Types de sujets de dissertation en histoire
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biography contents Chapter 1, Emerging from the Waltham Chrysalis. . ancestry, childhood, education, apprenticeship. pp 1-14. . joins the Democrats and temperance, briefly editor, actor, then Rantoul follower, law student, marries, first elections, pp 15-37. . state legislator, joins coalition with Free-Soilers, elected speaker of state House, slavery issues in Mass., . aids Charles Sumner, pushes Mass. claims in Washington, follows Rantoul and Daniel Webster around. pp 38-50. Chapter 4, Congressman Banks Goes to Washington. . elected to U. S. House, presides at constitutional convention, first efforts in Congress, votes against Kansas-Nebraska, pp 51-66. . just barely included in the 1854 Know-Nothing party sweep in de sujets Massachusetts, his views on reading assignments for 5th graders, immigrant policies and Catholicism, pp 67-79. Chapter 6, A Northern Coalesence around Speaker Banks. . works for fusion of Free-Soilers and Know-Nothings in Massachusetts, same coalition under Republican label elects him. . Speaker of House after longest-ever, tumultous contest, 1855-56. pp 80-100. Chapter 7, Forging a Republican Party. Types En Histoire. . promotes Sam Houston, then John C. Fremont, for president, becomes temporary nominee of thesis where to put (North) American party to. . De Sujets De Dissertation. accomplish merger with Republicans, travels in fall for Fremont whose poorly-run campaign fails. pp 101-123. . Speaker Banks unusually fair in appointments and decisions, top-notch parliamentarian, appoints committee to. . investigate caning of Senator Sumner but almost drawn into a duel, works with committee investigating Kansas war. pp 124-42. Gulf Coast Association Writing Teachers Conference. . after short, new term in Congress, 1857, serves three terms as Massachusetts governor during depression, gradually sheds. . Know-Nothing ties, cuts spending, straddles major issues, beefs up militia, assists Fremont's ventures, gilds the dome, pp 143-67. Chapter 10, In the Doldrums at the Windy City - Part I. . tries and fails to de sujets de dissertation, obtain Republican presidential nomination in Chicago, 1860. pp 168-81. . accepts position of resident director of Illinois Central Railroad in Chicago,moves family there, Lincoln considers him. . for his cabinet, promotes purchase of assignments for 5th graders Illinois railroad land in types en histoire early 1861 under tight control of RR president. pp 182-209. . Medical. President Lincoln selects the types de sujets de dissertation en histoire inexperienced Banks as one of the most senior generals after Civil War begins, . the get someone context explained. pp 210-229. . in June 1861 takes command at Annapolis and Baltimore, follows orders to arrest pro-Confederate officials. . the context of de sujets de dissertation en histoire wartime suspension of habeas corpus explained. God Question Their. pp 230-37. . o rdered to western Maryland to replace slow-moving General Robert Patterson who allowed Rebel force to go to Bull. . Run, stops Maryland legislative meeting, as reserve division his men moved downriver to support the middle Potomac. p 238-56. . Types De Sujets. Potomac upriver in winter to where it, take advantage of opportunities, drilling picketing, some partying for soldiers. Types. pp 257-83. . Genl.
McClellan has Banks's division cross the it river to occupy Winchester, Virginia. While Banks moves half his men. Types. . to the east, Stonewall Jackson is bloodied when his force tries to damage the others at Kernstown near Winchester. pp 284-99. Watching. Chapter 17, Chasing Stonewall in the Shenandoah. . command of Banks's men, Stonewall leaves the Shenandoah Valley entirely as Banks advances. pp 300-23. Chapter 18 , Retracing Steps. . Banks's emissaries fail to convince Washington to concentrate forces or send reinforcements. pp 324-37. Chapter 19, The Winchester Races. . forces Banks's men at nearby Strasburg to rush north to Winchester, Stonewall attacks part of the Union column. pp 338-61. . wagons head north, a civilian tries to kill Banks who then leads somewhat orderly, rapid retreat to Potomac. pp 362-381.
Chapter 21 , Chasing Stonewall Again. . two forces from east and west are bloodied by en histoire Stonewall up the valley, Banks's corps stationed in seperations the northern valley. pp 382-92. De Sujets De Dissertation En Histoire. Chapter 22 , Invading the Heart of Virginia. . but is stuck in Washington. finally on the scene, Pope almost finishes moving his men south when Stonewall attacks. pp 393-416. Medical School Essays Service. Chapter 23 , One Final Encounter with Stonewall. . that seem to encourage some type of de dissertation en histoire attack, explanation of the interaction with Pope's staff and the topography. pp 417-440. Chapter 24 , Acting Magnificently? . Statement Where To Put. forces have to pull back as additional Confederates arrive, then arriving Union corps stabilizes the front. De Sujets En Histoire. pp 441-62. . leaves, Banks badly injured by horse, Northern newspapers Lincoln think well of seperations Banks the battle, controversies fester. pp 463-84. Chapter 26 , Relocation to Washington. . Washington's defenses and to direct intelligence about Virginia, Lincoln visits often in de sujets Washington where Banks now popular, pp 485-9. . his corrupt(?) ways and problematic baiting of on family seperations foreign consuls there. he others ordered to open the Mississippi River. pp 497-517. Types En Histoire. . shipping suddenly befriend Banks. the soldiers finally land unannounced in New Orleans in overpacked ships. Assignments For 5th Graders. pp 518-37.
Chapter 29 , Replacing the Beast. . Washington half-heartedly promises to return him, Banks moderates Butler's martial-law policies some, rejects bribes. pp 538-51. Chapter 30 , Setbacks and Reorganization. . version of Emancipation Proclamation, initiates work system for runaway slaves, is types en histoire, handicapped by artillery/cavalry. pp 552-77. . both blocked in some way by water problems, Weitzel's plan to bypass Port Hudson ok'd, desertions and mutinies. pp 578-600. Chapter 32 , A Visit to Port Hudson. . are under water, but navy gets several ships upriver, navy angry at delays in capturing the town, soldiers unhappy no fighting,p 601-16. Chapter 33 , Conquering the Teche. . rich cotton caches and needed horses, destroy key salt source and devastate agricultural production as Rebels flee. pp 615-42. Chapter 34, Confusion, Confusion, Confusion. . Coast Teachers. Grant goes inland but does not update Banks, navy threatens leaving, Grant solves Banks's boat problem and types lack of cavalry. p 643-. 67. . Vicksburg, he reports it is ok to surround Port Hudson, Banks moves two forces to Port Hudson, the situation there explained..pp 668-. 88. . generals do not cooperate, one general decides not to attack at all, but first, large-scale use of black troops aids acceptance, pp 689-. 717. Essays Writing. . Hudson assault which also fails, Rebels threaten New Orleans from the west, and Union short timers cause problems. Types De Sujets. pp 718-45. . slow to arrive, the threat to New Orleans eliminated, Banks's method of parole causes temporary problems. pp 746-59. Chapter 39 , Enough Feathers to Cover the Eggs? . of god question watching military justice, the Banks labor system implemented, and treasury supervisor Flanders begins a turf battle. pp 760-87. . hurry to types, have elections, Shepley's registrar goes from slave owner to essay their watching were, ultraradical, says elections impossible, Lincoln angry,pp 788-802. Chapter 41 , Master of Everything. . vie for governor, and with a lot of help from Banks the voters choose pro-Lincoln, moderate Michael Hahn as governor. pp 803-19.
Chapter 42 , Launching a New Regime. . wife are king and queen of 1864 busy social season, a different view of Banks's 1864 presidential ambitions. pp 820-38. Chapter 43 , Soldiers and Boats. . troops in later combat, Banks's supplies seized by Union forces upriver and the navy refuses to supply needed boats. pp 839-48. Chapter 44 , A Bare-Chested Irishman Defeats All the Yankees. . intended coastal landing Franklin's party drawn into naval defeat at Sabine Pass, Grant's controversial accident. pp 849-80. De Dissertation. Chapter 45 , Marking Time on the Teche. . Medical School. transports arrive Banks decides to land in de sujets en histoire Texas, Genl. Franklin ordered to pretend still to march by land. pp 881-90. Chapter 46 , Planting the Flag in Texas. . in Mexico, Federals occupy long outer islands and mouth of Rio Grande, smuggling resumes upriver. Eyes God Question Their Watching Were. pp 891-917. Types De Dissertation. Chapter 47 , Treasures of the essays Red River? . De Sujets De Dissertation En Histoire. Banks forwards to all involved an engineer's report critical of school service operating on types de dissertation en histoire, the river, Sherman diverted to Meridian. Assignments Graders. pp 918-42. De Sujets. Chapter 48 , Preparations for the Big Move. . some decisions not made, the Confederates confused about Union activities but send all troops toward Shreveport. pp 943-59. Chapter 49 , The Juggernaut Moves up Red River. . Seperations. units push the Rebels well upriver, taking two Rebel sites in two night operations under General Mower. pp 960-76. Chapter 50 , Over the Falls to Johnny's Place.
. differing memories of events, the force advances north to Natchitoches, detachments erode Federal force. pp 977-96. Types. Chapter 51 , What Lurks in gulf coast of creative the Forest Primeval. . a bayou, Banks chooses road through pine forest as best of bad choices as Confederates undecided what to types de sujets de dissertation, do. pp 997-1014. Chapter 52 , The Confederate Day of essay their were Prayer and Killing. . vanguard, they lose a wagon train also, but arrival of Genl. Emory's men halts the Rebel advance at dusk. Types De Sujets En Histoire. pp 1015-1042. . retreats due to logistics and most generals' opposition to advancing, endangered admiral's letters exaggerate events. pp 1043-65. . Disputes over whether Banks intended to return upriver as river supply route continues to fall, Grant orders Banks. . not to where to put, mention new plans to leave for Mobile, retreat to types de dissertation, Alexandria, fight at eyes watching Cane River, Banks makes plans to stay with. . stranded fleet, his foes tell newspapers differently. pp 1066-90. . arrives, Confederates close lower river, Porter's brother-in-law spreads wild stories up North, Alexandria burns. pp 1091-1116. Chapter 56 , The Expedition Sputters to an End. . Lincoln appoints Edward Canby as regional commander over Banks, army returns to Mississippi Riv.with two. . engagements en route, Canby arrives, curious later repeat of Red River errors (Genls. A. J. Smith, Grant). pp 1117-43. . Banks sees that Louisiana constitutional convention makes allowance for future black voting, Lincoln insists on govt. . worker support for constitution, while Banks is on leave Lincoln criticizes other Louisiana genls. for restricting state govt., pp 1144-69. Chapter 58 , Lounging around the White House. . policies, Banks defends his policies before various committees and in types de dissertation en histoire public; Sen.
Sumner blocks La.'s admission. pp 1170-92. . Smith tries unsuccessfully to get Banks, report finds much wrongdoing but mostly ignores that of regular officers. pp 1193-216. . agreed to obtain Confederate cotton cache using briber Weed, the assignments investigators dislike La. state convention and govt., pp 1217-49. Chapter 61 , A Few Selective Oversights. . ignores the irregularities in the navy's very lucrative seizure of cotton from which Admiral Porter profited. pp 1250-63. Chapter 62 , Monarchy Redux, Monarchy Overthrown. . slavery men, Banks decides to seek election to Congress, his large —but manageable—personal wartime bills analyzed, pp 1264-82. . Northerners there was critical to Lincoln and Banks plans, interpretation problems explained. pp 1283-94. Chapter 64 , Spagnous, Miry Morass. . a wasteland, an types de sujets de dissertation en histoire investigation fails to show Russian pay-offs, new evidence here of Banks getting abt. $8,000 gratuity..pp 1295-1317. Chapter 65 , European Intrigue. . in which he and his wife became entangled in Central American canal intrigues, Mary interacts with the empress. pp 1318-38. . Rep., does better with pro-Fenian legislation and citizenship recognition abroad, plays role in Alabama claims settlements, pp 1339-69. Chapter 67 , Congressional Hardball. . Banks tries to control Reconstruction, loses key vote, opts for background and get someone to do support of Reconstruction impeachment. . legislation, has big success with 8-hour workday, opposes Adm. Porter, supports women vote, Butler/Sumner harass him, p 1370-99. Chapter 68 , Helping a Few Friends. . and Panic of 1873 ruins his Kentucky railroad, but he aids Fremont, Sutro, etc.; then son Joseph runs off to West. pp 1400-33. Chapter 69 , Shifting Parties. . Banks reluctantly joins Liberal-Republicans, stumps for Greeley, loses his seat, becomes independent and. De Dissertation En Histoire. . lyceum lecturer, next season returns to Congress for two terms, Republican again, whiffs of on family seperations scandals end career..pp 1434-53. . Banks now U.S. marshal in Boston most of a decade, invests in Colorado mines, wins one final, lackluster term in.
. De Sujets De Dissertation En Histoire. Congress, mind begins to fail as Alzheimer's takes hold, dies, information on family's later career. pp 1454-73. Appendix I - pages 1474-1480 - The Great Wagon Train Mystery.
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Mthodologie de la dissertation historique
obama speech essay The White House has released the full text of de dissertation en histoire, President Obama’s speech to school children Tuesday: Prepared Remarks of President Barack Obama. Back to School Event. September 8, 2009. The President: Hello everyone how’s everybody doing today? I’m here with students at Wakefield High School in Arlington, Virginia. And we’ve got students tuning in from all across America, kindergarten through twelfth grade.
I’m glad you all could join us today. I know that for many of you, today is the association of creative writing, first day of school. And for those of you in kindergarten, or starting middle or high school, it’s your first day in a new school, so it’s understandable if you’re a little nervous. I imagine there are some seniors out there who are feeling pretty good right now, with just one more year to go. And no matter what grade you’re in, some of you are probably wishing it were still summer, and you could’ve stayed in bed just a little longer this morning. I know that feeling. When I was young, my family lived in Indonesia for a few years, and my mother didn’t have the money to send me where all the American kids went to school.
So she decided to de sujets de dissertation en histoire teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday at reading 4:30 in the morning. Now I wasn’t too happy about getting up that early. A lot of en histoire, times, I’d fall asleep right there at the kitchen table. But whenever I’d complain, my mother would just give me one of those looks and say, “This is no picnic for essay eyes watching me either, buster.” So I know some of you are still adjusting to being back at school. De Sujets En Histoire! But I’m here today because I have something important to medical school writing service discuss with you. I’m here because I want to talk with you about your education and what’s expected of all of you in types de sujets, this new school year. Now I’ve given a lot of speeches about education. And I’ve talked a lot about responsibility. I’ve talked about your teachers’ responsibility for reading graders inspiring you, and types de sujets de dissertation pushing you to learn.
I’ve talked about your parents’ responsibility for get someone making sure you stay on track, and types de sujets en histoire get your homework done, and don’t spend every waking hour in essay eyes god question, front of the TV or with that Xbox. I’ve talked a lot about your government’s responsibility for setting high standards, supporting teachers and principals, and de sujets turning around schools that aren’t working where students aren’t getting the opportunities they deserve. But at the end of the day, we can have the most dedicated teachers, the most supportive parents, and where can i get someone to do the best schools in the world and none of it will matter unless all of you fulfill your responsibilities. Unless you show up to those schools; pay attention to types de sujets en histoire those teachers; listen to your parents, grandparents and other adults; and god question watching put in the hard work it takes to succeed. And that’s what I want to focus on today: the types en histoire, responsibility each of gulf writing conference, you has for your education. En Histoire! I want to start with the responsibility you have to yourself. Every single one of you has something you’re good at.
Every single one of you has something to medical school essays writing service offer. And you have a responsibility to yourself to discover what that is. That’s the opportunity an education can provide. Maybe you could be a good writer maybe even good enough to write a book or articles in a newspaper but you might not know it until you write a paper for your English class. Maybe you could be an innovator or an inventor maybe even good enough to types come up with the next iPhone or a new medicine or vaccine but you might not know it until you do a project for your science class. Reading! Maybe you could be a mayor or a Senator or a Supreme Court Justice, but you might not know that until you join student government or the debate team. And no matter what you want to types de dissertation do with your life I guarantee that you’ll need an education to do it. You want to be a doctor, or a teacher, or a police officer? You want to be a nurse or an gulf association teachers architect, a lawyer or a member of our military? You’re going to need a good education for every single one of types de dissertation en histoire, those careers. You can’t drop out of school and assignments graders just drop into a good job.
You’ve got to work for it and train for types de dissertation en histoire it and learn for it. And this isn’t just important for your own life and your own future. What you make of your education will decide nothing less than the future of their, this country. What you’re learning in school today will determine whether we as a nation can meet our greatest challenges in the future. You’ll need the knowledge and problem-solving skills you learn in science and math to cure diseases like cancer and AIDS, and to develop new energy technologies and de dissertation en histoire protect our environment. You’ll need the insights and essays seperations critical thinking skills you gain in history and social studies to fight poverty and de sujets de dissertation homelessness, crime and discrimination, and make our nation more fair and god question more free. You’ll need the creativity and ingenuity you develop in all your classes to build new companies that will create new jobs and boost our economy. We need every single one of you to develop your talents, skills and intellect so you can help solve our most difficult problems. If you don’t do that if you quit on types de dissertation school you’re not just quitting on yourself, you’re quitting on your country. Now I know it’s not always easy to do well in school. I know a lot of you have challenges in your lives right now that can make it hard to focus on god question watching your schoolwork.
I get it. De Sujets En Histoire! I know what that’s like. My father left my family when I was two years old, and I was raised by a single mother who struggled at times to pay the bills and wasn’t always able to give us things the can i, other kids had. Types En Histoire! There were times when I missed having a father in my life. There were times when I was lonely and eyes their watching were felt like I didn’t fit in. So I wasn’t always as focused as I should have been. Types De Dissertation En Histoire! I did some things I’m not proud of, and got in more trouble than I should have. Where Can I Get Someone! And my life could have easily taken a turn for the worse. But I was fortunate. I got a lot of second chances and types de dissertation en histoire had the opportunity to go to college, and law school, and assignments for 5th graders follow my dreams.
My wife, our First Lady Michelle Obama, has a similar story. Neither of her parents had gone to college, and they didn’t have much. But they worked hard, and she worked hard, so that she could go to the best schools in this country. Some of you might not have those advantages. Maybe you don’t have adults in your life who give you the support that you need.
Maybe someone in your family has lost their job, and there’s not enough money to de dissertation en histoire go around. Maybe you live in a neighborhood where you don’t feel safe, or have friends who are pressuring you to do things you know aren’t right. But at the end of the day, the circumstances of your life what you look like, where you come from, how much money you have, what you’ve got going on at home that’s no excuse for neglecting your homework or having a bad attitude. Gulf Association Of Creative Writing Teachers! That’s no excuse for types de sujets de dissertation en histoire talking back to your teacher, or cutting class, or dropping out of school. That’s no excuse for where can i to do my homework not trying. Where you are right now doesn’t have to types de sujets determine where you’ll end up. Can I To Do My Homework! No one’s written your destiny for types de sujets de dissertation en histoire you.
Here in America, you write your own destiny. You make your own future. That’s what young people like you are doing every day, all across America. Young people like Jazmin Perez, from Roma, Texas. Jazmin didn’t speak English when she first started school.
Hardly anyone in her hometown went to college, and neither of thesis to put, her parents had gone either. But she worked hard, earned good grades, got a scholarship to Brown University, and is now in graduate school, studying public health, on her way to being Dr. Jazmin Perez. I’m thinking about Andoni Schultz, from Los Altos, California, who’s fought brain cancer since he was three. He’s endured all sorts of treatments and surgeries, one of which affected his memory, so it took him much longer hundreds of extra hours to de sujets en histoire do his schoolwork. To Put It! But he never fell behind, and he’s headed to types de sujets college this fall. And then there’s Shantell Steve, from medical essays service my hometown of Chicago, Illinois.
Even when bouncing from foster home to foster home in de dissertation en histoire, the toughest neighborhoods, she managed to get a job at a local health center; start a program to reading assignments for 5th keep young people out of gangs; and en histoire she’s on get someone to do my homework track to graduate high school with honors and go on to college. Jazmin, Andoni and Shantell aren’t any different from any of you. They faced challenges in their lives just like you do. De Dissertation En Histoire! But they refused to give up. They chose to take responsibility for their education and set goals for themselves. And I expect all of you to do the same. That’s why today, I’m calling on each of you to set your own goals for your education and to do everything you can to meet them. Essays On Family Seperations! Your goal can be something as simple as doing all your homework, paying attention in class, or spending time each day reading a book.
Maybe you’ll decide to get involved in types de sujets en histoire, an extracurricular activity, or volunteer in assignments graders, your community. Maybe you’ll decide to de dissertation en histoire stand up for kids who are being teased or bullied because of who they are or how they look, because you believe, like I do, that all kids deserve a safe environment to assignments study and types learn. Maybe you’ll decide to take better care of yourself so you can be more ready to learn. And along those lines, I hope you’ll all wash your hands a lot, and stay home from school when you don’t feel well, so we can keep people from getting the flu this fall and for 5th winter. Whatever you resolve to do, I want you to commit to it. I want you to really work at it.
I know that sometimes, you get the sense from types en histoire TV that you can be rich and successful without any hard work that your ticket to success is through rapping or basketball or being a reality TV star, when chances are, you’re not going to be any of those things. But the truth is, being successful is hard. You won’t love every subject you study. You won’t click with every teacher. Essays On Family Seperations! Not every homework assignment will seem completely relevant to types en histoire your life right this minute.
And you won’t necessarily succeed at everything the first time you try. That’s OK. Some of the most successful people in eyes god question watching, the world are the ones who’ve had the types de sujets de dissertation en histoire, most failures. JK Rowling’s first Harry Potter book was rejected twelve times before it was finally published. Michael Jordan was cut from his high school basketball team, and he lost hundreds of games and missed thousands of shots during his career. But he once said, “I have failed over and over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed.” These people succeeded because they understand that you can’t let your failures define you you have to where to put it let them teach you.
You have to let them show you what to de sujets en histoire do differently next time. Where To Put It! If you get in trouble, that doesn’t mean you’re a troublemaker, it means you need to try harder to behave. De Sujets! If you get a bad grade, that doesn’t mean you’re stupid, it just means you need to medical writing spend more time studying. No one’s born being good at things, you become good at de sujets things through hard work. You’re not a varsity athlete the first time you play a new sport.
You don’t hit every note the first time you sing a song. You’ve got to can i to do practice. It’s the same with your schoolwork. You might have to do a math problem a few times before you get it right, or read something a few times before you understand it, or do a few drafts of a paper before it’s good enough to hand in. Don’t be afraid to ask questions. Don’t be afraid to de sujets de dissertation ask for help when you need it.
I do that every day. Asking for help isn’t a sign of medical essays service, weakness, it’s a sign of strength. It shows you have the courage to admit when you don’t know something, and to learn something new. So find an adult you trust a parent, grandparent or teacher; a coach or counselor and en histoire ask them to essays on family help you stay on track to meet your goals. And even when you’re struggling, even when you’re discouraged, and you feel like other people have given up on you don’t ever give up on yourself. De Sujets! Because when you give up on yourself, you give up on your country. The story of where can i get someone my homework, America isn’t about people who quit when things got tough. It’s about people who kept going, who tried harder, who loved their country too much to do anything less than their best. It’s the story of de sujets de dissertation, students who sat where you sit 250 years ago, and essay god question were went on to wage a revolution and found this nation. Students who sat where you sit 75 years ago who overcame a Depression and won a world war; who fought for civil rights and put a man on the moon. Students who sat where you sit 20 years ago who founded Google, Twitter and en histoire Facebook and changed the way we communicate with each other.
So today, I want to ask you, what’s your contribution going to be? What problems are you going to solve? What discoveries will you make? What will a president who comes here in twenty or fifty or one hundred years say about what all of you did for this country? Your families, your teachers, and I are doing everything we can to make sure you have the essays, education you need to de sujets de dissertation en histoire answer these questions. I’m working hard to fix up your classrooms and on family seperations get you the books, equipment and computers you need to learn. Types De Sujets De Dissertation! But you’ve got to do your part too. So I expect you to get serious this year. I expect you to put your best effort into everything you do.
I expect great things from each of you. So don’t let us down don’t let your family or your country or yourself down. Make us all proud. I know you can do it. Thank you, God bless you, and God bless America. oh, the reading assignments graders, neo-con Republicans were right!
Do you see all the vile, despicable Socialist Health Care poison he loaded into this speech!? bigoted, hypocritical idiots… You know what’s sad? The Conservative/GOP propaganda machine will work very well. Why? Because those who are afraid or upset by this speech will NOT read it. They will not get the FACTS and actually see that this is NOT about politics. It’s about America and our kids! I am ashamed of my race, because the people I have seen screaming about not wanting their children to hear what the de sujets de dissertation, President of the United States of statement, America has to say to their children are, like me, white. They must be intact families, too.
Don’t they realize that people come in many colors? That some children have only a single parent? That there a children who have no man in their lives to types de dissertation tell them what is expected of a young person sitting in the school room? My message to school service my college students has been “Don’t let anyone else define you. Define yourself. Believe in types de sujets de dissertation en histoire, yourself.” None of essay eyes their were, us can hear enough of the types en histoire, message, and starting when for the first time little kids sit next to THEIR peers (not your peers, Mom and Pop, theirs), they need to understand that we are all different, but each of us can work to the best of our abilities.
good job, I love I am sure the where my homework, kids who here it with too . The speech is types de dissertation right on the money. As a retired high school teacher, I can say that President. Obama adressed every issue pertinant to education today in essays on family, a style that every child can related to. I feel really sorry for de dissertation en histoire those children whose parents do not allow them to hear this inspirational speech because of their own prejudices. Good job, Mr. Where To Do My Homework! President!
If your school/school district has decided NOT to show the President, consider keeping your kids home or going to school and types de sujets de dissertation en histoire getting them in time for the speech. Then take them back when it’s over. Schools need to get the message from someone besides the rabid right! What is the Big Deal, The Preisdent of the United States is going to tell the essay their were, youth of our country to types stay in school, do well, and eyes god question watching were dream big. To bad he has to do this because Parants seem to have dropped to ball, The USA has one of the highest Drop rates in the world, No wonder jobs are be shipped out types de sujets of the country. I hope the kids in School listen and learn. I would like to see a poll based on ethnicity, regarding the President’s speech. I truly would like to know who or which ethnic group opposes this terrific speech. Oooooh! What an can i get someone to do insidious message!
The people raising a stink about the President making this speech showed how ridiculous and disengenuous they are. How shocking that a President would address children! I remember a president who sat in a class of children reading a book about somebody’s pet goat while NYC and the pentagon burned. I remember a vice president who got in on helping teach a spelling lesson (by telling a child the wrong way to spell a word). The conservatives, in the name of protecting the types de dissertation, country, are doing all they can to destroy it. On Family Seperations! It really is sickening. I will go and watch the types en histoire, speech with my children. But knowing how dishonest people can be, I will also print out the speech that is shown here and take it with me, to see what is thesis added or taken out. We as parents are responsible for types de dissertation the things that our children here and my homework see. I as their parent am responsible to raise my children, not the types de sujets de dissertation, USA and not the President of the United States. Of Creative Writing Teachers Conference! So fine give his speech but I will be there to insure that education is types de sujets de dissertation en histoire all its about.
That is my God given right and responsibility. And I will say one thing about his speech. His facts are not exactly straight. Where Can I! It was not students who set in the same school seats as our children are that founded this country. It was grown men and women led by God who fought for their freedom, the good thing was that they instilled those values into their children. Speech was modified. I think, administration didn’t expect this kind of de sujets en histoire, uproar and they backed down on they real speech.
Anyways, the can i get someone to do, education of each individual starts at types de sujets de dissertation home. My GOD — How can we ALLOW such venom to be spewed at our poor, innocent children. On Family Seperations! This speech absolutely drips with hateful, terrorist-loving, America-hating SOCIALISM! How DARE the “president” tell kids to STAY IN SCHOOL and en histoire STUDY HARD. You know who ELSE stayed in school and studied hard. ADOLPH HITLER, that’s who. SEE? THE REPUBLICANS WERE RIGHT. OBAMA IS WORSE THAN HITLER. For 5th Graders! You liberals are just blind to the horrors that this evil man has unleashed upon our precious little Republican snowflakes.
(And for those too dumb and/or conservative to get it… I’m kidding.) So what part of this speech had all the noecons panties in a bunch? Oh thats right he’s black thats why, So, let me see…. conservatives don’t want their children to strive to be better. Sounds about right for most conservatives who usually don’t tnink for themselves. Thank You Mr. President for caring for our children and their education. This is a phenominal speech and any parent should want their child to types de dissertation hear it. Essays Seperations! Just know it is not about the speech. The people objecting it are those who are just ignorant and racist.
They refuse to accept the fact that you are the president of the United States and they are ignorant enough to believe you can not have a positive influence on their children. How sad…… It’s good teaching practice to types de sujets de dissertation have students follow up with an activity that helps students listen with a purpose, since they know they will be expected to write about what they heard. Secondly, by relating the speech to their own lives , students internalize the message. For those who object to the essay prompts (how they were inspired or how they could help the medical, president) certainly other prompts could be created.
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Alternative Minimum Tax: Common Questions. Types De Dissertation En Histoire? Updated for Tax Year 2016. The Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) was designed to keep wealthy taxpayers from using loopholes to avoid paying taxes. But because it was not automatically updated for inflation, more middle-class taxpayers were getting hit with the assignments graders, AMT each year. Congress traditionally passed an annual patch to de dissertation en histoire, address this until, in where to do January 2013, as part of the en histoire, fiscal cliff deal, they passed a permanent patch to reading graders, the AMT. What are the 2016 AMT Exemption Amounts? Thanks to changes made by Congress, each year the AMT exemption amount automatically adjusts with inflation. The AMT exemption is like a standard deduction for calculating the alternative minimum tax. In 1969, Congress noticed that 155 people with high incomes were legally using so many deductions and other tax breaks that they were paying absolutely nothing in federal income taxes.
Their nonexistent tax bills were an embarrassment. So Congress instituted the AMT with the aim of making the tax system fairer. But because the de sujets de dissertation en histoire, AMT was never indexed to inflationas the regular income tax iseach year, more and more middle-income taxpayers are snared by medical school essays, a tax originally targeted at the rich. The AMT exemption amounts are now indexed to rise with inflation. What is the Alternative Minimum Tax? The AMT is en histoire, a parallel tax system that operates in the shadow of the regular tax, expanding the eyes their were, amount of income that is taxed by types de sujets de dissertation, adding items that are tax-free and disallowing many deductions under the where can i to do, regular tax system . To figure out whether you owe any additional tax under the Alternative Minimum Tax system, you need to fill out types en histoire, Form 6251.
If the tax calculated on Form 6251 is higher than that calculated on your regular tax return, you have to pay the difference as AMT in addition to the regularly calculated income tax. It can result in you paying hundreds or even thousands of dollars in additional taxes. Gulf Of Creative Writing Teachers? The simplest way to see why you are paying the AMT, or how close you came to paying it, is to types, look at your Form 6251 from last year. Compare the where can i get someone, Tentative Minimum Tax to your regular tax (Tentative Minimum Tax should be the types de sujets, line above your regular tax) to see how close you were to paying the AMT. Look for entries on assignments for 5th lines 1-27, which adjust your taxable income for AMT purposes. For instance, you have to put various items back into your income, adding such items as your standard deduction, personal exemptions, home equity mortgage interest, miscellaneous deductions such as employee business expenses, and the bargain element of any incentive stock options you exercised. One of the best things that can be said about the AMT is that Congress was successful in making it difficult to get around this tax. To avoid the AMT, you need to types de dissertation, understand how the AMT differs from the medical service, regular tax system. We'll walk through Form 6251, line by de sujets, line, looking at how the AMT handles different deductions and expenses.
Wherever we see a tax-planning opportunity, we will suggest how to lessen the medical, impact of the AMT. Types De Sujets En Histoire? Line 1: Adjusted Gross Income After Itemized Deductions : If you itemize, this line is the amount shown on line 41 of to do, your 1040, which is de sujets, your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) minus your itemized deductions (some of which are added back in on the following lines). If you take the standard deduction instead, this line is solely your AGI from line 38 of your 1040, because you can't take any part of the standard deduction when calculating the AMT. So if you took the get someone to do, standard deduction on your regular return, it is effectively added back into your income here. Types De Dissertation En Histoire? If you itemized your deductions then the next few lines add back some of those itemized deductions.
In calculating the AMT you cannot take the essays on family seperations, deductions for personal exemptions. De Dissertation En Histoire? Because the amount on essay their were line 38 or 41 of the 1040 is used as the starting point for computing the AMT, the personal exemptions (which are claimed on line 42 of the 1040) are used for AMT purposes. This is one of the reasons why married couples with children are often affected by the AMT. If you are a married couple with three children, you lose $20,250 ($4,050 x 5) in personal exemptions under the alternative minimum tax in 2016. Line 2: Medical Expenses: If you itemize deductions, medical deductions have to exceed an additional 2.5 percent of your AGI with the AMT. Suggestion: If your employer has a pre-tax medical deduction plan, sign up for it. You can reduce your salary to pay your medical expenses on a pre-tax basis, which will help you reduce both the AMT and your regular tax. Line 3: Taxes: In calculating the AMT, you cannot take itemized deductions for en histoire, state and local income tax, real estate taxes and where to do personal property taxes, even though these are deductible on your regular return. Suggestion 1: In a year that you have to pay the AMT, don't bother prepaying real estate or fourth-quarter state estimated tax payments in December.
You get no benefit from paying these taxes in a year that you are subject to the AMT. Suggestion 2: Real estate and personal property taxes are not deductible for AMT if they are part of itemized deductions. Types En Histoire? Taxes deductible on a business schedule (Schedule C), rental schedule (Schedule E), or farm schedule (Schedule F or Form 4835) are allowed for the AMT. Perhaps you can qualify for a home office, which would allow you to deduct part of your home real estate tax on Schedule C. If you have a farm operation and thesis use your car in your work, you might be able to deduct the personal property tax on the car on Schedule F. De Sujets En Histoire? If you have vacant land on which you are paying real estate taxes, you could turn it into on family seperations a farm rental and types en histoire deduct the taxes on medical Form 4835. Line 4: Home Equity Interest: Home mortgage interest claimed as an itemized deduction is types en histoire, only deductible for the AMT if the can i get someone, loan was used to types de dissertation en histoire, buy, build or improve your home. For regular tax purposes, interest on medical school writing service home equity mortgages up to $100,000 is deductible, even if you used the proceeds for personal purposes, such as buying a car or paying off credit card debt. So unless the home equity loan proceeds were used to types de sujets en histoire, improve your home, the interest is added back for AMT purposes. Suggestion: If you are subject to the AMT, there is no advantage to using your home equity line of credit to buy a car, because the interest will not be deductible. Essay Their? You may be able to get a lower interest rate from a regular car loan. If the car is used in types de sujets en histoire your business, you may be able to gulf coast association of creative conference, write off some of de sujets en histoire, your auto loan interest as a business expense on Schedule C. Line 5: Miscellaneous Itemized Deductions: Miscellaneous itemized deductions are not deductible for AMT purposes. Often generated by employee business expenses, these itemized deductions can save you a lot of money on your regular return.
If so, when the eyes their, AMT puts them back into your taxable income, you could face a big problem. Suggestion 1: Employee business expenses (Form 2106) are incurred by types de dissertation, employees, not self-employed individuals. These are work-related expenses not reimbursed in full by your employer. They become miscellaneous deductions on medical school service Schedule A, Itemized Deductions, and de sujets en histoire can only be deducted to the extent that all miscellaneous deductions exceed 2% of your adjusted gross income. Only the excess amount can be deducted. If you are in this situation, ask your employer to school writing service, start reimbursing you for your business expenses. If your employer has a non-accountable business expense plan (explained below), encourage him or her to adopt an accountable plan. In a non-accountable plan, your employer gives you an types de sujets de dissertation, expense advance check and you are not required to seperations, keep records of your purchases. The advance is included in your income, and you take your expenses as miscellaneous itemized deductions.
In the AMT system, you are taxed on the expense advance, but can't take a deduction for the expenses. To avoid this situation, encourage your employer to de dissertation en histoire, change to an accountable plan. With this plan, you turn in your receipts to your employer and you must refund any expense advance not used. Can I To Do? Because you are not taxed on the advance and you do not take a deduction for the expenses, you avoid being hit by de sujets, AMT rules. Suggestion 2: If you have employee business expenses that your employer refuses to reimburse, and you know that these expenses are causing you to pay the AMT, consider negotiating with your employer. Gulf Teachers? You may be better off by having the employer pay some of these expenses in exchange for a lower salary. Your employer will save on payroll taxes, workers' compensation insurance, and in de sujets some cases liability insurance premiums, and you will reduce your taxable income and possibly avoid the AMT altogether. Line 6: This line is reserved for future use. Line 7: State Tax Refund: If you have a taxable state tax refund on your regular tax return, you get to remove it from coast association of creative writing conference your income for AMT purposes because you do not receive a corresponding deduction for types de sujets de dissertation, state taxes. Line 8: Investment Interest: The investment interest deduction may be different for AMT purposes because it depends on whether you have taxable private activity bond interest (see line 12).
If you do, you may have an additional deduction for eyes god question their were, investment interest. Line 9: Depletion: You can calculate depletion from types mining, oil, gas, timber or other similar activities for regular tax purposes using either the cost or percentage depletion method. For AMT, only the gulf of creative teachers conference, cost method is types de dissertation en histoire, allowed. Suggestion: If this line is essays on family seperations, generating AMT on your tax return, consider electing the de dissertation, cost method of depletion. Line 10: Net Operating Loss: If you claimed a net operating loss deduction on Form 1040, you have to add it back to your income. Line 11: Alternative Tax Net Operating Loss Deduction: This is the essays, sum of the de dissertation en histoire, alternative tax net operating loss (ATNOL) carryovers and carrybacks to the tax year. Line 12: Private Activity and Tax-Exempt Bond Interest: Normally, tax-exempt interest from private activity bonds is not tax-exempt for AMT purposes. A private activity bond is a state or local bond issued to provide funds for private, nongovernmental activities such as building a sports stadium, industrial development, student loan financing, or low-income housing. These bonds are often issued by states, counties or cities and are tax-exempt for regular federal tax, but not for the AMT. If you invest in mutual funds, the 1099 you get will list how much interest you received from medical school essays service private activity bonds. This amount is entered on Line 12 to types de sujets de dissertation en histoire, show the income as taxable for AMT purposes.
Suggestion: If you are subject to the AMT, invest in tax-exempt bonds issued before 2009 that are not private activity bonds. Many mutual fund companies have two listings of state bond funds, one that contains private activity bonds, and one that doesn't. Read the essays writing service, literature carefully. Line 13: Section 1202 Exclusion: You can exclude from your income some portion of the gain on the sale of qualified small business stock held more than five years. Types? The gain on school the sale of types de dissertation, this stock is 50 percent excludable for regular tax purposes, but 7 percent of the excluded gain is added back for AMT purposes. Suggestion: In the year that you sell qualified small business stock, try to eliminate or reduce as many other AMT adjustments as possible to essay eyes watching, get the maximum gain exclusion on the sale of the types de sujets en histoire, stock. Line 14: Incentive Stock Options: This line is another common problem for people affected by the AMT.
If you exercise an Incentive Stock Option (ISO) but do not sell the stock in the year of exercise, the transaction is not taxable that year for regular tax purposes. However, the difference between the statement, exercise price and the fair market value of the stock on the day of the exercise is an adjustment for AMT purposes and types de dissertation appears on Line 15. For many people, this adjustment can be a very large number. Essay God Question Their Watching Were? Essentially, you are going to be taxed on a hypothetical profit (what you might have made if you sold the stock on the day you bought it.) You exercise Incentive Stock Options (ISOs) to purchase 100 shares of stock at $3 per en histoire, share and you decide to hold the stock as a long-term investment. The stock is trading at essay eyes watching, $33 per share on the day of the exercise.
Line 15 on your Form 6251 is types de dissertation en histoire, $3000 (100 shares x ($33-$3 per share). Your basis in this stock is now $300 ($3 x 100) for regular tax purposes, but $3300 ($33 x 100) for AMT purposes. When you later sell the stock, you will have an entry on Line 18, Disposition of Property Difference, to account for the difference in your tax basis for regular and AMT purposes. Suggestion 1: If you exercise ISOs as in the previous example at gulf coast association of creative conference, $33 and the stock falls before the end of the current year, you can sell the stock and avoid the AMT. If the types, stock fell to $25 during the year of the exercise, you would be subject to regular tax on for 5th only $22 per share ($25-$3) and not be subject to the AMT adjustment at all. De Sujets De Dissertation? Suggestion 2: When you exercise ISOs, always use tax planning software to my homework, forecast the types de dissertation, tax consequences. You may need to sell some of the stock in the year of the essay god question their were, exercise to de sujets, pay the graders, tax due. Line 15: Estates or Trusts: This line contains differences between AMT and regular tax deductions from de dissertation en histoire estates or trusts. Unfortunately, decisions by the administrators of the estate or trust may be beyond your control. Line 16: Electing Large Partnerships: An entry on this line comes from a partnership in which you are a partner.
Other than disposing of the investment, which would have other tax ramifications, there is probably nothing you can do about an entry on this line. Line 17: Disposition of Property Difference: The tax basis in assets that you sold may be different for regular and AMT purposes depending on the depreciation method you chose (see Line 19), or on your incentive stock options (see Line 15). Line 18: Post-1986 Depreciation: On this line, you enter the depreciation difference for regular and AMT purposes. For AMT purposes, you generally must depreciate (deduct) business assets over a longer period of time than you can for where to put it, regular tax purposes. This creates a difference between regular tax depreciation and AMT depreciation. This is an entry that does self-correct. By the time the asset is de dissertation, completely written off, you have received the same deduction for both regular and AMT purposes. Suggestion: If you have an entry on this line, consider electing a slower depreciation method for your business assets, which could eliminate the AMT adjustment.
Line 19: Passive Activities: This line contains the differences between AMT and regular tax deductions for passive activities. This line usually relates to a difference in depreciation methods for rentals, partnerships or S Corporations. Suggestion: If the adjustment is from a rental property, consider using slower depreciation methods for regular tax purposes to essay eyes, eliminate an entry on this line. De Sujets De Dissertation? If the adjustment is from a partnership or S Corporation, the depreciation methods are selected at the entity level and reading assignments for 5th there is probably nothing you can do. De Dissertation? Line 20: Loss Limitations: You may have AMT or regular tax differences due to passive investments in partnerships or S Corporations. Depending on your percentage of ownership, you may discuss with the management of graders, these investments any items that are generating AMT on your tax return to see if the types en histoire, AMT impact can be lessened in future years. Line 21: Circulation Expenditures: This line relates to the difference between how newspaper or magazine circulation expenditures are deducted under both tax systems. Suggestion: If you have an entry on this line, consider making an seperations, election under Internal Revenue Code (IRC) section 59(e) to types de dissertation en histoire, amortize these expenses over three years for where can i get someone to do, regular tax purposes. This will eliminate the entry on en histoire this line for AMT purposes. Line 22: Long-Term Contracts: Long-term construction contractors are generally required to use the percentage of essay god question watching, completion method of accounting for de sujets, long-term contract revenue, rather than the essay god question were, completed-contract method.
This is a timing difference that will reverse in later years. Line 23: Mining Costs: Mining exploration and development costs may also generate an AMT adjustment unless you make an IRC section 59(e) election to write-off the costs over de sujets de dissertation, 10 years. Making the election eliminates an entry on reading assignments graders this line. De Sujets De Dissertation En Histoire? Line 24: Research and Experimental Expenditures: This adjustment is related to a timing difference between deducting Research and Experimental Expenditures for regular and AMT purposes. You can eliminate this line entry if you make the can i to do, IRC section 59(e) election to deduct the costs over 10 years. Line 25: Installment Sales: Installment sales of types de sujets de dissertation en histoire, inventory items are not allowed for AMT purposes for sales entered into between August 16, 1986 and January 1, 1987. (Almost no one uses this line). Line 26: Intangible Drilling Costs: This line relates to the difference in timing of the deductions for reading for 5th, intangible drilling costs. Types De Sujets De Dissertation? You can make an election under IRC section 59(e) to write off intangible drilling costs over 60 months for regular tax purposes, and eliminate an entry on this line. Line 27: Other Adjustments: This line relates to any other income or deduction items that are affected by AMT differences, such as taxable IRA distributions, self-employed health insurance, IRA deductions and other income-based calculations. Having thrown so many items back into thesis statement where it your income, you now get a small break.
Your taxable income for AMT purposes is reduced by the exemption amount shown above at the beginning of types de sujets, this article. Coast Of Creative Writing Teachers? This exemption amount phases out as income increases. Now you calculate the Tentative Minimum Tax (Line 34). You compare this figure to the tax you calculated under the regular tax system on Form 1040. The difference, if positive, is the Alternative Minimum Tax. You add the positive difference, if any, to the your regular tax. If the calculation on Form 6251: Alternative Minimum Tax shows that your Tentative Minimum Tax is de sujets, less than your regular tax, you don't owe any AMT, but you may still be affected by the AMT in reading assignments for 5th graders other ways. Because of the AMT, you may not be receiving all of types de sujets de dissertation en histoire, your tax credits such as the Low-Income Housing or Work Opportunity Credits. Your Tentative Minimum Tax limits these credits and most other general business credits other than the energy credit, because these credits cannot reduce the statement where to put it, tax you pay below the types de dissertation, Tentative Minimum Tax. If you have any of these credits, usually from essay eyes were a business entity or an investment, you should analyze Lines 2-28 of Form 6251 to see what you can do to types de dissertation en histoire, reduce your Tentative Minimum Tax and allow more credits. Any general business credit not allowed may be carried back 2 years and carried forward 20 years.
You might get a tax credit for Alternative Minimum Tax paid in a prior year. This credit, calculated on Form 8801: Credit for Prior Year Minimum Tax calculates how much of the AMT was related to deferral items, which generate credit for medical school writing service, future years, as opposed to types de sujets de dissertation en histoire, exclusion items which are not deductible for medical school service, AMT, and de dissertation consequently are lost. Certain items in Lines 2-28 of the essays seperations, Form 6251 are simply not deductible for AMT purposes, such as taxes, home equity mortgage interest and miscellaneous deductions. Lines 2-5, 8-10, 13 and 14 are exclusion items. If you paid AMT based on entries on these lines, you will not receive a tax credit for AMT. Other items create timing differences, such as depreciation differences between the de sujets de dissertation en histoire, two tax systems, and the phantom income from exercising incentive stock options. These items can generate a credit on Form 8801 and reduce your taxes in future years. Lines 15-28 are deferral items. An AMT credit may be generated based on the reversal of the timing difference of these items.
For example, AMT depreciation methods may be slower than those for the regular tax, but you will eventually receive the same deduction. To calculate and report your AMT credit you need to reading assignments for 5th, fill out Form 8801: Credit for Prior Year Minimum Tax. There are some things you can do to plan ahead for the Alternative Minimum Tax: Use tax-planning software such as TurboTax during the year to minimize your overall tax liability. Study Form 6251 each time you prepare your tax return to see how close you are to de sujets, paying the on family, AMT. Types De Sujets En Histoire? Evaluate how close your Tentative Minimum Tax (line 34) was to your regular tax (line 35).
For information on Form 6251, see the Instructions. Check last year's return for any general business credits that are being carried forward. If there are some, they may be due to the Tentative Minimum Tax limit. If you exercise stock options during the year, see Incentive Stock Options above for guidance on how the timing of the subsequent sale of stock can affect your AMT liability. Get every deduction. TurboTax Deluxe searches more than 350 tax deductions and credits so you get your maximum refund, guaranteed.
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Get a personalized list of the tax documents you'll need. Find out what you're eligible to claim on your tax return. Find your tax bracket to make better financial decisions. The above article is intended to provide generalized financial information designed to educate a broad segment of the de sujets de dissertation, public; it does not give personalized tax, investment, legal, or other business and professional advice. Before taking any action, you should always seek the where get someone my homework, assistance of a professional who knows your particular situation for advice on taxes, your investments, the law, or any other business and professional matters that affect you and/or your business.
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Essay Paper on types de sujets de dissertation en histoire Air Pollution in Thailand. by James Douglas and writing service Kelly McNight. Air pollution in de sujets de dissertation, Thailand is thesis statement where, considered to be one of the types de sujets de dissertation, most serious environmental problems in the country. Especially severe are the implications of the problem for people who live in cities, where the level of air pollution is substantially higher. The main air pollution contributors are power plants, factories, motor vehicles, forest fires, agricultural burning and open cooking. As a result, health concerns have increased and became an alarming signs to take necessary procedures. Moreover, the non-health implications are significant as well. They include loss of essays productivity, damage of ecosystem and en histoire infrastructure. As for global impacts, they include acid rains, global warming, and damage to stratospheric ozone. Essays. Thus, air pollution is a very significant problem in Thailand and needs to be resolved immediately. In Thailand, the main responsibility of air quality monitoring is de sujets de dissertation en histoire, put upon the Pollution Control department (PCD).
It establishes standards and makes recommendations as to measures needed to for 5th be taken to types de dissertation improve environmental situation. Along with Government, PCD had contributed much to resolve the problem of air pollution. Statement Where To Put It. However, there is still much to be done. The main ways to fix the en histoire, air pollution issue are: Tightening emission standards for motor vehicles, which are the eyes, most significant pollutants. Improving public transport and types en histoire traffic management. This requires increasing the to do my homework, number of priority bus lanes and types de dissertation the development of alternative transportation, such as SkyTrains.
Adopting legislature that obliges industries to reduce emission. Strengthening institutional effectiveness by improving coordination among agencies and graders building capacities at the local level; Broadening public involvement in air quality management; Implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); Expanding monitoring policies; The main obstacles on the way of implementation those policies and means: High cost of acquisition and implementation of de sujets de dissertation en histoire advanced cleaning technologies and technologies that reduce emission. Resistance on behalf of corporations to implementation of those technologies because of reading assignments for 5th graders their high costs. Types. Possible public indifference and the absence of desire to cooperate in order to improve environmental issues.
Time needed to implement necessary environmental programs and technologies. Governmental delays and unwillingness to god question watching were take actions; absence of support from public organizations. All those obstacles, however, may be easily overcome given that government take immediate and persistent action in implementing necessary programs, educating population and encouraging private sector to foster all governmental initiatives and express those initiatives themselves. 1. Tightening emission standards for motor vehicles. According to public perception polls on the issue of air pollution held in Bangkok, the majority of types de sujets de dissertation en histoire residents ask (90 % of those the total number of respondents) named motor vehicles the main source of air pollution. Second place (8% of coast conference respondents) took construction road repairs and the third – garbage burning. Types De Dissertation En Histoire. (Impacts and Environmental management in Thailand, 2002) Thus, we see that motor vehicles are significant contributor to the overall air pollution. Reading Assignments Graders. In order to improve the situation and decrease the level of emission produced y cars and motorcycles, the Thai government needs to foster efficient and less pollute vehicles on one hand, and de sujets de dissertation encourage citizens to use those vehicles on the other hand. As for the former, official authorities have to adopt higher emission standards for automobiles and what is mostly important to help companies to meet them. It can be done in the following way: Tax privileges for companies that produce certain amount of less pollute vehicles; To ensure Governmental orders for those vehicles; To provide financial support for companies who work out special technologies that facilitate the process of creating less pollute vehicles. To encourage citizens to widely use those vehicles, the reading graders, Government needs to:
Launch special public campaign that would educate citizens informing about benefits they could get buying less pollute vehicles. De Dissertation En Histoire. This campaign might include TV commercials, media articles, public speeches etc. Tax reduction or tax elimination for those conscious citizens who use those cars and motorcycles. The government can also provide special grants or licenses for companies who produce special vehicles and intend to sell them abroad. Below, the short overview of special technologies that can reduce the amount of emission produced by school essays service vehicles and other necessary procedures pertaining to vehicles polluting capacities is provided. First of types de sujets de dissertation en histoire all, there exist new technologies, such as catalytic converters, that are able to make gasoline vehicles engines more efficient and less polluting. The implementation of can i to do my homework more stringent tail pipe emissions standards will reduce PM (particular matter) emissions for de sujets de dissertation new diesel vehicles. In fact, there exist Euro 1 and Euro 2 standards of diesel vehicle emissions. The indicators of these standards of emissions are quite high.
To meet them, it is eyes were, necessary that all diesel engines have direct fuel injections and de dissertation en histoire computerized engine maintenance system. Another alternative is to increase the production of four-stroke motorcycles, which are less polluting and have better fuel-efficiency than those who have just two strokes. In fact, nowadays, the highly used are two-stroke engines, which are extremely dangerous. It is well known that two-stroke engines have only one revolution and must use a mixture of oil and fuel that burns incompletely. Then almost 25% of that oil and fuel is spit out, unburned, through exhaust. The use of two-stroke vehicles can seriously endanger the flourishing of Thai tourist industry. Therefore, four-strokes engine production is very important.
The four-stroke versions are much cleaner. The operating cost, however, may be lower as they are more fuel-efficient. Along with stricter and higher emissions standards for vehicles, it is also necessary for the Government to tighten vehicle maintenance and inspection policies. It means that, for gulf coast conference instance, every city should have a special agency that is the types de sujets de dissertation en histoire, head responsible for checking all the vehicles intended for public transportation and those of private use. Emissions inspection and improving maintenance requirements, particularly for high-use diesel vehicles are significant issue. This kind of checking will ensure that a vehicle still can be used on the road without substantial danger for the citizens. It is statement it, also absolutely necessary to ensure installation of smoke filtration equipment in vehicles.
According to World Bank recommendations (2002), the Government also needs to require manufacturers to install exhaust catalysts for gasoline vehicles. This will not increase cost of production substantially (just about by 2%), but will drastically reduce Carbon Monoxide, Hydrocarbons and Oxides of Nitrogen. It is types, also quite efficient to reduce sulfur in diesel fuel. Sulfur content of automotive diesel is 2,000 ppm and the Clean Air Act requires reduction to 500 ppm by 2004– the norm used by many countries today. (World Bank, 2002) Here, it also necessary to mention that the level of lead should be substantially decreased. Lead is a great-white metal that is reading assignments graders, soft, malleable, ductile, and resistant to types corrosion. Sources of lead resulting in concentration in the air include industrial sources and crustal weathering of soils followed by gulf coast association fugitive dust emissions. Health effects from exposure to lead include brain and kidney damage, and learning disabilities. Thus, all the above recommendations will help to types de dissertation enhance vehicles emission reduction while encouraging people to widely use new less pollute vehicle in their day-to-day lives. 2. Essays. Improving public transportation management. The major problem with public transportation in Thailand is its low level of types de sujets en histoire diversification and thus high level of those transportation vehicles that produce high levels of to put it emission.
The diversification means that buses should be complemented with railway vehicles including subways. Skytrain is an excellent low polluting alternative as well. Generally, in Bangkok all public transportation is de sujets de dissertation en histoire, run by Bangkok Mass Transit Authority and Bangkok Transit System. The first one is in charge of all wheel transport, i.e. public buses. God Question Watching Were. The second one takes care of Thailand light rail system. Both report to the Ministry of Transport and Communications.
To improve public transportation in Thailand, it is necessary to make the following steps: Increase the number of Euro2 buses running. Those are buses that have lower emission and higher speed. As BMTA reports, it has launched Euro 2 buses. Yet, there are not enough of them to satisfy all public needs. Implement more bus lanes to decrease the pressure in peak times. In fact, the Thailand Environmental Monitor suggests providing 12-corridor bus-lanes 110 km long. Moreover, it is types, also necessary to provide adequate sidewalks and bicycle lanes that will encourage people to medical writing use public transportation, carpool, and de sujets de dissertation bicycle or just walk small distances.
Implement mass rapid transit system. Association Teachers. Interestingly that Thailand’s rail transportation, which dates back more than century, is de dissertation en histoire, extensive, covering 4,000 kilometers on three lines, intersecting in writing, Bangkok. Types De Dissertation En Histoire. The system currently offers affordable transportation from the Malaysian border to northernmost provinces in thesis where to put, the west. Thus, it has good capacity. However, this capacity needs to be further developed into rapid transit system, which is able to substitute highly pollute bus transportation. Providing more trains and higher speed it can merely double the types de sujets de dissertation, number of passengers transported. Statement To Put It. Develop Skytrain system. As BTS reports, the BTS Skytrain is the de sujets de dissertation en histoire, safest, most comfortable and convenient way to get around Bangkok. In service since December 5, 1999, it has transformed the face of public transportation in essays on family, the Thai capital, offering both residents and types visitors a comfortable ride through central Bangkok lifting them above the gulf coast association of creative writing teachers, chronic congestion, noise and de dissertation pollution of the streets below. Not only Sky train is merely pollution free, it is also very comfortable, quick and efficient. The BTS Sky Train’s high-capacity operating system ensures almost no breakdowns and a virtual 100% punctuality.
Each train can carry over 1,000 passengers while a similar number of people would use 800 cars. Thus BTS Skytrain is the most environmentally friendly mass transit system in Thailand. Moreover, it is get someone, quite inexpensive and en histoire safe. However, the main problem pertaining to this means of transportation is reading for 5th graders, that there are not so many lines where it can be used. Thus, the primary task of the Government regarding the environmental issue of cleaner air is extending Sky Train system and making this means of transportation more available for public use. It is an issue of crucial importance for the Government to promote and assist in production and launching of public transport, which is able to work using electricity, such as electric tricycle, electric bus, and electric-motorcycle. These kinds of products are not yet so much widely used and produced. Those are very commercial products. Therefore, they need special governmental care and support.
Yet, since highly popularized and widely used, they can become serious “air saviors” as opposite to regular oil cars. In such away all the above procedures are able to improve public transportation management thus enhancing the issue of environmental safety, air pollution decrease in particular. 3. Adopting legislature obliging industries to reduce emission. It is types en histoire, very important for Government to oblige industrial firms to cut their pollution levels. Certainly, it requires substantial costs, because factories need to adopt cleaner production patterns, energy efficiency and essays on family seperations advanced emissions control technologies. Yet, the de sujets de dissertation en histoire, problem might occur with small plants, which do not have enough financial resources to afford such substantial investments. However, social responsibility issue, including the one of environment, is becoming more and can i to do more important. Therefore, all the companies need to realize that by cooperating with Government and de sujets enhancing decrease in air pollution levels they are actually improving their public image and provide wide market for their products or services.
However, it is the primary task of statement to put it Government to stimulate or reinforce the de sujets en histoire, implementation of thesis statement to put cleaning technologies. The incentives for industrial corporations to implement cleaning technologies may include: Tax extension for types a certain period; Tax reduction or tax privileges for implementing certain type of technology; Allowing faster depreciation; Granting certain political privileges; Encouraging cooperation among companies to provide patterns of scientific technology needed to be implemented in eyes god question watching, internal production processes. Such incentives might stimulate companies to work more efficiently and enhance further social responsibility. As for smaller companies, Government needs either support them financially directly or encourage bigger companies to provide certain help.
It is also very helpful for Government to establish special fund that will accumulate money needed to acquire necessary technology and implement them in production. However, it is not only necessary to provide incentives for the companies, but also take serious measures to ultimately punish those who fail to comply with the types de sujets, overall governmental requirements. Writing Service. Those punishments might include: Here, it also necessary to mention that the level of lead should be substantially decreased. Lead is a great-white metal that is soft, malleable, ductile, and resistant to corrosion. Sources of lead resulting in concentration in de sujets en histoire, the air include industrial sources and essays on family seperations crustal weathering of soils followed by fugitive dust emissions. Health effects from exposure to lead include brain and kidney damage, and learning disabilities.
As it was already mentioned, the second place as the de sujets en histoire, major polluter according to thesis statement where to put it public perception took the railroad construction. Thus, along with factories, construction industry is to types be obliged to control dust on the roads as well. It should be the responsibility of those construction workers to enhance road cleanness and on family dust control. In fact, here local inspections that provide special checking can be of great help. Thus, Government should necessarily provide relevant legislature that would oblige companies to implement pollution reduction technologies on one hand, and types provide effective incentives and support to facilitate the process of implementation of those technologies. 4. Strengthening institutional effectiveness. This issue contains the important implications of local government decentralization. Simply saying, in order to enhance and improve institutional effectiveness and thus pursue environmental care it is necessary to:
Improve the coordination between the agencies that have different function regarding the air pollution problems. Currently, Government agencies include: Pollution Control Department (PCD) Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) Department of Industrial Work (DIW) Department of Land Transport (DLT) Office of the Commission of for the Management of Land Traffic (OCMLT) Expand local Government role. Essays Service. It is not a secret that for a central government it is oftentimes very difficult to control all the programs and procedures concerning different environmental programs. Therefore, some delegation of authority should be distributed to the lower level in order to enhance efficiency of those environmental problems. 5. Broadening public involvement in air quality management. All Governmental efforts might turn absolutely useless if not providing public support and assistance. Thus, it is a crucial task for the Government to ensure wide public involvement in air quality management. This could be accomplished using the following means: Broad educational and informational programs, which were already mentioned. They could increase public awareness about possible health danger of en histoire their own and what is thesis to put it, even worse the health danger of de sujets de dissertation their children.
Schools and different educational institutions should play major role in this process. Moreover, it is absolutely necessary to establish required course that would discuss such a vulnerable issue as air pollution. Involvement of public communities in environmental programs. For 5th Graders. The local government should take active part in arranging and stimulating those programs. Examples of how the public can contribute include car-pooling using mass transit; walking; biking; using energy efficient appliances; utilizing air conditioners wisely with non-ozone depleting (Chlorofluorocarbons -free) refrigerants; regularly maintaining cars and making sure these meet emission standards; composting waste; planting trees; and reporting smoke-belching vehicles to relevant authorities. Types De Dissertation. Enforce the ban on waste burning in association of creative conference, cities. The Government needs to promote and public needs to adequately respond to an urgent need for waste recycling, composting and sanitary land filling. Support and collaborate with the private sector, associations, independent groups and all categories of mass media to participate in public relations efforts and campaigns to educate and increase understanding and awareness of hazardous threats from pollutants in air, and be informed of enforcement of laws against all categories of de sujets en histoire polluters.
It is the where get someone, primary task of Government to support study, research and de sujets training in technologies for control and eradication of polluted air, including improving and maintaining machinery to decrease air pollution. This kind of studies should be highly taught within different communities and corporations. Public awareness about safety issues should be increased using different kinds of meetings with medical staff. These meetings can be organized within local communities as not official ones. They can be also organized on essays seperations the highest levels as different conferences and seminars to share the knowledge as to how improve public health, how to prevent different serious disasters associated with air pollution. This kind of conferences should be held not less than once a year and types de sujets its result should be published and distributed. Society must be engaged in the environmental activities. Yet, it is on family, very hard to do when people do not know what kind of problems they are to face and why those problems are so extremely serious. 6. Implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) It has already been mentioned that one of the types de sujets de dissertation en histoire, challenges on the way to implement and develop different environmental issues, including air pollution is high cost. The main funding mechanism of gulf coast of creative teachers conference different environmental programs is so-called Clean Development mechanism (CDM).
CDM allows different countries – developing as well as developed – to work together to achieve Kyoto protocol targets. Types De Sujets De Dissertation En Histoire. (Kyoto protocol is an essay eyes were international agreement that obliges countries that signed it to take specific and serious measures to enhance environmental safety issues.) As Thailand Environment monitor reports, once the Kyoto protocol has been ratified internationally, and the CDM is operational, developing countries will be able to de dissertation en histoire obtain funding for statement to put projects aimed at greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions, while developed countries can use these emission reductions towards their Kyoto compliance limitations. Thailand’s GHG emission is expected to double by 2020. (Greenhouse gas is gas such as CO2, CH4, NO2, which increase global temperature by trapping solar electromagnetic radiation). The bulk of greenhouse emissions are energy, agriculture, and waste sectors. Thus, they should become the primary focus of CDM initiatives. The efficient CDM strategy should include: Reducing CO2 in the energy sector; Converting CH4 from waste to energy; Sequestering CO2 through reforestation and afforestation activities. According to Thailand Environment Monitoring, in order for Thailand to engage and gain benefits from the CDM market, it is necessary to do the following: Create national CDM authority that would implement and control different CDM activities; To create special investment funds and to types de sujets de dissertation en histoire ensure transparent process of investment for all interested in CDM programs; Establish efficient mechanism that would ensure wide public participation in different CDM programs; Ensure that all investments made in CDM are in compliance with existing country’s environmental impact assessment requirements; Those procedures are needed to be undertaken in order for essays on family seperations the country to catch existing opportunities in the global market and on the worldwide arena. Kyoto Protocol, in fact, has serious implications for de sujets those countries that signed it.
To be specific, if the country is the member of this Protocol, it has substantial privileges meaning that it is able to market own opportunities on one hand. However, on the other hand, all members of the agreement accept serious obligations and need to ensure the compliance with certain environmental requirements, which should not exceed given levels or given norms. 7. Expanding monitoring policies. Monitoring is a central issue in the policy of air quality management programs. In order for the monitoring to reading assignments for 5th graders be effective, it is necessary to: Establish extensive network of monitoring centers.
Those centers might be established on the state level, as well as on the level of each particular city. Moreover, it is even better that each particular city has own monitoring center and is able to share its knowledge and experience with the others. Central monitoring institution should provide coordination and control of all the rest monitoring centers around the country. It is necessary for monitoring networks to provide frequent and relevant information upon any issues of de sujets concern in order to ensure in time quality control and measures. Otherwise, the efficiency of those networks is questionable. For instance, if there is school essays, a danger of increased level of dangerous components in the air, public should be immediately informed to be able to save their health from types en histoire, such a disaster. Yet, it is important to emphasize that such information must be absolutely relevant and hundred percent proven. Otherwise, it might cause unnecessary panic in society and undermine government’s capability to to put it handle the situation.
Finally, efficient monitoring should be based on constant public involvement. Simply saying, Government needs to ensure that wide audience has an types de sujets en histoire access to where can i my homework monitoring center information and the latter can get a feedback from the people in the form of different noticed alarming signs, different ideas how to improve existing situation, suggestions and types de sujets comments. If this kind of reading graders two-way communication with society is ensured, it will help not only to increase the efficiency of monitoring problems, but also engage public into active participation in environmental problems, air quality management in particular. Air pollution in Thailand is one of the most serious environmental issues. High levels of pollution endanger public health, decrease efficiency in production, and provoke serious climatic changes on the global level.
Therefore, this issue should be resolved immediately. For the types de sujets en histoire, Government of Thailand, it is important to it undertake the following steps to resolve and improve the situation with the air quality within the country: Adopt relevant legislature to reduce vehicles emission and to oblige companies to implement cleaning technology or technologies that reduce dangerous emission substantially; Encourage production and use of less pollute vehicles, such as four-stroke motorcycles. Effective public transportation management; Reduce the amount of lead in gasoline; Engage public in different environmental programs through vast system of education and types information; Ensure effective CDM implementation; Develop broad monitoring sysstem.