essay in pages, say a lot of things about yourself on your resume (e.g. you#8217;re creative, you#8217;re trustworthy, you#8217;re goal oriented, etc) and in ontology you should, but the word essay most important aspect on your resume should be your brand. Essay. Whether you#8217;re a copywriter or not copywrite every aspect of your resume.

Choose every word carefully, edit, re-edit and re-edit again, and again, and essay then, again. Ask a designer or an art director buddy to help you with the layout, visuals, typography, etc. Unless you#8217;re a designer or an art director, no one is expecting you to master these, but in the business of communications, they do expect you to care for how your resume look. Whether you#8217;re an art director or not art direct your resume. Art direction doesn#8217;t mean adding art; it means designing a beautiful and attractive resume. Much like any other brand, your resume can either increase or decrease the value of about your house brand YOU with every word, comma, line or color you add. Before you add any visual element, you should ask yourself: why should it be there?

Is there a reason? Does it make a remarkable point? Does it make me remarkable? Am I/can I/should I communicate some of my skills/values visually rather than using words? Learn the word essay basics of moi streaming Typography, know the difference between Serif and Sans Serif.

Use Georgia instead of Times New Roman it#8217;s designed to 1000 essay, look better on screen and it#8217;s available on most computers. Essay Model Spm. Join the word #8216;Ban Comic Sans Movement#8216; don#8217;t use it! Don#8217;t use font-size 12; most printed materials (books, newspapers) use font-size 9-11 (depending on the font). Instead, adjust the leading (line spacing) to 120% if the font size. Clean Up Your Mess will help you apply the principles of good design to essay in ontology phenomenological, your resume. Watch Simon Sinek#8217;s TED on in pages How Great Leaders Inspire Action and tell me what#8217;s your personal #8216;WHY?#8217; Tell me something about how you see the world, about who you are as a human being, not just as an employee. 99% of resumes don#8217;t tell much about the complicated essay questions person#8217;s attitude, quickness, humor, curiosity, personal manner, what makes them tick, and a few dozen other really important traits. Most people assume these will be revealed at the interview but the truth is I am more likely to call you for 1000 essay in pages, an interview if I perceive you as the english essay human being I#8217;d like to connect with.

In advertising, we call this #8216;Why#8217; Unique Selling Proposition (USP). What#8217;s your USP? I t#8217;s always better to demonstrate/show your USP rather than telling/writing about 1000 word in pages, it. If you think you#8217;re a great writer, for example, your resume should be a written testimony (instead of writing: #8220;Great writing skills#8221; under the #8220;Skills#8221; section). About. Similarly, if your USP is a personality trait show it to me using examples rather than telling me about it.

So often I see redundancy in resumes, and it#8217;s usually in the small details. We talked earlier about making you resume skimmable and a big part of that is getting rid of any word that#8217;s really not needed. 1000 In Pages. Some examples: Writing #8220;Address:#8221; just before your mailing address (as if I don#8217;t know it#8217;s an address), or #8216;Email:#8217;, or #8221;Phone:#8217;, or #8216;Degree:#8217; or, ok, you got the point. In fact, listing a mailing address at all is pretty much redundant these days. All I get in the mail in the last 5 years are bills and I doubt you#8217;ll get any letter of acceptance (maybe a rejection letter, but hey, you probably don#8217;t want to get these any ways #128578; If you got the job, you#8217;ll get a phone call usually and if you were rejected, they can email you. Listing more than one phone number (like home, cell, work). Why would they need anything other than your cell phone? If they can#8217;t reach you, they#8217;ll leave you a voice mail, not turn you down.

Writing #8216;Objective#8217; well, we talked about that in complicated questions Tip #5. Word Essay. Instead, write your name, dash (-) your title at the very top of your resume. Bold. Model Spm. Having a title like #8216;Relevant Work Experience#8217; if it#8217;s not relevant, why would it even be on 1000 essay your resume? And why would you want to limit your experiences to writing outline, only work related ones? Any experience that makes you shine brighter should be on word essay in pages your resume, even if it#8217;s a volunteer experience. The title should just be #8216;Experience#8217;. When the name of an institution you work for (or study at) includes the descriptive essay about your dream house city it is in, you don#8217;t really need to word essay in pages, add the city, do you? For example, I teach at essay model California State University, Fullerton (that#8217;s the actual name of the university, CSU have other campuses as well) and it#8217;s located in#8230; You guessed it: Fullerton. No need to write: California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA.

Why write Bachelor of Arts, when you can write B.A.? Remember less is GOOD. Under education, I often see students write: #8220;Expected Graduation Date: May, 2015#8221;. If we#8217;re now in 2014, and you simply write #8220;May, 2015#8221; believe me, I#8217;ll understand you#8217;re still a student. #8220;References Available Upon Request#8221; If they need them, they#8217;ll ask for them (usually when you come for in pages, an interview). Links to your LinkedIn, Facebook, or even MySpace (I swear I#8217;ve seen that one once #128578; profiles. Why? So I can get more information I don#8217;t have time to read? Remember, your goal is NOT to provide MORE information but be likable and leave me wanting to outline paper, know more about word in pages, you (in an interview, not via social media sites). Thesis About Gender. Words like: #8220;Major in:#8221; / #8220;Minor in:#8221;.

Instead, write: #8220;California State University, Fullerton Communications/Advertising#8221; Listing months under the dates of your experiences (June 2011 Sept 2014, for example). Dates are on your resume to provide a general time-line and it#8217;s really not important what month you started or finished that job; 2011-2014 is good enough. The only word essay, exception is when you worked somewhere less than a year; than you can write June-Sept, 2013. There are probably many more examples you can think of but the rule of thumb should always be: If I take this word out will they still get what I mean? If the answer is yes, you probably don#8217;t need it.

Tip #20 Get Your Own professionally-looking Email Address: Listing a Yahoo, Hotmail or Gmail address on your resume doesn#8217;t make you shine brighter. Get your own domain name with a professional email address. 1and1 always have great deals for $1-$5 per domain name. If you got the domain from 1and1, this tutorial will show you how to set up your email account. Tip #21 Don#8217;t believe everything I just told you without asking why and agreeing with it: Learn from others. Shop around for options. If three people tell you it#8217;s a horse, try to ride it, but if you get contradicting advise, own your opinion. Essayes Moi Streaming. Read and Use: Really Ugly Resumes: The Seven Deadly Sins of Resume Design: Top 10 Ways to Rock Your Resume. The Periodic Table of Typefaces. Give Your Resume a Face-Lift.

If your resume goes online, read Ten Principles for Readable Web Typography: Ten Things that Define a Killer Resume: Ten Resume Sins: Six Words That Make Your Resume Suck: Six Word That Make Your Resume Rock: How To Create A Great Web Design CV and Resume. 10 Ways Your Resume Irks Hiring Managers. Word Essay In Pages. Top 5 mistakes on executive resumes. The 12 Most Relevant Online Resources for Job Seekers.

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in word essay, the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and writing outline, Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place.

Legal Templates is happy to 1000 word in pages, provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to complicated essay questions, download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company.

This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the word essay, goal is to outline the essay model, legal and operational structure of word in pages your company, financing requirements, the spm, history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and 1000 essay, deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors.

Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and moi streaming, behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to word, describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the complicated essay questions, key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances.

Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of word in pages your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an thesis existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in 1000, the template with sample text: In the research, second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to 1000 essay in pages, Write a Business Plan set of articles below.

Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and thesis about gender, get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to word in pages, help found your company and essayes, ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. 1000 Word In Pages! If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the essayes moi streaming, limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in essay, advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors.

Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to essay in ontology, Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the essay, executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to english essay model spm, ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an in pages established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to essay, capture the attention of investors.

Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the word essay, background of descriptive essay dream your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the 1000 essay in pages, data and analysis to writing, back up your claims? Even in 1000 word in pages, a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to writing research, your own needs:

Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of essay debt financing to model, expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the 1000 word essay in pages, key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the research paper, venture). This statement should be concise and to in pages, the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in descriptive about your house, the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to 1000 word essay, them.

Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and essayes moi streaming, Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan.

Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Essay! Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is english model, important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to word essay, gauge the future likelihood of success.

Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in descriptive essay dream, this chapter that over go the word essay, company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to writing, keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to word in pages, explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations.

So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in research, it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. 1000 Word Essay! Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the moi streaming, company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and 1000 essay, not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in your, the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to word in pages, invest in descriptive your dream, the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders.

A corporation is commonplace for 1000 word essay in pages, businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to essay spm, shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at 1000 in pages, the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the drawbacks include not being able to essay, have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of essay in pages company you plan to english essay spm, open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address.

Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. Word! With the thesis, lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight:

Background of each member of the 1000 word essay in pages, management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to about roles, execute on the company’s vision. If you have an 1000 in pages established business the information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the english model spm, company. As a company grows from 1000 essay start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description.

In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and moi streaming, is the 1000, highest authority in essayes moi streaming, the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for word in pages, company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . Complicated Essay! While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the 1000 word in pages, member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the descriptive your dream, Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need.

As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. 1000! Feel free to shake up the outline research paper, line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in 1000, particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is thesis, that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by word, your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in english model, your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to 1000 essay in pages, raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. Writing Paper! There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it?

How much money do you need, and 1000 word in pages, why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. Essay In Ontology! The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to 1000 word in pages, further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to moi streaming, get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability.

Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on word essay this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at essay, what point in time. What do you think your company is word, worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company.

At the end of the complicated essay, day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to in pages, facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is thesis about, worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . Essay In Pages! This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for in ontology phenomenological, many companies the essay, value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to in ontology, generate profits, will exceed the 1000 word essay, value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by outline paper, analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to 1000, determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on essayes moi streaming that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to essay in pages, discount that expected income to account for english model spm, risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the 1000 in pages, equation. You have the amount of essayes moi streaming money you need by word, looking at cumulative cash flow.

You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. English Essay Model Spm! Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following:

Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to 1000 word essay, the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the writing outline research, Profit/Loss statement.

Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on word essay in pages your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon essay, it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is 1000 word in pages, borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to essayes, get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and 1000 essay in pages, how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. Gender! It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including:

Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity.

If investors are going to 1000 in pages, take a big risk, they demand a big return. Gender! You need to demonstrate your business has the word essay in pages, potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and thesis about gender roles, ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. Word Essay In Pages! If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target.

The mission statement reflects the core purpose and thesis about gender, vision of the company. In Pages! It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max.

Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the essayes, statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the word in pages, company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. Essayes! BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over 1000 word serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.”

Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the thesis about gender roles, company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is 1000 word, a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for complicated essay, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of in pages poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in house, which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.”

Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and 1000 word essay in pages, borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the thesis gender, company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only 1000 word in pages, stating that as the essay in ontology phenomenological, company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of word essay having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to english model spm, include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events.

Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of word essay detail you want to essayes moi streaming, include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the 1000 word essay, information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of moi streaming your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the essay in pages, table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility.

Location is important for in ontology, a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the 1000 word, retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Essay Questions! Describe the lease terms you are able to 1000 essay in pages, secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about complicated essay questions what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities.

For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the in pages, business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an research important aspect of your business even if you are not in word in pages, retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an roles employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of 1000 essay expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the writing research, company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of word essay your business. Your products and essay dream, services section should include the following sections.

Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and 1000 essay in pages, Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and essay in ontology, Services (optional) Your products and services are the 1000 essay in pages, lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Essayes! Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of 1000 essay benefits vs. features.

What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the outline research, prestige and 1000 word essay, status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of about roles your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services.

You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to 1000 essay in pages, existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and descriptive essay house, stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to 1000 word essay, describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an essay about your house extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on word essay how to perform competitive analysis.

The Internet makes this much easier then in moi streaming, days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to in pages, find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only essay phenomenological, do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to 1000 word, be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step.

You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for essayes, long. Sourcing is simply the 1000 essay, process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to outline, make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to 1000 essay in pages, your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is thesis about gender, simply the in pages, process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery.

There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the essay your dream, product’s design is standardized but manufacture of 1000 in pages final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to gender, order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to word essay in pages, stock: the product is thesis gender, manufactured in 1000 word essay in pages, quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to thesis roles, hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. In Pages! Too little inventory and essayes moi streaming, you may not be able to meet demand. 1000 Essay! Too much inventory and you tie up all of essay about your dream your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and essay, make sure you account for english model, seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking.

Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and 1000 word essay in pages, serves as a source of english model spm competitive advantage. In Pages! Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices.

FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the essayes, globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about 1000 word essay how technology plays a part in your business and about gender, if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to 1000 essay, your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to essay in ontology, create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of word essay software and essayes, later down the road decide that the in pages, cost is essay about house, too high, is there a competitor who can license you an essay in pages alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an essay model spm exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and word in pages, copyright (such as novels and movies).

If you have intellectual property that you want to essayes moi streaming, protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and 1000, industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to model, protect your invention. 1000! You should apply for thesis gender, a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and word essay, artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Writing Outline Research! Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in 1000 word essay in pages, practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and gender, contractors.

It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an essay invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out thesis about roles serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is word essay, ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of essay about your dream intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and 1000 essay in pages, services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is moi streaming, that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out.

You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. 1000 Essay In Pages! You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in thesis about roles, steady decline.

After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the 1000, products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and in ontology phenomenological, Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to word, your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels.

At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is essay, what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to 1000 word in pages, remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. Essayes Moi Streaming! To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the 1000 essay in pages, two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants.

This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an model equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is word, well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and house, enough so that customers are willing to essay, switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment.

Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. In Ontology! A growing or shrinking market is word, described in writing outline research paper, more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses.

For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on 1000 word in pages upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in moi streaming, private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line.

For example, if you count the 1000 word essay, Dept. of Defense as one of writing outline paper your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of essay 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and essay about your house, easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. 1000 Word Essay In Pages! Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on complicated essay a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the essay in pages, change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the essayes, market in 1000 word essay, the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is complicated, much easier then forecasting market growth.

Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is 1000 essay in pages, clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the complicated essay questions, market for 1000 essay in pages, Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. Gender! For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Essay! Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. Moi Streaming! A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape.

If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for in pages, new entrants to moi streaming, enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only 1000 word in pages, has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in descriptive about house, your industry and essay in pages, the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to essayes moi streaming, take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to word essay in pages, many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to essay in ontology phenomenological, purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually.

In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out word essay in pages this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the descriptive essay about your house, Marketing and word essay in pages, Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in english, order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services?

Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the 1000 essay, subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the roles, other section. Keep this section at in pages, the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the paper, luxury end of the market.

Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to in pages, low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is writing outline research, not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for essay, example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the descriptive essay about your house, taste of word essay in pages their coffee.

Determining the optimal price for questions, your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for word essay in pages, the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for about roles, quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to 1000 word essay, achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in in ontology, how much they can charge their customers.

Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto word essay in pages how you will convey your marketing message to complicated essay questions, your intended audience. 1000 Word In Pages! What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and essay in ontology, consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of word your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit.

Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of essayes moi streaming mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of 1000 word mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Essayes Moi Streaming! Integrating social media into word essay in pages, your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in writing research paper, your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and 1000 word essay in pages, competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to essay spm, get more”. How will your products be available?

On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in word essay, turn sell to retailers, who in phenomenological, turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels.

Examples include nautical computers and 1000, tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.

It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the phenomenological, key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of 1000 word those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of about roles a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the 1000 word in pages, company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed.

Investors and essay phenomenological, lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for 1000 word, store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only essay model spm, turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and 1000 word essay in pages, the threats it faces. Strengths and essayes, Weaknesses refer to 1000 word essay in pages, internal factors in moi streaming, your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors.

Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and word essay in pages, operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is descriptive about your dream house, a straightforward competitive edge that is 1000 in pages, very difficult to essayes, deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the 1000, market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in about roles, an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy.

Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to 1000 word in pages, pay a higher price for descriptive house, better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an 1000 word essay opportunity for a partnership in the future and that should be included in in ontology, this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of word influence and power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Thesis Gender Roles! Inking an exclusive agreement to 1000 word in pages, lock in english essay model spm, revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is word, not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. Gender! For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to 1000 in pages, increase the adoption of about Blu-ray DVDs.

Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the word essay in pages, Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the descriptive essay your dream, financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of 1000 units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast.

It is phenomenological, highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of 1000 essay your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over essay time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of word essay producing your product/service (at the unit level). Phenomenological! Otherwise known as cost of 1000 word in pages goods sold (COGS).

Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of essayes moi streaming sales: A good way to in pages, forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the english essay model spm, cost as a % of sales on essay a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of thesis your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the essay in pages, more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from gender roles your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of 1000 word in pages year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. English Spm! Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of 1000 in pages your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets.

Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the essayes moi streaming, United States, there is essay in pages, no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the thesis gender, sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for in pages, each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of essay spm personnel you plan to hire and at 1000 essay in pages, what time is more of an art then a science. Complicated Essay! Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver.

A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to 1000 word, accomplish and about, what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to 1000 essay, want to hire and scale quickly in order to about your dream house, generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans.

Fixed amount: Suitable for essay in pages, most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and model, other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to 1000 essay, provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and essay about dream, other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only 1000 essay, affects employees and essayes, not contractors. If unsure what to 1000 word essay, enter, 15% is descriptive about your dream, a fair estimate.

Explain the assumptions and essay, methodology used to essayes moi streaming, define the essay, personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of essayes moi streaming a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. 1000 Word! Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Essay Your Dream! Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on essay Sale of Assets.

Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and complicated questions, intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for 1000 essay, more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery.

Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Moi Streaming! Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into 1000 essay, cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the gender roles, total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is 1000 essay, spread out over a 12-month period of time and questions, can be considered an asset on word essay the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.

By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the questions, PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the 1000 essay, Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the your, Balance Sheet would then show the 1000 essay, amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Thesis Gender! Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is word in pages, covered in essay in ontology, the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%).

Dividends and 1000 essay in pages, distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to phenomenological, set this to zero initially and word in pages, see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. English! What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and 1000 word essay in pages, running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of outline paper any of these expenses and 1000 in pages, include them in your budget.

Accounts receivable is essayes, defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the essay, purchaser. Most companies operate by spm, allowing some portion of their sales to be on 1000 essay credit. These types of essay phenomenological sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. 1000 Word! You want your accounts receivable to essay your dream house, be as low as possible to 1000 word, increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to phenomenological, be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers.

Defining how long it will take to in pages, collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. In Ontology! It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and essay, banks. Your! It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the 1000 word in pages, key thing to moi streaming, remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on essay hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on in ontology credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow.

However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on 1000 word in pages the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to writing research, collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the 1000 essay, typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the essayes moi streaming, payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of 1000 essay inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry?

The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and essay phenomenological, business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an essay in pages indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections.

You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out essay in ontology phenomenological a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and 1000 in pages, are obligated to pay back at outline, a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. 1000 In Pages! If you are seeking a loan then enter the essayes, amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. Essay! These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral.

Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against essay model a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for word essay, unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is essay phenomenological, similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of in pages credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request.

Investments include injections of cash into the business from writing paper you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for 1000 word essay in pages, equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the thesis about gender roles, money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of 1000 funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into english essay spm, account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets:

Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for essay, liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an english essay existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy.

For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and essay in pages, the average revenue per dinner. Think about english what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and 1000 in pages, Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the dream house, three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically.

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into 1000 word in pages, running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the paper, balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of essay adding starting balances under the essay spm, Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an 1000 word essay overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in essay in ontology, cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with?

The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in essay, order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. The report here is about roles, a read-only display. 1000 Word In Pages! If you wish to essay spm, change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to in pages, cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the ability of the business to essay phenomenological, meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. 1000! The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in thesis roles, its ability to make a profit. Word In Pages! The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account.

The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. English Spm! The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of word essay calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to english, hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the essay in pages, terms of in ontology your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and 1000 word, sections necessary to essay, attract equity investments and loans.

Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in 1000 word essay in pages, mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the writing outline research, images to 1000 word essay in pages, view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out essayes moi streaming how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. 1000 Essay In Pages! We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of about a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download.

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Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to writing paper, purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the information will be relevant to 1000 essay in pages, your company, and thesis about gender roles, you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the 1000 word essay, plan – something that you could easily research and essay about dream house, re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an actual the word essay, complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and essay model spm, calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to 1000 essay in pages, have to do the descriptive about your house, financial calculations, plans, and word essay in pages, forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. About Gender Roles! Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy.

This requirement is word essay, beyond the scope of about gender most peoples’ abilities, which is 1000, why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. Moi Streaming! You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and word essay in pages, charts to make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the complicated essay, calculations for you, but will also turn them into 1000, relevant graphs, charts, and thesis about roles, tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to essay, keep your company’s information up to date easily.

One of the essay in ontology phenomenological, major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and word, marketing plan. English Model Spm! If or when you encounter the 1000 essay, financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to essay in ontology, all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in 1000 essay, only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC.

Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. Essay In Ontology Phenomenological! All information, software and 1000, services provided on the site are for about gender, informational purposes and self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice. Use of this site is subject to 1000 in pages, our Terms of Use. Preview Document - Business Plan Template.

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essay plays 2017 Steve Campsall. write about a play. - Also read the 1000 word accompanying English biz guide to essay writing - Whether for controlled assesment or exam, writing about a play needs extra care. You will perhaps only have read the essayes play in class so take care to keep in mind that plays are written for the stage, not the page. What the audience sees as well as hears - stage action and setting - must be at the heart of your analysis and discussion. Only if you analyse from the perspective of the play's audience , will you be able to recognise the effect the 1000 word essay play is essayes moi streaming, having on word, them and understand the purposes intended by the playwright - always a two-fold purpose, for plot and theme . Be sure you understand the full implications of this - read on! STAY FOCUSED ON THE PLAY'S DRAMATIC ASPECTS. Be sure to consider the methods used , the effects created and essay model spm, the purposes intended of the following dramatic aspects: structure, thatis, the effects of sequences of 1000 word, action, a key plot device.

the creation of intrigue, tension and suspense - the key elements of an effective plot. Another pitfall to complicated essay questions, avoid. Not knowing the play well enough is the single biggest cause of a low grade. 1000 In Pages. Fortunately, it's easily resolved. so focus on the higher grade that'll be in questions store for you and spend some extra time re-reading and reflecting on the play itself. 1000 Word In Pages. A good essay can never be written without a good knowledge of the text - don't kid yourself otherwise, please. What will also help is to get hold of a good study guide . Click on complicated, one of the links below to find one free online. Pre-1914 plays pose special difficulties as they are often written using complex and formal language. A study guide will be particularly useful if you are studying an older play. You're never going to know all there is to know about the play you're studying so, if you've read and discussed it in class and 1000 word, then re-read it at home along with a good study guide, you have done all that can be expected. Of course, this guide will help, too! If you're revising for an exam, ask your teacher to let you have a few past exam questions to practise on.

This will boost your confidence and you'll be better prepared. What is it that gains most marks? It is the quality of your interpretation of the play's words and gender, action that will largely determine the in pages grade your work receives. When you interpret the action and dialogue of a play, you are finding, explaining and discussing the methods , effects and purposes of the layers of meaning that exist beyond the surface meaning . Literature - whether a poem, play or novel - is about feeling perhaps more than meaning : this is why interpretation is the descriptive essay about key skill. Plays always contain layers of essay, meaning ; these are created by the playwright to help develop important aspects of the play, most especially its themes . To uncover these different layers of meaning, you will need to consider the what , how and why of such things as the mood being created, the way a character is being portrayed through dialogue and action, etc., how the stage setting (i.e. the time, place and descriptive essay your, context) adds to the play in 1000 in pages subtle but important ways, and how the events ( plot ), stage action and dialogue all work to help develop and explore the play's themes . All of these are covered in detail later. It's important to realise that interpretation is not about facts . Essay. An interpretation is, by its very nature, an opinion - a point of view . This is why examiners are not keen to word essay in pages, read the opinions of others - those of your teacher or those taken from a study guides, for example; examiners like to read about individual ideas - your ideas . These are always rewarded more highly. That said, it can be far easier to uncover these layers of meaning if you work with a friend on the play - other viewpoints can often help you to develop a deeper understanding of it. This does not mean you should ever copy from a friend - or rely on a study guide - but it does mean that reading and moi streaming, discussing the 1000 essay play with others can be very helpful indeed.

Because interpretations are opinions not facts, they will need supporting by referring to the aspect of the text that caused them to moi streaming, arise. For more on word in pages, this, see the English biz guide to essay writing by clicking here . You should also consider evaluating how successful or otherwise you believe the playwright is being. You might consider this in the light of the play's likely effect on phenomenological, different kinds of audience - a modern audience and essay in pages, the original audience for the play. Below is an example of interpretation based on Priestley's play An Inspector Calls. Don't worry if you don't know this play - you will still get a good idea of what is being done.

The purpose of the interpretation is not to show what you should be able to achieve but merely to show what can be achieved - and just how much can be said from essay model, so little! BIRLING : Well, it's my duty to keep labour costs down, and if I'd agreed to this demand for 1000 essay, a new rate we'd have added about twelve per cent to our labour costs. Does that satisfy you? So I refused. Said I couldn't consider it. We were paying the usual rates and if they didn't like those rates, they could go and work somewhere else. It's a free country, I told them. What kind of exam questions can be expected? 1. Questions based upon an extract from the play.

Usually the exam paper contains three questions on the play you have studied, the first of which is compulsory followed by essay dream house a choice of answering one other question from 1000 word, two alternatives given. The first question will usually be based upon a short extract printed out in essay your the exam paper. 1000 Word In Pages. This will usually concern a character in the play or the relationship between characters; it might also ask how an effect is created, such as tension. 2. Questions based upon a character, theme or an important aspect of the play. In this part of the exam paper you are given a choice of two questions from which to answer one.

WAYS TO BOOST YOUR GRADE. Analysing and your house, writing about a play means writing from the 1000 word in pages perspective of the play's audience . This is very important . Doing this will transform your essay if you keep it in mind. Your aim should be to analyse BOTH the language and the stage action as if you were sitting in the theatre watching the action unfold before your eyes . Of course, you are more aware than the audience. You know, for example, what is to come at any point. Complicated Questions. You will, therefore, be able to write a fuller account than a member of the audience could at any point - but discussing what the audience are feeling and thinking will mean you will write about the structure of the play, which is such an 1000 word in pages important aspect as it reveals important aspects such as the effect of entrances and exits, of essay phenomenological, costume , setting , dramatic irony and tension . You will need to select appropriate quotations and descriptions of 1000 essay in pages, stage action from your play to support the points you are making that will be developing your argument which forms the complicated essay questions answer to the essay question ( find out more here ). Essay. When you do this, be sure to explain and comment on the effects on the audience both of the essay phenomenological language used and on aspects of stagecraft and dramatic devices . You need to take account of what has already occurred in the play , and show how this develops the 1000 essay in pages audience's sense of what might happen next . You need to look for and explain the dramatic techniques used in the play, as suggested above, for complicated essay questions, example, the use of dramatic irony . These methods - some linked to essay, the language of the play, some linked to the action on gender roles, stage will put there by the dramatist to create specific and useful effects on in pages, the audience and each of these will have a purpose attached to it, perhaps to develop a character, create a mood or tension , develop the plot or explore a theme . Always remember that the purpose attached to in ontology phenomenological, a specific effect of language, interaction or stage action will be for a local effect at this point in the play, and will in some small way be contributing to the play's overall effects or theme. Be sure to discuss BOTH of these purposes to gain most marks and impress the examiner (see the box below for 1000 essay, more on this).

Remember, too, that as audiences change over time it will be necessary to discuss how the play's original audience as well as a modern audience might react to english spm, the play, and how relevant the plays action and themes are to both kinds of audience. EFFECTS, METHODS AND PURPOSES. Whatever your essay question, you will be expected to look for 1000, and explain the questions effects the play is having on its audience, the methods being used to create these effects and the possible purposes behind them. Remember - there will always be two levels of purpose to word essay, discuss: first, there will always be what you might call a 'local' purpose - something to do with the research point in 1000 word the play it occurs and quoting from; this will always be linked to writing outline research, some local aspect such as development of a character , creation of mood or tension , development of the in pages plot , helping the audience relate to or engage with the action and essay in ontology phenomenological, so on. But - as no part of a play is there for no reason - there is very likely to be a secondary overall purpose that you can discuss - and this will be linked to 1000 essay, the themes of the play. If your essay question involves discussing an extract from the play, the in ontology key thing to remember is that the audience cannot know what follows the extract (even though you do!) - so part of in pages, your answer needs to discuss just this point and explain what effect the extract will have on changing what the audience knows up to this point : has it created dramatic irony, has it changed the mood, is it developing characters, tension, etc. Why is this done?

How does it prepare the audience for what is to follow? You will often also be expected to consider the effects of context - especially with regard to the different kinds of audience and how its members might interpret the thesis play. Never forget, too, that no fixed interpretation is likely to be satisfactory - always try to consider other ways the action and language of word in pages, a play might be understood. In a drama essay, your purpose is always to explore, explain and discuss the outline various significant ways by which the tools of drama have been used to entertain and engage the audience, persuading them to think about the word essay world in a certain way - the dramatist's! The ideas explored by are called the play's themes and themes are always made clear through the play's characters and action. All essay questions will concern some aspect of theme and character. Drama is entertaining and a night out at the theatre is something many people look forward. Today, not realising what an interesting experience they are missing, of course, most people's experience of plays is not that of live acting at a theatre but the recorded and edited action of TV.

Plays are a unique and very special form of literature because they are based on a combination of language and action and are the vision of two important people: the playwright and the play's director this vision is coupled with the moi streaming enormous hard work of a company of actors and back stage personnel. Plays are designed both to 1000 word essay, entertain by capturing the imagination and to persuade by capturing the mind. Playwrights are often very political creatures who are particularly sensitive to what they perceive to be the essay wrongs of society . 1000. Their plays are often a vehicle not just for entertainment but for the expression of the playwright's ideas and paper, concerns. These are called the 1000 essay play's themes . A modern televised play can stir the imaginations and consciences of millions of essayes, people and change minds in a way little else can. 1000 Essay. It is essay, because of this that drama has always had the potential to be a radical form of literature indeed, in Shakespeare's day, many plays were banned or had to essay, be performed secretly or outside of the city's legal limits to avoid censorship or worse: more than one playwright was imprisoned and worse for their work. Whatever your essay question, you cannot tackle it well unless you understand the themes of your play and often, to understand the themes of a play fully, you need to have some idea of the playwright's context , i.e. the essayes moi streaming time, place and situation in which he or she lived and wrote: the 1000 word essay in pages aspects of their time and society that motivated and inspired them to write about writing outline, what they have, in the way they have. For help with particular plays click here or here for free study guides that will help you understand your particular play's themes and characters as well as the relevance or not of the playwright's context.

Themes, of course, are just ideas and ideas cannot be put on 1000 word essay, a stage except through a play's characters . Complicated Essay Questions. So, the study of a play always involves the study of who its characters are, what they do, how they do it, who they do it to, as well as what they say, how they say it and who to. that is, the in pages action and language of the essayes play! CHARACTERS AND ACTION. A vital aspect of a play is its characters, what they do and what the audience come to think about them (are they sympathetic or antagonistic, for example?). Most essay questions concern either the themes or the characters of 1000 in pages, a play. But a question concerning a character is often just a hidden question about themes - so it is probably true to say that most questions about plays involve themes in one way or another. Who a character is, what they say, how they say it, what other characters say about them, how other characters act around them and so forth all help to questions, build up a character in the audience's mind.

Do you like a particular character? Why? Do you empathise with him or her or even sympathise with their plight? If so, think about what it is that makes you feel this way perhaps some aspect of the 1000 word essay way they are being treated by their society? This is a theme of the writing play.

Your sympathy and engagement with this character is persuading you to accepting the word essay playwright's ideas or themes. And just because their society is, for example, Italy in the olden days, does not mean that the ideas are old hat. Society may have evolved technologically, but not always in other ways. Shakespeare's views on human relationships, and Arthur Miller's views on society are, in many ways, still very valid today. Do you dislike a particular character? Again, why?

What are they doing to be disliked? How are they being presented? Are they created as a stereotype - a kind of stock character ? What ideas occur to you when you watch them? Again, these ideas are linked to the themes of the research paper play. The effects and purposes behind the playwright's use of stagecraft are as important in your analysis and essay as the essay choices and uses of language.

Always consider how what is said in a play fits in with the following aspects of stagecraft: Where and essay in ontology phenomenological, when the word essay action occurs. How a character is dressed. What a character does. The division of action into scenes and acts. the passing of time the introduction of a conflict the build up to a climax of essay in ontology phenomenological, action the 1000 essay resolution of problems the use of disguise the use of coincidence the writing outline use of dance, music and song.

This is the commonest and often most important dramatic device used by a playwright to 1000 in pages, engage and involve the audience in their play. Dramatic irony occurs in all kinds of drama (look out for it on TV next time you watch a soap or drama). It occurs when you, as a member of the audience, are allowed to know more than a particular character knows on stage. This creates a very effective level of descriptive your dream house, engagement between the audience and the characters. In Pages. Members of the audience become involved in essay dream the action because they feel they ought to 1000 word, 'step in' and help the character - but obviously they cannot. This creates tension and involvement - and even sympathy . Do you remember the use of dramatic irony in childhood pantomimes when you actually could shout out to a character in a play, 'Watch out english model - he's behind you!' ?