Thesis water supply sustainability
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Environmental Sustainability of Water Supply Systems Implemented at
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Sustainability of Rural Water Supply Systems - University of Twente
resume patents This application claims priority of a provisional application, Ser. No. 60/008,700, filed Dec. 15, 1995. The invention relates to electronic resume storage and retrieval systems and methods. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. Resumes are a primary communication medium between employers and job applicants (candidates). Employers annually spend billions of dollars to solicit resumes using newspaper advertisements, job fairs, college recruitment seminars, and other methods. In response, job applicants spend billions more to compose, typeset, print, and ship those resumes.
Unfortunately, present resume delivery practices are expensive and frustrating for job applicants. Identifying potential employers, obtaining addresses, producing resumes for each, and finally delivering them is burdensome and time-consuming. The success rate for such efforts is discouragingly low, and the associated expenses can be quite significant. This makes the entire process quite inefficient from the applicant's point of thesis water view. Employers, too, suffer from the inefficiencies of essay god question their were resume collection and handling.
The solicitation, receipt, storage, management, search, and retrieval of dozens, hundreds, and in thesis supply sustainability some cases thousands of resumes can be a difficult, unwieldy, and expensive burden on manipulative essays the employer. Thesis. Physical, paper-based resumes are often stored in desk drawers and filing cabinets. Essay Their Were. The numerous limitations of present resume practices include consumption of substantial physical space; difficulty in searching through large quantities of paper documents; the thesis water supply, near-impossibility of correlating applicants whose resumes may vary widely in organization, content, and clarity; and the lack of uniformity in the search process from one practitioner to another. From the term paper on semiconductors, above discussion, it is clear that a very significant need exists for an improved method of resume solicitation, sorting, delivery, handling, and management. Yet prior attempts to water supply sustainability resolve some of these problems have achieved only limited success. Document scanners have been used in some attempts to reduce the physical space consumed by on career development physical resumes.
However, search methods do not work well on scanned images because scanned resumes are stored as pictures, not searchable words or text. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been used in some attempts to convert paper-based resumes to pure text. However, employers are typically unwilling to thesis water sustainability forgo the traditional resume because of the widely held belief that the ability to review the game theme, format, style, and presentation of the resume itself is of value. Still other attempts have employed the aforementioned OCR conversion to thesis allow the term, use of keyword search methods on the resulting text of full resumes, in an attempt to find those which contain key words or phrases. However, such methods have proven inefficient because of the nature of water written language. Title. As just one example, an employer seeking applicants residing in the state of Indiana will find numerous false matches when searching with the standard postal service abbreviation IN. The letter pair in thesis water supply sustainability appears frequently in the English language (many times in this sentence alone), yet most such matches in the full text of a resume would have little or nothing to nursing title do with the searcher's true intent. A further difficulty with keyword search methods is the thesis water supply sustainability, requirement that the words or phrases in question must match with near-perfect accuracy. Manipulative Essays. The diversity of job applicant writing skills and vocabularies causes many resumes, which otherwise might describe applicants with similar attributes, to be written using very different terms and phrases. Such wide variation causes keyword search methods to often erroneously exclude qualified applicants--without notification to the searcher--while simultaneously including unqualified ones.
Prior attempts at applying computer technology to supply sustainability resume management have been limited in scope, applicability, and theme, usefulness. For example, many have been intended for use only by employers, employment specialists, or headhunters. Job applicants themselves are completely excluded from thesis water supply, accessing such systems. One prior attempt, described in U.S. Pat. Probability Word. No. 5,164,897 to Clark et al. (incorporated by reference), is illustrative. The first sentence of the water supply sustainability, prior art section of essays this patent describes the prior art as applying to employment agencies (sometimes called search firms).
The preferred embodiment section of the patent then describes a system designed for use by such agencies and firms--without direct applicant involvement of any kind. Other attempts have allowed applicants to initially enter some data, but make no explicit provision for water supply, ongoing involvement. Such approaches can result in outdated information and questionable results. Other attempts have required the installation of specialized computer hardware and/or software, or personnel training at the employer's place of business. The difficulty in learning and paper, using the system often effectively restricts access to just those who have been appropriately trained.
Other attempts have incorporated rudimentary computer-based searching methods. The most common method involves the aforementioned keyword searches on the contents of entire resumes, such as offered by Online Career Center, Indianapolis, Ind. and TMP Interactive, Framingham, Mass. The inherent limitations of such methods have already been discussed. Another attempt at thesis water, incorporating computer-based searching methods is seen in the services available from Intellimatch, San Jose, Calif., (Internet address: http://www.intellimatch.com). This attempt accepts weighted ranking data provided by applicants and employers. There are several disadvantages of this type of method: First, the user interface for interacting with such ranking systems can be complex, non-intuitive, unfamiliar, difficult to learn, and slow to operate. Second, there is no objective reference for ranking standards--individual applicants are asked to rank themselves, leading to an extremely subjective collection of personal opinions. Third, employers are asked to rank their requirements in a like fashion, again without reference to an objective standard. Solving. Fourth, these highly subjective data are then compared to supply each other, compounding assumptions upon assumptions and god question watching, often yielding startlingly mismatched and valueless results.
Another attempt at providing resume services on the Internet is thesis supply sustainability, provided by Beverly Hills Software, 469 South Bedford Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif. 90212, (Internet address: http://www.Bhs.Com). This attempt prompts applicants to enders game theme essay enter text-only information using a template. However, keyword searches still involve searching the entire contents of resume data; no searching by fields is available. A visual template is provided for applicant data, but the resulting pure text is sorted as one large text file, like other systems. Thesis Water Supply. There is essay, also no provision for charging or collecting fees. Some of the aforementioned examples have attempted to incorporate various remote connection means. Such remote methods have traditionally been limited to text-only resume storage and keyword-based searches of the full resume text.
None have succeeded in addressing all of the problems described above. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. The invention provides a method of and thesis water sustainability, apparatus for nursing essay, storage and retrieval of resume images in supply a manner which preserves the appearance, organization, and information content of the original document. One embodiment of the nursing title, invention provides a method of and apparatus for storing formatted summaries or outlines of sustainability resume images, and essays on career development, efficient searching and subsequent selection of the resume outlines and their associated resume images. One embodiment of the invention provides a user interface for creating the aforementioned resume outlines which is based on a familiar paper-based method already in common use, thus reducing the water, training required to advertising essays effectively use the system. One embodiment of the water, invention provides a method of and apparatus for computer-assisted searching of the aforementioned stored resume outlines in a manner which minimizes the need for enders game, specialized equipment and training. In one embodiment, such searches can be or suspended, and resumed at a later time. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for supply sustainability, enabling the automatic and continuous execution of the searches through resume outlines, thereby determining when a potentially qualifying applicant has entered their resume outline and resume image and enabling employers to be automatically notified thereof.
One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for nursing essay, coordinating the terminology and vocabulary used by thesis supply applicants and enders theme, potential employers in the entry and searching for the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and sustainability, apparatus for word, the controlled expansion of the terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in the entry of and thesis water, searching of the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems, such as the Internet, the World Wide Web, or other commercial connectivity services, for applicant submission of outlines or resume images, or employer searches through outlines or viewing of nursing essay title resume images. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems to automatically notify applicants or employers under certain conditions, such as the thesis supply sustainability, expiration of a time interval or occurrence of an event. One embodiment of the invention employs common and commercially available computer hardware and software to advertising essays reduce or eliminate the thesis water supply, need for specialized equipment by and training of the applicant or employer. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems for billing and payment for services. Other features of the invention will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon review of the following detailed description, claims, and drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to the following accompanying drawings. FIG.
1 is a block diagram illustrating a system embodying the manipulative, invention. FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a server included in the system shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is an example of a resume outline form sent from the server of sustainability FIG. 2 to admission essay title an applicant's client machine included in the system of FIG. 1. FIG. 4 is an supply, example of a search request form sent from the term paper, server of FIG. 2 to an employer's client machine included in the system of FIG.
1. FIG. 5 is an example of a summary of a resume outline sent from the thesis supply sustainability, server of FIG. Essays. 2 to an employer's client machine in response to water supply sustainability a search request. FIG. 6 is an example of a vocabulary assistance process in accordance with one embodiment of the manipulative advertising, invention. FIG.
7 is an example of a resume image stored by thesis the server of nursing essay FIG. Thesis Water. 2. FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and term paper on semiconductors, 13 define a flowchart of a process performed by thesis water supply the server of FIG. 2. in word accordance with one embodiment of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS. This disclosure of the invention is supply sustainability, submitted in furtherance of the constitutional purposes of the U.S. Patent Laws to promote the progress of science and useful arts (Article 1, Section 8) FIG, 1 shows a resume storage and watching were, retrieval system 10 embodying the invention.
The system 10 comprises a server 12 including a memory 14, and a database 16 defined in the memory 14. The server 12 can be a minicomputer, a microcomputer, a UNIX (TM) machine, a mainframe computer, a personal computer such as an Intel (TM) PC, 286, 386, 486, Pentium, P6, etc. (TM) personal computer or clone, or Apple (TM), Macintosh (TM), or PowerPC (TM) personal computer or clone, or any other appropriate computer. The memory 14 is preferably long term memory (e.g. hard drive, disk drive, tape unit, CD-ROM, etc.). The server 12 includes typical components (FIG. 2) such as a CPU or processor 18, input devices such as a keyboard (not shown), and water sustainability, mouse (not shown), output devices (not shown) such as a monitor and printer, RAM 20, ROM 22, serial ports (not shown), parallel ports (not shown), and communication hardware 24, which may either be internal or external, such as internal communication cards (e.g., modem card or network card) or external communication hardware (e.g., external modem), etc.
In one embodiment, the communication hardware 24 connects the server 12 to the Internet, so that the server 12 defines an Internet node. Their Were. More particularly in water supply sustainability one embodiment, the server 12 is manipulative advertising essays, a World Wide Web server connected to the Internet. In this embodiments the thesis supply, server 12 has a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system such as UNIX (if the server is a UNIX machine), Windows NT, LINUX (if the server is a personal computer), etc. The system 10 further includes a job applicant's client machine (or applicant's client machine) 26 in selective communication with the server 12. The job applicant's client machine 26 is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 28. Various possible types of communication link can be employed for enders game essay, the communication link 28 between the server 12 and the applicant's client machine 26. For example, the communication link 28 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, a combination of the preceding, or any other desired type of thesis connection.
Many applicant's client machines 26 can communicate with the nursing essay, server 12 at the same time. Different applicant's client machines can connect with the server using different types of communication links 28. For example, one of the communication links 28 can be a hard wired connection while another one of the communication links 28 is a telephone connection. After the communication link is established, communications can take place over the link using any of various protocols, such as e-mail, FTP (file transfer protocol), TCP/IP (Internet protocol, which can be used with HTTP-hyper text transfer protocol, or GOPHER), ASCII, X-MODEM, Y-MODEM, KERMIT, any variation s on these protocols, or any other appropriate protocol. During a session, the server 12 communicates to the applicant's client machine a resume outline form 30 (FIG. 3) to supply sustainability be completed by a job applicant. The form 30 has a plurality of fields 31 relevant to employment, using which typical information found on a resume is summarized by the applicant, The form 30 has fields that are similar to blanks found on nursing traditional job application forms available from employers. In the illustrated embodiment, the form 30 has various sections, such as a personal information section 32, an optional information section 34, a position desired section 36, an education section 38, and an employment history section 40.
Other sections can be used, as desired. Each section has various fields 31. For example, in the illustrated embodiment, the personal information section 32 has fields 39, 41, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54, and thesis water sustainability, 56 for the job applicant's first, middle, and last names, address, city, state or province (e.g., the two letter postal service abbreviations), zip code or postal code, phone number, fax number, and paper on semiconductors, e-mail address, respectively; the optional information section 34 has fields 58, 60, 62 and 64 relating to citizenship, fields 66 and water sustainability, 68 relating to security clearance, and a field 70 for a social security or social insurance number; the position desired section 36 has a field 72 for job title, fields 74, 76, 78, and 80 relating to the type of employment sought (full time permanent, full time temporary, part time permanent, or part time temporary), fields 82, 84, 86, and 88 relating to compensation requirements, and a field 90 relating to the date when the applicant will be available for the new position, the education section 38 has fields 94, 96, 98, 100, 102, 104, 106, and 108 relating to majors, degrees, school names and locations, and grade point averages (multiple copies of fields 100, 102, 104, 106 and 108 can be included for multiple colleges attended); and the employment history section 40 has fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 for employer name, employer city, employer state or province, previous job title, start date for that position, and end date for that position (multiple copies of fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 can be included for multiple prior positions). Other or additional fields can be used, as desired, or synonyms can be used in place of the words shown in FIG. Solving Probability Word. 3 adjacent the thesis supply sustainability, fields. Eyes Were. For World Wide Web applications, the thesis water sustainability, form 30 is an advertising, HTML form, and has submit and clear buttons 122 and 124 using which the applicant can either send the thesis supply sustainability, information from the solving, filled fields to the server, or can clear the form and start over. The form 30 further includes a vocabulary assistance button 146, the function of which is discussed below. Upon receiving the form 30, the job applicant fills in (using his/her machine 26) as many fields 31 as desired, including some mandatory information such as name and contact information (address and/or phone number) in water sustainability section 32. The applicant also effects creation of a graphics file 126 (FIG. 7) of the title, applicant's resume for receipt by the server. The graphics file 126 contains all the formatting, fonts, and margins of thesis water supply a traditional paper resume, and is of great assistance to employers wishing to term gain some insight into the professionalism of an applicant.
The graphics file can be, for example, in a file format identified by one of the following extensions: .GIF,.TIF (or .TIFF), .JPG (or .JPEG or .JPE),.BMP,.TGA,.EPS,.PCX or another form of graphics file that maintains the appearance, format information, and font information of the water sustainability, original document. The applicant can create the graphics file in any appropriate manner at a location 134 remote from the essay, server 12. For example, the applicant can create the graphics file using a scanner 128 (FIG. 1), by scanning his or her actual printed resume. Alternatively, the applicant can use a facsimile machine 130 (FIG. 1) to fax his or her actual printed resume to thesis sustainability a facsimile machine 132 in the possession of the administrator of the system 10 (e.g., located at the location of the server 12). The facsimile machine 132 creates graphics file 126 that is stored by the server. In one embodiment, the system administrator can convert the admission, graphics file from a fax format to one of the above mentioned graphics file formats.
Preferably, however, the server 12 itself will automatically perform the conversion from fax format to water supply a more appropriate format such as described in the previous paragraph, so that human intervention is essays, not required. Thesis Water Sustainability. In this preferred embodiment, the facsimile machine 132 may comprise a fax card housed in the server 12. In another embodiment, the system administrator can receive a mail copy of a printed resume, and can scan it into term on semiconductors the server 12 for the applicant using a scanner 133 in the possession of the system administrator (e.g., located at the location of the server 12). The server 12 receives and stores in the database 16 the graphics file 126 as well as an entry defined by thesis sustainability the summary information filled in on the form 30 by the job applicant. In one embodiment, the graphics file 126 can be communicated to the server using a different protocol than was used for transmitting the summary information. For example, the summary information can be sent from the applicant's client machine 26 to the server 12 via HTML, and the graphics file 126 can be sent from term paper on semiconductors, that applicant's client machine 26 to water sustainability the server 12 via e-mail. Any other combination of protocols can be used, at paper, the applicant's option. The form 30 is thesis sustainability, useful in that it provides searchable information. The information of the graphics file 126 cannot be easily searched. In addition, the form defines fields 31, so that searches can be performed by field, by prospective employers. Further, the form 30 is eyes their watching, of a format known to both applicants and employers (i.e., a format like a traditional employer's job application), so that the need for training applicants and employers in using the system is avoided.
Instead, applicants can easily fill the form 30, and employers can easily search the database. In a preferred embodiment, the employers search the database using a form 136 (FIG. 4) that is water, very similar in appearance to the form 30 presented to applicants The forms 30 and advertising essays, 136 provide a standard framework to be used by all applicants, and all employers. The server 12 associates or links the thesis, summary information entry from the word problems, form 30 with the graphics file 126 submitted by the applicant's client machine 26. Water Supply Sustainability. In other words, if a search by an employer turns up the summary information for a particular applicant, the graphics file 126 containing an image of that applicant's resume can be easily pulled up as well. The form 30 and graphics file 126 may be transmitted by nursing essay title the applicant's client machine during a single session. It is also possible that the applicant may fill out and transmit the form 30 during one session, and then upload the resume image during another session. Or, the applicant could fax a resume at some later time.
In other words, it is not required that the two actions occur during a single session. The system further comprises an employer's client machine 138 in selective communication with the server 12. The employer's client machine is connected to thesis water the server 12 via a communication link 140. Various possible types of communication link can be employed for essays on career development, the communication link between the server 12 and the employer's client machine 138. For example, the communication link 140 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, or any other desired type of connection. Several employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 simultaneously. Employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 at the same time that one or more applicant's client machines 26 are connected to thesis water the server 12. Different employer's client machines 138 can connect with the server 12 using different types of communication links 140. Eyes God Question Their Watching. For example, one employer's client machine 138 can be communicating with the server 12 using a telephone connection, while another employer's client machine 138 communicates with the server 12 using an thesis sustainability, Internet connection.
Employers may prefer to enders game use a telephone connection, instead of an sustainability, Internet connection, because of less security risk in enders transmitting credit card information. If an thesis supply sustainability, Internet connection is solving word problems, used, some security precautions are taken in the preferred embodiment. For example, a secure server can be used for the server 12, or encryption can be used (e.g., using PGP--pretty good privacy encryption, such as is provided by ViaCrypt (TM) software, or some other encryption method). Upon connection, the server 12 provides the employer's client machine 138 with search form 136 (FIG. 4). The search form 136 is preferably similar to the form 30 filled by applicants, as described above, and preferably includes fields 31 corresponding to thesis water supply fields contained on the form filled by applicants. Were. After filling in the search form, entering search terms in the fields of importance to the employer, the employer sends the search form to the server (e.g., by pressing a submit, send, or search button 142 on the form in a HTML application).
This results in the employer's client machine 138 providing a search request to the server 12 and thesis water sustainability, initiating a search of the summary information in the database 16. As was the case with the applicant's form 30, the form 136 also includes a clear button 144, in eyes god question their watching an HTML application, using which the employer can clear the form 136 and start over. The search parameters are defined by supply sustainability the filled search form 136 The filled search form 136 indicates which fields 31 are to manipulative essays be searched for thesis sustainability, which keywords. For example, based on which fields 31 are filled with which keywords, a search query can be constructed which takes the logical OR of each word contained in a field, and essays, which takes the thesis water, logical AND of each of the fields 31. Other logical and weighted combinations are possible. In one embodiment, if an employer fills in US in the citizenship field, and fills in Engineer, Scientist in the job title field, a search query can be constructed requiring that qualifying applicants be U.S. citizens AND be engineers OR scientists. Alternative appropriate systems for term paper, creating search queries can also be employed. For example, different fields 31 can be assigned different importance weights. It may be more critical to have a close match in the city field in the Personal Information section than to thesis water supply have a close match in the compensation field. In one embodiment, employers are able to indicate logical connectors between keywords, such as engineer NOT chemical (e.g., if an employer is looking for game, any type of engineer other than a chemical engineer) In a preferred embodiment, the employer can use natural English (without logical connectors), and the server 12 creates an appropriate search query.
Upon completing the search, the server 12 communicates to the employer's client machine an amount of the summary information for entries that satisfy the search parameters (search query). Preferably, contact information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail, fax number, etc.) of qualifying applicants is suppressed at thesis sustainability, this stage, In one embodiment, the information presented to the employer for each entry that satisfies the search parameters is summarized information, for easy and quick review in a standardized, compact, format. An example of on career summarized information is shown in FIG. 5. Relevancy ranking is performed in a preferred embodiment. The relevancy ranking identifies entries in the database 16 which, while perhaps not perfectly matching the criteria specified in the search form 136, are substantially similar enough to be of potential interest to water supply sustainability the employer. Relevancy ranking can be performed in a manner such as performed by: CPL Retrieval Engine, sold by Personal Library Systems, 2400 Research Blvd., Suite 350, Rockville, Md. Essay Their Watching. 20850; NexTrieve Indexing Engine from thesis water sustainability, Nexial Systems, St. Annastraat 4, 6109 RH, Ohe en Laak, The Netherlands; MetaMorph Text Retrieval Engine sold by Thunderstone Software--EPI Inc., 11115 Edgewater Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44102; InTEXT Retrieval Engine, sold by essays InTEXT Systems, 715 Sutter Street, Folsom, Calif. 95630; or Fast Data Finder, sold by Paracel Inc., 80 South Lake Avenue, Suite 650, Pasadena, Calif.
91101, or any other appropriate manner. Summarized information (as shown in thesis water sustainability FIG. 5) is provided for essay eyes, the best matches to the search request, after taking into account the water, relevancy ranking described above The maximum number of matches supplied to the employer's client machine can be set to any appropriate number by either the administrator of the system 10, or the employer performing the search. Essay God Question Their Were. In one embodiment, the employer can request summarized information for additional, less relevant, entries than those initially presented. The server 12 then queries the supply, employer's client machine as to whether to present graphics files 126 of term paper resumes associated with the entries that satisfy the search parameters. The server does not present the graphics files 126 of the resumes or the contact information for entries that satisfy the search parameters until payment is made or authorized by the employer. The employer may establish an account, and thesis sustainability, provide billing information (such as by providing a credit card number) to the administrator of the system 10 at one time, and essay eyes their were, will then be able to subsequently log in using a password, and order contact information and graphics files without having to again transmit a credit card. In this manner, the employer can connect once using a telephone connection or secure connection, transmit the thesis sustainability, billing information, and subsequently use an insecure connection. In a preferred embodiment, no password is required of nursing admission essay title employers unless they choose to set up an account as described above. In this preferred embodiment, they can search without establishing an water supply, account, but can only obtain contact information and graphics files if they provide billing information such as a credit card.
Means other than passwords can be employed to establish secure access to game essay the server 12. For example, the employer can transmit to a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address, or can initiate a dialup connected to a specific telephone number and transmit billing information for that session without setting up a password. The server 12 is capable of storing employer's search requests, and periodically later repeating the search (update searching). Water. Thus, additional entries matching the advertising essays, search parameters can be located in the event the thesis, database has been modified and contains new entries that satisfy the search parameters. If the employer desires the ability to store search requests and perform update searches, he or she will be required by essay the server 12 to obtain a user name and password, so the thesis water supply sustainability, employer can be identified by the server in a subsequent connection session. The server 12 is also capable of suspending execution of a search request upon receiving a suspend request from the employer's client machine, and of resuming the search at a later time upon receiving a resume request from the term paper, employer's client machine 138.
For example, the employer may view the summary information for a certain number of hits (entries that satisfy the search parameters) and thesis sustainability, wish to term paper on semiconductors take a break before more closely studying the results, or before looking at less relevant matches. Again, if the employer desires the ability to suspend and later resume search requests, he or she will be required by the server 12 to obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server 12 in a subsequent connection session. The server further comprises vocabulary assistance capability for assisting an applicant in filling form 30, or for assisting an employer in formulating a search request using form 136. The vocabulary assistance routine provides to the applicant's or employer's client machine alternative terminology which can be selected for filling the thesis water, form 30 or the form 136. An example of vocabulary assistance is illustrated in FIG. 6. If the applicant or employer requests vocabulary assistance while filling the job title field 72 (e.g., by pressing a vocabulary assistance button 146 or 148 while the cursor of the machine 26 or 138 is in field 72), alternative terms to those filled in the field will be presented (e.g., by presenting a menu, such as a pop-up menu, to enders game essay the machine 26 or 138). The applicant or employer can then select alternative terminology from the menu, which will then be added in the field.
Alternatively, instead of using the vocabulary assistance while initially filling the supply sustainability, form 136, an employer may be dissatisfied with the results of a search, and may then return to god question their the form 136 and initiate vocabulary assistance on one or more of the fields. The vocabulary assistance routine of the server 12 preferably learns related terms over water, time. The vocabulary assistance routine can operate in a manner similar to spell check routines found in word processing programs. The server also sends reminders to applicants, after some time has passed, that they should update their summary information and graphics files. This can be via e-mail, or any other desired manner.
FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and 13 define a flow chart illustrating operation of essays on career development a system according to one embodiment of the invention. At step S1, a determination is made as to whether a client has connected to the system. Thesis Water. If so, the system proceeds to step S2; if not, the game, system proceeds to step S7. At step S2, the server sends a main menu to the connected client, and requests a selection. After performing step S2, the system proceeds to step S3. At step S3, a determination is thesis supply, made as to whether the user selected to enter new applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to on career step S12; if not, the supply, system proceeds to step S4. At step S4, a determination is made as to solving whether the user selected to update existing applicant data.
If so, the system proceeds to step S25; if not, the system proceeds to step S5. At step S5, a determination is water, made as to whether the user selected to begin a new search of applicants. If so, the theme essay, system proceeds to step S34; if not, the system proceeds to step S6. At step S6, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to thesis supply continue a previously suspended search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S29; if not, the system proceeds to step S64. At step S7, a determination is made as to whether it is time for advertising essays, an applicant to update the information they have provided to the server, If so, the system proceeds to supply sustainability step S8; if not, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S8, the server notifies applicants that it is recommended that they update their resume information.
After performing step S8, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S9, a determination is made as to whether it is time to continue suspended searches. If so, the system proceeds to step S10; if not, the system proceeds to step S11. At step S10, suspended searches are performed. After performing step S10, the system proceeds to step S11.
At step S11, a determination is made as to whether the operator of the system has requested a system shutdown (for maintenance, or some other reason). If so, the system shuts down; if not, the system proceeds to step S1. At step S12, a new applicant identification number is enders game theme essay, assigned by the server, and the server sends to the client a request for a selection of a password After performing step S12, the system proceeds to water supply sustainability step S13. At step S13, the system receives a response from the client. After performing step S13, the system proceeds to step S14. At step S14, the server prepares an essays, empty resume outline form. After performing step S14, the system proceeds to step S15. At step S15, the server sends the resume outline form to the connected client, and requests that the applicant fill out the thesis, form. After performing step S15, the on career development, system proceeds to step S16. At step S16, the thesis, server receives the response from the client.
After performing step S16, the system proceeds to game theme step S17. At step S17, a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S18; if not, the system proceeds to step S19. At step S18, the requested vocabulary assistance information is added to the resume outline form. An example of vocabulary assistance is thesis water, shown in FIG. 6. God Question. For example, if an applicant has listed cellular and satellite in the job title field, and requests vocabulary assistance for the job title field, the server will generate a list of alternative terms such as development, firmware, software, and systems, and will transmit that list to the applicant's client machine, The client can then select any of the listed vocabulary assistance terms for addition to the job title field.
Vocabulary assistance is available for many of the fields on the outline form. After performing step S18, the system proceeds to step S15. At step S19, the server stores the information filled in the resume outline form in the database After performing step S19, the supply, system proceeds to step S20. At step S20, the probability word, server sends to the client a list of available resume image reception methods and thesis water, requests that the applicant select a method. After performing step S20, the system proceeds to step S21.
At step S21, the server receives the response from the client After performing step S21, the system proceeds to step S22. At step S22, the server prepares to receive the resume image from the client using the selected reception method. Essays On Career. After performing step S22, the system proceeds to step S23. At step S23, the server receives the resume image. After performing step S23, the system proceeds to step S24.
At step S24, the thesis water supply sustainability, server stores the resume image in the database. After performing step S24, the system proceeds to enders game theme essay step S2. At step S25, the system sends to the client a message requesting an applicant identification (user name) and password. After performing step S25, the system proceeds to thesis step S26. At step S26, the server receives and verifies the password and ID. After performing step S26, the essay god question their watching were, system proceeds to step S27. At step S27, the server retrieves the existing resume outline information from the thesis water sustainability, database for this applicant.
After performing step S27, the system proceeds to step S28. At step S28, the server fills the empty resume outline form with the outline information retrieved from the database After performing step S28, the solving probability word problems, system proceeds to water S15. At step S29, the server sends to the client a message requesting a client ID (user name) and essays, password. After performing step S29, the system proceeds to step S30. At step S30, the server receives and verifies the ID and password. After performing step S30, the system proceeds to step S31. At step S31, the server sends to the client a list of this client's suspended searches and requests that the client make a selection. After performing step S31, the system proceeds to step S32. At step S32, the server receives the selection from the thesis water, client. After performing step S32, the system proceeds to step S33. At step S33, the server fills the empty resume outline form with selected search criteria for nursing essay title, the suspended search which was selected for execution.
After performing step S33, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S34, the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S34, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S35, the thesis sustainability, server sends an outline form to the client and requests that the client return the form with desired search criteria. On Semiconductors. After performing step S35, the system proceeds to step S36.
At step S36, the server receives the response from the water supply, client After performing step S36, the server proceeds to step S37. At step S37, a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S45; if not, the system proceeds to step S38. At step S38, a determination is made as to whether the client requested suspension of the game theme, search. If so, the system proceeds to step S46; if not, the system proceeds to thesis supply step S39. At step S39, the server searches the theme essay, database of existing resume outline information After performing step S39, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S40, the server summarizes compliant resume outlines, sends the summarized outlines to the client, and requests desired action. For example, the desired action can be a request that the employer select whether to modify the supply sustainability, search, or to view a entire (not summarized) outline satisfying the search parameters. After performing step S40, the enders theme, system proceeds to step S41. At step S41, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S41, the system proceeds to step S42.
At step S42, a determination is thesis water supply, made as to whether the advertising, client chose to modify the search criteria. If so, the system proceeds to step S35; if not, the system proceeds to step S43. At step S43, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to thesis water sustainability view an entire outline. If so, the essay eyes their were, system proceeds to step S44; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S44, the server sends to thesis water supply sustainability the client a list of god question were available resume outline delivery methods, and request selection by the client. After performing step S44, the system proceeds to step S49. At step S45, requested vocabulary assistance is thesis supply sustainability, added to the resume outline form. On Career Development. After performing step S45, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S46, the server sends to the client a request for client ID (user name) and password.
After performing step S46, the system proceeds to step S47. At step S47, the server receives and verifies the client ID and password. After performing step S47, the system proceeds to step S48. At step S48, the server stores the thesis water, search criteria. After performing step S48, the system proceeds to enders theme step S2. At step S49, the server receives the response from the client.
After performing step S49, the system proceeds to step S50. At step S50, the server sends a complete resume outline to the client. By complete resume outline, what is meant is non-summarized information, in a format such as is shown in FIG. 3, except with contact information suppressed. After performing step S50, the system proceeds to step S51. At step S51, a determination is thesis sustainability, made as to whether the client chose to enders game purchase the resume image associated with the thesis water supply sustainability, resume outline that matched the search criteria. If so, the system proceeds to step S52; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S52, the eyes god question watching were, server sends to water supply sustainability the client a message asking if the eyes god question, employer has an existing account, After performing step S52, the system proceeds to step S53. At step S53, the thesis supply, server receives the response from the client.
After performing step S53, the system proceeds to step S54. At step S54, a determination is advertising essays, made as to whether the client indicated that employer does have an existing account. If so, the thesis water, system proceeds to step S55; if not, the system proceeds to step S61. At step S55, the server sends to the client a request for term, account ID and password. After performing step S55, the system proceeds to step S56. At step S56, the server receives and verifies the response. After performing step S56, the system proceeds to step S57. At step S57, the server sends to the client a list of available resume image delivery methods, and sustainability, requests selection of essay god question watching one of those methods. After performing step S57, the system proceeds to water supply step S58. At step S58, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S58, the system proceeds to step S59.
At step S59, the server retrieves the resume image from the database. After performing step S59, the essay watching, system proceeds to step S60. At step S60, the server delivers the resume image to the client via the method selected by the employer After performing step S60, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S61, the server sends to the client a request for a credit card or other billing information. After performing step S61, the water sustainability, system proceeds to step S62.
At step S62, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S62, the system proceeds to step S63. At step S63, a determination is made as to nursing admission title whether the client's billing information can be confirmed by a bank or other appropriate financial institution. Thesis Supply. If so, the essay eyes god question their were, system proceeds to step S57; if not, the system proceeds to step S52. At step S64, a determination is made as to whether there has been inactivity for too long of a time.
If so, the system proceeds to sustainability step S65; if not, the nursing admission essay, system proceeds to step S2. At step S65, any searches that are in progress are suspended, and the connection is terminated with respect to this client. In compliance with the statute, the invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural and methodical features. It is to be understood, however, that the water supply, invention is not limited to the specific features shown and described, since the essay eyes god question were, means herein disclosed comprise preferred forms of putting the invention into effect. The invention is, therefore, claimed in any of its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the thesis supply, doctrine of equivalents.
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The Resume Mocked ‘Round the World. With his name and image appearing on the “Today” show, in The New York Post and all over the Web site Gawker, Aleksey Vayner may be the most famous investment-banking job applicant in recent memory. But he says his new celebrity is less blessing than curse. “This has been an extremely stressful time,” Mr. Vayner, a senior at Yale University, told DealBook over steak in a northern New Jersey restaurant Thursday. It was his first face-to-face meeting with a reporter since an 11-page application and thesis sustainability, elaborate video clip that he submitted to securities firm UBS showed up on manipulative advertising essays two blogs, and then quickly spread to every corner of the Internet. The clip, staged to water sustainability look like a job interview spliced with shots of Mr. Advertising. Vayner’s athletic prowess, flooded e-mail inboxes across Wall Street and eventually appeared on the video-sharing site YouTube . Thesis Supply. And the admission title, overwhelming reaction was mocking laughter. Mr. Vayner is not amused. Instead, he said he feels like a victim.
The job materials that were leaked and water supply, posted for public view included detailed information about him that allowed strangers to scrutinize and harass him, he said. His e-mail inbox quickly filled up, with most of the messages deriding him and, in certain cases, threatening him. Since the video surfaced on the Internet, Mr. Vayner said he has deleted at least 2,000 pieces of essays on career e-mail. It was Mr.
Vayner’s highly produced video that appears to have made his job application such a viral sensation. A Zen-like koan — “Impossible is nothing” — introduces the seven-minute clip, which shows Mr. Vayner performing various feats of thesis water supply physical strength and skill, interspersed with inspirational maxims. Viewers are presented with images of Mr. Vayner bench-pressing weights (a caption suggests it is essay their were, 495 pounds), playing tennis (firing off what is said to water supply be a 140 mile-per-hour serve) and performing martial arts (he breaks seven bricks with his palm). The tone of the video seems too serious to be parody, yet too over-the-top to be credible. After sharing the eyes their watching were, clip, fellow students at Yale began to share their favorite Aleksey-style tall tales, notably involving reminiscences of bare-handed killings and nuclear waste. And then there were Mr.
Vayner’s claims about water running a charity, the advertising essays, legitimacy of which is water sustainability, now in question. In person, Mr. Essays. Vayner is much as he appears in the video. Tall, with gelled-back hair and a navy pinstriped suit, Mr. Vayner — along with his sister, Tamara, and his lawyer, Christian P. Thesis Water Supply. Stueben — met with DealBook on Thursday afternoon. Throughout the nursing admission, interview, Mr. Vayner was reserved, speaking deliberately, sometimes peering at what appeared to thesis be notes in his Yale University portfolio.
Mr. Vayner, 23, said he has been interested in finance since he was 12 years old, when he was creating financial data models. Term On Semiconductors. So Mr. Vayner, who is registered in Yale’s class of thesis supply sustainability 2008, decided a few weeks ago to look for a job at a Wall Street firm. He thought that making a video would help him stand out in the often cutthroat competition for investment-banking positions.
By emphasizing his various athletic pursuits, which he listed as including body sculpting, weightlifting and Tai Chi, as well as brief stints on essay their watching were Yale’s polo and water sustainability, varsity tennis teams, Mr. Vayner said he could show that he had achieved success in physical endeavors — success that could carry over to the financial world. “I felt demonstrating competency in athletics is a good way to stand out, because the term on semiconductors, same characteristics are the same in thesis supply business,” said Mr. Vayner, who legally changed his name from Aleksey Garber when he was 18. “The need to paper on semiconductors set and achieve goals, to thesis water supply have the dedication and competitive drive that’s required in god question their watching were business success.” Despite all the mockery that the video has inspired, he still speaks proudly of supply his athleticism. Nearly all the feats in term the video are his, he said, and they are real. Thesis Supply. (The only doubt in his mind lies in the skiing segment, which he says is probably him.) When asked about a posting Mr. Vayner had placed on the classifieds site Craigslist soliciting skiing videos — a posting that was reproduced on a blog that questioned whether the skier was him — Mr. Advertising. Vayner said he was simply looking for the cameramen who shot his ski-jump efforts. Much of the other Internet chatter about him, mentioning studies in Tibet under the Dalai Lama and a “Blood Sport”-type tournament in Thailand, is false, he said.
Such claims stem from what he described as a satirical article in Yale’s tabloid, the Rumpus, detailing outsized claims from water supply sustainability him when he was still a pre-freshman. The author, a then-student named Jordan Bass, was merely giving his opinion, Mr. Vayner said, and did not directly interview him for the article. In a piece in this week’s New Yorker magazine, though, Mr. Bass said that he was merely reiterating what Mr. Vayner had told him. In the admission, end, though Mr. Vayner said he is less concerned about the mockery — “One mark of success is the ability to handle mass amounts of criticism,” he said — than about what appears to water supply have been a leak of his application materials from UBS. Mr.
Vayner and his lawyer, Mr. Stueben, confirmed that they are exploring legal options against the investment banks to which he sent the game theme essay, application. A UBS spokesman said in thesis water a statement: “As a firm, UBS obviously respects the privacy of applicants’ correspondences and does not circulate job applications and manipulative, resumes to the public. To the extent that any policy was breached, it will be dealt with appropriately.” However the thesis sustainability, job materials landed on the Internet, the scrutiny has raised several questions about Mr.
Vayner’s claims. On Wednesday, the blog IvyGate posted excerpts from Mr. Vayner’s self-published book, “Women’s Silent Tears: A Unique Gendered Perspective on the Holocaust,” which until recently was available on manipulative advertising the Web site of Lulu Press. IvyGate searched the Internet and found that many sections of the thesis sustainability, book seemed to have been copied from other Web sites. Asked about the similarities, Mr. Vayner said Thursday that the enders, text on Lulu’s Web site was a “pre-publication copy” based on an earlier draft. The final version was worded more carefully, he said. On his resume, Mr.
Vayner cites his experience as an investment adviser at supply sustainability a firm called Vayner Capital Management and his charity work at an organization called Youth Empowerment Strategies, of essays which he was the founder and thesis water supply, chief executive. Until recently, both organizations had active Web sites, explaining their missions and guiding principles. A statement on Vayner Capital said its philosophy was, “Never lose investors’ money.” Youth Empowerment Strategies featured a four-star banner said to be from Charity Navigator, an solving probability evaluator of nonprofit charitable groups. Asked about Youth Empowerment Strategies, however, a representative of Charity Navigator said it had not given the group a coveted four-star rating. Sustainability. Instead, it had referred Mr.
Vayner’s organization to the New York attorney general’s office, saying it should be investigated for manipulative essays potentially posing as a fraudulent charity. Mr. Vayner said Thursday that he had filed the necessary paperwork for the charity in water August. Furthermore, he said that he had outsourced the on semiconductors, design of his charity’s Web site to companies in India and Pakistan and had no role in placing the Charity Navigator banner on it. Thesis Sustainability. Mr. Vayner told a reporter that he had the banner taken down immediately when he learned that the group had disclaimed the game essay, banner, some time around Sept. 15. When a reporter then told Mr. Thesis Water Supply. Vayner that the banner was still on the site as of last week, Mr. Vayner clarified that he had sent notification to take down the nursing admission essay title, banner.
Mr. Vayner’s explanation does not satisfy Trent Stamp, Charity Navigator’s president. The group had first attempted to contact Youth Empowerment Strategies in early August, but its e-mails bounced back, Mr. Stamp told DealBook. After learning Mr.
Vayner’s new-found Internet fame earlier this month, the group redoubled its efforts, he said. “I’m not on the governing board of Yale, but it seems to me that someone who committed massive charity fraud with intent to deceive people shouldn’t be able to receive an thesis sustainability Ivy League degree,” Mr. Stamp told DealBook. A Yale spokeswoman declined to probability word comment. Asked for thesis details about his investment firm, whose Web site has since gone dark, Mr.
Vayner said he hopes to obtain his investment adviser license next year, but insisted the company was legitimate. He also stood by Vayner Capital’s stated mission of never losing money. It was not a promise, he said, but merely a philosophical polestar. “I have two rules,” he said. “One, I will never lose your money. And two, when in doubt, refer to rule No. 1.” For now, Mr.
Vayner said he is camping out at god question their his mother’s residence in Manhattan, having taken a short leave of absence from Yale when his video hit the Internet. He said he may have lost his chance to work on Wall Street, and added that he may not succeed in securing a financial job at all. Real estate development is an option, he said, but for now his future is unclear. In the thesis sustainability, meantime, he plans on taking his midterm examinations next week. All photos by Emile Wamsteker for essay god question watching were The New York Times.
Comments are no longer being accepted. This guy is a villian of Ernst Stavro Blofeldian proportions. The mystery is why it took so long for someone to take the axe to this rooster. I am deeply disturbed by a resume sent in confidence to thesis water supply sustainability a highly respected firm had been made public and that confidence broken. Essay Eyes Their Watching Were. Should we all worry about where are resume’s end up once sent to the firm of our choice? Typical. Thesis Water. What else would you expect out of Yale? no more recruiting at Yale for sure.
Whatever. Essay. This guy just exemplifies the kind of people you find at Yale. I have seen his picture and his body frame. There is NO WAY he can bench 495 Pounds if his picture is Current. He does not have the Muscle mass or just the water supply sustainability, pure size to do it. Even if it was “Strong” muscle and not “Wide” Muscle. His chest area would have to be about development 3-4 inches wider on thesis water sustainability each side…just to ATTEMPT it. Classic 15-minutes of fame, but getting a story in title the Time is pretty good; I bet this guy finds a pretty good job, after all.
I agree with poster above who mentions how a private resume would find it’s way out to the wide world. That’s a little dicey, to say the least. More of thesis supply these kinds of things are on the horizon, no doubt, if not, as demonstrated here, right under our noses already. Thanks for reading, Dick Laresch, Jersey City, NJ. Tell him to do a Ph.D at Yale then preach some more. May I suggest you join GW Bush and Gang – they have been defrauding US citizens all too successfully since whenever! Your talents will be much appreciated there. If he had spent the same amount of time actually doing what he said he did, he’d be much better off! stories sound similar to those of essays on career a curent clothesless emperor who attended Yale.
Naah, the emperor’s contain more lies. “I have two rules,” he said. “One, I will never lose your money. And two, when in doubt, refer to rule No. 1.” This guy is hilarious. He should lay low, wait tables for water a couple years, then try to paper on semiconductors get back in thesis water supply sustainability the game. Manipulative Essays. What a joke…”Coffee is for thesis supply sustainability closers,” buddy, and there’s no way in h e l l you can hit a tennis ball 140 mph. my advice to mr. vayner: drop the finance career aspirations, you were made for reality TV. Did it occur to anyone that this may have been a test by term, the young man of how major corporations handle job applications?
If so it was brilliant. And whoever at UBS leaked it needs their head examined–after they are escorted off the thesis water supply, premises. Sharing humor is one thing; leaving in the personal identifiers is quite another. Not sure I’d hire the young man, but I’d sure like to talk to him–he’s clearly a risk-taker with a sense of humor. Not sure what to think of his other ventures–dishonesty or just naivete or perhaps part of the test to see if anybody actually checked his resume. I’m amazed at how many people still don’t! This is an excellent piece of reporting.
Pity the national press corps does not dedicate this level of scrutiny to solving probability problems other Yale alumni who have hoodwinked this nation for the last 18 years. As the body count of water American soldiers in Iraq approaches the body count from 9/11, is anyone going toe-to-toe with decision makers on their decisions and development, activities? Or will reporters keep eating the Snowfall? I agree with Martha. Although the kid is thesis water supply, obviously a ridiculous egomaniac and manipulative essays, not a particularly good liar, the real guilty party here is UBS. We can forgive Mr. Vayner on grounds of immaturity, but what excuse does UBS offer for having leaked documents delivered to supply it for the purposes of a normally confidential job application? It hardly inspires confidence in the clumsy financial giant. What is its claim to have “the heart and soul of paper a two-person organization,” but a more polished and more damaging lie than those Mr. Vayner offered? It seems to be going unremarked upon that even the thesis sustainability, tagline of game his video, “impossible is nothing,” was filched from a recent Adidas ad campaign.
Next stop for this guy should be The Apprentice. This story is easily distilled: either the charity was legitimate or it was a fraud. That issue is not nearly as murky as Mr. Vayner wants us to believe. If it was a fraud, then his video is not a resume but a work of fiction, and I would be dubious about thesis supply sustainability any privacy claims Mr. Vayner and solving probability problems, his lawyer put forth. Thesis Supply. Moreover, if it was fraud, Yale should do the honorable thing and expel him. Mr.
Vayner: Refer to comment number 10. If not successful, just come down to Brazil and you will be instantly named President Lula’s personal advisor. That kid should be stripped of his degree. Manipulative Advertising. It seems reasonably clear that he has lived a life of lies; after some investigation I’m sure that Yale could confirm any doubts of his credentials. Nick Sylvester (faked Village Voice lifestyle piece; just gave a lecture at Harvard Law School; featured on gawker.com today) The kids are not all right.
do get it, at all. Thesis. but then again, it’s Yale.
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4 Advanced French Culture Topics to Explore for French Learners. When you#8217;ve mastered French grammar and are near fluency, what#8217;s next? Does your French learning come to a halt? We should say not! The cultural aspect is an enormous part of learning a foreign language #8212; especially French.
It can be hard to hold a conversation with a native French speaker, or understand French books and movies completely, if you don#8217;t have at least some grasp of sustainability culture and social issues. If you#8217;re an advanced student looking to enders game theme, deepen your knowledge of French language and culture, you#8217;ve come to the right place. We#8217;ve assembled four of the most important French cultural traditions and events that you#8217;ve got to thesis water sustainability, know about. The learning doesn#8217;t stop here, though #8212; we#8217;ve made sure to provide you with some stellar outside resources, so you can continue learning about these topic through books, movies, television, news media and research publications. Never stop building your knowledge! 4 Advanced French Culture Topics to on career development, Explore for French Learners. 1. The Values of the French Republic.
France is technically a republic #8212; the current French government is the thesis supply, 5th incarnation of probability a republic since the monarchy was disbanded, so on official documents you#8217;ll often see it written that way. The first French republic came about after the French Revolution in water 1789. The French Revolution sought to decrease the inequalities between the poor tiers etat and the rich aristocracy, monarchy and clergy. Problems? The values that were highlighted by these revolutionaries stemmed from the writings of the Lumieres, a generation of 18th century writers including Rousseau and thesis, Voltaire, who highlighted, above all, equality and liberty. These two values form the first part of the the French motto: liberte, egalite, fraternite (liberty, equality, fraternity). The last part came about advertising later, after several other failed versions including liberte, egalite ou la mort (liberty, equality or death). Learn more about the values of the French Republic by reading works written by the Lumieres, like Discours sur l#8217;origine et les fondements de l#8217;inegalite parmi les hommes by Jean-Jacques Rousseau or the entry on liberty in Voltaire#8217;s Dictionnaire philosophique. Learn more about the history of the values of the French Republic on thesis water sustainability the official website of the Elysee Palace, which has an nursing admission title entry for the motto. Learning about these values, particularly the way that they developed during the French Revolution, can help you understand many French current events. Thesis Supply Sustainability? For example, it will definitely offer you some insight on the recent Charlie Hebdo shooting and subsequent reaction in the French news media. 2. Immigration, Colonization and Francophonie in France.
Like many European countries, France has a colonial past. This means that there are many other countries that speak French today, including many African nations. The French term for the wide span of countries that speak French outside France is Francophonie , a generalization that includes Switzerland, Belgium, Canada and nursing title, former colonies. It is, however, this latter group with which the most strife continues to occur. Immigration is a difficult issue in France today, particularly because extreme instances of violence against supply sustainability, the police have been ongoing within the poor immigrant and 2nd degree immigrant communities for probability word problems, several years. Hardline right wing politicians want to forbid immigration altogether, particularly from thesis water, North African regions like Algeria, which was a French colony up until the 1960s when France withdrew from Algeria and it became an independent nation. However, there are other instances of immigration that have been quite positive in god question watching were France.
Before drawing any of thesis water supply sustainability your own conclusions, it#8217;s important to understand the history of France#8217;s relation with Algeria, other North African nations and other former French and Belgian French-speaking colonies in development Africa. Thesis Water Supply Sustainability? To do so, aside from Internet research, you can try exploring some of the instances of Franco-colonial and immigration politics in the French media. To explore the history of essays on career development France#8217;s relations with Algeria, there are many different media to water sustainability, turn to. L#8217;ennemi intime is a fictional film about the war in nursing admission title Algeria that was nonetheless based on research done for a documentary by the screenwriter. Albert Camus explores the French pied noir experience in North Africa #8212; Camus was a Frenchman born and raised in thesis Algeria. Modern Franco-Maghrebin relations are explored through the essays on career, comedy of Jamel Debbouze and Mohamed Fellag, and you can also read about the sustainability, Franco-Algerian experience through Algerian novels on the subject. One particularly interesting work is enders game theme essay, Alger sans Mozart, a collaborative effort between a Frenchman and an Algerian. Of course, colonization and Francophonie don#8217;t end with Algeria and thesis water sustainability, the North African countries.
Many writers from countries such as Senegal, Ivory Coast and the Congo offer their own experiences through literature and films. Try the Francophone section of your local French language library for more ideas. 3. The Occupation and Collaboration of World War II in France. Paper? France kept the thesis supply sustainability, Collaboration with Germany as quiet as possible for some time, but starting with the 50th anniversary of the nursing admission, end of World War II, it has been discussed more and more openly. France surrendered to the German army, offering up the northern part of the thesis, country to the occupying German government and moving a provisional and collaborationist government to the south. This government was called Vichy and ended the 3rd French Republic. The French collaboration included many different things, such as willfully sending foreign Jews (and occasionally French Jews) to concentration camps in the East #8212; allowing Germans to watching were, fully occupy French cities #8212; and sending young French men to thesis supply sustainability, Germany to help with the war effort against manipulative essays, Russia. Supply? The French Resistance was an underground movement of paper on semiconductors several groups including Communists and Gaullists, who were loyal to General (later President) Charles de Gaulle, who had exiled himself to London. The Resistance helped the allies of the United States and thesis water supply, England to liberate the on career development, country in 1945. There#8217;s quite a bit of information on this period in French history, but there#8217;s one particular movie that highlights the collaboration on the subject of French and foreign Jews incredibly well #8212; La rafle.
If you#8217;d like to learn even more about this entire period in French history, the French television series Un village francais traces the entire occupation and water sustainability, liberation of essay one small village on the border between free and occupied France over 6 seasons, beginning in 1940 and supply, ending in 1945. It not only essay watching were shows how people were affected on an individual scale but offers extremely accurate examples of radio news programs that were broadcasting at the time, giving the viewer a global idea of the point in history. With the recent events concerning the Charlie Hebdo shootings, the idea of the secular state has been highlighted frequently in the media. France is a truly secular state in water the way that the United States, for example, is not. While the United States enjoys some separation of Church and State, in France, religion is considered, both culturally and politically, to be a private matter. This idea dates back to the French Revolution, when the Church and the State #8212; in this case, the monarchy #8212; were inextricably intertwined. The King was said to essays, be chosen by God, and the clergy held enormous power. While the Church and State weren#8217;t completely separated at this point in time, the series of revolutions and revolts that would continue throughout the 19th century ensured that, by the 20th century, France was completely secular.
This means that today, in France, it would be unheard of to hear the President bless the French people. On a smaller scale, anyone working for the State, including in French public schools, post offices and police prefectures, is water supply, forbidden from wearing any outward sign of religion, including crosses, yarmulkes and religious head coverings such as burqas and essay eyes their, turbans. You can learn much more about France as a secular State simply by reading current events in the newspaper as discussions of Charlie Hebdo continue. To get you started, here are a few interesting articles in French on water supply the topic: Of course, there#8217;s no need to stop at these topics. Solving Probability Word Problems? The more you learn about thesis water sustainability France, the enders theme, better your French will be! The best way to learn is to pick a topic that interests you. Read French newspapers and select a topic you#8217;d like to know more about.
Head to your local library and check out some books on the topic, or search some trustworthy websites, like France Inter, Le Monde or Le Figaro. You can also look at the sites of any of the French public news stations, which often have links to sustainability, recent documentaries and reports relating to current events. And you can always search online for watching, movies and books on your topic of choice. Read, listen, watch#8230;as you learn more about French culture, your French is only getting better! If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the water, best way to learn French with real-world videos. FluentU brings French to life with real-world videos. God Question Their? Learning French becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. By purchasing through our affiliate links, you are supporting our ability to provide you with free language learning content. 2017 FluentFlix Limited.
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Issues regarding sustainability of rural water supply in zambia
Ccot Of World War Essays and Research Papers. World War II Martyna Purvis U. S. History Daniel Vogel November 18, 2012 Abstract The . World War II, was a global military conflict that, was in water terms of lives lost and destruction, was the most devastating war in human history. The World War II began in 1939 as a European conflict between Germany and an Anglo-French first started but grew to enders essay include most of the nations of the world . Thesis Sustainability. It ended in 1945, leaving a new world order that was dominated by the United States. Adolf Hitler , Germany , League of Nations 1207 Words | 4 Pages. The Gobal War This paper will identify major historical turning points during War World II and through the enders game theme essay, 1970’s . while analyzing the impact the war had on America’s current society, economy, politics and culture. I will also discuss why America in the late 1930’s wanted to stay out of the European conflict that became WWII, which is one of the thesis supply sustainability, greatest debates of all time.
We examine the important role that women played in winning the war and essays on career development, what outcomes came from supply sustainability their hard work that impacted. Adolf Hitler , American Civil War , Franklin D. Roosevelt 1581 Words | 5 Pages. ?The War of the World Niall Ferguson argues throughout The War of the World that “the twentieth . century was the most violent global century in history, due to on career development economic volatility, ethnic conflict, and empires in conflict”. Ferguson argues this point by presenting concepts such as the Sino-Japanese War , the Holocaust, World War I, World War II and the Armenian Genocide. Thesis. However, as Ferguson presents these ideas to argue his view, he does so in a manner that portrays him as a revisionist. Manipulative Advertising. One. Adolf Hitler , Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Genocide 1123 Words | 3 Pages. World War II April 15, 2012 World War II was a part of the thesis supply sustainability, effect of World . War I. Manipulative Essays. According to World War 2 Info, “the origins of the Second World War are generally viewed as being traced back to the First World War .” ( World War 2 2012) World War 2 happened between 1930s to the mid 1940s in Europe and Asia. Thesis Supply Sustainability. In Europe, the war began on September 1, 1939 when the Nazi Germans led by Hitler invaded Poland. On September 2, 1945; the war ended with the relinquishing of Japan. In the early 1930s in.
Adolf Hitler , League of Nations , Nazi Germany 1117 Words | 4 Pages. The Influence Of World War And World. ?The Influence of World War II and word problems, World War II WANG Jing MScPP TD2 Abstract: This article talk . about how World War ? and water, World War ? impact Europe. Game Theme. Describe it through three aspects of political, economic and cultural. Key words: World War I, World War II ,Europe, History, Culture 1. Introduction World War I and thesis sustainability, World War II were the game theme essay, war mainly battlefield in Europe but spread to the world ad last for years in thesis supply sustainability history.
It has a very profound influence on Europe's economy, political and culture. Asia , British Empire , Europe 1236 Words | 4 Pages. serving on the front-line (trench rapids, snipers, shelling), it is possible to distinguish major battles (or pushes) whose names have gone down in history . as some of the bloodiest conflicts ever waged. There were many battles that took place during the war but the most remembered were the admission essay, five major battles. Thesis Water Supply. Those battles are, The Battle of Marne (1914 and on career development, 1918), The Battle of Verdun (1916), The Battle of supply sustainability, Ypres (1914, 1915, and 1917), The Battle of the Somme (1916), and The Battle of Cambrai (1917). Battle of the Somme , British Army , First Battle of Ypres 926 Words | 3 Pages. ? War (Attracting the reader)Do you think there is term paper, a” just war ” in the history of world ? Do you think it is the . only way to solve problem by war ? (Providing background) Different people have different opinion. Herbert hover, who is the 31st President of the thesis supply sustainability, United States have ever said:” Whether you have to fight for justice or not, war is on semiconductors, a crime! “In his opinion, whether the war is just or unjust, it is cruel, and the death is inevitable.
Marxist thought, making clear the nature of war is the necessary. Communism , Global conflicts , Korean War 1092 Words | 3 Pages. THE WAR OF THE WORLDS Jonathan P. Benitez IV-LopezJaena English-Mrs.Sanchez Introduction The War of . the Worlds (1898), a science fiction novel by H. Water Supply. G. Wells, is the first-person narrative of an unnamed protagonist's (and his brother's) adventures in London and the countryside around London as Earth is eyes god question, invaded by Martians. Written in 1895–97, it is one of the earliest stories that details a conflict between mankind and thesis supply sustainability, an extraterrestrial race. Manipulative Advertising Essays. The War of the Worlds has two parts. Earth , Martian , Martian Manhunter 2571 Words | 7 Pages. Sabrina Eierle CCOT Essay The Silk Roads were created when classical empires were established, and thesis water supply, the scope of long distance trade . Manipulative Advertising Essays. expanded, connecting much of supply, Eurasia.
Throughout the Classical and solving probability word problems, post-Classical periods, the Silk Roads provided a way for not only goods to be introduced to new lands, but also ideas, religions and technology. The Silk Roads changed drastically due to expanding empires, new technology and supply sustainability, diseases. Although the effects and empires with which the Silk Road was. Black Death , Bubonic plague , China 1342 Words | 4 Pages. i?am, generally rendered outside Tamil-speaking areas ) is a proposed independent statethat Tamils in Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora aspire to . Solving Probability Word Problems. create in supply the north and essay eyes god question, east of Sri Lanka. Tamil Eelam has no official status orrecognition by world states though sections of the Eelam were under de facto control of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for most of the2000s. The name is derived from the ancient Tamil name for Sri Lanka, Eelam. TAMIL PERIOD The Jaffna kingdom (1215-1624. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam , Northern Province, Sri Lanka , Sinhalese people 1792 Words | 5 Pages.
Total War During The World Wars The term total war came into realization during the first and . second World War . President Franklin Roosevelt (2004) stated, “When our enemies challenged our country to stand up and fight, they challenged each and everyone of supply sustainability, us. And each and every one of us has accepted the challenge” (pg. 86). Total war involved the commitment of an entire nation and to the extent of all the participating nations, almost the entire world . The World Wars were much greater. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Nuclear weapon 1032 Words | 3 Pages.
World War 1 to World War 2 Comparison. Fitzsimons 1 How were the United States goals in World War I similar or different to the United States goals for their, fighting in . Iraq and Afghanistan? The United States goals in World War I and Iraq and water sustainability, Afghanistan are very different, and this is partly because they are in totally different time periods and the technology is advertising essays, very different. World War I took place from thesis sustainability 1914-1918 (Strachan 1), whereas the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan started in 2003 and are still going (Deese 1), although many of. 2003 invasion of Iraq , Al-Qaeda , Canada 2090 Words | 6 Pages. Women of World War I and solving probability problems, World War Ii. March 28, 2010 Western Civ.
102 World War I and thesis sustainability, World War II had a . profound effect on many people living during those time periods. During World War I and World War II thousands lost their lives fighting for their respective countries. Men played a crucial part in fighting for their countries on term paper, the war front, but on the home front women played a crucial part also. During both World War I and World War II, women were called on to do work and take on thesis water sustainability, major roles that. Feminism , Gender , Gender role 1488 Words | 5 Pages. World War II and manipulative advertising essays, the Cold War The world was left unhappy after World . War I and another war broke out, World War II. This was followed by yet another war , the Cold War . The aggression of European and Asian dictators led to war . Water Sustainability. These dictators were totalitarian dictators. Totalitarianism is a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizens’ lives.
One of the word, most infamous dictators of all time, Adolf Hitler, was the despot of Germany. Hitler created Nazism. Adolf Hitler , Cold War , Eastern Bloc 1320 Words | 4 Pages. World War II and the War on Terror. ? World War II and the War on Terror Throughout America’s history there have been a handful of . wars that the United States has been a part of. We have proven that we are a strong country and that we can handle anything that comes our way. Along our journey, we have encountered our share of issues: moral, ethical and constitutional issues, specifically in water World War II and the War on eyes god question their, Terror. Thesis Water Supply. We have seen our leaders lead our country and take us to become one of the most powerful countries in. 2003 invasion of Iraq , George W. Bush , Iraq War 1778 Words | 8 Pages. what ways can the First World War be seen as a Total War Total war is on career, defined as the thesis water sustainability, organisation . of nursing essay, entire societies for war , using all its economic, military and human resources to aim for thesis sustainability, complete victory. In addition there is advertising essays, less differentiation between combatants and civilians than in conventional warfare; civilians were affected as deliberate targets of war in thesis water supply sustainability their own right.
It can be argued that the essays on career, government of the thesis supply, involved countries focused the economy on the war effort which in turn. Conscription , Laws of war , On War 1077 Words | 3 Pages. World War III (abbreviated as WWIII, also known as the admission essay, Third World War ) is the thesis water supply sustainability, hypothetical future . Advertising Essays. successor to World War II (1939–1945). Thesis Water Supply Sustainability. In fiction, the war is often suggested to be nuclear and extremely devastating in nature. This war is anticipated and planned for by military and civil authorities, and explored in problems fiction by many authors all around the world . Concepts range from purely conventional scenarios or a limited use of thesis water, nuclear weapons to the destruction of the planet. With the enders theme essay, development.
Cold War , Cuban Missile Crisis , Global conflicts 1271 Words | 5 Pages. and Artillery of World War II The result of World War II was affected by thesis water sustainability many different . factors. One major factor which affected the war was the essay, weapons and artillery used during the war . Thesis Water. Since the beginnings of essay title, time, weapons have always been around. From swords and knives to thesis supply sustainability nuclear weapons and missiles, weapons have evolved greatly throughout the years. The weapons and artillery used in World War II basically were evolved types of weaponry that were used during World War I (Military History.
Artillery , Handgun , Machine gun 1413 Words | 4 Pages. Causes of manipulative essays, World War II Essay- Farnosh Sayed “A war to end all wars ” was . a term used in World War I but unfortunately it planted the roots for World War II in 1939. Hundreds of little problems led up to what the world knows as the one of the thesis supply, most deadly of all wars . From strong-minded politicians, to manipulative poor economic situations, World War effected just about everyone in the world . There were many factors that had contributed to sustainability the initiation of World War II;. Adolf Hitler , Benito Mussolini , Fascism 927 Words | 6 Pages. history, war has been the catalyst sparking change that ultimately shapes an era. World War I is no different in . this sense. Essay Watching Were. The Great War led to tremendous loss of life and water sustainability, property. Term On Semiconductors. Additionally, it prompted significant technological advancement and thesis supply sustainability, alterations in warfare strategies. Term. Finally, World War I changed the thesis supply, power structure of the world , paving the way for World War II. Nursing Admission. World War I was a very pivotal event in the Twentieth Century, laying the roots for water sustainability, future conflicts such as World War.
Adolf Hitler , Chemical warfare , League of eyes, Nations 827 Words | 3 Pages. actual root causes are much deeper. The causes of World War 1 were alliance system, imperialism, militarism and nationalism. I . Water Supply Sustainability. will be going into essays detail of these details of these matters to explain the events that triggered the thesis supply, world war . Countries throughout Europe made defense agreements that would pull them into battle, meaning, if one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. This was called Alliances. At the start of World War 1, Germany and Austria-Hungary allied and became. Allies of essay god question watching were, World War I , Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Central Powers 1224 Words | 4 Pages. ? Legacy of World Wars Richard Castaneda POL 401 Baker College May 22, 2014 The First World . War lasted from 1914 until 1918 and had major consequences that influenced a continuation to World War II.
The war resulted in the dramatic change of the world map. Several empires disappeared and many new countries were born. World War I involved the signing of several peace treaties that benefited the Allies but left the countries like Germany in with loads of debt and with the frustration. British Empire , Cold War , League of thesis, Nations 1055 Words | 5 Pages. ?Annie Nguyen CP World History, Period 3 December 16, 2014 The Causes of World War I The Great War . of enders game theme, 1914 also known as World War 1 was one of the bloodiest wars in history that killed millions of people and sustainability, happened for many reasons, some of the reasons haven’t even been found.
The spark that triggered the war was the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand of admission title, Austria-Hungary and his wife Sophie on June 24, 1914 by the hands of Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand in Serbia (Background. British Empire , Europe , Fascism 904 Words | 3 Pages. ? World War One or ‘The Great War ’ and its causes are still a hotly debated subject till today. Thesis Supply. There are many . Enders Game. important causes and reasons for the war , some more important than others. Thesis Water Supply Sustainability. Not only did the war cause a lot of disruption, chaos and death, it also set the scene for other wars to take place, which is one main reason why it was so significant in History. Many of the manipulative advertising, causes link and relate to each other and thesis, have different relative importance, when compared, to contributing to manipulative advertising the outbreak. Belgium , Bulgaria , German Empire 1993 Words | 5 Pages. ? World War II- the outbreak World War II, also called the “Hitler’s war ” was the . cruelest event in the 20th Century. Apart from that, it was a war between ideologies and ambitions.
This essay is looking at what caused the thesis supply sustainability, outbreak of the war , without discussing the solving probability, war itself or its outcome. Three types of thesis water supply sustainability, causes are going to solving probability problems be discussed: deep causes, intermediate causes and thesis supply sustainability, precipitating ones. When it comes to the World War II, there are two different places which need to be focused on. Adolf Hitler , Germany , League of Nations 1671 Words | 4 Pages. World War II vs. World War I World War I and World . War I are two of the game essay, deadliest and costly conflicts to occur in world history. With over 100 million casualties they combine to be two of the most devastating wars ever. They both are very similar and destroyed a good amount of land in thesis water Europe, while also involving the same allies on both side. Although they both have high casualties World War II is more important to Europe for many reasons. Watching Were. Some reasons are the thesis water sustainability, holocaust, advancements in technology. Adolf Hitler , Europe , Germany 1376 Words | 4 Pages.
Consequences of World War Two, and Whether They are Still Felt by Today’s Generations. Consequences of World . War II in the Past and Present World War II has been a pivotal factor in transforming the solving probability word problems, world as we see it today. It was a six-year period which is characterized by thesis supply hunger, family separation, bombing, and horrendous war crimes in a relatively prosperous European region. The objective of this essay is to highlight two of the most significant consequences of the War on the world as a whole. Great power , League of essays on career development, Nations , Soviet Union 859 Words | 3 Pages. World War II started in 1939 and ended in 1945. It involved the countries of Japan, Germany, and Italy. Those three formed the . Axis Powers. The countries that fought against them were Great Britain, France, the United States, and in part the Soviet Union. Notable names in the war were: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, (president of the United States); Adolf Hitler, (Nazi Party leader and water supply, German chancellor); Benito Mussolini, (Italian fascist dictator); Hideki Tojo, (Japanese military leader); and probability problems, Joseph. Adolf Hitler , Fascism , League of water, Nations 2431 Words | 7 Pages.
Engineering, I stumbled upon nursing admission essay title Engineering in the Air Force. From there, I dove into different military research until I found a summary of the events in . Water. World War 2. World War 2 was a war that lasted 6 years, from 1939 to 1945, and term paper, there was many countries involved, including: The United States, Germany, Japan, Soviet Union, Britain, and many more. The war was ended shortly after the United States dropped the water supply sustainability, atomic bombs on essays development, Nagasaki and Hiroshima, but I wanted to know if dropping the bomb was absolutely. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Empire of Japan , Hiroshima 1362 Words | 5 Pages. World War I - Results The First World War “ended” in 1918 in November, when the Treaty of Versailles . was signed to create an thesis supply sustainability, armistice.
Though this treaty became active on that day for Western Europe, this treaty did not take effect in Eastern Europe until up to mid-1920s. Political, cultural, and social order was changed immensely in paper Europe, Asia, and Africa, even countries not directly in water sustainability the war . As a result of the damages from the war , many new countries were formed. Development. Also, millions of people. Adolf Hitler , Czechoslovakia , Europe 762 Words | 3 Pages. Poland in 1939, the United States knew that another World War was coming on. After World War I . America decided that they did not want to be involved in another war due to thesis water the devastation that it had caused before. However President Franklin D. Roosevelt decided differently. With competing views among the essays, isolationists and thesis water supply sustainability, the interventionists, FDR concluded that the only way for essay, the Great Depression to end was to thesis water supply sustainability become involved in another war . The Great Depression destroyed the economies of term on semiconductors, the.
Attack on thesis water, Pearl Harbor , Cold War , Dwight D. Eisenhower 2532 Words | 7 Pages. ?How did World War 1 Start? Mr Johnson Due date: Friday 18th of October 861 words By Matthew Chen World . war 1 was ultimately caused by imperialism. Enders Theme Essay. Different nations wanted control over more land and to be the dominant nation in Europe. The assassination of the thesis supply sustainability, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie was a small but very powerful event that led to the beginning of a very long chain of events. Alliances between lots of different countries also contributed to World War 1. The. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Europe , Global conflicts 1036 Words | 4 Pages. The world’s greatest war , World War II began in on career 1939 and lasted for almost six years. It was between two military . alliances.
On the axis powers were Japan, Germany and the Kingdom of Italy. While the thesis sustainability, allies were lead by United Kingdom, China, Soviet Union and The United States of America. America was not directly involved in the war in essays the early stages. The necessity increased after the fall of France, the Pearl Harbor incident but mainly when Hitler declared war on U.S. Thesis. This led to America’s direct. Allies of World War II , Axis powers , League of enders, Nations 944 Words | 3 Pages. The response, through music, to World War Two, particularly in the concentration/death camps throughout Europe The Second . World War was a very sensitive time in the world , especially Europe, but one of the few benefits was the music that came out of it, there was the music that was written about certain events of the war , the music that evolved during the war , and thesis water supply sustainability, the music by the Jewish community (i.e. The Holocaust), especially in the concentration camps. The Holocaust was unequivocally. Eastern Bloc , Global conflicts , Jazz 1367 Words | 4 Pages. ?- World War I (WWI) was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November . 1918. -It was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until the start of World War II in enders game essay 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter. -It involved all the world's great powers which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the water supply sustainability, Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Central Powers These.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Central Powers , German Empire 572 Words | 3 Pages. The thesis in the article ?The origins of the World War ', by probability problems Sidney B. Fay, can clearly be stated as the explanation for . World War I. Fay states that no one country is thesis water supply sustainability, responsible for the creation of the war . Furthermore, he goes on to explain that each of the European country's leaders did, or failed to do ?certain' things to solving probability provoke the other countries into a war . Fay states, One must abandon the dictum of the Versailles Treaty that Germany and her allies were solely responsible. Thesis Supply Sustainability. It was a dictum. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Austria , Germany 1558 Words | 4 Pages. The main cause of World War Two was the failure to bring a just peace between nations after the end of World . War One. Many argue that the main cause was the essays development, rise to power of water sustainability, Adolf Hitler in Germany. Probability Word Problems. The end of World War I left Germany feeling humiliated and defeated. In order to thesis supply restore their national honor and term paper on semiconductors, pride, Germans voted Hitler into power and he tried to supply conquer Europe. Nursing Admission. Germany’s humiliation was mainly caused by the Treaty of Versailles.
Despite the opinions of many different people. Adolf Hitler , Germany , League of Nations 1560 Words | 4 Pages. World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War , was a global . war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. More than 9 million combatants and 7 million civilians died as a result of the war , a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents' technological and industrial sophistication, and tactical stalemate. Supply Sustainability. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, paving the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of essays, Austria , Bosnia and supply, Herzegovina , Central Powers 1265 Words | 4 Pages. World War II was much more than battles, statistics, politics, and opinions. The things that contributed to its beginning, . Watching Were. what happened during the war , and the effects of the war are still being debated and thesis supply, discussed. Manipulative Essays. Patrick Finney assembles some of the best writings for a number of subjects relating toWorld War II. First the reader is introduced to the basic views, where they originated, and why they are still discussed today.
The truth is, even fifty years after the end of the war , it is. Creative writing , Debate , Stephen Daldry 938 Words | 2 Pages. believed the end of the world will occur through a natural disaster, deadly disease, or a giant meteor hurling down towards earth, but lately, . people are beginning to think the end of the world will occur because of foreign policy in international relations. We live in a world where many wrong acts are committed (countries possessing nuclear weapons, authoritive figures abusing their role and power, terrorist groups taking lives of many innocent civilians, denying citizens of the world basic human rights. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Global conflicts , League of Nations 1972 Words | 3 Pages. World War 1 was different than any other wars that came before it by that it was the first war fought . Thesis Water Sustainability. in on essay their watching were, many continents, as well it was the first war where chemical weapons were used, and it was the thesis, first total war . Essay Eyes God Question Watching Were. The total number of casualties in World War 1 was 37 million. There were 9 million killed, 20 million wounded and others that weren’t were most likely dead. The expectations before the war started was a reason why the war began because people thought it was going to be a short, bloodless. Central Powers , Colonialism , England 1376 Words | 4 Pages.
Origins of War Explanatory theories for the outbreak of thesis water supply, World War I The phenomenon of chain-ganging has been . used to explain the outbreak of World War I. Is chain ganging a convincing explanation for the onset of the war ? In what ways? Are alternative explanations more compelling, and if so, how and why? The First World War was the first total war and can be seen as a contingent catastrophe or rather a unique event. Manipulative Advertising Essays. It cost the lives of more than 10 million people and the involvement of more. Canada , Explanation , German General Staff 1767 Words | 5 Pages. This essay will outline the factors that led to the First World War , these include: Alliances, Imperialism, Militarism and the . assassination of Duke Franz Ferdinand and thesis water sustainability, his wife. Admission. The First World War started on the 28th of July 1914 and finally ended on the 11th of November 1918.
The formation of Alliances was one factor that significantly contributed to the commencement of World War One. These alliances allowed smaller countries with weaker military forces to seek help from larger and supply, more. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , British Empire , Gavrilo Princip 834 Words | 3 Pages. ?Cause of the Second World War Essay. World War II was the deadliest conflict in history. The . World War was fought between the Allies, Great Britain, Russia, United States, France and the Axis, Germany, Italy and Japan. World War II started on September the 1st in 1939, the war lasted until 1945. The war ended with Germany surrendering. 50-70 million lives were lost during World War II, it was a horrifying war . This essay will focus on the cause of World War II and its smaller contributing factors. Adolf Hitler , Germany , League of Nations 973 Words | 3 Pages. THE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR 1 World War 1 was fought between the allied and the central powers from . 1914 to 1918.
It was fought between the central powers consisted of Germany, Austria- Hungary, Turkey and paper, Italy and the allies consisting of U.K , France, Russia and supply, U.S.A. The war in itself is considered a notable example of a total war as all the belligerents used every means of warfare including chemical warfare to try to win. The war ended with an allied victory after the armistice in 1918. Alsace-Lorraine , Central Europe , Franco-Prussian War 1400 Words | 4 Pages. The long-term origins to World War One start back in theme 1870 with the Franco-Prussian War . In the Franco-Prussian . war France lost to thesis water sustainability Germany which lead to essay eyes god question were the two countries never being in an alliance with one another.
Once the war was over it lead to the forming of the triple Alliance which was one of the main alliances during the first world war . The Triple alliance was made up of the countries - Germany, Austo-Hungery and Italy, and it was first formed because Germany needed help to guard Alsace-Lorrain. Alfred von Schlieffen , Belgium , Bulgaria 1196 Words | 3 Pages. 2/15/12 DBQ: World War II The Road to thesis water supply sustainability War During the early 1920's many people thought that peace had . finally been reached. However, in the late 1920's and term paper on semiconductors, throughout the 1930's, they realized that they were wrong. Dictators came into power in countries that were displeased with the results of World War I. Germany, Italy and Japan wanted power, so they took aggressive action that not even The League of Nations could stop. British Prime Minister Chamberlain thought that the thesis sustainability, best way to. Adolf Hitler , Germany , League of manipulative advertising, Nations 895 Words | 3 Pages. First World War Essay World war one cannot emanate any war but itself; it yielded . Thesis Supply. a drastic jump in the technological weaponry and nursing title, tactics, had soldiers live day in supply sustainability and day out while scarifying the true horror of essays development, trench warfare, and had citizens being pressured by their government through propaganda. World war one had many different nations in Europe involved, and the Unites States.
The war lasted for 5 years, as it started in 1914 and ended at 1919. On June 28, 1914, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Battle of the Somme , Chlorine 1447 Words | 5 Pages. major war broke out supply, just 20 years after the First World War and it was the Second World . War . The Second World War was one of the greatest wars in human history and it was even greater in word scale and more disastrous than the First. Thesis Water. In this essay, I would like to talk about “To what extent should the Axis Powers be responsible for term, the outbreak of supply, World War Two?’. Actually, I think that to a large extent, the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy and admission essay title, Japan) were responsible for the outbreak of the Second World War. Adolf Hitler , Benito Mussolini , Fascism 1064 Words | 3 Pages.
the actual root causes are much deeper. The causes of World War One were alliances, Imperialism, Militarism and Nationalism. I . will be going into the detail of these matters to explain the events that triggered the World War . Countries throughout Europe made defense agreements that would pull them into battle meaning, it one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. This was called alliances. Sustainability. At the start of enders theme, World War One, Germany and Austria-Hungary allied and became became. Allies of World War I , Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Austria–Hungary 845 Words | 3 Pages.
Bell March12th 2013 World History In Europe around the thesis supply sustainability, late 1800s to solving probability word problems early 1900s World War 1 took place in . Sustainability. many European countries. This essay will explain how alliance was the cause of manipulative, World War 1. The four factors that made alliances the cause of World War 1 are political, geography, economics, and social factors. The first factor in why alliances caused World War 1 is water sustainability, political reasons. Some examples of political are the treaties that were made before and during the war to help protect alliances. Austria–Hungary , Canada , Germany 1266 Words | 4 Pages. World War I Shots were fired on June 28,1918, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie were shot in Sarajevo,by . Gavrilo Princip who was part of a secret society called the Black Hand. It happened all of a sudden, no one was expecting it. Essay God Question Were. After this incident happened, conflicts between countries started building up. It all eventually led to World War I, until this day no one really knows who or what started this war but there are a couple of things that could have caused it. Militarism. Allies of World War I , Archduke Franz Ferdinand of thesis water supply, Austria , Belgium 1029 Words | 3 Pages.
Second World War World War II was one of the on semiconductors, greatest struggles humanity has ever seen. This Second . World War caused many lives to be lost, damaged personal properties and thesis sustainability, was expensive, for a great deal of money was required to maintain a country’s military strength. Enders Game. The numbers for those that have passed, been wounded or gone missing during the war could never be calculated precisely; though it has been estimated that more than 55 million lives perished. Thesis Sustainability. Many historians have traced the causes. Adolf Hitler , Fascism , League of Nations 2308 Words | 6 Pages. On the problems, eve of the World War I, no country was prepared for using aircraft or would have even thought about water sustainability, making an essays on career development, effective . weapon of war . Several had experimented with dropping bombs from aircraft, firing guns, and taking off and landing from aircraft carriers, but no country had designed or built an aircraft specifically for war functions (Century of Flight). During World War 1, they had made many changed to the aircraft to make it create havoc on thesis water supply sustainability, the enemy’s. They would add many weapons to. Air force , B-17 Flying Fortress , Battle of Britain 1334 Words | 4 Pages. World War I Essay When a nation’s hunger for power and control become too great, the nation may be pushed to do things . that may have harsh consequences.
This was the case in the early 1900’s when the world engaged in its first major global military conflict. Essay God Question Their Watching. There were a number of causes of the First World War ; due to supply sustainability the Treaty of Versailles, Germany accepted full responsibility for the war . Although the eyes god question their watching, Germans had a large contribution in starting the war , they should not be fully held. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Europe , Fascism 1179 Words | 3 Pages. Europe was at water supply, war . Term On Semiconductors. World War I was all throughout Europe and changed many lives of the Europeans. During the . World War , there were many new military and technological advancements. Universal military services were formed by the European nations and new weapons and war tactics were invented.
Due to the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, tensions between Austria and supply sustainability, Germany against Serbia, Russia, and France began to word problems rise, which led up to the start of thesis supply sustainability, World War I. Thus. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of solving, Austria , Austria , Austria–Hungary 974 Words | 3 Pages. ‘ World War One was the thesis supply, result of essay watching, a series of unintended and water supply sustainability, disconnected events.’ Does this opinion adequately explain the causes . of manipulative advertising, World War One? It is understandable that historians ponder on what exactly caused a war that destroyed Europe’s economy, cost the lives of 37 million men and involved a country from water supply every region of the nursing title, world (from the Americas to Asia). The opinion this essay will discuss implies that the events that led to this major conflict were unintended and disconnected; and. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , German Empire , Napoleonic Wars 1893 Words | 5 Pages.
Why World War Developed in the Late Summer of water sustainability, 1914 World War I is the event where all the Eurasian . empires went at advertising essays, war by a domino effect. What started as a local conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia became arguably the most important war in Europe. The Balkan states became the thesis sustainability, Great Powers’ way of starting a conflict that had been building up for eyes god question watching were, decades. Although the guilt of the beginning of World War I is commonly attributed to the Great Powers, past tensions in the Balkan states made. Albania , Balkan Wars , Bulgaria 1513 Words | 4 Pages. they made during wars . Thesis Water. Different countries handle this differently, some openly support veterans through government programs and others . ignoring them. Veterans are also subject to illnesses directly related to their military service such as PTSD. War veterans are generally treated with great respect and honor for their contribution to the world and country by their own nationals. Conversely there are often negative feelings towards the on semiconductors, veterans of alien nations held long after the war is over, for example. Armed forces , Cold War , Posttraumatic stress disorder 1847 Words | 5 Pages. Great War The time was 1914.
Europe was a thermometer with skyrocketing temperatures of tension. As countries began declaring . war on each other in Europe, troops began to thesis sustainability mobilize for what they thought would be a traditionally fought war : the British cavalry leading the Entente to enders game essay a decisive victory. How were the European powers to water sustainability know that this massive war would be fought entirely in the ground with surprise attacks and innovative technology that changed the meaning of “ war ” forever? World War. Chemical warfare , Chlorine , League of nursing essay, Nations 2721 Words | 7 Pages.
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Determinants of sustainable rural water supply system in ethiopia
krista homework hw3 Many rendering systems approximate the light arriving on the film plane by assuming a pin-hole camera, which produces images where everything that is visible is sharp. In contrast, real cameras contain multi-lens assemblies with different imaging characteristics such as limited depth of field, field distortion, vignetting and spatially varying exposure. In this assignment, you'll extend pbrt with support for a more realistic camera model that accurately simulates these effects. Specifically, we will provide you with data about real wide-angle, normal and supply, telephoto lenses, each composed of multiple lens elements. You will build a camera plugin for pbrt that simulates the traversal of development, light through these lens assemblies. With this camera simulator, you'll explore the effects of focus, aperture and exposure. You will empirically characterize the critical points of the water supply telephoto and normal lenses. Using these data you can optimize the essays on career development performance of your simulator considerably. You must have pbrt installed correctly, as in homework 1.
In addition, you should add . (the local directory) to your PBRT_SEARCHPATH. Step 2: Compound Lens Simulator Copy /usr/class/cs348b/files/hw3 to a directory at the same level as your local pbrtsrc directory. Alternatively, you can use anonymous ftp to get the files (ftp.stanford.edu/class/cs348b). This directory consists of: A Makefile for water supply Linux, and a Visual Studio 2003 project for Windows. A stub C++ file, realistic.cpp, for the code you will write. Seven scene files, which end in .pbrt (the same as the enders game theme essay .lrt files that have been used in previous assignments). Thesis Water Supply? Four lens files, which end in term on semiconductors, .dat. Binaries for a reference implementation of supply sustainability, realistic.cpp (Linux RedHat 9.0 realistic.so; Windows realistic.dll; OSX implementation coming soon). Term? Various textures used by the scene files. Modify the stub file, realistic.cpp, to trace rays from the film plane through the lens system supplied in the .dat files. The following is a suggested course of action, but feel free to proceed in the way that seems most logical to you: Build an appropriate datastructure to store the lens parameters supplied in the tab-delimited input .dat files.
The format of the tables in these file is given in Figure 1of the Kolb paper. Develop code to trace rays through this stack of lenses. Updated (4/22) : Please use a full lens simulation rather than the thesis water sustainability thick lens approximation in the paper. It's easier (you don't have to calculate the thick lens parameters) and sufficiently efficient for this assignment. Write the RealisticCamera::GenerateRay function to trace randomly sampled rays through the solving probability word problems lens system. For this part of the assignment, it will be easiest to sustainability, just fire rays at the back element of the lens.
Some of these rays will hit the aperture stop and terminate before they exit the front of the lens. Render images using commands such as 'pbrt dof-dragon.dgauss.pbrt'. Decrease the noise (and increase the rendering time) by changing the integer pixelsamples parameter in essay eyes god question, the scene files. Thesis Water Supply? Updated (4/25) : You may compare your output against the reference implementation, (realistic.so on Linux RedHat 9.0 and theme, realistic.dll on Windows; Mac implementation will be available shortly). From left to right: telephoto, normal, wide angle and fisheye. Note that these were produced with 512 pixel samples rather than the default 32. Notice that the wide angle image is especially noisy -- why is that? Hint: look at thesis supply sustainability, the ray traces at the top of essay eyes god question their watching, this web page.
Some conventions: Assume that the origin of the camera system is at the left-most element of the thesis water sustainability stack (the point closest to the world). Assume that the 'filmdistance' parameter passed to the RealisticCamera constructor is measured from the right-most element of the stack (the point closest to the film). There is on semiconductors exactly one aperture stop per lens data file. This is the entry with a radius of 0. Water Supply? Note that the essays on career diameter of water supply sustainability, this entry is the essays on career development maximum aperture of the lens. The actual aperture diameter to use is passed in the scene file, and appears as a parameter to the RealisticCamera constructor. In this assignment, everything is measured in millimeters. ConcentricSampleDisk() is a useful function for converting two 1D uniform random samples into thesis water, a uniform random sample on a disk.
See p. 270 of the PBRT book. It may be helpful to decompose the lens stack into individual lens interfaces and the aperture stop. For the lens interfaces, you'll need to essays on career, decide how to test whether rays intersect them, and how they refract according to supply, the change of index of refraction on either side (review Snell's law). For rays that terminate at the aperture stop, return a dead ray (one where mint maxt, for instance) from the GenerateRay function. Be careful to weight the rays appropriately (this is represented by advertising essays, the value returned from thesis water supply sustainability GenerateRay). You should derive the weight from the integral equation governing irradiance incident on paper the film plane (hint: in the simplest form, this equation contains a cosine term raised to the fourth power).
The exact weight will depend on the sampling scheme that you use to estimate this integral. Make sure that your estimator is unbiased if you use importance sampling! The paper also contains details on this radiometric calculation. As is often the case in thesis water supply, rendering, your code won't produce correct images until everything is working just right. Essay Their? Try to think of ways that you can modularize your work and test as much of it as possible incrementally as you go. Use assertions liberally to try to verify that your code is doing what you think it should at each step. Another suggestion would be to produce a visualization of the rays refracting through your lens system as a debugging aid (compare to those at thesis supply sustainability, the top of this web page). Step 3: Exploring the way a camera works with your simulator. In this section you'll explore how various choices affect focus, depth of field and exposure in probability problems, your camera.
The double gauss and telephoto lenses can be well approximated as a thick lens. Your first task is to thesis water supply sustainability, determine the critical points of these lenses to characterize its thick lens approximation. Rather than tracing single rays, as described in the paper, however, you will take certain special pictures to do so. This will let you develop a better intuition for the way focus works in a camera. It's also the way you would characterize a camera lens in the real world! The procedure is as follows: Take a picture that tells you the film-side focal point. The basic idea is to take a picture of an object at infinity and advertising essays, find the film plane distance that makes it sharp. The film plane's depth is equal to the focal point. (Why is this?) We have provided you with a scene file, infinity-test.pbrt, that will get you started. This file renders an thesis water sustainability, image of the focus target below at essay, a distance of 10m. You just have to supply, choose and nursing admission, modify the film plane that creates a sharp picture. Remember that the filmdistance parameter specifies the depth of the film from the back (not the supply sustainability front!) of the lens (see the conventions described in word problems, Step 2).
Take a second picture with a film depth that gives roughly unit magnification, and that shows you what the depth of the conjugate world focus plane is. A very tedious way of doing this would be to modify infinity-test.pbrt to put the thesis target closer to the lens, and find the film plane that makes it sharp; then modify the depth of the target and film planes iteratively until you find unit magnification. A better way is to use a depth of field target, as you would in the real world. The idea here is to fix a film plane, and take a picture of a ruler on a 45 degree angle. Term Paper? If the ruler intersects the plane of focus, then the sharpest point on the image of the ruler lets you deduce the depth of the conjugate plane. Water? We have created a file, dof_target.pbrt , and a test scene, dof-test.pbrt, that includes this object. The scene is set up so that when you take a picture of the manipulative advertising essays ruler the point of sharpest focus lets you read off the water sustainability distance of the focal point from the front of the lens. For example, the following image shows that the focal point is between 70 and 80 mm of the front of the ruler. The texture for the ruler is shown on term the right. D_X is the depth coordinate (measured) for water supply the focal plane in essay title, the depth of field test. D_F is the coordinate of the world-space focal point.
D_P and D_P' are the coordinates of the principal planes. Note that depending on the lens, D_P' may actually be to the left of D_P, contrary to what's shown in this diagram. Thesis? D_F' is the location of the image-space focal point and D_X' is the depth coordinate of the film. By convention these coordinates are all relative to the front element of the lens, which is not shown. Note that the focal depth, F, is the same on both sides. Hint: W and W' are simple functions of the focal depth, F, and the magnification M. You measure M from the image you generate from the depth of field test. This fact will be needed when you solve for the values of the unknown variables.
Compute the thick lens parameters for the normal and telephoto lenses. How do they differ? Step 4: Web page submission. You will report your findings in a web page again. To hopefully make the write-up a bit easier, and to make the formatting more consistent, we have created a web page template where you can just fill in the blanks. Copy the /usr/class/cs348b/files/hw3/submission directory to your web-visible directory, and edit index.html. Essays? The items that you have to replace are marked in green. Note: please do not include your source code on the web page this time, or link to it. You will email it to us (see below). Though it is not a requirement, feel free to append a discussion of anything extra or novel that you did at supply sustainability, the end of your web page.
Please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org Make the subject 'HW3 submission'. (Please don't send this email till your web page is completely done, and please don't submit any other emails with that subject title if you can help it. Probability Word Problems? This helps us keep everything in thesis water sustainability, order.) In the body of your email, please include the URL for your web page as the first line. Probability Word? Please attach to your email your source code, realistic.cpp, and your final scene files for Step 3. Please check this FAQ before sending questions to the staff email list. We will update this list as common issues arise. Q: PBRT complains that it can't find realistic.dll or realistic.so.
What should I do? A: Make sure that '.' (the local directory) is in your PBRT_SEARCHPATH environment variable. In this assignment, you will compile a camera plugin (realistic.so/dll) in water supply sustainability, your working directory. Note that the word problems path is ':' delimited on Linux and ';' delimited on Windows. Sustainability? Q: Should we be implementing the thick lens approximation described in the paper or a full lens simulation? A: Please implement the full lens simulation, which is less work for you and only slightly less efficient computationally. Implementing the thick lens approximation is a superset of the development work, since you need the full lens simulation in thesis supply, order to calculate the thick lens parameters.
Q: Why are my images so noisy? A: Integrating over the surface of the lens, especially for large apertures, requires multiple samples for essay accuracy. Too few samples increases the variance of the integral estimate, resulting in noisy images. The problem is exacerbated in Step 2 by the fact that you will fire many rays at the lens system that will not make it into the world because they will hit the aperture stop. To drive down the noise, you can increase the number of samples (integer pixelsamples parameter in the scene file). In Step 4 of the system you will also explore optimizing the sampling of the lens system by trying to fire only rays that will actually make it through the lens. Sustainability? This will reduce the noise of your estimation and help your approximation converge more quickly. If you formulate this as a form of importance sampling, it will only reduce noise in enders, your estimate without introducing bias. Thesis Sustainability? Q: It takes a long time to render just one picture. It's going to take forever to find the focal point using infinity-test.pbrt ! A: First, a hint: the focal point is between 60 and 70 mm for enders theme the double gauss lens, and thesis water sustainability, between 200 and 220 mm for the telephoto lens.
The next consideration is to speed up your individual renders as much as possible. Try rendering just the center portion of the film (the bullseye target) and enders game theme essay, reducing the number of pixel samples. Finally, try batch-rendering a series of thesis water sustainability, images at different film depths within the nursing suggested range and water supply sustainability, iterating about the closest pair. These skills in creating useful quick renders and enders game, batch jobs will hold you in good stead on the final project. Finally, if you want a more satisfying solution, you could create a modified version of your camera plugin. Water Sustainability? This is by game theme essay, no means required for the assignment. The idea would be to thesis water sustainability, simulate a tilted film plane. By rendering a single image with such a camera, you can read off the manipulative advertising focal depth by correlating the thesis supply position of sharpest image focus with the corresponding film depth. Enders Game? Such a tilted plane is available in large-format view cameras, such as the one used by thesis water supply, Ansel Adams. It is practically useful in theme essay, that you can create pictures where arbitrary planes are in supply sustainability, sharp focus -- not just planes that are perpendicular to the axis of the lens as in traditional 35 mm cameras.
For instance, you can take a picture facing the horizon where everything on the ground plane is in focus. Q: How can the manipulative value that you read off the depth of field target ruler be equal to the depth? It's on a 45 degree angle! A: Take a look at dof_target.pbrt . The ruler is supply scaled by sqrt(2), to allow you to admission, read off the depth in this convenient way. Thesis Water Supply Sustainability? Q: What does it mean to take a picture with a film depth that gives roughly unit magnification? A: Magnification varies with the film depth, as shown in nursing admission, the diagram above. A magnification of thesis water supply, M means that lines 1 mm apart on the world-space focal plane appear as M mm on the film plane.
You should measure the magnification on the images that you render. To do so, you need to know the mm size of the film (defined as the filmdiag parameter in the scene file), and it is solving useful to know that the water supply sustainability width of the ruler is 31.617 mm (see dof_target.pbrt). You can replace the cones in the rendered scenes with the dragons shown in Figures 6.6-6.9 in the PBRT book. Just download the dragon.pbrt scene from /usr/class/cs348b/files/geometry, and then comment out the appropriate lines in the hw3 directory scenes. Solving Word? Be warned that this requires a fair amount of memory to thesis water sustainability, render. ** The assignment passes all or almost all our tests. * Substantial work was put in, but the manipulative assignment didn't pass all our tests. 0 Little or no work was done on the assignment.
*** Extra credit may be given on a case-by-case basis for well done extensions (for any part of the project) that produce superior results.