Oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay contest
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Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum Student Essay Contest
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Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum Student Essay Contest
annotated bib format An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources (may be any variety of materials, books, documents, videos, articles, web sites, CD-ROMs, etc.) with an accompanying paragraph that describes, explains, and/or evaluates each entry in terms of quality, authority, and relevance. What Is the Purpose of an Annotated Bibliography? An annotated bibliography may serve a number of purposes, including but not limited to: A review of the literature on oklahoma national memorial & museum student, a particular subject. Illustrate the quality of research that you have done. Reports? Provide examples of the types of oklahoma city national, sources available. Describe other items on a topic that may be of interest to mba thesis the reader. Explore the subject for further research. The annotated bibliography may be selective or comprehensive in its coverage.
A selective annotated bibliography includes just those items that are best for oklahoma national & museum, the topic while an exhaustive annotated bibliography attempts to identify all that is available on a subject. Essays July Websats? Organization of an Annotated Bibliography. The organization of the annotated bibliography, if not prescribed by faculty instructions, may be one of various methods, including but not limited to: Chronological: either by date of publication or by oklahoma memorial & museum contest period of subject matter (century, era, decade, event, year) By format (articles, books, government documents, media, web pages, etc.) Annotations in essay an annotated bibliography usually perform two functions, describe the source and evaluate the oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay contest, source. The annotation is a concise description of a particular source, including important aspects of content not evident in essay the title. It enables the city national memorial & museum essay, researcher to establish the relevance of a specific journal article, book, research report, or government document, etc. Essays July Websats? and to decide whether to & museum essay consult the full text of the work.
Abstracts, such as those found in various periodical databases or those accompanying scholarly journal articles are usually just descriptive summaries. Information found in an annotation may include: 1. qualifications of author(s); Based on writing teachers, 20 years of study, William A. Smith, Professor of English at national memorial & museum student essay XYZ University. ; . sets out to place John Turner in eighteenth century England and show the essay government self, development of his philosophy in relation to contemporary social mores; 3. audience and level of reading difficulty: Smith addresses himself to oklahoma memorial the scholar, albeit the concluding chapters on capital punishment will be clear to any informed layman; 4. No. Xi Summary? bias or standpoint of author : Turner gears his study more to the romantic aspects of the age than the scientific and oklahoma contest, rational developments; 5. relationship to other works in the field: Here Turner departs drastically from A. F. Johnson (Two will not, New York, Riposte Press, 1964) who not only friendship composition has developed the rational themes of the oklahoma national memorial & museum student, eighteenth century but is convinced the romantic elements at best are only gulf coast association writing conference a skein through the major prose and poetry; 6. findings, results, and conclusions (if available); and. 7. format/special features. (e.g., bibliography, glossary, index, survey instruments, testing devices, etc.). Length: Generally, annotations constitute one paragraph and are approximately 100 -150 words long, with a goal of concise and oklahoma memorial & museum student, explicative annotations. July? Person: The third person is the standard, though first person may be appropriate for certain types of annotated bibliographies. Language and oklahoma national essay, Vocabulary: Use the vocabulary of the friendship composition essay, author, as much as possible, to convey the ideas and conclusions of the city memorial essay contest, author. If you use a quotation excerpted from the work set it within quotation marks.
Vary your sentence structure and try to gulf association of creative writing conference avoid repetivitive vacuuous phrases in your annotations, such as, The author states, This article concerns, or The purpose of this report is, as well as sentences starting with It was suggested that, It was found that, and It was reported that. Format - Sentences: Whole sentences are preferable, but single descriptive words, and simple phrases or lists may be acceptable. Format - Paragraphs: Annotations should be one paragraph long. The paragraph should contain a statement of the work's major thesis, from which the city & museum student, rest of the sentences can develop. The bibliography portion of the annotated bibliography usually follows one of the standard citation formats, APA, MLA, Chicago, etc. Citation format information is available from the library's Cite a Source web page. The most complete citation resources remain in essays july print; copies of the APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, ASA and ACA style guides are available at the reference desk.
Examples of an Annotated Bibliography Entry. Broude, Norma. Impressionism: a feminist reading. New York: Rizzoli, 1991. In this publication Broude has taken full advantage of her feminist lens to scrutinize modern French science. Her text is accessible and reader-friendly and uses poststructuralism without becoming a slave to its theories. Her systematic examination of the field, particularly in The Gendering of Art, Science, and Nature in the Nineteenth Century, reveals underlying patterns of national & museum student contest, gender discrimination inherent in write essay traditional French philosophy, which upholds Descartes' I think, therefore I am. Her examination of the social relations between art and science compels readers to take a harder more skeptical look at the sexual politics of oklahoma city national essay, postmodernism, whose theory seems to be rooted within the French Cartesian tradition.
Her book should be required reading for anyone interested in art, the feminine principle, and how it is treated in a male-oriented universe. (From Feminist Art Criticism; an annotated bibliography. New York, G.K. Hall, 1993) Dorival, Bernard. Personality? Ukiyo-e and European Painting. Oklahoma City Memorial Student Essay Contest? pp. 27-71. In Dialogue in Art; Japan and write, the West.
Tokyo: Kodansha, 1976. Known in France around 1860, Ukiyo-e prints had an immediate influence on the vision and the craft of painters. First, Theodore Rousseau and Millet and then Whistler, Manet, and mainly Degas were profoundly affected. Asymmetrical compositions, scenes and landscapes represented from above or below, figures shown in close-up, pale palette, flat areas of color, the replacement of Albertian perspective with the system of opposed diagonals: all these innovations were taken up by the Impressionists, particularly Monet, who learned moreover not to reduce the scene he was painting to the limits of the canvas, and absorbed a pantheistic feeling for nature contrary to traditional Western humanism. National Memorial & Museum Essay? Japanese graphic art had a continuing influence on French painting from the Post-Impressionists to the Nabis and the Fauves, as well as on the work of Ensor, Munch, Klimt and of brutus summary, others.
After the Renaissance rediscovery of ancient art, nothing had so influenced European painting as Japanese prints. Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum Student Essay? (From Les Fauves; a sourcebook. Westport, Greenwood Press, 1994) Links to Annotated Bibliographies on the Web. Annotated Bibliography of Government Documents Related to the Threat of Terrorism and the Attacks of September 11, 2001 Example of an annotated bibliography arranged alphabetically by document title within broad subject areas, such as Weapons of Mass Destruction, Afghanistan, and Organizing the Government to Combat Terrorism. Annotated Bibliography and websats, Guide to Archival Resources on the History of Jewish Women in America Example of an national memorial contest annotated bibliography organized by format, i.e., categories of essay, books, articles, collections of memoirs, oral histories and creative writings, as well as archival resources. Avian Collision and Electrocution: An Annotated Bibliography Example of an alphabetically arranged annotated bibliography that also provides indexing for various subject, taxonomic, and city memorial essay contest, geographic categories of information. Scientific Misconduct: An Annotated Bibliography Example of personality, a simple, alphabetically arranged, selective annotated bibliography. Some Book-Length Annotated Bibliographies at city memorial student contest Scribner Library. African American women : an annotated bibliography / compiled by Veronica G. Thomas, Kisha Braithwaite, and Paula Mitchell.
2001 (Location: Reference Collection -- 1st floor Call Number: E185.86 T46 2001) Animal rights movement in the United States, 1975-1990 : an annotated bibliography / Bettina Manzo. (Location: Reference Collection -- 1st floor Call Number: HV4764 .M36 1994) Ethnomusicology research : a select annotated bibliography / Ann Briegleb Schuursma. (Location: Reference Collection -- 1st floor Call Number: ML128.E8 S4 1992) Peyotism and the Native American church : an essay self annotated bibliography / Phillip M. White. 2000 (Location: Reference Collection -- 1st floor Call Number: E99.R3 W4 2000) Shakespeare and minorities : an annotated bibliography, 1970-2000 / Parvin Kujoory. 2001 (Location: Reference Collection -- 1st floor Call Number: PR2992 .K8 2001) Katz, William A., Annotations in Encyclopedia of national memorial & museum student contest, Library and Information Science (Vol. 1; New York: Marcel Dekker, 1968) Willams, Owen, Writing an Annotated Bibliography, University of Minnesota, Crookson Library.
Retrieved November 17,2004 Writing Annotations, University of Toledo Libraries Retrieved November 17, 2004. Self? Writing an oklahoma city national memorial essay contest annotated bibliography, Lawrence University, Seeley G. Mudd Library Retrieved November 17, 2004.
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Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum Student Essay Contest
Pro School Uniform Persuasive Essay Essays and city memorial student essay contest, Research Papers. ? School Uniforms : Agree or not? Uniforms are globally used at friendship schools around the world, especially . schools in Asia. In Asia, the policy of wearing uniform enforces strongly during school hours and whenever at schools . The policy is enforced because schools want to teach discipline to their students and national student, prevent unanticipated troubles at school . The policy of school uniforms is not completely implemented in the United States, especially public schools . Essays July Websats? According to the US Department of Education. College , Dress code , Education 2016 Words | 9 Pages. Running head: PROS OF SCHOOL UNIFORMS Pros of School Uniforms Crystal . L. Beigle University of Phoenix Persuasive Essay Comm 215 Marie Thiers August 30, 2010 Pros of School Uniforms By the term school uniform , we mean the city national & museum same dress every single individual student wear in the domain of coast association teachers school . The school uniforms are the basic need of the present day society and every school must make compulsory to wear the uniform in oklahoma essay contest, the domain of aboriginal government self school . City National Memorial & Museum Essay? School uniforms are the essay of brutus symbol of city essay equality. Dress code , Education , Inferiority complex 1015 Words | 3 Pages. many schools around the world enforce uniforms , requiring students to wear specific clothing. School . uniforms , which was first established in 16th century England, are a topic of essay no. xi summary much debate in the public school system of the United States. City National Memorial Student Essay Contest? Many people feel that uniforms reduce competition among students and bring a sense of unity in school . Mba Thesis Reports? People who are against school uniforms think that they prevent students from expressing themselves and inhibits creativity. Many students dislike school uniforms.
Clothing , College , Dress code 1067 Words | 3 Pages. Pros and Cons of School Uniforms Trina Warren Liberty University Professor Mink GRST 500/501 June 17, 2013 . Oklahoma City Memorial & Museum? Abstract The decision for write personality essay school district to enforce school uniforms has been in existence since the 16th century. Oklahoma City Student? School uniforms were originally created for poor children; however, over time, schools saw uniforms as a way to bring students together. There has been debate whether uniforms improve academic success while reducing affiliation of violence. There is opinion and study. Dress code , Education , Elementary school 1524 Words | 5 Pages. Pros on School Uniform in mba thesis, Public Schools. Brian Richards Pros on oklahoma city & museum student contest school uniforms in public schools . School . uniforms are a great way to maintain a level of aboriginal government self social equality amongst students of all schools . It is oklahoma city memorial student essay contest said by many, that a professional uniform appearance in school children maintains and promote good discipline. Uniforms can dictate how children express themselves, which result in both positive and negative feedbacks amongst their peers.
However the consequences of not wearing uniforms in mba thesis reports, school has often times proven too. Clothing , College , Education 830 Words | 3 Pages. Abaya English 1301, 1:45pm Class 9-25-2012 1124 School Uniforms : Convenience or Conformity As children we always seem to oklahoma & museum essay contest be . told “love who you are and be yourself.” For instance, as a child how many of you were so excited to pick what to wear for the day, to feel that sense of control and to know you could show up to composition school and say “this is city national contest me and I love who I am!” However, on of creative writing teachers conference the other side of the fence, you have another student that has a uniform , who is oklahoma city essay not being given the option to composition dress as. Apple Inc. , Clothing , Dress code 1134 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive: Education and School Uniforms. ? Persuasive Speech Plan J Roeder Topic: Children in national memorial, . public schools should wear uniforms . Friendship Composition Essay? Point Deductions ___Topic Approval ___ Plan ___ Speech to city national contest Group Note Cards ___ Speech to no. xi summary GroupPresentational Aids ___ Speech to Group Outline ___Self-Review Thesis: Not only oklahoma city & museum essay do uniforms help the aboriginal government parents get them ready in the morning, but can also be safer for kids who might bring items to school they shouldn’t.
Clothing , Crime , Dress code 475 Words | 3 Pages. Topic: School Uniforms PRO Source: http://712educators.about.com/cs/schoolviolence/a/uniforms.htm Every . school is in essence a learning environment. That which aids learning is acceptable, and oklahoma & museum student essay, that which hinders it should be unacceptable. Add to this the fears of school violence and student safety and you can see why many school boards are calling for school uniforms . In this article we will look at personality essay school uniforms and oklahoma national & museum contest, the potential benefits and problems associated with school uniforms along. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1281 Words | 4 Pages. Characteristics of a Powerful Essay There is personality essay no single technique for national memorial & museum student essay contest writing a respectable essay . In fact, essays . of the highest quality often handle the same subject matter quite differently. Be that as it may, there are various characteristics that differentiate good quality essays from essay summary, dire ones.
An examination of national essay contest Keith King’s essay , “Should School Uniforms be Mandated in Elementary School ?” -which is neither for nor against school uniforms - shows how characteristics general to all essays collectively determine. Dress code , Essay , Essays 1268 Words | 4 Pages. School Uniforms : The Answer to Help Improve Safety and Create a Better Learning Environment for Public Schools in essays, . America Danielle Grider Ivy Tech Community College ENG111-15H-H1 April 15, 2012 Wendy Kruger America Public schools across America are searching for ways to improve safety, the sense of equality and to also help parents save money. One way to improve all these. Dress code , Education , High school 1888 Words | 5 Pages.
Pros and Cons on oklahoma national memorial student essay contest School Uniforms In the many schools around the gulf conference world, whether it being public or . private, to elementary to high schools , no matter what kind of schools , they are all eligible for acquiring school uniforms . School uniforms can have a positive impact on the school by oklahoma city memorial & museum student contest changing the factors that cause problems among the students. Essays? By having school uniforms mandatory, many changes of a student’s behavior can change. Oklahoma City Student Essay Contest? For example, when students are obligated to aboriginal essay government self wear uniforms , they would. Abuse , Clothing , Education 2702 Words | 7 Pages. ESSAY ON SCHOOL UNIFORM Imagine being able to wake up every morning, roll out of bed, put on the same thing you . wore the day before, and oklahoma national student essay contest, head off to school . Not only would you be able to do such a thing, but all of aboriginal essay government self your friends were doing it, too! Sound too good to be true? Well, it's becoming more common in our society as school uniforms have gone beyond private schools to public schools . Uniforms have a positive effect on city national memorial student contest students' self-esteem, attendance, discipline, and test scores. They have. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1157 Words | 4 Pages. WINSTON Writing a Persuasive Essay by Katie B. of mba thesis Holmes High School in city, Covington, Kentucky . Uniforms Reduce Problems INTRODUCTION Students enrolled in a public high school should be Opinion statement required to wear a school uniform . Many studies show that Summary of reasons when school - uniform policies are put into essays websats, place, there is an Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
All rights reserved. Oklahoma City Student? improvement in both attitude and schoolwork. Wearing uniforms would also reduce. All rights reserved , Appeal to emotion , Better 377 Words | 2 Pages. years now, parents, local politicians, the school board, and government, about every high school student has been debating over city national memorial & museum student something so . Mba Thesis Reports? small to the public but a major issue to the students. Well, all the controversy is about school uniforms and if high school students should be required to wear them. Because of their low cost, business casual appearance, and means of reducing distraction of the learning process, as a high school graduate, I feel school uniforms contribute positively to the learning environment. College , Dress code , Education 1031 Words | 4 Pages. School Uniforms. Persuasive essay arguing AGAINST implementation of memorial & museum essay school uniforms. School Uniforms Individuality is The aggregate of essays qualities and characteristics that distinguish one person or thing from . Oklahoma City National & Museum? others, as in Monotonous towns lacking in individuality. or She was so absorbed by the movement that she lost all sense of mba thesis individuality.
This quality of being an oklahoma city national memorial & museum contest, individual is exactly what schools , as havens of write personality essay self-discovery and development, should be encouraging most. The schools , however, are now attempting to national memorial limit students' self-expression by implementing a uniform. Clothing , Dress code , Education 904 Words | 3 Pages. Pros and Cons for School Uniforms. Should: One of the chief benefits of school uniforms , say proponents, is that they make schools safer. Essay? . Oklahoma National Memorial Student? Uniforms are said to personality essay reduce gang influence, minimize violence by reducing some sources of conflict, and city national memorial & museum essay, help to essay of brutus no. xi summary identify trespassers. City National Memorial Student Essay? Parents benefit because they are no longer pressured to buy the latest fashions, and they spend less on essay government self their children's clothing. Having a uniform stops gang members from oklahoma city student essay contest, displaying their colors and garb. The schools also believe it helps stop violence and helps. Clothing , Dress code , Education 808 Words | 3 Pages.
Persuasive Essay: Should public schools implement a school uniforms. of implementing a school uniforms is a controversial and gulf, lingering subject facing many of the school systems in the . United States. & Museum Student? Many people see that numerous problems exists within the public school system and they think that school uniform would be a good solution these problems. School uniform is a positive concept in public school because of essay of brutus summary many advantages such as, a cost savings by eliminating name brand clothing, student security, school spirit and simpler daily school preparation. First. Education , High school 785 Words | 3 Pages.
Pros and Cons of oklahoma national Wearing School Uniforms. Wearing school uniforms seems like an outdated concept for most people living in The States. Unless a student attends private . school , wearing uniforms isn’t normally practiced by children and families. Summary? However, around the world, wearing school uniforms is actually the norm. National & Museum Contest? Students enrolled in schools that require school uniforms generally perform quite well academically, and reports, seem content wearing the oklahoma city national memorial student contest same outfit every day. Friendship Composition Essay? There are many benefits to wearing school uniforms that public schools. Clothing , Dress code , Education 827 Words | 4 Pages. High School and Persuasive Essay Topics. 101 Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. Morton Whether you are a student in need of a persuasive essay . topic, ora teacher looking to oklahoma memorial student essay contest assign a persuasive essay , this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource.
I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to today's society, but I believe I am happy withthe results. Mba Thesis? I appreciate any and all comments or feedback. 1. Should students be allowed to have cell phones in elementary and oklahoma city memorial & museum student, high schools. College , Education , Fast food 1105 Words | 4 Pages. Benefits of School Uniforms School violence has long been an issue in schools around the world. . School violence does not limit to physical attacks or bullying, but also to theft and essay, vandalism. City National & Museum Contest? Groups have always formed into cliques. The popular people, the jocks, the drama or computer geeks all flock to each other because that is where they feel accepted. As the saying goes, “Jealousy is the root of coast association of creative writing all evil.” There will always be someone who longs for another’s belongings: especially in schools . Oklahoma Memorial Student Essay Contest? Name. Dress code , Education , Education issues 890 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay on School Uniforms.
PERSUASIVE ESSAY TOPIC: ENFORCED UNIFORMS Ever stop to personality think about student contest what might be best for your . kids? Or what’s best for you? Many people haven’t thought of all the great things enforced uniforms have to government offer, until they read about city memorial & museum essay contest it at least. Aboriginal? It’s been an ongoing battle between school faculty and students for years now and so far not a lot of progress has been made. The school board maintains the control because they run the school but the students have done a lot of petitioning. Clothing , Dress code , Education 539 Words | 2 Pages. Estevez April 8, 2013 Persuasive essay Mandaory School Uniform Have you thought about . how your family, your home, music and even television have influenced you on city national memorial essay the way you behave or even dress? While I was in middle school it was mandatory for all students to composition essay wear uniform and oklahoma city national & museum student essay contest, I loved it, i felt welcome into the school and since every one had to write personality wear the same thing no one was bullied and oklahoma city national student essay, i became a straight A student sice i would only focuse in school . Then high school came along and I hated.
Clothing , College , Dress code 802 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay: Pro-choice Abortion. Destinee Riggs Professor Camila Alvarez ENC1101 T 6:35-9:00pm 485 words Persuasive Essay : Pro -choice . Abortion In 1973 in essay of brutus no. xi summary, the United States in the Roe V. Wade decision, the supreme court ruled that women, in consultation with their physician, have a constitutionally protected right to oklahoma city memorial student have an abortion in the early stages of pregnancy- that is, before viability- free from government interference. (Guttmacher Institute) This did not spark the controversy of the topic, however. Can you remember. Abortion , Abortion debate , Birth control 871 Words | 3 Pages.
parents believe that school uniforms hinder students’ personal liberties. 34% of mba thesis reports parents say that uniforms also . [hamper] self-expression and creativity. City National? 23% of schools in the U.S. [require] school uniforms ( School Uniforms Statistics). Maybe your school is personality one of those schools that require uniforms . National Memorial Student Contest? I bet you’d rather be able to pick what you wear to school . Maybe your school is personality essay one of those schools that’s considering uniforms and you don’t like the idea. Oklahoma Memorial Student Essay Contest? I don’t like uniforms and mba thesis, I strongly believe. Dress code , Education , School uniform 744 Words | 3 Pages.
School Uniforms : Too Much or What We Need? University of Phoenix Many students today fear that the heart of a . controversial issue involving school uniforms will become an memorial & museum, issue in essays, their school . Some educators feel as though school uniforms are actually the answer to keeping our schools safe, making our students happy, and city national memorial & museum student essay, making our schools a better learning center. Most students and some parents feel as though school uniforms will take away a student’s individuality, fear that they are. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1793 Words | 5 Pages. School Uniforms Stacey Parmer English Comp July 22, 1012 Theresa Barbieri Abstract School . Uniforms In today’s society students are dealing with issues like the increase in youth and personality essay, gang related violence, bullying, and youth suicide. Many of these issues start in the school system and as a result can affect a student’s grades, attendance, and behavior. It is oklahoma student essay contest believed by some that a good starting point to gain some kind of control over write personality essay student’s behavior and reduce the national student contest violence is by implementing. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1267 Words | 4 Pages. If you have ever walked into friendship essay, a public school you would see something very important - individuality. In the Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Memorial Student Essay? individuality is defined as, “ the sum of qualities that characterize and distinguish an essay of brutus no. xi, individual from all others. Mandating students to wear school uniforms takes away from their freedom of expression.” Many believe that one of the advantages to school uniforms is that all students would be recognized as equals and oklahoma national memorial student essay, that there would be less of of brutus a division.
Clothing , Crime , Dress code 924 Words | 3 Pages. Pros and Cons of School Uniforms Final Draft Paper. Mrs. Weger English 4 10 March 2013 Pros and Cons of School Uniforms Many people wonder if required . uniform really have an impact on students in school . The use of school uniforms in schools has been a controversial matter ever since Long Beach Unified School District first introduced and required them back in 1994 (Jet). May statistics have proved that schools that require school uniforms in their dress code policy improved in many different aspects, but some believe that these requirements. College , Dress code , Education 918 Words | 3 Pages.
Persuasive essay on school uniforms. students do not support school uniforms ; however they do not know the oklahoma memorial & museum contest benefits in wearing them. Believe it or not, there are a . Essay Of Brutus? lot more pros than cons when it comes to wearing school uniforms . First off, school uniforms will develop a better teaching and learning environment. They will also save families a good deal of money. And lastly, school uniforms will eliminate a lot of bulling and labeling. A school would be a better place, for teachers and students, if school uniforms were required. The most. Clothing , Dress code , Education 478 Words | 2 Pages.
School uniforms should be required in public schools because their use would lead to higher education, less . violence, and memorial student contest, lower cost to parents. Reports? School uniforms in public schools are becoming increasingly popular across the nation. The public school system would benefit greatly if this policy were to be adopted. Opposition is always a factor when trying to make changes. Taking all things into consideration, the positive effects would be far greater than the memorial & museum negative effects. Most teenagers, when. Clothing , College , Dress code 1988 Words | 5 Pages. 16 April 2012 School Uniforms What should I wear today? This is a question I ask myself every day as a high . Mba Thesis? school student.
What if students didn’t have to pick out what they wore every day? What if they already had their outfit picked out for them? With school uniforms , students wouldn’t have to go through the stress of finding what to wear. There are many good things that would come out of students wearing school uniforms . I believe making students wear school uniforms would be better. Clothing , College , Dress code 888 Words | 3 Pages. Unit 6 project part 2 Annotated bibliography Boutelle, M. (2008). UNIFORMS : Are They a Good Fit?. Education Digest, 73(6), 34. “The . article discusses the pros and city, cons of schools adopting mandatory school uniforms for students. The article emphasizes the positive aspect of schools adopting a dress code that requires student uniforms , including an increased focus on composition essay academics rather than clothing fashions. The author also addresses exceptions to oklahoma national & museum student essay contest such rules, including students who opt out of the.
Dress code , Education , First Amendment to mba thesis the United States Constitution 712 Words | 3 Pages. Uniforms in the School Environment: Can Clothing Really Effect Your Education? Going to public schools all my . Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum? life, I heard the gossip of fashion and whose wearing what,pretty much everyday; at least in the four years of high school where it seemed that looks mattered the most. As people grow up, the way they present themselves becomes more and more important. July? Leaving a good mark in high school means a lot to some people, and some are ready to do whatever it takes to make that mark, whether. Clothing , College , Dress code 1637 Words | 4 Pages. A school uniform makes it easier for the school authorities to recognize students belonging to their . school . Memorial & Museum Essay? Authorities can also make out if someone doesn't belong to essays july a school , if someone just manages to sneak in; unless, of course, they go through all the trouble of buying a uniform that fits! • A school uniform also saves the school administrators from having to memorial & museum 'police' what the students wear. There are no daily battles regarding what's appropriate to wear or not for school . • A school uniform. Clothing , Dress code , Education 2163 Words | 7 Pages. No School Uniforms Nicole Ferrin Comm/215 October 3, 2011 Michele Watson No School Uniforms . When shopping for school clothes, many parents have the constant battle with their child of how well their clothes should match other children. In today’s society children are choosing to fit in by what they wear, rather than who they are.
Schools choose to have uniforms so that parents can cut cost down for school clothes, and children can stop worrying about which designer label they have to have. Anxiety , Clothing , College 928 Words | 3 Pages. Rogers Middle School in aboriginal self, California’s Long Beach County School District began discussing the idea of a school -wide . uniform policy. That fall, Will Rogers became the first school in Long Beach County to have a mandatory uniform policy. Other schools in national memorial student contest, the district soon followed drawing national attention, including a personal visit from then President Clinton. Aboriginal Essay? Recent memories of school shootings around the nation caused President Clinton to urge other school districts to move to uniforms in oklahoma national essay contest, his 1996. Crime , Dress code , Education 1799 Words | 6 Pages. 2013 Debate on School Uniforms ( Pro -Con Essay ) Do you think certain types of essay clothing promote . violence or gang activities?
Or do different clothing distract classmates from learning in oklahoma national memorial essay contest, classrooms. According to an article in essay no. xi, Current Issues: Macmillan Social Science Library School Uniforms : . [A] case of academic improvement following a school uniform policy is that of the Long Beach California Unified School District, one of the first districts to require student uniforms in grades K-8 in. Clothing , Dress code , Education 883 Words | 3 Pages. English 1301-01 4 January 2011 School Uniforms More than half of elementary, middle, and high . Oklahoma Memorial & Museum Student Contest? schools in America wear uniforms . Whether school uniforms should be worn by children is an undecided factor in society today. Carroll Jumana and Stephen Daniels have unique opinions expressed throughout, determining the positive and negative aspects of wearing school uniforms . Does a uniform make a different in children education? This essay will address social values, the essay legal principle. Dress code , Education , Education issues 1145 Words | 4 Pages. mandatory school uniforms is a raging topic in city national memorial & museum student contest, our country.
Proponents of school uniforms conclude . Self? that there are many potential benefits to mandatory school uniforms , while opponents heartily challenge their claims. Potential benefits include: socioeconomic equalization, reduction in student violence and theft, restriction of gang activity, and improved focus in classrooms. Although these benefits would vastly improve our public education system, there is national memorial & museum essay contest no clear evidence that school uniforms improve. Education , Education in the United States , High school 939 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Comm/215 Instructor: Linda Boyer Created By: Kimara Appling Implementing School . Essays July? Uniforms Individualism is a fundamental value in the U.S.A. We as Americans, believe in memorial & museum essay, the rights of having freedom of speech and to essays july express our own opinions without having the fear of being judged or punished by other individuals. Wearing school uniforms help show what school the students belongs, helps the teachers, faculty, and employees have guard against intruders and oklahoma national & museum student, lessen the economic. Better , Clothing , Dress code 943 Words | 3 Pages.
SCHOOL UNIFORMS In his hopes to create an reports, atmosphere in oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay contest, our school that promotes discipline and personality, order and . learning, President William Jefferson Clinton stated, I believe we should give strong support to school districts that decide to require young students to wear school uniforms . He cited several incidents where student's desire for oklahoma national & museum student essay contest another's fashionable attire has led to extreme forms of aboriginal essay self violence (Clinton 1996). This exemplifies one of the oklahoma city national & museum student essay many implications of a necessity for school uniforms. Dress code , Education , High school 1707 Words | 6 Pages. Essay #2 High school is a hard time for students everywhere. Teens have concerns over friends, boyfriends, grades, and government self, most of . Student Contest? all fitting in.
Some believe that forcing students in public schools to friendship composition essay wear school uniforms would create better academic outcomes, better behavioral outcomes, and a sense of belonging to their peer around them. However, wearing school uniforms have many important cons. It inhibits creativity and individuality, stifles self-expression, not to mention they are expensive. Clothing , College , Dress code 1046 Words | 3 Pages. ? School Uniforms If public school students had one thing over private school students, that would . be the freedom to oklahoma memorial student essay choose what they wear to school . It could soon be hard to tell the two groups apart with more and more public school going to mandatory uniforms . According to july former President Bill Clinton in his 1996 State of the student contest Union Address, “If it means that teenagers will stop killing each other over designer jackets, then our public schools should be allowed to essay of brutus require the students to wear. Clothing , Dress code , Education 2072 Words | 9 Pages. ? School uniform PRO CONS 1. Save time take u more time . to washing by hand than picking up, you’re unorganized, ch?m ch?p. Oklahoma City National Memorial Essay Contest? 2. Have good memory can wear ao lop when u take picture 3. No discrimination u think rich ppl are more than poor ppl. They still have their group, they aren’t lonely, don’t have to suffer that feeling. 4. While school uniforms might eliminate choice-related stress, they also limit the. Clothing , Dress code , Education 750 Words | 3 Pages.
Require Uniforms , Reduce Bullying In public and private schools , students are constantly being judged on essay government what they wear and oklahoma city national memorial essay contest, how . they look. July? These judgments influence students to pick on city others and induce bullying. If schools make uniforms mandatory, this cause of bullying would be eliminated, thus reducing the number of bullying incidents. Websats? Therefore, school uniforms should be required for oklahoma city & museum essay all students because they will reduce bullying, relieve stress and make school a safer place. People are judged.
Abuse , Bullying , Choice 779 Words | 2 Pages. Wearing uniforms to school will be the friendship best decision you could ever make as a parent for your child. Oklahoma Essay? There have been debates on . why students should or shouldn’t wear uniforms . I have been a student that was assaulted because of jealousy of the mba thesis fact that I wore the latest fashion. National & Museum Essay? I feel that this could have been avoided if it was mandatory for essay student to national student wear uniforms . This is a very important topic to essay summary be exercised or discussed because our children can be affected by a decision that we as parents. Clothing , College , Dress code 1210 Words | 3 Pages. Uniform is a standard set of city essay clothes that is worn by aboriginal a group of people. Oklahoma National Memorial & Museum Essay? They may be members of an organization or a group of of brutus summary people having the . same ideas. There may be thousands kinds of city student uniform in the world. Of Brutus No. Xi? Students, police officers, doctors, lawyers, teacher, security guards and many others will wear uniform when they are on student essay duty. Boys' uniforms often consist of dark trousers and light-colored shirt, maybe a jacket in july websats, cold weather. A girl's uniform might consist of a skirt and blouse, and memorial & museum student, also.
Clothing , Dress code , Education 1097 Words | 3 Pages. School Uniform Persuasive Essay by friendship composition Javairia Haq. School Uniform Persuasive Essay At a school , a . child wearing a stained ragged-patched up sweat shirt and old tired pants full of disgusting mud stains, she goes to city memorial student contest her locker quietly, suddenly after getting out her books, five older students surround her. The oblivious teachers and distracted staff don’t even bother noticing older pupils ridiculing the young girl’s outfit, teasing and tormenting the juvenile girl about her revolting clothes till she cries. Bullying , Clothing , Dress code 752 Words | 2 Pages. college. To go to college, you have to go to high school and essay, elementary school . If you drop out or don’t go to . school at all, you’ll go nowhere. Oklahoma National Student Essay Contest? Life today, money is reports everything, and I think that the oklahoma city memorial & museum essay contest foundation of getting a good job is the essays july education you get in memorial, the first 20-25 years of your life. School does not only teach subjects like English, Math, History, or Science, but it also lets us meet new people and build good character.
Stay in school , because it will help you meet new people, build. College , Educational stages , Employment 942 Words | 3 Pages. what da hell let me sign up man I just want essays . Rainy day This year the summer season was unduly long and extremely hot. It was July, the . schools had reopened. The scorching sun and the extreme heat had made life unbearable. Websats? Going to the school , studying in the class or playing on city national student essay the ground all seemed to be a punishment. One morning, clouds .Rain is a great blessing after the summer heat. Aboriginal Essay Self? In India the scorching heat of the summer months of May and June causes great suffering to animal and plant-life. College , High school , Rain 1430 Words | 4 Pages. Should School Uniforms be Mandatory in Schools ? There are many reasons that school should have . uniforms . Some of the reasons that schools should have uniforms are that they can decrease the amount of violence in oklahoma national & museum student contest, school . School uniforms should also be mandatory in schools because it helps the association of creative teachers school look more organized, it lowers the risk of oklahoma city & museum student essay kids getting bullied for their clothes and it can help the school be safer. School uniforms should be mandatory in both Catholic and public schools . Today.
Bullying , Clothing , Dress code 838 Words | 3 Pages. Thesis: School uniforms should be required in personality essay, all schools , private and public, because students will be in a safer . environment, uniforms will help to resist peer pressure, and students will focus more on school work. 1. Students will be in a safer environment A. National & Museum Student Essay Contest? Reduces conflict stemming B. Reduces the risk of students being robbed C. Helps school administrators identify nonstudents, trespassers, and other visitors in the hallways who stand out in the crowd 2. Uniforms help to resist peer pressure . Dress code , Education , School uniform 1221 Words | 4 Pages. . Today we will discuss about school uniforms in the Netherlands. Should they be required at schools or not? I . would like to essays july websats hear from & museum, both parties whether they are favor or against. ‘ PvdA begint met het zeggen van dat ze voor zijn. Reports? Jinte – Amy Amy: Jinte and city national memorial & museum essay, I are from the PvdA and we are favor because we think that everyone should be equal. PVV staat daarna op en zeggen dat ze tegen zijn. Carmen – Julette Carmen: Juliette and aboriginal essay, I are from the city & museum student contest PVV and we are against because we think that everyone. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1567 Words | 5 Pages. The Need for School Uniforms A safe and structured learning environment is the first requirement of a good . school . Children who feel safe and secure will better learn basic American values.
In return they will learn the reports basis of good citizenship and become better students. In response to growing levels of violence in our schools , many parents, teachers, and school officials have been forced to look toward school uniforms as one potentially positive way to reduce discipline problems and increase. College , Dress code , Education 1580 Words | 6 Pages. author of “ Pros and Cons of School Uniform ”, “Children invariably tease those who do not have trendy clothes.”. The . world we live in today is simply materialistic. City Essay? Mainly females are constantly conscious about their appearance, and aboriginal self, of their choice of mainstream fashion. This, however, will not be a problem if everyone wears the same attire. Contest? School uniforms are a positive thing for essays numerous reasons which benefit the students themselves, their future, and the people around them. School uniforms promote. Clothing , Dress code , Education 875 Words | 3 Pages.
However, most public schools are turning to something more casual and more acceptable to parents and oklahoma student, students: khakis or jeans and knit shirts . of varying colors. The latter appear to be more affordable too because they can be used outside of school . Many school districts that have implemented school uniforms have provided some sort of financial assistance for families that can not afford the extra expense. 2. Potential Benefits of School Uniforms ? Decreasing violence and write, theft because of clothing. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1191 Words | 4 Pages. Hayden Leach Ms. Layton American Literature February 25, 2010 School Uniforms Many students in America are forced to oklahoma national contest wear a . uniform to school every day, and it violates some of their basic rights. School uniforms should not be mandatory in public schools , as they cause more problems than they solve, are expensive for students and aboriginal government, schools , and suppress individuality.
School uniforms are in some cases, extremely expensive and quite pointless, seeing as how they do not accomplish what they say. Dress code , Education , High school 1289 Words | 4 Pages. normal day of city memorial student contest school and already knowing what is going to be worn that day and the day after that. Friendship Essay? Such imagery is not so far off from reality. . Speaking, of course, about spreading the idea of school uniforms from the city national memorial & museum student essay private schools to essays july websats the public school system. Former President of the United States, Bill Clinton, was very adamant about putting “discipline and learning back in our schools ” in his 1996 State of the Union address, through adding a school uniform policy in oklahoma national & museum essay contest, public schools . Even today. Dress code , Education , High school 984 Words | 3 Pages. issue of school uniforms in today’s public schools is personality a silent but very controversial issue, Gaining momentum with . school administrators and parents debating on whether or not to city national memorial essay contest convert their public schools . With academics on a decline compared to the world average, (Wu, Elaine) along with school violence at its highest that it has ever been.
The United States is a seeing a change towards school using school uniforms to help solve many problems associated with public schools . School uniforms in today’s. Dress code , Education , High school 1732 Words | 5 Pages. OPINION/ ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYS ESSAY ANALYSIS: “ School uniforms must be compulsory”. Do . you agree or disagree with this opinion? Individualism is a fundamental value in the United States.
All Americans believe in the right to express their own opinion without fear of no. xi punishment. This value, however, is coming under fire in an unlikely place – the public school classroom. The issue is school uniforms . Should public school students be allowed to make individual decisions about clothing. Clothing , Dress code , Education 631 Words | 3 Pages.
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Alaska Airlines Social Responsibility Project. Stay in closer touch with all the customers—with new technology to quickly tailor communications, marketing promotions and operations in ways that build strong, long-term relationships and increase revenue. Values: 1. Alaska Spirit is the heart of city & museum student, Alaska Airlines. It springs from rich heritage where aviation plays a vital role in the life of every resident 2. Throughout the essay of brutus, system, the Alaska Spirit defines the unique character of oklahoma city memorial contest, Alaska Airlines 3. Fun-loving, energetic, and write adventurous personality flows from this spirit, as does the belief in service and community involvement . Oklahoma City Memorial & Museum Contest! Caring about and helping people is the no. xi summary, soul of Alaska Airlines 5. As proven professionalism, Alaska Airlines bring a high level of individual skills, expertise, and commitment to work 6. Their bias toward action and city student essay contest readiness to adapt to mba thesis reports, change and to master difficult challenges exemplify the “can-do” heritage of Alaska Airlines 7. They embrace an atmosphere where hard work, initiative, and teamwork are a tradition, and where creativity and innovation flourish History: We will write a custom essay sample. on Alaska Airlines Social Responsibility Project or any similar. topic specifically for national memorial, you. Alaska Airlines is the 7th larger US airline based on friendship essay, the passenger traffic and is the dominant US west coast air Carrier. 1930s The history of the Airline is oklahoma memorial & museum student going back to 1932 when Linious “Mac” McGee painted “McGee Airways” on the side of his little plane and started flying to Alaska.
Two years later, in 1934 McGee merged with Star Air Service creating the largest airline in Alaska which flew 22 planes. The business continued to grow and essays websats expand by buying several other small Airlines. 1940s -In 1944 McGee Airways changed its name to city national student essay contest, Alaska Airlines and began to fly to the other 48 state. Aboriginal! By the city national memorial student contest, late 1940s, using surplus military aircraft, Alaska had branched into worldwide charter work, including the friendship composition, Berlin Airlift in 1948 and Operation Magic Carpet, the memorial student essay contest, airlift of thousands of Yemenite Jews, to Israel in 1949. Aboriginal Essay Self! 1950s In 1951 Alaska’s dream came true when they received the authority to fly from Anchorage and Fairbanks to national memorial contest, Seattle and Portland. As a result the companies’ financial situation has improved.
In 1957 Charlie Willis, a decorated World War II pilot, came. Page 2 Alaska Airlines Social Responsibility Project Essay. aboard as chairman and CEO. Coast Of Creative Conference! He was the one who brought in-flight movies to the nation#8217;s skies for national & museum essay, the first time. 960s During 1960s Alaska Airlines started flying gets and no. xi also became the first commercial carrier to fly the Lockheed Hercules for hauling cargo. Boeing 727s joined the oklahoma city national memorial contest, fleet in mid 60s. 1970s -In the early 70s the airline were going through the financial crisis.
The company was hit with rising fuel and essays operating costs that nearly caused the airline to go bankrupt. The airline was $22 million in debt when the new CEO Ronald Cosgrave took over. He began to make major changes. He started working with stakeholders of the city national & museum student essay contest, company to set common goals and work forward performance. This brought people together. Then later the personality essay, logo of the airline was changed to an image of a smiling Eskimo, which remains today. As a result of these changes the company made profit and continued to be profitable until now. 1980s -Alaska expanded tremendously during 1980. Alaska Air Group, the parent company of Alaska Airlines, was formed in ‘85 as a holding company for the airline and a year later acquired Horizon Air and oklahoma national memorial & museum student essay Jet America Airlines.
By the end of the 80s, Alaska had tripled in size. 1990s In 1990 the company maintained a competitive advantage in customer service. Essay Summary! The new motto of the airline became “For the same price you just get more”. During 1997, Alaska Airlines was the 10th largest US airline carrying over 12 million passengers a year. 2000-s The airline began buying new 737-700 and 900. The transition to the new Boeing 737 fleet meant great fuel saving and other efficiencies and respect to environment. On February 16, 2012, Alaska Airlines#8217; CEO, Bill Ayer, announced that he would be retiring.
He became the city memorial essay contest, airline#8217;s CEO in 2002 and has been credited for reducing costs and keeping the airline profitable without going through bankruptcy. The airline#8217;s president Brad Tilden will officially become the friendship composition, new CEO on May 15, 2012. National & Museum! Product/ Services. Flights: The Alaska Airlines goal is to always provide safe, reliable transportation for a reasonable price, along with the caring, friendly and professional service. Alaska Airlines has proven itself as a leader in North American travel. Every year Airlines extend their network by adding new flights. They began new service from San Jose to Palm Springs, CA, from Seattle to Kansas City, MO and from Portland, OR to Long Beach, CA. In April 2012 opened new nonstop flight from California to Hawaii.
Alaska Airlines serves 96 destinations; it has 571 daily departures in the United States, Mexico and Canada. Major regions/ Average daily departures Lower 48 States 295 Alaska 97 Hawaii 22 Canada 5 Mexico 13 During The Flight: Airlines provide clean and write personality comfortable aircrafts with on-board internet access and oklahoma memorial & museum essay contest on-board entertainment. During the flight Airlines serve the complimentary meals or light snacks to passengers in the first class cabin. Also “Buy on board” meal program is available. The Alaska Airlines launched New Mobile Website: it provides customers quick and easy access to their most important travel information. The site allows customers to track their Alaska Airlines Mileage Plan status, obtain mobile boarding passes and july websats pay for checked bags. Also, Alaska offer vacation packages to many of their destination cities that include airfare, hotel accommodations and more.
The Club 49 is a club for Alaska residents, who must be with an active Millage Plan; joining this club gives some kinds of benefits for members, such as weekly newsletter advertising Alaska fare sales and other promotions. At the Airport: Board room is a great service for MVP’s Alaska’s travelers.
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cmmi resume Welcome to our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to city memorial & museum student essay make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to reports be worth it. :-) We also did a bit of city memorial student research and found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to find this kind of essay summary information anywhere else on the web. So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the kind of person who wants you to pay to get it out of them before you have enough information to oklahoma city national & museum student essay even make a good decision. But we digress. We do that a lot. This site was designed to essay no. xi provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to get to the truth about national & museum essay contest CMMI, or just looking for answers to basic, frequently asked questions about CMMI and the process of having an appraisal for getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to say). The information on this site has also been demonstrated to provide answers and new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal. Feedback has indicated that there is more than a fair amount of incomplete and actual incorrect information being put forth by supposed experts in CMMI.
Your feedback is aboriginal self, therefore very important to us. If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to send them to city memorial student contest us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to mba thesis reports keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for city national & museum essay additional information, the source material for many of the answers on CMMI come from the CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and of creative writing other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of SEI FAQs.
Specific Model Content FAQs. A: CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. It's the integration of oklahoma student essay several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and practices within the model in ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. The CMMI is a framework for business process improvement. In other words, it is a model for building process improvement systems. Essays July. In the same way that models are used to guide thinking and analysis on national student essay contest, how to build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to build process improvement systems.
There are currently three flavors of CMMI called constellations. The most famous one is the CMMI for Development -- i.e., DEV . It has been around (in one version or another) for roughly 10 years and has been the subject of much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for composition Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and national memorial & museum student essay contest CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in summary, particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either: Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and city national student services from no. xi summary, others, and/or Provides/ delivers services.
NONE of the oklahoma national memorial student essay constellations actually contain processes themselves. Of Brutus Summary. None of oklahoma city national memorial & museum contest them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. Write. The assumption with all CMMIs is that the organization has its own standards, processes and procedures by which they actually get things done. Student. The content of essay CMMIs are to improve upon oklahoma national & museum, the performance of those standards, processes and websats procedures -- not to oklahoma city & museum student contest define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and content of CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in fact, process content. It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to of brutus no. xi explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to perform the process area well. City National & Museum Student Contest. So, to one organization, what seems trivial and commonplace, to another is salvation from despair. Another way to look at CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC).
To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is websats, a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to a standard or certification mechanism for the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . If an organization chose to national & museum student contest do so, CMMI could be applied in mba thesis, the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. CMMI is meant to help organizations improve their performance of and capability to consistently and predictably deliver the products, services, and sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at a price they're willing to pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by lowering the cost of production, delivery, and sourcing. Without some insight into oklahoma memorial student essay contest, and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to do anything about it? And if/ when they wait until the end of a project or work package to personality see how close/far they were to memorial essay contest their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in order to essay of brutus no. xi do better next time? CMMI provides the models from which to pursue these sorts of insights and activities for improvement. It's a place to start, not a final destination.
CMMI can't tell an organization what is oklahoma city memorial student essay, or isn't important to them. CMMI, however, can provide a path for essay no. xi an organization to achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is oklahoma city, just a model, it's not reality. Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of reality, and like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at least in some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of implementing something of lasting value. Essay Of Brutus No. Xi. As a model, what CMMI lacks is context. Oklahoma City Memorial & Museum. Specifically, the essays july websats context of the organization in which it will be implemented for process improvement.
Together with the oklahoma memorial & museum essay contest organization's context, CMMI can be applied to mba thesis create a process improvement solution appropriate to the context of each unique organization. Putting it all together: CMMI is a model for building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and oklahoma city national student essay contest create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to help them improve their operational performance. At the risk of seeming self-serving, the following addresses the question of what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to this question with a quick sentence about what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and define and deliver their services. So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at improving your processes? What business performance improvements would you like to see from your operations?
SO, is essay, CMMI right for you? Obviously this depends on what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to oklahoma city & museum contest divide and aboriginal essay government self conquer. So we'll divide the world into oklahoma essay, two groups: those who develop wares and provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of no. xi summary you in memorial & museum, the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP.
As such, you're probably looking at the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in write essay, any way. If you're in this group, there aren't many loop-holes. One strong case for oklahoma city & museum why your company might not need to mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at CMMI for process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the point is that unless you are developing wares from scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to personality essay be able to oklahoma city national essay elude having someone else require or expect you to pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so.
A couple of exceptions to this rule of thumb would be (a) if you are entering into the world of custom wares for association of creative the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to be bought/used by memorial contest, the government. Governments have an all-too-regular habit of buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only looks like the original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and mba thesis prime contractors are using the CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor. If you're in city national contest, the latter group, (remember. those who don't sell to the Feds or their Primes) then the question is really this, what's not working for you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to get crystal clear about that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and mba thesis marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to fry and frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into the pan. Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum Student Essay Contest. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to *how* you do business. But, if you are worrying about where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for a while before the ROI from CMMI will bring home the bacon. It usually takes a number of government self months. Having said that.
If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time. are tied to a certain level of memorial contest uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into or control over reports, work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. Zero. Zip. Oklahoma City Memorial Student. Nada. Rien. Nil.
Bupkis. July Websats. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about semantics. It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs). So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. Oklahoma City Memorial Essay Contest. This is often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in essay, CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in city memorial & museum essay, CMMI sound the essays same as likely typical practices in name only and the similarity ends there.
Despite the similar names used in oklahoma city national memorial & museum essay contest, typical work practices and in CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to be referring to one-in-the-same activities. Aboriginal Self. That alone is enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of confusion. City & Museum Essay Contest. What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for aboriginal government any given activity or organization. The sad reality is so many organizations haven't taken the time to memorial & museum contest look at and understand the present state of their actual work practices, so as a result not only do they not know everything they would need to know to merely run their operation, they then look to CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to essay of brutus summary failure and oklahoma city student essay disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at friendship composition essay, any point and time in an effort and during the course of oklahoma city national student essay contest doing the essays work. Irrespective of where these activities take place in reality, the memorial & museum essay contest CMMI PAs are collections of essays websats practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from memorial essay, existing activities or from one CMMI practices to another. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the activities collectively performed to achieve improvement goals . Essay Self. Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to oklahoma city national & museum essay contest say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so.
Besides, we never answered the question. . in the current version of of brutus CMMI for DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and also 22 in memorial student essay, v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Each constellation has particular practices meant to improve those particular uses. CMMI for Acquisition and CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. Write. While much of the focus of this list is on CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to oklahoma student essay at least address CMMI for Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out that the three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for friendship essay Development and for Services share the oklahoma city & museum student essay Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area.
The CMMI for aboriginal essay government Acquisition has a total of 21 PAs, and oklahoma & museum student essay contest Services has a total of 24 PAs. The delta between core, core + shared, and total are those PAs specific to the constellation. More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. Essay. The update to city national memorial & museum contest this answer was a result of his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of CMMI are listed below. They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the core process areas, also called the CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Then we list the process area shared by two of the government self constellations, DEV and memorial essay SVC, then we list the process areas unique to each of the three constellations, in order of chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the PAs are listed in essays, alphabetical order by oklahoma city national memorial contest, acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in brackets '' which Maturity Level each PA is part of.
We're also listing the essay purpose statement of each one. We should also note that in process area names, purpose statements, and throughout the text, in CMMI for city national & museum student essay Services , the essay of brutus notion of project has largely been replaced with the notion (and use of the term) work. For example, in national memorial & museum student, CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and essays so forth. The rationale for that is the result of months of debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over the concept of a project in the context of service work. While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context. This may raise the question of why not merely replace work for oklahoma memorial student contest project in all three constellations? In the essay of brutus no. xi summary attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of product development and acquisition events are, in city memorial & museum student contest, fact, uniquely identified by the notion of a project.
Furthermore, there is nothing in mba thesis reports, the models that prevent users from restricting the interpretation of oklahoma city memorial & museum project or work. Essays July. It's just that re-framing project and work in their respective contexts made sense in a broader effort to reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to prevent them from occurring in the future. Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and maintain the integrity of national memorial essay contest work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and configuration audits. Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3] The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against composition, established criteria.
Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to oklahoma national & museum contest establish and manage the project and the involvement of the july relevant stakeholders according to an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is used to city & museum student contest support management information needs. Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3]
The purpose of Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of mba thesis reports organizational process assets and work environment standards. Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to oklahoma city national essay contest plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on essay no. xi, a thorough understanding of the current strengths and weaknesses of the organization's processes and process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to proactively manage the organization's performance to meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4]
The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the organization's set of standard processes in support of quality and process-performance objectives, and to provide the process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently. Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of national essay contest project Monitoring and Control (PMC) is to essay provide an understanding of the oklahoma city memorial & museum essay ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan. Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Project Planning (PP) is to mba thesis establish and oklahoma memorial maintain plans that define project activities. Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2]
The purpose of Process and composition Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to provide staff and oklahoma city national memorial essay contest management with objective insight into processes and associated work products. Write Personality. Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to quantitatively manage the project's defined process to achieve the project's established quality and process-performance objectives. Requirements Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Requirements Management (REQM) is to city memorial & museum student essay manage requirements of the essay products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and oklahoma city national student work products. Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of write personality Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and invoked as needed across the life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives.
Shared by CMMI for Development and CMMI for Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to manage the memorial acquisition of products from suppliers. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Development. The purpose of personality Product Integration (PI) is to assemble the product from the product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the national & museum student product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of Requirements Development (RD) is to aboriginal self produce and analyze customer, product, and product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3] The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and implement solutions to requirements. Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate.
Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Validation (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Essay Contest. Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of write personality essay Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to city memorial & museum essay contest CMMI for Acquisition.
The purpose of Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the supplier and the acquirer perform according to the terms of the supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to develop and analyze customer and contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the supplier's technical solution and to manage selected interfaces of that solution.
Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of essays websats Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in oklahoma city & museum student essay, its intended environment. Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and establish and maintain the supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Services. The purpose of Capacity and Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to websats ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of service incidents as appropriate.
Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to establish and maintain plans to memorial student essay ensure continuity of services during and following any significant disruption of normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2] The purpose of coast writing teachers conference Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and oklahoma national student contest validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an essays july websats Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in oklahoma national memorial & museum contest, a SCAMPI appraisal. Reports. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Transition (SST) is to deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on ongoing service delivery. Oklahoma National Memorial Essay Contest. Strategic Service Management, [ML 3]
The purpose of Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to july establish and maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the city memorial student contest processes organized? A: This question will look at the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in two main ways, called Representations. Two questions down, we answer the next obvious question: What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to a very few people and organizations who really geek out over self, this idea of pathways through an improvement journey. Oklahoma National Memorial & Museum Essay. Ultimately, if you really only care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is coast association of creative writing, each process made up of?
A: Each process area is made of two kinds of oklahoma city memorial goals, two kinds of personality essay practices, and a whole lot of informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Generic Goals. Which then makes the two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Generic Goals are made up of Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at city essay contest, least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at least two Specific Practices (SPs).
The SPs in any PA are unique to that PA, whereas, other than the government name of the PA in each of the Generic Practices (GPs), the GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from city national memorial student contest, 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to write be on to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and oklahoma city national memorial essay contest varies from PA to PA. Readers are well-advised to focus on the Goals and Practices because they are the required and expected components of essays july CMMI when it comes time to be appraised. Again, if improving performance is important to you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at city memorial essay, all. Read more about that here. If all you want is improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is organized.
Use anything in it to make your operation perform better! How do the Maturity Levels relate to one another and how does one progress through them? A: We touch on this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is very very basic. This is the minimum that an organization could achieve by merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs. These project managers would work directly with the government organization's leaders and owners to help projects be successful and the organization to be profitable. They would routinely communicate with the city national & museum student essay contest leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in personality, CMMI ML2 are likely to student essay contest be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the quality of what they deliver and their profits are likely to be highly unpredictable. Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. They then proceed to aboriginal essay government do a poor job of planning the level of oklahoma national essay effort and dependencies required to complete the work. Mba Thesis. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to oklahoma national memorial & museum student essay contest understand why and they typically turn to specific people to try to figure out what went wrong.
Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for essays websats the missed expectations rather than realizing that the problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness. ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of city national & museum essay what's going on, good or bad. WE often wonder how companies who fail to gulf association of creative writing teachers incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in oklahoma city national essay, business! process management, the technical/operational work of delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the websats practices found in ML3. The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and coordination throughout the organization and to oklahoma city national memorial & museum student learn and share observations from the successes and failures of other projects, establish performance norms for how to do the materially core work of the organization, and put in place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in self, ensuring the time and effort required to look across the organization is not used-up by the projects.
These additional experts would work with the PM to help them make use of the most effective approaches to meeting their projects' needs. While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the end of the work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the oklahoma national memorial student essay contest organization is performing from the inside even while projects are in the middle of execution. ML3 organizations use data and metrics to help understand their internal costs and effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the essay of brutus summary difference between Staged and Continuous? A: It's just different ways of looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is simply how the model is organized around the path towards process improvement that an city national memorial & museum organization can take.
That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on mba thesis reports, the original idea behind the CMM for Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on the way to oklahoma city essay contest maturing their processes towards higher and higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks. Since the latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and that the first staging of (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of essay of brutus no. xi summary very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in performance.
From there, the next staging of PAs, or level 3, could begin to exploit the foundational PAs and oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay begin to affect process improvement changes from a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and 5 add Process Areas that look across all the gulf coast association of creative writing other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. While Levels 4 and 5 only & museum contest add a total of four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. Essays July. They add the maturity and capability to oklahoma city national & museum student manage processes by numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and they add the ability to mba thesis reports optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of effort and process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of optimization without having all process areas needing to be there? In fact, why not be able to focus on process areas with high value to the organization first and then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to oklahoma national essay contest improve? In the staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in essays websats, CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and implemented -- whereby an organization could choose to get really really good at any number of PAs without having to put forth the effort to implement low-value or unused PAs. This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in only areas that matter to them. *In the original CMM for Software, the process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of levels (see below), therefore there was only one type of level, and when someone said level 3 everyone understood. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in the context of CMMI is incomplete. However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined.
What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas. Let's start with the basics. A Maturity Level is oklahoma national memorial & museum, what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Staged Representation of the CMMI, and a Capability Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the essay organization uses the Continuous Representation of the oklahoma city memorial & museum student contest CMMI. As for the details. A Maturity Level X means that an mba thesis reports organization, when appraised, was found to memorial student be satisfying the goals required by process areas in that level (X). Those goals are a combination of specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of Process Areas. Each Maturity Level has a particular set of aboriginal PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of memorial & museum essay contest goals.
Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the government self following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and memorial & museum student contest Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and association of creative conference Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in oklahoma city national contest, CMMI for mba thesis Development requires the oklahoma city national memorial essay ML 2 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of gulf of creative writing conference them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the & museum student contest ML 2 and 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the ML 2-4 PAs, plus the friendship essay following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Causal Analysis and & museum essay contest Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Services and CMMI for government self Acquisition, the idea is the same, only some of the process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and ML 3 for national memorial their respective disciplines. You can refer back to this question to fill in the blanks on aboriginal self, which PAs to swap in/out for CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition at ML2 and ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and 5 are the city national memorial student contest same across all three constellations.
Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the Continuous representation is tied to the Generic Goals, and from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the Continuous representation. Mba Thesis. So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. As we noted earlier, there are no collections of PAs in Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the staged representation. National & Museum Essay Contest. Therefore, it is far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by PA. An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by gulf of creative conference, de facto performance) to be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. For this reason, the results of a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and the Capability Level of each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the highest Generic Goal at which the city & museum student contest organization is capable of of brutus no. xi summary operating. City National. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to be operating at a Capability Level of ZERO (CL 0), in reports, which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is oklahoma memorial contest, simply to Achieve Specific Goals
Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the specific goals of the respective process area(s). Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for the respective process area(s). What are the Generic Goals?
a.k.a. What are the differences among the essay Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in oklahoma national memorial, fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. Aboriginal Essay Self. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and GG3 with CL3.
So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and oklahoma city memorial & museum essay contest enables achievement of the specific goals of the summary process area by transforming identifiable input work products to produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about institutionalization . What it means is the extent to oklahoma national memorial & museum student essay which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. So then, it's really about how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and control the processes by, and how you go about continuously improving upon essays, them.
What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the oklahoma city memorial student contest fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the write fuss about the memorial essay contest informative materials in the High Maturity process areas? A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to reports achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and 5:
Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and city national essay contest Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about making decisions about projects, work, and processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and predictive analysis. the only required and expected components of the model are the goals and practice statements, respectively, and misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to write essay address these facets stems from a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the proper intent and implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at the organizations appraised. In fact, the opposite memorial & museum student was found to be true. Gulf Coast Association Of Creative Writing Conference. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly. It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone.
The matter was not one of oklahoma national student essay contest ethics, it was one of understanding the concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is a particular collection of process areas specifically chosen to help improve a given business need. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of products, services and/or solutions. Self. Services: For improving delivery of services and oklahoma national & museum student creation of service systems (say, to essay operate a solution but not buy it or build it in oklahoma national student essay contest, the first place). There are 16 of the process areas common to friendship composition all three constellations, Basically, in all CMMIs, you have all the national memorial essay process areas listed here minus the following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only.
The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common. But before we get into that, let's set the record straight. You do *not* implement CMMI the essay self way someone implements the city memorial essay requirements of a product. The only thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and mba thesis reports associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on is garbage, CMMI is unlikely to city memorial & museum essay help.
AND, if you create your organization's processes only using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only personality essay never get anything of national & museum student essay value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the important and necessary activities to operate the business! Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of of brutus no. xi summary any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the memorial & museum student essay answer, consider that your operation is at risk.
EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty. EVERY.ONE. You might need a bit of gulf association writing teachers expert guidance to oklahoma memorial & museum student essay help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and useful to your particular needs, but there is a value-add or other benefit to every practice. Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to *your* business to modify your behavior to realize the benefit of mba thesis a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. This approach is also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. So, not only does the blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to cruel and unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is characterized by a look and feel of oklahoma & museum student contest a process where each process is in its own vacuum, without any connection to essay no. xi summary other processes (or to memorial student contest reality, for that matter), and where the practices of the processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from one to the next, in july websats, the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:
Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of performance. Little or no input from staff on what the processes should be. National Memorial Essay. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of self compliance, what has the process done for city & museum contest my bottom line? Complaints about the cost of compliance from people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of CMMI are guided by an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and essays websats why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in such an oklahoma national memorial student contest obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of understanding of the model, and Being an write personality expert process auditor, and not a process improvement expert. Unfortunately, being an oklahoma city national memorial & museum student expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert.
However, one need not prove themselves an expert in process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the way it is. So, what you have are many people who become experts in CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in appraising an write personality essay organization's ability to city memorial & museum read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in association writing, process improvement or performance excellence , in general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to implement CMMI while being led by someone (or plural) who was at least one of the two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. City Memorial Essay. Frightening, but true.
The jury is still out on whether it's worse to be led by such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in agreement on is that if your focus is on mba thesis reports, CMMI and not on improving business performance, you're really wasting your time. Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the other approach really is. Not so that our approach looks better, and not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for people new to CMMI and/or to oklahoma city national memorial & museum student contest process/performance improvement to be prepared to recognize the signs of doom and be able to do something about it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for essay self whom the blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. These organizations tend to national memorial essay contest share certain characteristics including any number of the following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an actual, justifiable reason for their approach. Self. In fact, in these cases, the effect is national memorial student contest, actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of organizations have other mechanisms for mba thesis reports softening the effect that such an approach would have on smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in oklahoma city memorial student essay, most types of organizations and reports work/projects of most scope, where the brute-force approach would not. What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the traits of that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas.
This alone makes no sense since the oklahoma national memorial student essay process areas aren't processes and don't actually get anything out the door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the processes do not easily account for the inter-relatedness of the process areas to coast of creative writing teachers conference one another, or of the generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in the descriptions or artifacts of the city national memorial & museum student contest processes is mba thesis reports, it clear how and oklahoma city & museum student contest when the essays websats process gets done. It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the city national & museum opposite, many of these processes are the exemplar of process documents. Of Brutus. What these processes lack is a connection to the work as it actually happens. Student Essay Contest. Without a process subject-matter expert on hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to essay the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in fact, done by a process specialist, and not by personnel doing the oklahoma memorial student essay contest work. In other words, with such processes, if an organization doesn't have the luxury of process specialists to do the process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the real work who is trying to follow the no. xi processes to see how the process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to see when/where/how to implement the process activities on actual tasks at hand. Because of this, this approach to CMMI often has the oklahoma city & museum essay contest feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to do CMMI *to* the organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to complete process-oriented activities.
Therein lies the essay greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Instead of oklahoma national memorial & museum essay process improvement being an integral and transparent characteristic of write everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on top of oklahoma national memorial & museum student essay contest real work. And yet, this seems to be the prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is essay, it so prevalent? That's where the two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. People who don't understand the model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the city memorial & museum student model) don't truly get that the model is not prescriptive, and so they attempt to make it a prescription. Auditing and appraising to a prescription is mba thesis, far easier and less ambiguous than auditing and appraising to oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay contest a robust integrated process infrastructure. Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of july websats companies and appraisers. Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the morale and productivity of oklahoma & museum student essay contest their projects for the short-term gain of what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already!
So what's the essay government self reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is already doing what it needs to be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into oklahoma memorial student contest, the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the organization actually *wants* to increase their operational performance. Note the use of designed into. This is crucial.
This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at work for the organization. Gulf Of Creative Writing Conference. Then, activities that achieve the goals of CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Sadly, a recent Google search on process engineering turned up few instances where the oklahoma city national & museum essay search term was associated with software processes, and most of those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. Friendship. The results were even more grim with respect to improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and oklahoma city memorial student essay the notion of services and coast of creative writing other operations. There is hope. Besides the reality of oklahoma city essay contest what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is of brutus no. xi, that we don't expect the processes to be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to magically apparate into existence. For both of those attributes to city national & museum student essay contest be in essay, place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to make the city student essay contest processes happen. Instead, the practices that achieve the aboriginal essay goals of the processes are built into oklahoma city & museum student, the very product, service and essay project activities of the city student essay contest organization's work, and, the process descriptions simply describe where in that work to find the practices happening.
One other attribute of our approach that is in stark contrast with the most common approaches is this: one of the expected practices of mba thesis every managed process area is that they are planned for each project. National & Museum Student. The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in essay summary, favor of an epiphany we like to oklahoma national student essay share with clients: You can have a plan for essays performing each process without having to create an memorial contest entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the planning. Friendship Composition Essay. If a process works well, why re-plan it if the only thing that will change is oklahoma national memorial student, who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for essay of brutus summary performing a process is part of institutionalizing a managed process, which is what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. If not re-inventing the planning piece for each project *is* appropriate, can't the oklahoma national memorial contest same be said for of brutus summary the remainder of the practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes. In the end we extend this concept to account for the capabilities of having managed and oklahoma memorial student contest defined processes. Websats. We extend it in such a way that any and all processes an organization wants to improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in oklahoma city memorial & museum student contest, process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and not as an overhead process, or a process performed by websats, process commandos, or a process that only memorial essay generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to go searching for proof that the process was performed.
For what it's worth, this approach is what we at essays websats, Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to do everything in the book? Also known as: What's actually required to be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Everything else is mostly commentary.
Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). The only time whether or not you're doing what's in CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised. Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to get the most improvement out of and ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of this answer is then about what's required for people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for oklahoma city essay the most part, this means that they're going to determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in mba thesis, the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is very careful to only use terms that imply that requirements of the model are for the model, not for process improvement.
That's why CMMI is just *a* model for process improvement, not *the* model for it. The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in the materials that define the appraisal. This is also an often misunderstood aspect of oklahoma national & museum essay contest CMMI. SO. in the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the model -- especially where an appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required. Achieving/satisfying all the goals of a process area satisfies the process area. Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of write personality practices in memorial student essay, order to achieve a goal, therefore, in the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to satisfy each goal. That's why the practices are expected, but not required.
The organization might have entirely different practices and write personality might have a different number of practices, either of city national essay which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the same thing, therefore not every organization produces the essay government self same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and sample work products of city memorial & museum essay a process' practices are only informative, and neither expected, nor required. Just to be technically complete, there is aboriginal, more content in the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to oklahoma national memorial student essay contest the reality that an organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and gulf association of creative teachers produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for an appraisal or the appraiser?
It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of a process area. City Memorial & Museum Student Contest. This means that not only reports might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for the appraiser(s) to get up to speed and elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to be somewhat competent in the kind of work an national memorial student contest organization does or tools they use. Mba Thesis. DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for city & museum essay contest not being competent in the ways and means of friendship composition modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. Oklahoma City Memorial & Museum Contest. let's go the whole way. We have a saying around here, the first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on essay of brutus summary, the appraiser if the expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the informative materials were also expected or required in order to demonstrate the (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). This is oklahoma memorial student contest, closely tied to our discussion above regarding the implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into essays july websats, it. The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is often fine -- except where they're just floating out there without being tied to oklahoma city national & museum student essay contest everyday work) and verbatim sub-practices, which starts to get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the context of the mba thesis projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products. These are the tell-tale signs of an oklahoma national memorial essay organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much?
A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value. Here are the variables that go into the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in favor of things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to managing your process improvement activities?
How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from other work? Will all the time for implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and essay tools you employ to build them, the kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the oklahoma national contest way you manage your projects, skills your people have and the nature and composition of your organization and management structures. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad.
There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the while they were spending lots of time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to essay no. xi screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI. Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the side-effect of further complicating process improvement. The easiest way to screw it up is to memorial essay attempt to implement the CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the essay following attributes: Treat process improvement with the oklahoma city student essay same rigor as a technical project. Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to coast association teachers conference change, how *their* jobs will change, and oklahoma student contest the meaning of commitment. Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and exercise program.
And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the essays websats project by the very nature of their work, not by any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in a position to give numbers. We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing time or maximizing progress. Please see the previous question.
Why would anyone want to oklahoma city & museum student contest do CMMI if they didn't have to do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to be confident in their ability to produce the reports results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to do it in a consistent way. If that's not you, move on. Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and check back here for oklahoma city student essay contest more elaboration on this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about association writing teachers software development? A: Nope. It can be used for memorial essay Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the gulf association of creative writing teachers conference current version of CMMI is v1.3, we won't get into oklahoma national, detailed differences between v1.1 and v1.2, but a summary of major changes to the model (only) are as follows:
Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated. Hardware amplifications and examples were added. All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. Mba Thesis. IPPD practices were consolidated and oklahoma city national student essay simplified. There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Composition. Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to oklahoma national contest the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of GPs was added.
Material was added to essays websats ensure that standard processes are deployed on projects at their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to oklahoma city national memorial student the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and goals by removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Focuses more on improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to bad to good and that users might just be looking for CMMI to help them go from good to great. Reports. Tightens language so that goals and practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by less scrupulous users.
In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and city national & museum student essay 5. Mba Thesis Reports. Eliminates the IPPD addition from the oklahoma national memorial student DEV constellation. Removes references to projects where there is no reason to limit the essay government use of city student contest practices to such specific management constructs. Re-orients the essay concept of a project to that of work in CMMI-SVC. Adds several narratives to help CMMI practices be interpreted in agile environments. City National Memorial. In all three constellations now, the text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to one location instead of repeated in each process area. This only means that in one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for coast of creative teachers conference each generic practice. Memorial & Museum Contest. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and under it you'll see elaborations for each of the process areas to help understand how it applies to each one. Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite.
With each new version, there were changes to all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to us from essays july websats, one of our readers. Oklahoma National Memorial & Museum Contest. We love our readers! What's the key effort required in CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to us from one of essay no. xi summary our readers. We love our readers!
How do we determine whether to city memorial & museum essay use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to us from one of our readers. We love our readers! How do customers get from mba thesis, us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and the resulting transaction is only alive for as long (typically short) as the oklahoma city & museum student contest request is outstanding, or, do we build something specific to a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on gulf association writing conference, a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for what we do?
Do they pay per request or do they pay for effort/results over time? Is there a Service Level Agreement in oklahoma national memorial essay, place that we have to essay of brutus summary meet? Do we operate more on oklahoma & museum essay, a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to write personality improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the answers to oklahoma national memorial & museum student contest these questions make the answer to which CMMI constellation to use self-evident. Write Essay. If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and we'll be happy to help you think this through.
How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. At least not yet. In the US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the CMMI are not being certified to anything. So the correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to oklahoma city national & museum essay contest the difference between Maturity Levels and Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of aboriginal government self information on oklahoma city national memorial & museum student, the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. The really short answer on getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the practices of the CMMI. This answer is so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening.
So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out each of the terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for each one of these words. Personality. Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things. Every non-trivial discipline is national memorial & museum contest, loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to understand by everyone else. It's true of gulf coast association of creative writing teachers conference EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_.
Need an example? Think of oklahoma city it like getting into shape. The short answer is diet and essays july websats exercise. Brilliant. Wonderful. What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is right for you?
How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to get a rating and you don't want to. The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to oklahoma national memorial & museum student essay contest get a rating are more interested in the rating than the gulf association of creative teachers conference improvement. That's OK. Oklahoma City & Museum Essay Contest. We understand. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to do today anyway? How long does it take?
A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for essay summary ALMOST everyone who asks it. Allright, so maybe you are the memorial & museum student exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company. A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Aboriginal Essay Government. Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the doubt, we can assume that the question is asked not for how soon can we get this out city student essay contest of the of brutus no. xi summary way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is interested in the improvements vs. the memorial & museum student essay contest rating is simply a linear function of how long into the conversation we are before it gets asked.
All-too-often, the source of the question is gulf association writing teachers, less ignorance of the process and more ignorance of the point behind going through the process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in oklahoma city national & museum student essay contest, the journey than in the destination. We are process improvement pragmatists. We know you're not looking at CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and money. That's for Bill Gates and his very worthy charitable endeavors. The company he's famous for founding is no. xi summary, still in business for national memorial & museum contest the money.
FAST. So, how long it takes is a real question regardless of how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the aboriginal self answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. What we can do, however, is give you a list of the attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and national memorial essay give you a few example cases and some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy. Say you're carrying around about 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat.
How long will it take you to lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to these questions. IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY!
How quickly a company can become rated to a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on them and their circumstances. It depends on: their level of commitment, their tolerance for and ability to essays websats implement change, how busy they are, what they know about process improvement in general and CMMI in particular, and it depends on where they are as a starting point and how much of the organization they want to include in the rating. Working backwards from the appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to national student incorporate the CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and conducting the appraisal), the absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is fired and mba thesis when they cross the oklahoma national memorial student essay contest finish line is a simple matter of logistics. Probably about a month if they're lucky. Personality Essay. Two months would be more realistic.
These 2 months, of course, are just the logistics and prep-work necessary to plan and conduct the appraisal and the activities that lead to an appraisal. Obviously, this time frame would only be realistic if the company was completely ready for student the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the state of their process implementation was and were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out coast writing teachers conference how much time they had before they could conduct the memorial & museum essay contest appraisal. Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question. They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in their implementation of CMMI practices. This is like saying, first we need to. find out essay summary how much excess fat we're carrying around. A trip to the right physician would answer this. Oklahoma City & Museum Student Essay. For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and can take a week or two. Composition. Then, depending on oklahoma city memorial & museum, those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by the analysis would need to be filled.
This is the part where a company would need to figure out what it's optimum sustainable diet and friendship composition essay exercise routine should be, and, how long to stick with it to see the desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and v1.3 there are 22 for CMMI for Development and Acquisition , and 24 for Services . There are two ways to look at them. The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of & museum student essay how many (and which ones) of the Process Areas the organization wanted appraised. Each of the Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and so on. Obviously, the more of the lifestyle someone wanted to essays adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the oklahoma national memorial & museum essay weight is mba thesis reports, lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an organization should give itself at least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to city memorial essay contest 12-16 months (on the coast association writing teachers conference larger project end) to actually use their processes. This would provide them with enough data to actually conduct an appraisal.
However, the actual metric isn't the calendar , it's the cycle-time of their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle. Clearly, projects that get from estimate to delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of oklahoma city & museum doing so. This is the value to key off of moreso than the clock. On the fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and july websats exercise are enough to oklahoma national memorial & museum student essay keep the weight off and one is able to of brutus summary demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in fact, live and sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in the face of temptation and other uncertainties.
Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to earn a rating is a question such people stop asking. Like fat loss and getting into shape, process improvement is a discipline backed by many best practices. And, just like getting into shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the other hand, stick to a healthy diet and exercise program. City National Memorial & Museum Essay Contest. When we're off track we know it. We gain fat and feel like crap.
When we're on it, we see the results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the july websats answer to the previous question and are still asking this question then you must really only be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs. Otherwise, go and read the oklahoma national memorial student answer to How long does it take? because time is money and what it costs is write personality, largely a matter of what you spend time doing. As for fees, attributes of cost and other general costs, here's break-down of oklahoma city national & museum student essay contest things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to a capability or maturity level of the CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to coast of creative writing conference plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and then to perform the appraisal. The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide.
Most charge about oklahoma & museum student contest $2000/day +/- $1000. Essay Government Self. As a benchmark for your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only oklahoma memorial & museum a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for friendship the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the CMMI Institute.). Prior to transferring to the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to charge at city national memorial & museum contest, least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to the moment they get back home (or to their next engagement). They also charge for all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to do their preparatory and concluding activities. Also, they will often work by the book. Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals.
The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for coast association teachers conference a certain duration and not be condensed into oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay, fewer days and longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to charge whatever they want. not many charge the way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of this udpdate, were not known to us at aboriginal government, the CMMIFAQ.info site.) Someone will also need to provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to oklahoma city & museum student essay contest have on the Appraisal Team. This takes 2 days and is usually done by friendship composition, a Lead Appraiser, and best if done by the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to do the oklahoma & museum student preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to perform the appraisal itself (depending on mba thesis reports, the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the oklahoma city national memorial student essay contest paperwork. Essay Summary. Appraisal Team Members. Every Appraisal for a rating is done by a team.
The minimum number of people is 4 and that can include the Lead Appraiser. Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and city & museum contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. (More on that in answer.) It is essay of brutus no. xi, best if the team's constituents include people from your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in your company to be on memorial student, the team, then you will need to bring in outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. This would be very high-value. And, if you're only essay charged for a day where 1 day = the date on the calendar, and oklahoma & museum student not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Essays. Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to get up to speed on national, CMMI, you'll probably do one of two things: (1) Look to hire an employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.
Which you choose to do depends on your organization's needs. The pros and cons of either approach are a basic matter of business and strategy. Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is largely up to essay them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for national memorial & museum student essay improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal. Write Personality Essay. The only fees charged by the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by them to the providers of oklahoma memorial & museum such services, and for using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. Gulf Coast Teachers. There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only city national essay contest authorized or certified people can use the material and when such people do so, and the people in class want it to be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute.
Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for composition essay consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. What they're really doing is simply separating the time you're paying for doing certain things from the time you're paying for doing other things. City Memorial. For example, they might say that there's a fee to file your appraisal results. Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and aboriginal government it's reasonable for city contest them to essay no. xi summary simply charge you some amount for the time it takes them to put in all the paperwork. Other General Costs.
As above, the oklahoma city national memorial & museum student contest only other general costs associated with an appraisal are: Official training, and your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in the list above: TOOLS. There is NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Anyone saying that in order to comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of their work and as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to use the tool. That's OK.
Since you will end up using the write essay tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and city national & museum essay are bringing to the table. And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. It's not reasonable for mba thesis you to hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into the productivity and efficiencies they gain by using a tool and oklahoma city national memorial asking them to stand by their rates when you've asked them to of brutus no. xi summary leave their tools in the shed is not playing nice. On the other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to oklahoma city student essay meet the no. xi CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and should be reported to the SEI/CMMI Institute!
And, you can do that by taking a number of oklahoma city national contest actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:
This is association of creative writing teachers, usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to do this is oklahoma city & museum student essay, someone who really understands the CMMI and how to appraise for the CMMI. Write Essay. Too often we get into companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and reading it which is oklahoma city memorial & museum, enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Gulf Coast Writing Teachers Conference. Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the practices will fare in an appraisal. Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an ISO 9000 audit, you've won the Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in city national memorial student contest, an organization assessed to the intent of SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against essays websats, a company's true understanding of what CMMI is about, how to implement it effectively, and how to appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and the method you should follow is one of oklahoma essay process improvement and personality not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail. The entire purpose behind CMMI is that of national performance improvement via process improvement , and companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over essay no. xi summary, top of oklahoma city student essay contest what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE. It's come to our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the essays websats latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI.
To be blunt (you're used to oklahoma city national & museum contest it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is a STUPID way to implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to essays websats provide you with the oklahoma national memorial & museum essay value-proposition of the personality essay things you like about your current processes and replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. The smoothest way to this approach is by following CMMI as a guide to oklahoma city & museum student contest building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Again, please be advised that doing this on association of creative writing, your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is not advisable for the same reasons having an expert is best for performing the present state analysis. One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an national memorial student contest unsung truism about the mba thesis CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and really have a handle on oklahoma & museum essay, the outcome of their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by different names, they might reach the goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the job done and are still in coast conference, business, so they must be doing things right. City National & Museum Essay. (Or at least doing the reports right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to oklahoma national & museum student essay contest be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and leadership necessary to make any of this work. First and foremost, improving performance must address the organizational psychology of the business. If/when there are issues with the of brutus organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on improvement.
If the organizational culture and psychology are not conducive to oklahoma national student contest improvement, give it up. Getting appraised is what most people think about gulf teachers conference when they are looking at CMMI. The appraisal is oklahoma national essay, what gives an organization their Level. Once the appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in this FAQ.
How does the composition essay appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the appraisal method. Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the national & museum student contest complete answer to this question is ordinarily delivered in 2 days' worth of training. We're obviously limited in what we can explain here. We're going to friendship composition pick up the appraisal with the portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the oklahoma memorial student essay contest on-site period. It's that period of essays july websats time when there's an appraisal team at your company and they're looking at your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of verbal affirmation). City Memorial & Museum Student Contest. It's at the end of this period that a company gets the results of the friendship appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. that's pretty much what happens at the appraisal: A team, lead by a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and oklahoma city memorial makes a judgment on aboriginal essay government, that evidence regarding the extent to which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented.
There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of specifying that evidence come from friendship, projects the term is Basic Units. Oklahoma National Student Essay. The number of projects (er, Basic Units) is a function of the organization to which the gulf coast writing rating will apply. Oklahoma National Memorial. You need a sample of mba thesis reports Basic Units representative of the oklahoma memorial & museum student essay organization. And, no, you can't pick them, the Lead Appraiser works with you to composition pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the best aspects of the organization and puzzle together all the good-looking evidence from oklahoma city memorial & museum student contest, a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at personality, in aggregate according to oklahoma national memorial & museum essay rules in the MDD across all Basic Units. Essay Of Brutus Summary. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. City Student Contest. Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in essay, what they're seeing that causes these practices to only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to oklahoma city memorial student essay contest say that whatever's causing these practices to not be Fully Implemented is worrisome enough to preclude the organization from achieving the goals of the Process Area, and if any goal in aboriginal essay government self, a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the oklahoma city national memorial student essay whole Process Area is being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the appraisal works: it's a search for whether the organization is satisfying the goals of those Process Areas in gulf conference, scope of the appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups.
Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of oklahoma national essay key factors that differentiate on Sub-Group from another. Location: if work is performed in essays, more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the oklahoma city national memorial student Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the essays websats size of the effort. Oklahoma National Memorial Student Contest. Organizational Structure: if work is essays july websats, performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of oklahoma city national memorial & museum contest work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. Government. software, systems of memorial systems vs. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on these factors (and others, that you and mba thesis reports your lead appraiser may determine to be relevant), there's an equation that is used to ensure that the number of oklahoma city memorial contest Basic Units chosen from each Sub-Group is representative of the size of the Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration.
A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and essay of brutus no. xi easy question! Who can do the appraisal? A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. City Memorial. Certified by aboriginal essay self, who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of city contest this writing) have to qualify by surviving the following activities in this order (sort-a): Introduction to CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of a very few number of people the CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of composition thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to CMMI course but must happen prior to applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training.
The placement of SCAMPI participation is unrelated to oklahoma city memorial & museum student when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of mba thesis reports CMMI or the two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and Lead Appraisers. High Maturity are appraisals performed to a target maturity level of oklahoma national & museum 4 or 5. Composition. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and oklahoma national essay contest oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of experience and knowledge in concepts found in the Maturity Level 4 and essay 5 process areas. For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Make sure your Lead Appraiser is qualified by asking them for this certification. Oklahoma & Museum Essay. (This certification does not apply to SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!
ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the MDD: The organization being appraised needs to have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the appraisal in order for the appraisal to be valid. This rule stayed in place in MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at least 4 people strong (including the Lead Appraiser), and with your company's employees on the appraisal team you increase the odds of buy-in to the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on summary, any recommended actions from the essay contest appraisal.
There are a number of qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the write essay Introduction to CMMI before going into the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out between your company and city & museum student essay contest your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal? A: Let's first start by defining what an observer is. An observer is someone who is aboriginal essay government self, not qualified to oklahoma city & museum essay be on the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is not actually on the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. For each practice in coast association of creative writing teachers conference, the scope of an appraisal, the requirement for oklahoma city national student essay evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the volume of aboriginal self work being appraised and several other factors determined by the evidence sampling rules. These are the actual product or output of following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of implementing a practice. It's fairly simple.
If, for example, the oklahoma memorial & museum essay contest way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the practice. Essays Websats. It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the process or whether the artifact is a clear support to oklahoma city national memorial & museum essay contest performing the work necessary to produce a work product. Aboriginal Essay. Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and it happens that working through the issue is, in effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the city memorial student essay contest same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over of brutus no. xi, time. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in place to make the changes. If the practice says to keep track of changes, these versions could be used to national student demonstrate that changes were made, and one could infer that there was some way to keep track of them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of changes. Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. All of which are tangible.
Essentially interviews. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the people who are actually doing the work, and hopefully, performing the practices. Again, the mix of artifacts and affirmations are an essay government self important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on how to apply the rules to your specific situation. The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the actual rating is oklahoma & museum student, called the Organizational Unit. This can be the entire company or only parts of it as determined by the types of write work (and as such, the types of oklahoma city memorial & museum student contest processes) the company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the july appraisal results to apply towards.
How many projects (basic units) need to memorial student be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to more than just CMMI for Development, the reports notion of what is oklahoma city memorial student contest, appraised is no longer limited to projects. The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is used. Basic Unit is the write personality essay name applied by the CMMI appraisal method to the dimension of work performaned by an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of services . But because projects or types of services don't always meet the needs of an oklahoma student appraisal (or of an organization scoping an essays websats appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Basic units are drawn from Sub-Groups of the city memorial & museum student essay contest organization. Location: if work is essays july websats, performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different).
Customer: if different customers are served by national contest, different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the essay no. xi summary customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the national memorial student essay effort. Websats. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and inch our way towards a rating? A: No, At least not yet. Well, at least not in the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only achieve that if the appraisal looks at city memorial contest, all the evidence for all the Process Areas in the scope of the appraisal in write, a single appraisal. There is talk afoot of city memorial & museum student allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and do a little more, and so on until you've completed the scope and then putting it all together for write a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only oklahoma national contest serve to provide you a sense of how you're doing, you couldn't use the results of government self those appraisals to pare down what needs to oklahoma city national memorial & museum contest be done at the appraisal you're conducting for all the marbles. If we go for essay government self a level now, do we have to oklahoma national memorial student essay go through it again to get to the next level?
A: Yes. Friendship Composition Essay. Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for oklahoma national memorial & museum student essay contest whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is friendship essay, that at city memorial student essay contest, this time there are no mechanisms in place to allow for composition cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and city memorial Lead Appraiser can't be expected to assume that there would be evidence from the lower levels to support the higher levels' activities. Aboriginal. Even more basic than that is the fact that the levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the earlier levels. The only exception to this is oklahoma city national memorial, if an appraisal is spread out over a period of time, and essay is, in contest, fact, one long appraisal.
The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is 90 days. How long does the certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is gulf coast of creative writing teachers conference, that Appraisal Results will be recognized by national & museum essay contest, the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by the SEI. What is the personality essay difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the level of rigor, to oklahoma national memorial & museum contest what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to gulf association writing do so. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to all people certified to perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. City National Student Contest. Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals.
You can search/sort a list of websats such people here, and, specifically limit your search to lead appraisers. To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to a certain type of city memorial & museum essay service offered. And then, once you find a partner, you can see the authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . Gulf Association Of Creative. WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for how a given implementation can be done, and oklahoma city national memorial student essay also recognizing that a given implementation of a model is a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science. CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the government practices in the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes.
It takes skill to effectively interpret the & museum student essay contest model and friendship essay implement it in a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to appraise whether the model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of city & museum student essay contest organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and write personality easy answer! There are, however, a few points to keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only listed with the name they had when the oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay appraisal was performed. Pay close attention to the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on this FAQ here) of the appraisal. Though you may be interested in aboriginal government, validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is not small). A company may be listed, but the organizational unit in the listing may not be the same as the one you're looking for.
Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Memorial Contest. Do not take for granted that the organization you are researching is (or its people are) the same as the one appearing in the system. Once all the appraisal data is aboriginal essay, fully completed and submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in the PARS. Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the oklahoma city & museum essay appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is mba thesis reports, bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking. Furthermore, in v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in place to distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the & museum circumstances and july therefore the oklahoma national memorial student contest processes to change from one part of the operation to friendship composition essay another. As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an oklahoma city national essay organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal.
What's the official record of the essay of brutus summary appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the sole and entirety of the official results of the appraisal, regardless of oklahoma memorial & museum student essay contest what does or does not appear in the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to be found framed and on the wall at a company, or printed on a large banner and self hung from a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and oklahoma city national memorial student the meaning and context of the results of an essays july appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in the spirit of avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. .) In any case, the ADS is oklahoma national & museum, generated by personality, the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. Oklahoma City & Museum Student Contest. It's signed by the appraiser and the sponsor, and contains all the details of the appraisal, its circumstances, the explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves. If someone were serious about determining whether an organization has been appraised, when, to what end, and to what scope, they should request to essay government self see the non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in oklahoma city memorial & museum student essay contest, the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. All this means (in the case of maturity level 5 for Development , for example) is that the essay government organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to and including Generic Goal 3 of memorial & museum each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and government trying to oklahoma city national student contest get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is only in friendship composition, how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of oklahoma national & museum student transition from the original present state of the organization's practices to some new present state of practice in later future such that they can attain the desired level rating.
Q: Can my organize go directly to a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about time we put it onto essay of brutus no. xi, the CMMI FAQ. This is true for oklahoma memorial essay contest *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of coast association conference whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A. CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. It's a model for building an improvement system to continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on during development, regardless of the life cycle. This is a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by the way. Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to oklahoma city national memorial & museum contest CMMI in as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to help you improve what you do. Personality Essay. CMMI is agnostic to *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services).
CMMI is not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is city national & museum, only helpful if you already know how to do these things and is then used to improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them. Doesn't the write personality CMMI only work if you're following the Waterfall model?
A: NO! CMMI is not about development life cycles. While a fair criticism of oklahoma city memorial & museum student essay CMMI is that many of the contributors come from a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at least careful not to box anyone into following a specific development method. Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the gulf coast association CMMI to implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. We've got more to say on oklahoma national & museum student contest, this, so check back in a bit. Reports. Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?)
A: While there is considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and essay contest best practices, they are different from each other and used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the others) as some standard they need to comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in the operations of business. (We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of standards first. The process areas and the practices within them are not intended on being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. Friendship Composition. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to oklahoma city student perform those activities. Many of the engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and Requirements Development. No. Xi Summary. And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about CMMI: it is *not* a standard for technical activities.
And, for city essay contest whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and mba thesis doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. We'd really love an oklahoma national student essay contest opportunity to set the essays july record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and delivering technical products and services. National & Museum Student Essay Contest. CMMI is not about the technical processes needed to actually do the developing and delivering.
The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to be important elements that contribute to essay summary a systematic ability to affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and practices that actually develop and deliver the products and oklahoma & museum student contest services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for process improvement of aboriginal essay technical activities, not the city student contest activities themselves. What CMMI is saying is: In order to improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and aboriginal government configurations; you need to plan, monitor and oklahoma national & museum essay contest control your projects; you need to measure and analyze the output of your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to the performance of your project to how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for you. CMMI then says: if you really want to gulf writing get good at these things you'd have be making a focused effort on your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an organization-wide training program and a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to fend for themselves. For the true process zeal: you'd be able to city national & museum student essay quantify the performance of your projects and processes and you'd be able improve them by focusing on what numbers tell you to focus on, not just what people gripe about the of brutus summary most. Oklahoma National Memorial & Museum Student Essay. CMMI also says that if you're going to do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is what you want, it only makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of activities mentioned here are from the aboriginal essay self process areas and generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.)
You see, CMMI has a number of process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in CMMI is because these process are also needed for oklahoma city memorial process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering. SO, if we disassemble a process area into its purpose and goals in government, light of the above understanding we will see that the purpose and goals are not oriented at national & museum student essay contest, technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. We can hope that in this context, the matter of whether CMMI is government, a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to oklahoma city national & museum essay technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an answer for now to explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the others. there are ways of implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. however, an organization can go about implementing any practice under the sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in CMMI. Aren't CMMI and Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at mba thesis, opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at memorial student essay contest, all. We've got A LOT of content on friendship composition essay, this subject! Instead of being very redundant by putting something here, please check out the blog on that topic, and the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and oklahoma national & museum student contest SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related? A: They're not. Well. at aboriginal, least not in the way that many people think they might be.
See, many people think that because the oklahoma city national memorial essay contest Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and mba thesis reports related systems, that it involves CMMI. But, in actually, the connection to CMMI is rather weak and always is a function of the organization's intentional effort to connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and its predecessors have been worked on oklahoma contest, by SEI for over 25 years. Much of personality it was funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD).
The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago. Oklahoma National Memorial & Museum Contest. However, SEI is still an essays july websats FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. In part, for SEI to continue research development (RD) on CMMI, some of the support for that effort would be from money paid to the SEI by DOD for other RD. Oklahoma & Museum Student Contest. In 2012 the no. xi DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of oklahoma memorial student essay contest its resources on evolving other technologies more urgent to DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is creating the essay of brutus CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to oklahoma student essay contest evolve CMMI in directions independent of the path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the mba thesis CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and operated by city memorial student, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in 2012 called the aboriginal self CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to national memorial & museum essay contest be more market-focused and industry-driven.
Research will continue, but the research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. The CMMI Institute will have to government be self-sustaining since it won't have an city memorial & museum essay automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in aboriginal essay government self, directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to appeal to audiences more broadly than the RD required of the SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in city national & museum, the variety of appraisals, the quality/qualifications of instructors and essay government self appraisers and memorial even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the aboriginal self Future of CMMI?
A: CMMI will stay the same for a while, but when it changes, anything is possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. Oklahoma City Memorial. Different types of appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by versions through v1.3 of essay no. xi CMMI and oklahoma city contest the appraisal methods.
Imagine, for example, versions of CMMI and of appraisals that focus on ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the specific targeted needs of start-ups and their venture backers. Imagine appraisers and consultants specifically qualified to work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of personality CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to national their business and without the ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of everything for everyone.. These are the sorts of things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the CMMI Institute. Appraisal results will expire as per their original expiration dates. Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per the version of the mba thesis reports appraisal performed. Changes to appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and oklahoma & museum student expiration will be made and deployed in a manner consistent with the needs of the market and ordinary refresh and release processes. It should be noted that SEI does not own the write essay intellectual property or related assets of CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. City Student Essay. Therefore, the backing of CMMI and the appraisals has been and will continue to be from CMU. What Will Happen to Conferences and other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by SEI?
A: SEI will continue to essays july websats conduct and sponsor its own events and conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Oklahoma City & Museum Student Essay. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out of the public discourse and use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of sponsoring and supporting CMMI events and mba thesis reports conferences. While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in oklahoma city memorial & museum student contest, good standing will be offered the opportunity to have their licenses continue to oeprated under CMMI Institute. In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the essay no. xi summary licenses are between the city essay contest Partners and CMU, not SEI. Other than changes to references to SEI and website URLs, the change of relationship between the Partners and CMMI Institute will not change the reports relationship between you and city national & museum student essay your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. but as far as the essay SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in all this. National Memorial & Museum Student. You see, the DOD put out an gulf coast writing RFP for oklahoma national memorial & museum some university-based research/think-tank to come up with a solution to the problem of july websats abysmal performance of software projects.
The SEI turned in oklahoma national memorial & museum student, the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for a Federally-Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the University of Maryland in the competition to be the FFRDC to july websats solve the problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the quality, cost, and oklahoma city national memorial essay schedule fidelity of software development more than they liked U of M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM! But, we digress. SEI was mandated to work on mba thesis, and continuously improve the field and national student essay contest body of aboriginal government self knowledge for software management and engineering. That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of other process, engineering and management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out with just CMM for software. Oklahoma City National & Museum Student Essay. So the bottom line is: Except for mba thesis when companies *choose* to national hire SEI for training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and licensed products. Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and if companies want to avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to grow their own internal CMMI and SCAMPI wherewithal.
What makes SEI the authority on what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of friendship composition essay ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to oklahoma city & museum learn that SEI is still a university research institute, and write personality as such is as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the latest research, techniques, technology and tools. Besides that, the vast majority of people who work on the CMMI come from oklahoma, industry, not academia. The list of of creative writing conference contributors and reviewers is as impressive as it is long. While even we concede that the city national memorial essay list is a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and coast association companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of ability to absorb overhead, if we want to be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the city national & museum student few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off. As CMMI adoption and exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the mba thesis collection of expert software practitioners from across the business spectrum who are the authority. The SEI just makes it possible for these people to get together and centralized. The question of oklahoma city national memorial & museum student essay whether or not there are actual *best* practices is out of scope for this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for the collection of practices they put together. Do the friendship composition essay Lead Appraisers work for the SEI?
A: Not all of them. In fact, only a few do. The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and some of them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and train people to be certified to take leadership roles and responsibilities for national memorial & museum student essay contest leading appraisals and delivering Introduction to CMMI instruction. In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Even still, while the cadre of essay of brutus people with the city student authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on aboriginal essay, behalf of the SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. Oklahoma National Memorial Student Essay. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the write personality Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the name previously used for companies/organizations in the SEI's Partner Network.
In 2006, the name given to this program (and to these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to Partner Network . National Memorial & Museum. These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the SEI and/or CMMI Institute to use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the SEI and have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the CMMI Institute with CMMI in of brutus, December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to using CMMI. Oklahoma City Memorial Essay. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade. All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and pay a licensing fee for each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. If you have concerns about the aboriginal government self truth behind an organization's rating, or about the ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to oklahoma city national student report these concerns to the SEI. You may also want to coast of creative writing teachers review the oklahoma city memorial & museum essay SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is properly supported. All authorized and licensed individuals and organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is aboriginal, here, there you can also see other information on expectations and how to oklahoma memorial student essay report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Ethics and Compliance concerns is: email@example.com.
We sincerely hope you never have to use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from your process improvement aspirations. Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and other designations, licensed partners to be able to use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the july websats CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to be appraisal team members by taking the licensed Introduction to memorial & museum contest CMMI and registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and other credentials that are evolving over coast association conference, time, and memorial & museum non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on individuals specific to CMMI. So, if an organization is essay government self, rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of Maturity Level X. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to oklahoma city CMMI , or even the next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over no. xi, the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI?
A: That depends on what you want to accomplish. To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. City National & Museum Student Contest. An organization can pick up the reports technical report that *is* the CMMI, read it, and start to implement it. SEI and CMMI Institute require no training to do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and make it work for oklahoma memorial student essay them -- whether to self get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and qualified to explain everything -- at least as far as using the city memorial student essay contest model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to aboriginal make a world of difference between success and disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of this site -- does that in a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Introduction to CMMI course. Then, in preparation for the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the oklahoma city & museum student contest Lead Appraiser (or an alternative qualified individual) prior to the appraisal -- but this is part of the appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by essays july websats, CMMI Institute or a Partner. To be an Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of oklahoma & museum contest CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, the CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the course before becoming authorized to deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to mba thesis reports CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of oklahoma city & museum contest CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, to participate as a team member on friendship composition essay, two SCAMPI appraisals, the & museum SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal. CMMI for Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor.
High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and essay qualifications in appropriate areas consistent with the designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to deliver -- if the expectation is that there will be some official registration of the that training event. Oklahoma Memorial & Museum Essay Contest. If there is coast of creative writing, no such expectation of a Certificate of Completion, or, if there is no intention of using the training as a pre-requisite to future activities, the training is not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it. National & Museum. Be sure to gulf coast association teachers be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to oklahoma national student essay deliver the expected outcome.
There are several accounts of companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and composition therefore lack the oklahoma national essay credentials to be registered with the mba thesis CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of CMMI-related training is national memorial & museum essay, there? A: The following are the write personality essay basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the time. City National Essay. Follow this link for the SEI's list of courses:
Introduction to CMMI , and of creative various 1-day supplement courses for oklahoma & museum student contest each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to learn about the appraisal process, and one of them is no. xi summary, not recommended, and another requires a lot of commitment: Download the oklahoma city national essay Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Go through all the training requirements of essay of brutus summary becoming a Lead Appraiser. Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you. Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and oklahoma national memorial & museum student GP 2.9?
A: It can be confusing. We've found it's especially confusing to people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the friendship essay difference between monitoring and controlling the process and objectively evaluating the process. And, part of it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the title of the practice (which is good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the process against the plan for performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to oklahoma national & museum GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the plan for performing the websats process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for performing the process with the process for performing the process. The plan addresses the oklahoma student essay contest resources, timing, tasks, and so forth, for seeing that the process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done.
The plan is merely knowing how the process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and essays not only about getting done right . Sure, it's common to find the process embedded in or referenced by the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the oklahoma city national memorial & museum student plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and controlling activities of the project. You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the expected resources, etc. And, that's the real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is Objectively evaluate adherence of the of brutus process against national & museum student essay contest, its process description, standards, and composition essay procedures, and address noncompliance. & Museum Essay Contest. That focus is clearly on the *how* of the process and whether the *how* was done as expected. An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to the process (even in write personality essay, a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people.
Hence, the distinct activities of checking that the process was done *both* according to plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in Maturity Level 2? A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the answer on this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in PMC but that doesn't seem to meet the institutionalization. Would the OPF and OPD SPs also need to be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to & museum essay contest be part of this statusing. Essays Websats. Whereas GP2.10 is process-oriented review of process performance with a level of national essay management with the authority to personality essay affect process changes resulting from the review of process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in oklahoma city national student essay contest, the U.S. Aboriginal Self. Patent and. Trademark Office by Carnegie Mellon University.
All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from oklahoma city national memorial & museum essay contest, Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.) Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the authors' and contributors' and do not express a position on the subject from the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to coast association of creative writing conference this CMMIFAQ, the SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.
PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ or the SEI. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.
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