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AP English: The Rhetorical Analysis Essay


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Rhetorical analysis essay ap language

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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. William James is considered by many to be the most insightful and stimulating of American philosophers, as well as the second of the three great pragmatists (the middle link between Charles Sanders Peirce and John Dewey). As a professor of psychology and of philosophy at Harvard University, he became the most famous living American psychologist and later the analysis essay ap language most famous living American philosopher of his time. Avoiding the logically tight systems typical of European rationalists, such as the German idealists, he cobbled together a psychology rich in philosophical implications and a philosophy enriched by his psychological expertise. More specifically, his theory of the self and his view of human belief as oriented towards conscious action raised issues that required him to turn to philosophy. Craft Essay? There he developed his pragmatic epistemology, which considers the meaning of ideas and the truth of beliefs not abstractly, but in analysis terms of the student personal statement practical difference they can make in people’s lives. He explored the implications of this theory in areas of religious belief, metaphysics, human freedom and moral values, and social philosophy. His contributions in these areas included critiques of long-standing philosophical positions on such issues as freedom vs. determinism, correspondence vs. coherence, and dualism vs. Rhetorical Analysis Ap Language? materialism, as well as a thorough analysis of a phenomenological understanding of the self and consciousness, a “forward-looking” conception of truth (based on validation and revisable experience), a thorough-going metaphysical pluralism, and a commitment to a full view of argumentative essay sentences, agency in connection with communal and social concerns. Thus he created one of the last great philosophical systems in Western thought, even if he did not live quite long enough to rhetorical analysis essay complete every aspect of it. The combination of his provocative ideas and his engaging writing style has contributed to the enduring impact of his work. Born in New York City on January 11, 1842, William James was the oldest of the five children of Henry James, Sr., and Mary Walsh James.

His oldest brother, Henry James, Jr., the renowned writer of fiction, was followed by two other brothers and craft essay a sister. The family frequently moved between America and Europe, the father having inherited an amount of money sufficient to allow him to rhetorical analysis enjoy the life of an intellectual. While growing up, William had a passion for drawing. Since he wanted to become a painter, the family moved to Newport, Rhode Island in 1860, where William studied with the leading American portraitist, William Morris Hunt. When Do I Research Paper? Although he had talent, he gave up this career goal in less than a year. He had decided that it was insufficient for rhetorical essay him to do first-rate work. All this is indicative of three things: the family’s remarkable support for his aspirations; his own quest to achieve excellence; and his restless, indecisive difficulty in remaining committed to a career path.

In 1861, the American Civil War erupted. In response to President Lincoln’s call for volunteers, James committed himself to a short-term enlistment. Craft Essay? However, already in delicate health, he left when it expired after three months. (His younger brothers Wilky and Bob served in the Union Army.) He then enrolled in the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard University, his family moving to Boston. There he studied chemistry and then physiology, prior to his entering Harvard’s Medical School in essay 1863. A couple of years later, he took a year off to join a scientific expedition to Brazil, led by Louis Agassiz. But bad health eventually forced him to quit the expedition, and he returned to medical school (the James family moving from Boston to Cambridge, Massachusetts). Again he left, this time to study physiology and medicine in Germany and to recover his health. He failed to find a cure for economics his curious back pains, but returned to Harvard, passed his medical exams, and rhetorical essay ap language received his medical degree in employee engagement research paper 1869.

Nevertheless, he did not plan to practice medicine and seemed lost as to what to do with the rhetorical rest of his life. By the end of that same year, James’s neurological symptoms had become worse. Reflective Log? His training in rhetorical essay hard science was making it impossible for him to believe in human freedom and, thus, in the value of craft essay, struggling for moral ideals; the despair of materialism was leading him to the depression of determinism. In a barely disguised case history in his Varieties of Religious Experience , he tells of visiting an asylum while he was a medical student, and seeing an epileptic patient whose condition had reduced him to an idiotic state. James could not dispel the realization that if universal determinism prevails, he could likewise sink into such a state, utterly incapable of preventing it ( Varieties, pp.

135-136) . His dread over the sense of life’s absolute insecurity pushed him to become a virtual invalid in his parents’ home. Rhetorical Analysis Essay? He considered suicide. By the spring of 1870, when James was twenty-eight years old, he experienced a critical moment while reading a treatment of human freedom by employee the French neo-Kantian Charles Renouvier. He discovered the solution to his problem in the voluntaristic act of will whereby he could commit himself to believing in rhetorical analysis ap language his own freedom despite any lack of objective evidence. He started down the road to recovery, though the remainder of his life would be plagued by in a seemingly psychosomatic troubles (serious eye strain, mysterious back pains, digestive problems, and periods of exhaustion, as well as chronic mood swings, including times of ap language, brooding depression). Craft Essay? Unfortunately, he still lacked a constructive career goal. In 1872, one of James’s former chemistry professors, now Harvard’s President, offered him a job teaching physiology. Ap Language? He accepted and began his career of more than a third of a century as a faculty member there. The next year, he became an instructor of anatomy and physiology.

By the mid-eighteen-seventies, he was teaching psychology there, using the physiological approach he had learned in when do i in a research Germany and rhetorical analysis ap language establishing the first psychology laboratory in America. He met a schoolteacher named Alice Howe Gibbens, whom he married in 1878. Like his parents, they had five children, naming the first two Henry and William. Alice was adept at handling his neurotic obsessions and emotional moodiness, and they seem to have had a good marriage, living comfortably in Cambridge. The year they married, James agreed to write a psychology textbook; however, by craft essay then he was already drifting away from psychology into philosophy. He was a member of a Metaphysical Club that included Oliver Wendell Holmes, who taught law at Harvard and analysis essay would go on to serve on the U. S. Supreme Court, and Charles Sanders Peirce, a philosopher of science, who would become the founder of American pragmatism. In 1879, James began teaching philosophy at Harvard, becoming an assistant professor of Reflective Log, philosophy the next year. Rhetorical Analysis Ap Language? He published “The Sentiment of Rationality,” his first important article in his new discipline. As he got deeper into student cambridge economics personal philosophy, he developed a negative attitude towards psychology. After becoming a full professor of ap language, philosophy in 1885 and engagement paper of psychology in 1889, he published his Principles of Psychology in 1890.

It had taken him close to twelve years to finish it, and, though it would be extremely successful, he was dissatisfied with it and disgusted with psychology ( Letters , vol. Essay Ap Language? 1, pp. 294, 296, vol. 2, pp. 2-3). Nevertheless, he agreed to prepare an abridged version, which was published two years later as Psychology: Briefer Course ; it too would be widely used and help to establish his reputation as the foremost living American psychologist.

He resigned his directorship of Harvard’s psychology lab and committed himself to teaching and writing philosophy. In 1897, James’s first philosophical book, The Will to Believe and Other Essays in essay sentences Popular Philosophy , was published, dedicated to analysis Charles Sanders Peirce. The following year, at craft essay, the University of California at Berkeley, he delivered a lecture, “Philosophical Conceptions and rhetorical analysis Practical Results,” which helped to launch pragmatism as a nationwide philosophical movement. In 1899, his Talks to Teachers on Psychology and to Students on Some of Life’s Ideals was published. Overworked at Harvard and jeopardizing his fragile health, he suffered a physical breakdown that same year. While recovering his health, he studied a wide range of accounts of religious experience and prepared his Gifford Lectures, which he delivered at the University of student cambridge economics statement, Edinburgh in 1901-02. Essay? These were published as The Varieties of Religious Experience in 1902 and proved to craft essay be quite successful, although James himself was displeased, believing them to contain too much reporting on essay facts and too little philosophical analysis. For the remainder of his life, James focused on the development of Reflective Log, his own philosophy, writing essays and lectures that would later be collected and published in four books. In the rhetorical analysis essay spring of dulce, 1906, he took a leave of absence from Harvard to take a visiting professorship at Stanford University, though his lecture series in California was interrupted by the great San Francisco earthquake.

In late 1906 and early 1907, he delivered his lectures on Pragmatism in Boston and at Columbia University, publishing them in the spring of 1907. Analysis Essay? That was also the year he resigned from Harvard, worried that he might die before being able to employee complete his philosophical system, as he was suffering from angina and shortness of breath. He delivered the rhetorical analysis ap language Hibbert Lectures in England in 1908, published the next year as A Pluralistic Universe , aimed at combating the neo-Hegelian idealism that was then prevalent in Great Britain. Meanwhile, he was under intellectual assault by mainstream philosophers for student room cambridge personal his pragmatic treatment of truth, which he defended in a collection of essays published in 1909 as The Meaning of Truth . By the next year, James’s heart trouble left him so plagued by fatigue that normal activities became quite difficult. He was attempting to complete his textbook on Some Problems of Philosophy , but died on August 26, 1910. In 1911, his textbook, edited by rhetorical analysis his son Henry, and his Memories and Studies were posthumously published. In 1912, his Essays in employee paper Radical Empiricism was published, followed, in 1920, by some of his Collected Essays and rhetorical analysis essay ap language Reviews and The Letters of William James , edited in Reflective Log two volumes by his son Henry. Rhetorical Analysis Essay Ap Language? His writings have survived in part because of the provocative honesty of his ideas, but also because of the vibrant, sometimes racy, style in which he expressed them. In A Pluralistic Universe , he castigates philosophers who use technical jargon instead of clear, straightforward language. When Do I Use Citations In A Paper? He practiced the spontaneous thinking and freshness of analysis essay, expression he advocates there ( Universe , pp. 129-130).

It has been said (by the novelist Rebecca West) that, while Henry James wrote fiction as though it were philosophy, his older brother, William, wrote philosophy in a colorful style typical of fiction. By the when do i use citations paper early 1890s, when James published his two books on psychology, the discipline was in the process of splitting off from rhetorical analysis essay ap language, philosophical speculation (“psychology” literally means “the study of the soul”) to establish itself as an empirical social science. Despite impatience with the process of that development, he contributed significantly to moving it along, regarding psychology as the Reflective Log science of our mental phenomena or states of rhetorical analysis ap language, consciousness, such as thoughts, feelings, desires, volitions, and so forth. a. The Stream of employee, Consciousness and the Self. In analyzing what can broadly be termed human thinking, James delineates five generic characteristics: (1) all thought is owned by some personal self; (2) all thought, as experienced by human consciousness, is constantly in flux and never static; (3) nevertheless, there is an ongoing continuity of thought for every thinker, as it moves from rhetorical analysis essay, one object to another (like the alternating times of flight and perching in a bird’s life), constantly comprising shifting foci and the contextual fringes within which they are given; (4) thought typically deals with objects different from and independent of consciousness itself, so that two minds can experience common objects; and (5) consciousness takes an interest in particular objects, choosing to focus on them rather than on others ( Principles , vol. 1, pp. When Use Citations Paper? 224-226, 236-237, 239, 243, 258-259, 271-272, 284; Psychology , pp.

152-154, 157-160, 166-167, 170). The self can be viewed as an object of thought or as the subject of rhetorical analysis, thought. The former is the empirical self or “me,” while the latter is the employee research pure ego or “I.” The dimensions of the empirical self (“me”) include the rhetorical ap language “material” self (comprised of Reflective Log, one’s body and rhetorical analysis such extensions of it as one’s clothing, immediate family, and home), the “social” self (or significant interpersonal relations), and the “spiritual” self (one’s personality, character, and defining values). The pure ego (“I”), identifiable with the Reflective Log soul of traditional metaphysics, cannot be an object of science and should not be assumed to be a substance ( Principles , vol. 1, pp. 291-294, 296, 319, 343-344, 348, 350; Psychology , pp. 176-181, 194, 196, 198, 200, 202-203, 215-216). b. Sensation, Perception, Imagination, and Belief. James states that if we track the dynamic of mental activity, we discern a standard pattern from sensation to perception to imagination to analysis essay ap language belief.

Through sensation, we become acquainted with some given fact. Dulce Et Decorum? This can, but need not, lead to knowledge about that fact, achieved by perceiving its relations to other given facts. Rhetorical? Both sensation and perception involve an immediate intuition of some given objects. Imagination, less immediate, retrieves mental copies of student room cambridge economics, past sensations and perceptions, even when their external stimuli are no longer present. Belief is the sense or feeling that ideas or propositions formed in the imagination correspond to analysis ap language reality. Every proposition can be analyzed in terms of essay sentences, its object and whether that object is believed. The object of a proposition comprises a subject (such as my horse), a predicate (wings), and a relation between them (my horse has sprouted wings). The belief is the psychic attitude a mind has towards that object (for example, I believe it or deny it or am in doubt about it) ( Principles , vol. 2, pp. Rhetorical Essay Ap Language? 1-3, 44, 76-77, 82-83, 283-284, 287-290; Psychology , pp. 12-14, 302, 312, 316-317).

Like other animals, we have primitive instincts, such as fear, some desires, and certain forms of sympathy, which do not require being taught them or consciously focusing on ends. Craft Essay? However, we also have emotions that are learned behavior and do involve such a focus—for example, a fear of failure and the desire for an academic degree. Instincts and rhetorical essay ap language emotions thus overlap, the latter tending to cover a broader range of objects than the former. Argumentative Sentences? We tend to assume that perceptions trigger emotional responses, eventuating in bodily expressions—that we suddenly see a bear, become frightened, and then tremble and run away. But James thinks the actual sequence is rhetorical ap language, perception, followed by bodily expressions, followed by emotional feeling—that we see the bear, tremble and run away, then feel those physical events as what we call fear. The idea that emotions ultimately have physical causes emphasizes the intimate relationship between our bodies and our mental life ( Principles , vol. 2, pp. 383, 410, 442, 449-453, 467; Psychology , pp. 391, 375-376, 378-381). The human will is crucial for deliberately acting on our beliefs and emotions. Sometimes we consider alternative courses of action and seem to select one among them, as if making a voluntary decision.

James maps out five sorts of when in a research, decision-making: (1) the reasonable sort, whereby we accede to rational arguments; (2) the sort that is triggered by external circumstances, such as overhearing a rumor; (3) the sort that is rhetorical, prompted by our submission to something within ourselves, such as a habit formed by past actions; (4) the sort that results from a sudden change of mood such as might be caused by a feeling of when do i use citations in a research paper, grief; and essay (5) the dulce est imagery rare sort that is a consequence of our own voluntary choice, which will be identified as the “will to believe.” Whether we have free will or not is a metaphysical issue that cannot be scientifically determined ( Principles , vol. 2, pp. 486-488, 528, 531-534, 572-573; Psychology , pp. Rhetorical Essay Ap Language? 415, 419-420, 428-434, 456-457). Even if philosophically interesting matters such as freedom vs. When Do I Use Citations? determinism cannot be scientifically resolved, some sort of epistemological methodology is ap language, needed if we are to Reflective Log avoid arbitrary conclusions. Whatever approach is chosen, it is clear that James repudiates rationalism, with its notions of a priori existential truths. Rhetorical Analysis Ap Language? He is Reflective Log, particularly hostile to German idealism, which he identifies especially with Hegel and which he attacks in many of his essays (this identification leads him to be remarkably unfair to Kant, an earlier German idealist). As he makes clear in “The Sentiment of Rationality,” the personality of the would-be knower and various practical concerns are far too relevant to allow for such abstract intellectualism. The tradition of modern empiricism is rhetorical essay, more promising, yet too atomistic to allow us to est imagery move much beyond the knowledge of acquaintance to genuine comprehension ( Will , pp. 63-67, 70, 75-77, 82-86, 89, 92).

Fortunately, James had already learned about the pragmatic approach from Peirce. James’s book of lectures on Pragmatism is arguably the most influential book of American philosophy. The first of rhetorical, its eight lectures presents pragmatism as a more attractive middle ground between the two mainstream approaches of European philosophy. Craft Essay? The “tender-minded” approach tends to be rationalistic, intellectualistic, idealistic, optimistic, religious, committed to analysis ap language freedom, monistic, and dogmatic; by contrast, the student room personal “tough-minded” approach tends to be empirical, grounded in sensations, materialistic, pessimistic, irreligious, fatalistic, pluralistic, and skeptical. It is difficult to identify many pure types of either of rhetorical analysis essay ap language, these in cambridge personal statement the history of philosophy, and some thinkers (such as Kant) are deliberately mixed, as is James himself. He thinks that most of us want a philosophical method that is firmly anchored in empirical facts, while being open to, rather than dismissive of, moral and religious values. He offers pragmatism as a philosophy that coherently meets both demands. James’s second lecture is committed to showing how the pragmatic method helps us establish meaning by making it a function of practical consequences (the word “pragmatic” means having to do with action and is etymologically related to our English word “practical”). Before we invest much time or effort in seeking the meaning of rhetorical analysis essay ap language, anything, we should consider what practical difference it would make if we could find out. Providing an example to illustrate his point, James refers to the Hegelian notion of God as the all-encompassing Absolute Spirit.

How should we decide whether this is what we should mean by employee engagement God? Consider the practical consequences for a believer: on the one hand, it would provide us with the optimistic, comforting assurance that everything will work out for the best; but, on the other, it also undermines the analysis values of human individuality, freedom, and argumentative sentences responsibility. From that pragmatic perspective, James rejects the Hegelian notion. Undoubtedly, philosophy provides us with only one legitimate approach to belief, as he observes in his fifth lecture, others being common sense (with its basic concepts derived from experience) and science. However, these others are impotent in dealing with questions of freedom and value ( Pragmatism , pp. 10-13, 18, 26-28, 30-38, 79-80, 83-85). It seems that anything knowable must be true. But what does it mean to call a proposition or belief “true” from the perspective of essay ap language, pragmatism? This is the subject of James’s famous sixth lecture. Craft Essay? He begins with a standard dictionary analysis of truth as agreement with reality. Essay Ap Language? Accepting this, he warns that pragmatists and intellectualists will disagree over how to interpret the concepts of “agreement” and “reality,” the latter thinking that ideas copy what is fixed and independent of us.

By contrast, he advocates a more dynamic and practical interpretation, a true idea or belief being one we can incorporate into our ways of student cambridge personal statement, thinking in such a way that it can be experientially validated. For James, the rhetorical essay ap language “reality” with which truths must agree has three dimensions: (1) matters of fact, (2) relations of ideas (such as the eternal truths of essay sentences, mathematics), and (3) the entire set of other truths to which we are committed. To say that our truths must “agree” with such realities pragmatically means that they must lead us to useful consequences. Rhetorical Analysis Essay? He is essay sentences, a fallibilist, seeing all existential truths as, in theory, revisable given new experience. They involve a relationship between facts and our ideas or beliefs.

Because the facts, and our experience of them, change we must beware of regarding such truths as absolute, as rationalists tend to do ( Pragmatism , pp. 91-97, 100-101). This relativistic theory generated a firestorm of criticism among mainstream philosophers to which he responded in The Meaning of Truth . c. Analysis Essay? The Pragmatic Approach to Belief. Western philosophers have traditionally viewed knowledge as justified, true belief. So long as the idea of truth is pragmatically analyzed and sentences given a pragmatic interpretation of justification, James seems to accept that view. Rhetorical Analysis Essay? His entire philosophy can be seen as fundamentally one of argumentative sentences, productive beliefs. All inquiry must terminate in belief or disbelief or doubt; disbelief is merely a negative belief and doubt is the true opposite of both. Believing in anything involves conceiving of it as somehow real; when we dismiss something as unreal (disbelief), it is typically because it somehow contradicts what we think of rhetorical analysis essay, as real. Some of our most fundamental and craft essay valuable beliefs do not seem sufficiently justified to be regarded as known. These “postulates of rationality” include the convictions that every event is caused and that the world as a whole is rationally intelligible ( Principles , vol. 2, pp.

283-284, 288-290, 670-672, 675, 677). As he holds in “The Sentiment of Rationality,” to rhetorical say that such beliefs, however crucial, are not known, is to admit that, though they involve a willingness to act on them, doubt as to their truth still seems theoretically possible. He identifies four postulates of rationality as value-related, but unknowable, matters of belief; these are God, immortality, freedom, and argumentative essay moral duty ( Will , pp. Essay? 90, 95). Economics Personal? He proceeds to deal with each of them individually. James is arguably the most significant American philosopher of religion in intellectual history, and many of his writings, in addition to the obligatory “Will to Believe” essay and his book on analysis essay ap language The Varieties of Religious Experience , offer provocative insights into that area. Because we do not naturally experience the supernatural, James, the radical empiricist, thinks of faith in God as falling short of knowledge. Yet such faith is pragmatically meaningful to many people, and it is reasonable to wonder whether, how, and to what extent it can be justified.

For James, the logical philosopher trained in science, both logic and science have limits beyond which we can legitimately seek the sentiment of rationality. His notorious “Will to Believe” essay is designed to employee be a defense of religious faith in the absence of conclusive logical argumentation or scientific evidence. Rhetorical Analysis Essay Ap Language? It focuses on what he calls a “genuine option,” which is a choice between two hypotheses, which the believer can regard as “living” (personally meaningful), “forced” (mutually exclusive), and “momentous” (involving potentially important consequences). Whether an option is “genuine” is thus relative to the perspective of a particular believer. James acknowledges that in our scientific age, there is paper, something dubious about the voluntaristic view that, in some circumstances, we can legitimately choose to believe in the absence of any objective justification. Essay Ap Language? However, he claims we naturally do so all the time, our moral and political ideas being obvious examples. When you believe that your mother loves you or in the sincerity of your best friend, you have no conclusively objective evidence. In addition, you will never be able to student room cambridge personal statement secure such evidence.

Yet it often seems unreasonable to refuse to commit to believing such matters; if we did so, the pragmatic consequences would be a more impoverished social life. Indeed, in some cases, believing and acting on that belief can help increase the chances of the belief being true. Now let us apply this argument to religious belief. Rhetorical Essay? What does religion in general propose for our belief? The two-pronged answer is that ultimate reality is most valuable and that we are better off if we believe that.

Committing to that two-pronged belief is meaningful, as is the refusal to do so. At any given moment, I must either make that two-pronged commitment or not; and how I experience this life, as well as prospects for craft essay a possible after-life, may be at stake. Whether one makes that commitment or not, pragmatic consequences can be involved. Analysis Essay Ap Language? Nor should we imagine that we could avoid having to make a choice, as the commitment not to craft essay commit is itself a commitment ( Will , pp. 1-4, 7-9, 11-14, 22-30; see also Problems , pp. 221-224).

b. The Varieties of Religious Experience. If religious faith is not to rhetorical analysis ap language be reduced to arbitrary whimsy (the “will to make believe”), it must rest on some sort of personal experience. As psychologist and philosopher, James deliberately defines “religion” broadly as the experiences of human individuals insofar as they see themselves related to whatever they regard as divine. This definition indicates that religion does not require faith in a transcendent, monotheistic God, and that it does not mandate the social dimension of religious community. James distinguishes between “healthy-mindedness” and the “sick soul” as two extreme types of religious consciousness, the Reflective Log former being characterized by essay optimistic joy and the latter by use citations in a a morbid pessimism. Essay? In between these extremes are “the divided self” and craft essay the stable, well-integrated believer. James develops lengthy analyses of rhetorical analysis ap language, religious conversion, saintliness, and mysticism.

In going beyond these, he considers what philosophy might contribute to establishing “over-beliefs” regarding the existence and nature of the divine. He critically considers traditional arguments for God—the cosmological argument, the argument from design, the moral argument, and economics personal statement the argument from rhetorical analysis, popular consensus—finding none of them particularly cogent, but exhibiting the most respect for the argument from design. He likewise weighs in the balance and finds wanting arguments for metaphysical and argumentative moral divine attributes, finding the latter of more pragmatic relevance to human values, choices, and behavior than the former. In his final lecture, he draws conclusions regarding three beliefs that experience finds in religions in general: (1) that our sensible world is part of and derives its significance from a greater spiritual order; (2) that our purpose is fulfilled by achieving harmonious union with it; and rhetorical analysis essay (3) that prayer and spiritual communion are efficacious. Furthermore, religions typically involve two psychological qualities in their believers: (1) an energetic zest for living; and (2) a sense of security, love, and peace. Given that thought and feeling both determine conduct, James thinks that different religions are similar in feeling and engagement conduct, their doctrines being more variable, but less essential. Most generally, these doctrines attempt to diagnose a fundamental uneasiness about our natural state and to prescribe a solution whereby we might be saved ( Varieties , pp. 42, 83, 121, 124, 137, 142, 145-147, 330, 334-341, 367, 380-383). Although James is somewhat vague regarding his own religious “over-beliefs,” they can be pieced together from rhetorical analysis, various passages. Dulce Et Decorum? He believes there is more to reality than our natural world and that this unseen realm generates practical effects in this world.

If we call the supreme being “God,” then we have reason to think the interpersonal relationship between God and humans is dynamic and rhetorical essay that God provides us with a guarantee that the moral values we strive to craft essay realize will somehow survive us. Analysis Essay Ap Language? James describes himself as a supernaturalist (rather than a materialist) of craft essay, a sort less refined than idealists and as unable to subscribe to popular Christianity. He is unwilling to assume that God is rhetorical essay ap language, one or infinite, even contemplating the polytheistic notion that the divine is a collection of godlike selves ( Varieties , pp. 384-386, 388-390, 392-393, 395-396). In “The Dilemma of Determinism,” James depicts his image of God with a memorable analogy, comparing God to a master chess player engaged in a give-and-take with us novices. We are free to est imagery essay make our own moves; yet the master knows all the moves we could possibly make, the odds of our choosing one over the others, and how best to respond to any move we choose to make. Analysis Essay Ap Language? This indicates two departures from the traditional Judeo-Christian concept of dulce est imagery, God, in analysis essay ap language that the master is interacting with us in time (rather than eternal) and does not know everything in argumentative essay the future, to the extent that it is freely chosen by us. In “Reflex Action and Theism,” James subscribes to a theistic belief in essay a personal God with whom we can maintain interpersonal relations, who possesses the deepest power in student cambridge economics statement reality (not necessarily omnipotent) and a mind (not omniscient). We can love and analysis essay ap language respect God to the extent that we are committed to the pursuit of common values. In “Is Life Worth Living?” James even suggests that God may derive strength and energy from our collaboration ( Will , pp.

181-182, 116, 122, 141, 61). Elsewhere, rejecting the Hegelian notion of dulce et decorum essay, God as an all-encompassing Absolute, he subscribes to a God that is finite in rhetorical analysis essay knowledge or in power or in both, one that acts in time and when do i use citations paper has a history and an environment, like us ( Universe , pp. 269, 272; see Letters , vol. 2, pp. 213-215, for James’s responses to a 1904 questionnaire regarding his personal religious beliefs). In contrast to monists such as Hegel, James believes in rhetorical ap language multiple worlds, specifying seven realms of reality we can experience: (1) the paper realm that serves as the essay touchstone of reality for most of us is the world of physical objects of paper, sense experience; (2) the rhetorical world of science, things understood in terms of physical forces and laws of nature, is available to the educated; (3) philosophy and mathematics expose us to engagement research paper a world of rhetorical analysis, abstract truth and ideal relations; (4) as humans, we are all subject to the distortions of commonplace illusion and prejudices; (5) our cultures expose us to the realms of mythology and economics personal fiction; (6) each of us has his or her own subjective opinions, which may or may not be expressed to others; and (7) the world of madness can disconnect us from the reality in which others can readily believe.

Normally we can inhabit more than one of rhetorical essay ap language, these and be able to discriminate among them. What we take to be real must connect with us personally because we find it interesting and/or important, which emphasizes elements of both subjectivity and argumentative pragmatic relevance ( Principles , vol. 2, pp. 292-299). b. The Philosophical Importance of Metaphysics. Part of what makes James a great philosopher in the grand tradition is that, unlike so many post-Hegelian Western philosophers, he advocates the pivotal importance of metaphysics. Essay? The theory of reality in general provides a crucial foundational context for et decorum philosophy of human nature, philosophy of religion, ethics, social philosophy, and so forth. Philosophy essentially is an intellectual attempt to come to grips with reality, as he says on the first page of Pragmatism . In its third lecture, James approaches four standard metaphysical issues using his pragmatic method, those of (1) physical and spiritual substance, (2) materialism vs. Rhetorical Analysis Ap Language? theism as explanations of our world, (3) whether the dulce natural world indicates intelligent design, and essay (4) freedom vs. universal determinism. For each of these, we cannot conclusively establish where we should stand based merely on what experience discloses about the past, but can take reasonable positions based on pragmatic anticipated future consequences. As modern philosophy demonstrates, we can never directly and immediately experience any sort of substance; however, we do experience physical qualities and mental events and can best make sense of them by attributing them to Reflective Log bodies and minds.

The world is what it is, regardless of whether it is the result of divine activity or of the random interactions of atoms moving in space; whether or not it was intelligently designed in the distant past has no bearing on rhetorical analysis the fact that we experience it as we do. But a world intelligently designed by a deity pragmatically involves the possibility of a promising future, whereas one resulting from unconscious physical forces promises nothing more than a collapse into meaningless obliteration. Paper? On the one hand, if everything we may do or fail to do is determined, why bother doing anything? On the other hand, if we are free to choose at least some of our actions, then effort can be meaningful. Rhetorical Analysis Essay? In the fourth lecture, James states that our world can be viewed as one (monism) or as an irreducible many (pluralism). Dulce Et Decorum Est Imagery Essay? There are certain ways in which we humans generate a unity of the objects of our experience, yet the absolute unity to which monism is committed remains a perpetually vanishing ideal. In his seventh lecture, James identifies three dimensions of rhetorical analysis, reality: (1) the objects of factual experience; (2) relationships between our sensations and economics personal our ideas and among our ideas; and (3) the entire network of truths to which we are committed at any given time.

Again, we see here a combination of subjectivity and pragmatic relevance that views reality as a process of rhetorical essay ap language, development, which he calls “humanism” ( Pragmatism , pp. 7, 43-55, 62-69, 71, 73-74, 110-111, 115-116; see also Truth , pp. 100-101). James intended Some Problems of Philosophy to room cambridge personal statement be largely a textbook in metaphysics, which he defines in terms of the ultimate principles of reality, both within and beyond our human experience. Much of rhetorical ap language, it concerns the issue of the one and the many, which is arguably the oldest problem of Western philosophy and Reflective Log represents the split between collective monism (such as Hegel’s) and rhetorical analysis ap language distributive pluralism (such as James himself advocates). Monism, pursued to its logical extreme, is deterministic, setting up a sharp dichotomy between what is craft essay, necessary and what is ap language, impossible, while pluralism allows for possibilities that may, but need not, be realized. The former must be either optimistic or pessimistic in its outlook, depending on whether the future that is determined is do i use citations in a research, seen as attractive or unattractive. In contrast, pluralism’s possibilities allow for a “melioristic” view of the ap language future as possibly better, depending on dulce et decorum est imagery choices we freely make. Pluralism need not specify how much unnecessary possibility there is in the world; by contrast, monism must say that everything about the future is locked in essay from all eternity—to which pluralism says, “Ever not quite.” James is advocating what he calls the sentences possibility of “novelty” in the world.

Pluralism, being melioristic, calls for rhetorical our trusting in employee research and cooperating with one another in analysis essay ap language order to realize desirable possibilities that are not assured ( Problems , pp. Dulce Et Decorum Est Imagery Essay? 31, 114, 139-143, 205, 228-230). Analysis Ap Language? In his Essays in Radical Empiricism , James attempts to distance himself from the when use citations research paper philosophical dualism that sees physical reality (bodies) and spiritual reality (minds) as essentially distinct. He claims that the “philosophy of pure experience” is more consonant with the theory of novelty, indeterminism, moralism, and humanism that he advocates, though it is less than clear why. We never experience mind in separation from ap language, body, and he dismisses as an illusion the notion of consciousness as substantial; however, he does not want to reject the cambridge economics statement reality of mind as a materialist might do. So after years of opposing monism, he adopts an essay ap language, admittedly vague sort of neutral (neither materialistic nor idealistic) monism that sees thoughts and student room cambridge things as fundamentally the same stuff, the rhetorical analysis further definition of which eludes us ( Empiricism , pp. Dulce? 48, 115-117, 120). In the eighth lecture of analysis essay, Pragmatism , James sees monism as tending to a passive sort of sentences, quietism rather than to a vital life of active effort.

By contrast, pluralistic pragmatism emphasizes the possibilities that may be if we work to realize them. Monism determines the future optimistically as working out for the best, whatever we do, or pessimistically as working out for the worst, whatever we do. By contrast, pluralistic meliorism holds that it can get better if we freely try to essay make it so. Whether we embrace the option of freedom and moral responsibility or not is use citations research, ultimately a matter of personal faith rather than one of objective logic or scientific evidence ( Pragmatism , pp. 125, 127-128, 132). Like God and human immortality, the rhetorical essay possibility of which James defends without firmly committing himself to believing in it ( Immortality , pp. Cambridge Economics Personal? 3, 6-7, 10-18, 20, 23-24, 28-31, 35-37, 39-41, 43-45), freedom is rhetorical essay, a postulate of rationality, an dulce est imagery, unprovable article of faith.

James wrote an essay on the topic, called “The Dilemma of Determinism.” After admitting that human freedom is an essay ap language, old and shopworn topic about which we may suspect that nothing new can be said, and dulce et decorum est imagery that he will not pretend to be able to prove or disprove, he launches a pragmatic justification for believing in rhetorical analysis ap language it. Indeterminism, the belief in freedom, holds that there is some degree of possibility that is not necessitated by the rest of dulce essay, reality, while determinism must deny all such possibilities. These beliefs constitute exhaustive and mutually exclusive alternatives, so that if we reject either, we logically should accept the rhetorical analysis other. Let us consider a commonplace example such as walking home from campus. Before the employee engagement research paper fact neither the determinist nor the indeterminist can infallibly predict which path will be taken, but after the fact the determinist can irrefutably claim that the path taken was necessary, while the indeterminist can irrefutably claim that it was freely chosen.

Thus far, there is no advantage on either side. But now consider the example of a man gruesomely murdering his loving wife. We hear the awful details recounted and naturally regret what the wicked man did to her. Now, what are we to make of that regret from the perspective of determinism? What sense can it make to regret what had to occur? From that perspective, we logically must embrace pessimism (all of rhetorical analysis essay ap language, reality is determined to be bad) or optimism (everything is destined to work out for employee paper the best) or subjectivism (good and evil are merely subjective interpretations we artificially cast on things). All of these can be logically coherent positions, but each of them minimizes the evil we experience in the world and analysis essay trivializes our natural reaction of engagement, regret as pointless. From a practical (as opposed to a logical) point of view, can we live with that? James deliberately puts the point quite personally.

Though thoughtful and reflective pessimists, optimists, and rhetorical analysis subjectivists can live with it, he would not, because its pragmatic implications would render life not worth living. In that sense, determinism, though logically tenable, is pragmatically unacceptable, and James commits to indeterminism ( Will , pp. Essay Sentences? 145-146, 150-152, 155-156, 160-161, 175-176, 178-179). In addition to God, immortality, and freedom, moral duty is a fourth postulate of rationality. James offers us one remarkable essay on the topic, entitled “The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life.” He addresses three questions: (1) the psychological one, regarding the origins of our moral values and judgments, (2) the ap language metaphysical one, regarding the grounds of meaning for our basic moral concepts, and (3) the employee engagement research casuistic one, regarding how we should order conflicting values.

First, our human nature comprises a capacity for an intuitive moral sense, but this must be developed in a context of rhetorical analysis, values that socially evolve. Second, our basic moral concepts of good and bad, right and wrong, and so forth, are all person-relative, grounded in the claims people make on their environment. Third, when values conflict, those which would seem to satisfy as many personal demands as possible, while frustrating the fewest, should have priority regardless of the craft essay nature of those demands. Rhetorical? This represents a pragmatic form of moral relativism, in which no action can be absolutely good or evil in et decorum all conceivable circumstances. Analysis Ap Language? Finally, James distinguishes between “the easy-going mood” that tries to craft essay avoid conflict, and “the strenuous mood” that strives to achieve ideals, apparently preferring the latter ( Will , pp. 185-186, 190, 194-195, 197, 201, 205, 209, 211).

In answering the question of what is the rhetorical analysis essay primary objective of human life, James maintains that a natural answer is happiness. It is this, which motivates us to act and endure. Evolution is often seen as a progressive advance towards happiness ( Varieties , pp. 76, 85). The person who seems incapable of achieving it may well wonder whether life is worth living; suicide deciding that it is not. For James there is no absolute answer, and it is relative to the life being lived. A human life involves an ongoing series of possibilities. Some of these “maybes” may be realized if we believe in our own capacity to realize them; others will not be, either because we do not try or because we try and Reflective Log fail.

Life can become worth living if we believe that it is and rhetorical ap language act on that belief, our commitment giving it meaning ( Will , pp. 37, 59-62). Our happiness seems to student economics personal require that we have ideals, that we strive to achieve them, and that we think we are making some progress towards doing so ( Talks , pp. 185-189). a. Individuals and Their Communities. James’s philosophy is so individualistic that it does not allow for ap language a robust theory of community. Still, he offers us some interesting insights and craft essay one great paper. Essay? “Great Men and Their Environment” views one’s society as not only a context in use citations in a research paper which great individuals emerge, but even as playing a selective role in allowing their greatness to develop. Analysis Essay? In turn, that social environment is affected by them. Whether or not an individual will be able to have an impact is, to some extent, determined by society. Thus socially significant individuals and their communities have a dynamic, correlative relationship. In a follow-up article, “The Importance of Individuals,” he maintains that agents of argumentative essay sentences, social change, beyond being gifted in some way(s), tend to rhetorical take greater advantage of given circumstances than more ordinary persons do ( Will , pp.

225-226, 229-230, 232, 259). In the last decade of his life, following the Spanish-American War, in which Theodore Roosevelt, his former student, was the hero, James gave a talk at the banquet of the Universal Peace Congress. Regarding human nature as essentially antagonistic, he warns against our permanent tendencies to mass violence and the romantic idealization of war. We have to craft essay forever be on rhetorical analysis our guard to resist those dangerous, destructive tendencies; however, he doubts that humanity will ever be able to achieve universal disarmament and peace. What we can and should do is work to minimize conflicts and to resolve them non-violently. The great paper James wrote in the area of social relations, written just a few years before the sentences outbreak of essay, World War I and craft essay first published the month he died, is “The Moral Equivalent of War.” In it he warns of the extreme challenge of analysis essay, suppressing our martial tendencies. Reflective Log? Warfare has become so costly, in terms of treasure and essay ap language carnage, thanks to use citations in a modern technology, that we need to find some way of rechanneling the ap language primitive tendencies inherited from our ancestors.

How can we create an atmosphere in craft essay which peace is the norm rather than that interim period between wars? Identifying himself as a “pacifist,” he nevertheless admits that there are desirable human qualities—such as patriotism, loyalty, social solidarity, and national vigor—that have traditionally been nurtured by war and the preparation for conducting it. The question at hand is rhetorical analysis essay, whether a “moral equivalent” might be found that would generate such martial virtues without involving the horrible destructiveness of war. Since wars are the results of student cambridge economics statement, human choices rather than fatalistically determined, he anticipates a time when they will be formally outlawed among civilized societies. But then how can these martial virtues still be nurtured?

His answer is that we should draft young adults into national service, as opposed to military service, fighting against adverse natural conditions rather than against rhetorical, fellow human beings, working for a time in coal mines, on constructing roads, and so forth. Thus they could cultivate those desirable qualities by serving society in a way that would yield good consequences rather than more suffering ( Studies , pp. 300-301, 303-306, 267, 269, 275-276, 280, 283, 286-292). c. Democratic Tolerance and Social Progress. In “What Makes a Life Significant,” James advocates the move towards mutual non-interference with people who are not threatening us with violence.

Tolerance of others is an essay, antidote to cruelty and injustice. Analysis Essay? He maintains that the trend of social evolution is in Reflective Log the direction of democratic progress. Analysis Essay? Yet this trend requires effort, and its continuation poses challenges for us, including that of striving for a more equitable distribution of wealth ( Talks , pp. 170, 178, 189). His commitments to employee engagement individual freedom, mutual respect, peaceful interrelationships, and tolerance converge to point us in the direction of progressing towards what he calls “the intellectual republic” ( Will , p. 30).

This is the pragmatically beneficial ideal towards which social progress can take us, if we have faith in it and commit ourselves to acting on that belief.

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Writing the Scholarship Essay : by Kay Peterson, Ph.D. It’s the hardest part of your scholarship application. Rhetorical Essay Ap Language? But it’s also the part of the application where the ‘real you’ can shine through. Make a hit with these tips from scholarship providers: Think before you write. Brainstorm to generate some good ideas and then create an outline to Reflective Log, help you get going. Be original. Rhetorical Analysis Essay? The judges may be asked to craft essay, review hundreds of essays. It’s your job to make your essay stand out from the rest.

So be creative in your answers. Show, don’t tell. Use stories, examples and anecdotes to individualize your essay and demonstrate the point you want to analysis essay, make. Student Cambridge Personal Statement? By using specifics, you’ll avoid vagueness and generalities and make a stronger impression. Develop a theme. Don’t simply list all your achievements. Decide on a theme you want to rhetorical analysis essay ap language, convey that sums up the impression you want to make.

Write about experiences that develop that theme. Know your audience. Personal essays are not ‘one size fits all.’ Write a new essay for each application-one that fits the interests and requirements of craft essay, that scholarship organization. You’re asking to be selected as the representative for that group. Analysis? The essay is your chance to show how you are the dulce et decorum essay, ideal representative. Ap Language? Submit an room economics personal essay that is neat and readable.

Make sure your essay is neatly typed, and that there is analysis essay a lot of ‘white space’ on the page. Double-space the essay, and room economics personal statement provide adequate margins (1?-1 1/2?) on all sides. Make sure your essay is well written. Proofread carefully, check spelling and grammar and share your essay with friends or teachers. Essay? Another pair of eyes can catch errors you might miss. Special thanks to the scholarship specialists who contributed these tips: TROA Scholarship Fund. Kathy Borunda, Corporate Development. Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers Foundation.

The American Legion. Patti Cohen, Program Manager. Coca-Cola Scholars Foundation. AFSA Scholarship Programs. Thomas Murphy, Executive Director. Konieg Education Foundation. Lisa Portenga, Scholarship Coordinator. The Fremont Area Foundation.

Practice Session: Common Essay Questions — by Roxana Hadad. The essay — It’s the Reflective Log, most important part of your scholarship application, and it can be the hardest. But the essay shouldn’t keep you from essay ap language applying. Student Room Cambridge Economics Statement? Take a look at some of the most commonly asked essay questions and rhetorical analysis use them to craft essay, prepare for your scholarship applications. Brainstorm ideas, do some research or create your own ‘stock’ of scholarship essays. When the rhetorical ap language, time comes, you’ll be ready to Reflective Log, write your way to scholarship success! Your Field of Specialization and analysis ap language Academic Plans. Some scholarship applications will ask you to write about your major or field of study. Student Economics Statement? These questions are used to determine how well you know your area of specialization and rhetorical essay ap language why you’re interested in it. How will your study of Reflective Log, _______ contribute to rhetorical analysis, your immediate or long range career plans? Why do you want to essay, be a _______?

Explain the rhetorical essay ap language, importance of est imagery, (your major) in today’s society. What do you think the industry of _______ will be like in the next 10 years? What are the most important issues your field is facing today? To test your skills at problem-solving and check how up-to-date you are on current issues, many scholarship applications include questions about problems and issues facing society. What do you consider to be the single most important societal problem? Why? If you had the authority to change your school in a positive way, what specific changes would you make? Pick a controversial problem on rhetorical analysis essay, college campuses and suggest a solution. What do you see as the greatest threat to the environment today? Scholarships exist to reward and encourage achievement.

You shouldn’t be surprised to find essay topics that ask you to paper, brag a little. Describe how you have demonstrated leadership ability both in essay, and out of school. Discuss a special attribute or accomplishment that sets you apart. Describe your most meaningful achievements and how they relate to your field of study and your future goals. Why are you a good candidate to receive this award. Who you are is closely tied to where you’ve been and who you’ve known. To learn more about room economics you, some scholarship committees will ask you to write about your background and major influences. Pick an experience from your own life and explain how it has influenced your development.

Who in your life has been your biggest influence and why? How has your family background affected the way you see the world? How has your education contributed to who you are today? Scholarship sponsors look for rhetorical analysis ap language applicants with vision and motivation, so they might ask about your goals and aspirations. Briefly describe your long- and short-term goals. Where do you see yourself 10 years from now? Why do you want to get a college education? Many scholarship providers have a charitable goal: They want to provide money for student personal students who are going to have trouble paying for college.

In addition to rhetorical analysis, asking for information about your financial situation, these committees may want a more detailed and personal account of your financial need. From a financial standpoint, what impact would this scholarship have on your education? State any special personal or family circumstances affecting your need for financial assistance. How have you been financing your college education? Some essay questions don’t seem directly related to your education, but committees use them to test your creativity and employee engagement research paper get a more well-rounded sense of your personality. Choose a person or persons you admire and explain why. Choose a book or books and that have affected you deeply and explain why. While you can’t predict every essay question, knowing some of the rhetorical analysis essay, most common ones can give you a leg up on applications. Start brainstorming now, and you may find yourself a winner!

Essay Feedback: Creating Your Structure — by Kay Peterson, Ph.D. You might think that the secret of a winning scholarship essay is to write about a great idea. But that’s only half the employee engagement research paper, job. The best essays take a great idea and present it effectively through the structure of the essay, essay. To see how important structure is, let’s look at student personal statement, an essay by Emily H. Rhetorical Essay Ap Language? In her application for the UCLA Alumni Scholarship, Emily responds to the following essay topic: “Please provide a summary of your personal and family background, including information about your family, where you grew up, and perhaps a highlight or special memory of craft essay, your youth.” Here’s how Emily responded:

To me, home has never been associated with the word “permanent.” I seem to rhetorical analysis, use it more often with the student room economics statement, word “different” because I’ve lived in a variety of places ranging from Knoxville, Tennessee, to Los Angeles, California. Rhetorical Analysis? While everyone knows where Los Angeles is on a map, very few even know which state Knoxville is in. Fortunately, I’ve had the chance to research, live in the east and west and to view life from two disparate points. I always get the same reaction from people when I tell them that I’m originally from a small town in Tennessee called Knoxville. Analysis Essay? Along with surprised, incredulous looks on their faces, I’m bombarded with comments like “Really? You don’t sound or look as if you’re from Tennessee.” These reactions are nearly all the same because everyone sees me as a typical Californian who loves the sunny weather, the craft essay, beach and rhetorical essay the city. They don’t know that I lived in Reading, Pennsylvania, before I moved to Reflective Log, Chattanooga, Tennessee, and then moved again to Knoxville, Tennessee. The idea of my living anywhere in rhetorical analysis essay, the vicinity of the South or any place besides California is inconceivable to many because I’ve adapted so well to the surroundings in which I currently find myself. Employee Engagement Research? This particular quality, in a sense, also makes me a more cosmopolitan and open-minded person. Having already seen this much of the world has encouraged me to rhetorical analysis, visit other places like Paris or London and the rest of the world.

My open-mindedness applies not only to new places, but also to intriguing ideas and opportunities. This attitude towards life prepares me for the vast array of opportunities that still lie ahead in the future. From my experiences of moving place to place, I have also come to student economics personal statement, acknowledge the deep bond I share with my family. It has helped me realize the importance of supporting each other through tough times. Moving from Tennessee to California meant saying good-bye to rhetorical analysis essay, the house we had lived in for six years, longtime friends and craft essay the calm, idyllic lifestyle of the analysis essay, country that we had grown to love and savor. But knowing that we had each other to depend on made the employee engagement research paper, transition easier. It also strengthened the bond we all shared and placed more value on the time we spent with each other, whether it was at analysis, home eating dinner or going on a family trip. Now when I think of the word “home,” I see the bluish-gray house I live in now. In the past, however, “home” has been associated with houses of varying sizes, colors and forms.

The only thing that has remained unchanging and permanent is my family. I have acknowledged this constancy, knowing well enough that it is, and always will be, a part of me and dulce est imagery essay a unique part of my life. Los Angeles is one of rhetorical analysis, many places in Reflective Log, which I’ve lived. This fact by analysis essay ap language, itself has had a tremendous impact on me. This kind of essay topic can be difficult because it is very general. Emily deftly avoids this pitfall by focusing her essay on one topic: the fact that she’s moved many times.

As a result, this essay contains a lot of dulce et decorum est imagery essay, winning elements: Her opening sentence is rhetorical analysis essay great. It really grabs the reader’s attention because it’s unexpected and paradoxical. We want to learn more about her. Her story is unique; she doesn’t rely on cliches. Do I Use Citations Research? She provides a lot of detail; we feel the differences among the various cities.

She’s focused the account so we learn just enough, not too much. She tells us why these events are important. Analysis Essay Ap Language? Rather than just listing the argumentative, cities, she tells us how her experiences have affected her. But there are also a number of things she could do to improve her essay: Opening paragraph gets off to a strong start, but quickly loses steam. The last sentence is too vague. Rhetorical Essay Ap Language? The second paragraph is far too long, and covers too many ideas. The transitions among the various ideas are underdeveloped. There’s a thought progression behind her essay that isn’t supported by the transitions.

Conclusion is weak and doesn’t capture the much richer ideas that resonate throughout her essay. The first thing Emily should do is step back from her essay and think about how she has organized her ideas-that is, what structure has she provided? She can do this by creating an outline of the ideas that appear in her essay. It should look something like this: a. When Do I In A Research? Emily has lived in a lot of places. b. Emily has viewed life from rhetorical analysis ap language two disparate points. 2. Body (one paragraph) a. People don’t guess that Emily is not originally from California. b. That’s because she has adapted so well to her current environment. c. This adaptability has made her open-minded about the world around her, and ready to take new opportunities. d. She’s also learned to recognize and value the employee paper, bond with her family, which gives her a sense of permanence throughout all the changes.

3. Conclusion: Los Angeles is one of the places she has lived. As we can see, Emily’s essay is jam-packed with good ideas. With the exception of the analysis ap language, conclusion (which she should cut), everything in dulce est imagery, here is meaningful and necessary. What she needs to do now is identify the most important idea for the whole essay and then rearrange the points so that they support that idea. What is the overriding idea? I identified a number of fruitful ideas that involve these various points:

Constant change has been challenging, but learning how to deal with change has made Emily ready for more challenges in the future. Constant change has had a paradoxical effect on Emily: It’s taught her both how to be adaptable and how determine what is truly permanent (i.e. her family). Constant change has taught her all about different parts of the country, but has also taught her that while she grows and changes, she’ll still remain the same person she always was. Once Emily has decided what main idea she wants to communicate, she can then restructure the points to support that idea. Rhetorical Analysis Essay? She may find that she needs to cut some points or develop others more fully. Do I Research Paper? The key is to make it clear how those points relate to the central idea and to use meaningful transitions that point the rhetorical analysis ap language, way to argumentative essay sentences, the next idea. With a new structure in place, Emily should have a unique and winning essay! Once you have determined which scholarships you will apply for, write to them and ask for their scholarship application and requirements. The letter can be a general request for information “form” letter that can be photocopied, but you should be specific about the name of the rhetorical essay ap language, scholarship you are inquiring about on Reflective Log, the envelope. Write to each source as far in advance of their scholarship deadline as possible and analysis essay ap language don’t forget to send a self-addressed, stamped envelope(SASE) — it not only expedites their reply, but some organizations won’t respond without one.

Remember, on the outside of the envelope, list the name of the specific scholarship you are inquiring about. When Use Citations In A? That way, the person opening the mail will know where to direct your inquiry. Here is an example of what your letter might look like: XYZ Corporation (Ian Scott Smith Scholarship) 1234 56th Street, Suite 890. Metropolis, FL 00000-0000. Dear Scholarship Coordinator: I am a (college) student (give academic year) and will be applying for admission to (a graduate) program for analysis academic year 20__ – __. I would appreciate any information you have available on educational financing, including application forms.

I am enclosing a self-addressed, stamped business size envelope for your convenience in craft essay, replying. Daniel J. Cassidy. 2280 Airport Boulevard. Santa Rosa, CA 95403. Make sure your letter is analysis essay ap language neatly typed, well written and does not contain grammatical errors or misspelled words. When filling out scholarship application forms, be complete, concise and essay creative. People who read these applications want to know the ap language, real you, not just your name. The application should clearly emphasize your ambitions, motivations and engagement research paper what makes you different. Be original!

You will find that once you have seen one or two applications, you have pretty much seen them all. Usually they are one or two pages asking where you are going to analysis ap language, school, what you are going to major in and why you think you deserve the Reflective Log, scholarship. Some scholarship sources require that you join their organization. If the organization relates to your field of study, you should strongly consider joining because it will keep you informed (via newsletter, etc.) about rhetorical ap language developments in that field. Other scholarship organizations may want you to promise that you will work for them for a year or two after you graduate. The Dow Jones Newspaper Fund offers a scholarship for engagement paper up to $20,000 for journalism, broadcasting, and communications students with the understanding that the student will intern for them for two years. This could even yield a permanent job for the student. Your application should be typewritten and neat. I had a complaint from analysis ap language one foundation about a student who had an excellent background and qualifications but used a crayon to fill out the application. Once your essay is finished, make a master file for it and Reflective Log other supporting items. Photocopy your essay and attach it to the application.

If requested include: a resume or curriculum vitae (CV), extracurricular activities sheet (usually one page), transcripts, SAT, GRE, or MCAT scores, letters of recommendation (usually one from a professor, employer and analysis ap language friend) outlining your moral character and, if there are any newspaper articles, etc. about you, it is a good idea to include them as well. You might also include your photograph, whether it’s a graduation picture or a snapshot of your working at your favorite hobby. This helps the selection committee feel a little closer to room cambridge economics personal, you. Instead of just seeing a name, they will have a face to match it. Mail your applications in early , at ap language, least a month before the deadline. **Dr.

Peterson has won numerous college and graduate scholarships, including the in a research paper, Jacob Javits Fellowship, the University of California Regents Scholarship and the National Merit Scholarship. Together we care for our patients and analysis essay ap language our communities.

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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. note : This is the latest installment in rhetorical analysis ap language, a series of posts on lateral partner moves from argumentative sentences Lateral Link’s team of analysis expert contributors. Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in craft essay, New York, Boston, and analysis essay Europe. Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in New York and for the last five years for European clients in employee engagement paper, Paris. A native of Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and rhetorical analysis essay a B.A. in government and romance languages, magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College. When Use Citations Research Paper! Abby also worked with the International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain. She is essay a member of the New York Bar and is fluent in French and Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and Italian). As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in an effort to assist my candidates with the substance and presentation of their one-page life summaries.

Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the printer and reading only what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office. You need to make the most important stuff jump off the page. Dulce Est Imagery Essay! Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings. Rhetorical Analysis! Give some thought to the format that will convey the necessary information in the most logical way. 2. Be concise and make every word count.

This is when in a research paper related to Tip #1. You want the most important stuff to analysis essay jump off the page, but every word on engagement, your resume should serve the purpose of showing that you are the analysis best candidate for when use citations in a research, the specific job. Rhetorical! It’s just one page. 3. Tailor your resume to the specific job. Keep in the forefront of your mind that you are applying for a legal job.

Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of in a paper getting you this job. If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of analysis ap language your resume, with each tailored to do i research the specific opening or category of opening. 4. Rhetorical Ap Language! Be sure you can talk intelligently about economics statement, every last thing you include on your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of analysis essay your senior thesis from college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews.

You also must be prepared to student room cambridge economics statement talk about the any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the underlying legal issues. 5. When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the analysis essay underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the underwriters in the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by a large U.S. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from Tip #2, every word counts. Et Decorum! Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Essay Ap Language! Be sure all information is up-to-date. If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from student room cambridge economics statement your resume or indicate the rhetorical analysis essay ap language proper dates. Change the verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the est imagery descriptions of your prior jobs to the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”).

No longer fluent in rhetorical essay ap language, French? Be accurate in the assessment of your language ability as of est imagery today, not as of mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and ap language not just a robot. Dulce Et Decorum Est Imagery! Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of analysis yours and room cambridge economics statement not aspirational hobbies). Maybe you and one of the interviewers will find you have a hobby in common. Analysis Essay Ap Language! If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to break the ice or end the craft essay interview on analysis essay, a lighter note. Aside from argumentative sentences true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and not just passive participant in these organizations. Remember the essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about rhetorical analysis ap language, it if asked?” If someone asks about Reflective Log, your membership in an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in raising $500,000 in essay ap language, alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for the committee but have yet to attend a meeting? 8. Education first or work experience first?

This is cambridge economics statement a common question. Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to jump off the page. So if you went to a top law school, you may want to list education first. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. In the case of a tie, I’d go with work experience first. 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works.

Tape your resume to a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of you and squint. Essay Ap Language! Does the balance of black and white on the page make your eyes happy? Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle. Squint and then follow your instincts.

10. Proofread your resume carefully. Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to proofread it. And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Then proofread it again. Argumentative Essay! Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. 10?.

Here’s a freebie. It’s not the most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of you in the Bahamas in your bikini? Shirtless? You remember how you uploaded it to your Google profile? And now you list your Gmail address on your resume? Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of you in rhetorical essay, the right-hand sidebar on my screen. If I can see it, so can the recruiting coordinator and craft essay so can the partner at the firm where you’re interviewing.

Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on the right-hand sidebar. I’m not asking you to stop using social media. But if you are indiscriminate about your tweets, think about analysis essay ap language, setting up a separate e-mail address for est imagery essay, the job search process. There is not just one right way of designing a resume. But there are wrong ways. Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s.

This singular piece of paper is your key to getting your foot in the door in the next step of your career… or not. Ap Language! It’s worth spending a few extra hours getting it right. Lateral Link is do i use citations paper one of the top-rated international legal recruiting firms. With over 14 offices world-wide, Lateral Link specializes in rhetorical, placing attorneys at the most prestigious law firms in dulce est imagery, the world. Managed by former practicing attorneys from top law schools, Lateral Link has a tradition of analysis ap language hiring lawyers to execute the lateral leaps of practicing attorneys. When Do I Use Citations! Click ::here:: to find out analysis essay more about et decorum est imagery, us. Sign up for our newsletter.

Woman Abandons Law Degree To Become Porn Star. Rhetorical Analysis Ap Language! The Trump Administration Seeks To Rip The Heart Out Of Labor And Employment Law. The Freestanding Law Schools With The Highest Student Loan Default Rates. When Do I In A Research! WilmerHale And The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day Of Leaking Client Whistleblower Docs To The WSJ. Lawyers Aren#8217;t Necessarily Good Managers#8230; So Why Do We Let Them Manage Firms? What’s Up With All The New York Mid-Market Lateral Moves?

Was UVA Law Alum Johnathan Perkins Pressured By The FBI Into Recanting His Account Of Racial Profiling? How Consultants Recommend Cutting Legal Bills. Biglaw Firm#8217;s Move To New Office Means It#8217;s Time For Some Buyouts. Biglaw Firm Impresses Associates (And Staff) With Enhanced Parental Leave Policy. Create A Workspace That Is Not Only Practical, But Enjoyable.

Biglaw Associate Fails Bar Exam, Gets Fired, Sues Bar Examiners For Causing Job Loss. Subscribe and get breaking news, commentary, and opinions on rhetorical analysis essay ap language, law firms, lawyers, law schools, lawsuits, judges, and more. Breaking Media Editor at Large. Sign up for our newsletter. 2017 Breaking Media, Inc.

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Essay On Compare Urban And Rural Life Essays and Research Papers. would explore the relationship between the rural poor and essay ap language education. But more specifically, having read the when do i use citations in a research Hallway Hangers, how do poor, . rural youths differ in their educational goals and achievements than poor, urban youths? It is evident that rural poor are at a disadvantage educationally, socially, and economically compared to the urban poor. Rural youths' chances of employment (whether in rhetorical analysis essay, agriculture or in craft essay, other areas), are weaker than their urban counterparts. The paper would set out to. Article , City , Education 1403 Words | 4 Pages. RURAL AND URBAN Imagine that all people live in villages or they all live in cities. How would the life be if . people lived the same lifestyle? A proverb in Yemen says,” Being rural is the best color of lifestyle.’’ In which is meant living in villages is better than living in cities.

Well, there is no doubt that life in rhetorical analysis ap language, villages is et decorum, so beautiful, and rhetorical ap language very interesting indeed, but at the same there are people who prefer to live in metropolitan cities and this is due to dulce et decorum est imagery, their lust of living. City , Developed environments , Education 901 Words | 3 Pages. Rural Life vs. Urban Life. a Russian Example. It is indisputable that there has always been a sharp distinction between urban and rural living. Therefore many people at rhetorical, some . period of their life find themselves questioning the advantages of craft essay rural and rhetorical analysis ap language urban life . Many villagers would like to abandon their godforsaken place and to move to a big city. All of us know a modern Russian fairytale about essay sentences a girl or a guy who leaves his home country to conquer Moscow.

The fact is that it seems to some people prestigious to live in rhetorical analysis ap language, the very centre of a. City , Ecology , Population 1388 Words | 3 Pages. Difference between Rural and Urban Life : |SR .NO | Rural Life . | Urban life | |1 |Environment: Close / direct contact with nature. |Greater isolation from nature. Predominance of manmade | | |Preliminaries influenced by natural environmental |(artificial environment). | | |elements like rain, heat, drought, frost, sow. City , Emile Durkheim , Population 625 Words | 3 Pages. September 2012 Urban versus Rural Living People all over the United States decide on a daily basis on where they want to . live. First off people have to understand what defines rural from argumentative essay sentences urban . The United States Census Bureau classifies an essay ap language urban environment as having a population density of at least one thousand people per square mile. Reflective Log! Any area surrounding those census blocks with a population density of five hundred or fewer people per square mile are classified as rural (U.S. Census Bureau).

Census , City , Population 889 Words | 3 Pages. pragmatic concerns of analysis ap language financial security and ease of life are his priorities. He has made himself perfectly at home in the modern economy: he . works as a lawyer dealing with rich men's legal documents. He is craft essay, therefore an opposite or complement to Bartleby in ap language, many ways. Craft Essay! He is analysis, also ill suited to dulce et decorum, be entrusted with the salvation of rhetorical analysis essay another.

Bartleby the employee engagement research Scrivener is one of the first great stories of corporate discontent. The emptiness of rhetorical essay ap language modern business life is an important theme. The description of the office. Bartleby , Bartleby, the Scrivener , Dead letter office 2478 Words | 6 Pages. Pakistan Rural and essay Urban Community. Anthropology Pakistani Rural and Urban Community: Comparing Family and rhetorical analysis ap language Kinship Systems.

People in Pakistan are greatly . Craft Essay! trilingual and most people living here are Muslims. Rhetorical Analysis! They respect their customs and traditions and closely follow family values. Most people are living as joint family systems along with their kinsmen, with exceptions choosing the nuclear way of life . Kinship is student room, a relationship between any entities that share a genealogical origin, through biological, cultural, or historical. Anthropology , Arranged marriage , Consanguinity 2615 Words | 7 Pages. A Comparative Study: Quality of Life in Rural and Urban Communities (partial) ?CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM Introduction “The unexamined life is not worth living.” - Socrates The saying by Socrates which dates back 469 BC . Analysis Essay Ap Language! - 399 BC is a written proof that even in the ancient times of Greece, man is already searching for what constitutes a good life and argumentative how to quantify and examine living conditions.

Happiness, life satisfaction, and subjective well-being are closely connected to quality of life . Accordingly, quality of life is defined based on different approaches. It can depend. Batangas City , City , Happiness 1494 Words | 5 Pages. Characteristics Of Urban And Rural. ?http://www.friendsmania.net/forum/b-com-part-1-pakistan-studies-notes/27009.htm Q.3.

Describe the differences between the rural and . urban societies in Pakistan. Rural Societies Pakistan is an agriculture country and 80% of its people form the rural population of the country. The villages, towns and analysis essay ap language small cities form the rural areas of Pakistan. Their main profession is cultivation ?????? and ploughing. Et Decorum! The entire population of Pakistan is scattered and resides in villages, towns and analysis essay ap language big cities. City , Developed environments , Population 1501 Words | 6 Pages. Rural Community vs. Reflective Log! Urban Community Some people prefer the rhetorical analysis essay ap language hustle and bustle of the city life while others . Reflective Log! prefer the rhetorical relaxed and laid back life of the country. Living in a rural community and living in an urban community are completely different. Employee Engagement Paper! Most people have their preference of where they would like to live. Your lifestyle will always be influenced by the society in which you choose to live.

Some people find a rural life boring while other people find an urban life too chaotic. Analysis! To some. City , Developed environments , Population 775 Words | 3 Pages. pollution in urban in do i paper, rural homes. near the urban areas causes severe pollution to the surroundings. Analysis Essay! The largest sources of human-created air pollution are energy generation, . transportation, and Reflective Log industries that use a great deal of energy sources. Depending on their source and interactions with other components of the air, they can have different chemical compositions and health impacts. Analysis! Since these pollutants are generally concentrated in and around urban areas, the outdoor urban pollution levels are far higher than in when use citations paper, the rural areas.

Air pollution , Air Quality Index , Dust 803 Words | 3 Pages. ?Critically Discuss Some Ways in rhetorical analysis essay, Which Urban Life is Gendered WHAT IS URBAN LIFE ? . Urban life is really broad to define and cannot be described in simple definite terms, however on a surface level it could be said to mean “city life ”, in my opinion, I understand urban life to engagement, encompass so many things: modern living, technology, Industry and analysis essay ap language industrialization; economy, its growth and development; politics and how it influences the craft essay society; and the demerits and shortcomings of all these developments. City , Female , Gender 2008 Words | 7 Pages. healthy lifestyle? Living in different places such as urban or rural areas would be a factor on how they determine their . lifestyle. People in the developed countries are more informed about living in a healthy lifestyle which make their life healthier and fitter than the people in rhetorical essay, the undeveloped countries, whereas people in Malaysia who live in an urban area are more aware and concern about living in when do i use citations in a paper, a healthy way and the people who live in a rural area should be educated and well-informed about their. City , Epidemiology , Health 1125 Words | 3 Pages. ?Is urban living better than rural living?

Related Topics: Home Add a New Topic Add to rhetorical analysis essay ap language, My Favorites Debate This Topic . Craft Essay! Report This Topic 22% Say Yes 78% Say No Culture and opportunities abound I understand the other side, but as a younger person, I find living near an urban center to be invaluable. Crime is rarely anything to worry about. The main reason is that in rhetorical ap language, the search to find oneself, there are a plethora of opportunities in cities. Craft Essay! You can walk down one block and experience. City , Crime , Developed environments 903 Words | 5 Pages.

Differences Between Urban and Rural Settlements. URBAN : • The number of rhetorical ap language residents is increasingly more in an urban area. Dulce Est Imagery Essay! • The density of human-established structures is high . in the case of an urban area. • Cities and towns constitute urban areas. • It is interesting to note that natural resources and artificial resources develop rapidly in urban areas or in rhetorical analysis essay, other words it can be said that the areas characterized by natural growth of et decorum essay resources flourish into essay urban areas. Urban areas are subjected to a process called urbanization. Vegetation. City , Developed environments , Metropolitan area 1658 Words | 5 Pages. [pic] [pic] Tips on employee engagement research paper Tackling Essay Questions 1. First, circle the question words such as Describe, Explain, Discuss, . Compare and Contrast, Give examples, Evaluate etc. 2. Ap Language! Understand the meaning of each question word: o Describe: usually write down some factual information (e.g. temperature of TRF, annual rainfall of tropical deserts) o Explain: to student personal, make known in detail - facts are most important o Account for: state the rhetorical analysis ap language reason for o Discuss: Describe. City , Developed country , Human migration 891 Words | 4 Pages.

Short essay on Rural and Urban Communities One of the broadcasts and most revealing of all social contracts is craft essay, . exhibited by the differences of urban and rural life . This contrast is one of rhetorical analysis essay ap language social environment. Dulce Et Decorum Est Imagery! It divides community organization in analysis, two broad types-the urban and the rural . For many centuries city and craft essay country are two general types of human habitation. Analysis Ap Language! However, we must remember that rural and Reflective Log urban depict modes of community life , not simply geographical locations. The most obvious. City , Ecology , Human habitats 654 Words | 2 Pages. Urban versus Rural Living Every country has its own taste, lifestyles and certain norms and standards. Rhetorical Analysis Essay Ap Language! Every . country presents two different types of paper culture in that very setting. There has always been a sharp distinction between urban and rural living, with each having its particular advantages and disadvantages. Both these present contrasting characters with different lifestyles and different perception of life . It has been noted that one of the contrast between.

City , Ecology , Human habitats 738 Words | 2 Pages. Term Papers on Urban Vs Rural Life Every country has its own taste, lifestyles and certain norms and rhetorical analysis essay ap language . Est Imagery Essay! standards. Every country presents two different types of culture in that very setting. Yes, I am talking about the rural and urban life . Both these present contrasting characters with different lifestyles and different perception of rhetorical ap language life . It has been noted that one of the essay contrast between leading an urban and a rural life is that in the countryside much of the time is spent finding something. City , Ecology , Population 455 Words | 2 Pages. PLANNING INITIATIVES’ GOALS AND DETROIT URBAN AGRICULTURE OUTCOMES: A COMPARISON Assignment #5: Reviewed Proposal Zoe Pearce, 6777341 To: . Zahra Azizi Urbs 240 1 PLANNING INITIATIVES’ GOALS AND DETROIT URBAN AGRICULTURE OUTCOMES: A COMPARISON 2 This paper will examine the urban agriculture movement currently taking place in Detroit, Michigan and how it is analysis essay, having an effect on the city that the goals and motivations of historical planning initiatives strived to achieve.

This paper. City , Garden city movement , Urban decay 1193 Words | 5 Pages. Rural life vs Urban life Nowadays the smaller rural communities are considered to . Craft Essay! be more sociable and pleasant to live in than larger urban communities. Are these assumptions factual or are they merely based on sentiment? The most important difference can be found by analysis essay, comparing the sociological structure of farm life to the same structure in craft essay, a city. Larger communities enable all members to have more privacy than in rhetorical analysis essay, smaller communities, thus a certain sense of “anonymity” arises which in it’s. City , Ecology , Rural 423 Words | 2 Pages. Broader Forces That Shape Urban Life.

This essay will be looking at some of the different ways in which broader forces shape urban life . For the purpose . of est imagery essay this paper references will be drawn from different authors including Wirth( 1938), Jacobs(1961), Wilson (1996), Harvey, Foucault and cooper. This essay will also look at some definitions of what urban life is and ap language the characteristics of employee it. For Wirth (1938), Urbanism is essay, a way of life , and although in do i use citations, the city, urbanism looks beyond the physical structures of the city, it looks at. Capitalism , City , Michel Foucault 2516 Words | 6 Pages. reading productive books which can be the building blocks of character, economy, society, politics and rhetorical analysis nation. As William Somerset Maugham said: “To acquire . the habit of reading is to construct for yourself a refuge from almost all the miseries of life .” So build a library at home. The reading habit has been a great help in craft essay, developing knowledge. Essay Ap Language! But today in an age when browsing the craft essay net, playing with mobiles and passing non-stop SMS seem to be the rhetorical analysis essay order of the day, TV and engagement films fill the rhetorical essay ap language minds of. Book , City , E-book 1935 Words | 5 Pages. STUDENT’S MANUAL UNIT II: RURAL AND URBAN SOCIETY (PART-I) LIFE IN RURAL AND . URBAN SOCIETY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. CONTENT ? Society: Its definition and its types ? Comparative Analysis: ? The differences between the urban and the rural society on when do i use citations in a research the basis of: a) Living conditions. b) Educational facilities. c) Nature of employment opportunities/ d) Occupations in the rural and the urban society. e) Availability of communication facilities in the rural and the urban society. f) Choices of.

City , Population , Rural 4177 Words | 18 Pages. rural development policies vs urban development policies. this essay is to show that a developing nation can only achieve new levels of rhetorical growth by research, implementing both rural and . urban development strategies simultaneously, as they converge towards the advancement of the entire country where all citizens of the rhetorical essay country benefit from essay sentences government policy. This essay encompasses three different cases. In Case 1, we outline the various rural development strategies and assess the impact of rhetorical essay ap language any developing nation favouring rural development policies over urban biased. City , Developing country , Economic development 2022 Words | 6 Pages. Urban bias as a major impediment to dulce et decorum est imagery essay, rural development. ? Urban bias has been presented as a major impediment to rural development because it perpetrates discriminatory policies which . create and perpetuate disparities between urban and rural areas and consequently the development of urban areas at the expense of rural areas.

This paper examines how urban bias, to a large extent, is the major impediment to rural development owing to its skewed policies and to down development approaches. Rhetorical Analysis Essay Ap Language! Urban bias proponents, chief among them Lipton (1977), argue that. City , Cycle of poverty , Economic development 1601 Words | 5 Pages. DEFINITION OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY According to A.R. Desai, “The prime objective of Rural Sociology should be to make a systematic, . scientific and comprehensive study of the rural social organisation, of its structure function and objective tendencies of craft essay development and on the basis of such a study to discover the laws of is development. Since every science social or natural, has for its aim the discovery of the hither to hidden laws of development of a domain of nature or society, the basic task of Rural Sociology. American Sociological Association , Rural , Rural community development 1246 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and Contrast Rural and Urban Areas.

Rural Areas vs. Urban Areas People throughout the rhetorical analysis ap language world lead different lives and lifestyles. They adapt to different places and . styles of living. The two areas of living people choose to live are rural areas and urban areas. Many people prefer rural areas because they have their privacy. Also, rural areas are usually very quiet and craft essay laid back as well as being away from rhetorical essay everything. On the other hand, urban areas are the complete opposite.

Urban areas are not usually private because there are other. City 462 Words | 2 Pages. What are rural values. cities and when research paper metropolises were rare up until five hundred years ago. Neighbors are also a big part of country . life . Rhetorical Analysis Essay Ap Language! One might feel comfortable that he knows and is well known by his neighbors maybe as a sense of protection. Student Room Economics Statement! Honesty is analysis ap language, also another stereotypical trait portrayed by rural people, possibly due to fewer obstacles and variables city people have to deal with. Rural people might appear to student room economics personal statement, be friendlier than city people, most likely because of analysis less contact with people. Chicago , City , Metropolitan area 550 Words | 2 Pages.

Les Murray Critical Advanced Essay. every text is dateless. Employee! The idea that every text has its use by date is incorrect, and in this essay , we will argue against this idea. If a . text is written from a long period of time ago it does not mean that it still won’t be interesting today, as the events and themes used in rhetorical essay ap language, the text can still be relevant to today’s time. And these texts are what we can call universal.

A universal text allows us to compare , contrast and also reflect on the themes and context of the past to the current time. When Use Citations Paper! Hence. City , Emotion , Poetry 1759 Words | 5 Pages. there are a lot of people out there living in urban areas who are unhappy with their environs – and there are also a lot of people in . Ap Language! rural areas who yearn for something different (I live very close to at least a few of these folks – they lived in craft essay, a small town because they thought it would benefit their children, but they’re not happy with the tradeoffs). Having said that, I tried to build a list of the most positive aspects of both urban and essay ap language rural life , based on the aspects of when use citations each that I find most. City , Des Moines, Iowa , Ecology 574 Words | 2 Pages. Even after 56 years of Independence, right from the Nehru era to rhetorical ap language, the Vajpayee era, the rural India of today still short of basic amenities, . like drinking water, electricity, roads, housing, food and clothing.

Once Gandhiji told the renowned author Mr. Mulk Raj Anand that we can't build India unless we build villages. Gandhiji wanted to make the villages independent republics, independent in governance and for routine requirements, governed by the people of the villages and self sufficient for. City , Population , Rainwater harvesting 1417 Words | 5 Pages. There has always been a sharp distinction between urban and rural living, with each having its particular advantages and . disadvantages. From a personal perspective, I am more inclined to live in a small town rather than a big city. To me, it boils down to more peace and quiet; a better environment to live in; and craft essay family safety. Ap Language! To begin with, small towns are usually quiet and relatively calm. Argumentative Essay! The pace of life is relaxed and ap language the low number of cars and people makes for sentences a peaceful setting without. American films , City , Ecology 504 Words | 2 Pages.

Compare/ Contrast Rural and Urban Living. Would you rather a life where everything in right at your doorstep in exchange for a calm peaceful life ? Or maybe live within a . united community in exchange for a closer job, and everything seemingly easier. Well this is the rhetorical essay reality we live in. Everything has its advantages and student room cambridge its disadvantages, we can’t have it all. Whether choosing the country or town life depends on the utilities, community, environment and rhetorical analysis essay ap language facilities provided. Utilities provided to an area are important when it comes to town. City , Ecology , Population 614 Words | 2 Pages. ? Urban Sociology Towns and cities as we know them today, become what they are because of a serious of events that gradually changed and shaped . them from what they were to craft essay, what they are now known for. The earth is home to approximately some six billion people, living in the cities and analysis essay ap language rural areas of around about 200 nations as stated by Macionis Plummer (2012). This was not so in the past, before all these cities and towns emerged people lived a nomadic life , moving from area to area in Reflective Log, such of. Anthropology , City , Social sciences 1068 Words | 3 Pages.

Jazz: Urban and Rural Reactions In the 1920s. Jazz: Urban and Rural Reactions in the 1920sIn parallel with the uproar of jazz during the 1920s came the analysis essay commotion of different . critics from various geographical settings. Reflective Log! Many of the white people living in rural areas disliked and rejected jazz as a musical genre. However, the urban city-dwellers were more fond of rhetorical analysis ap language it; therefore, it was more generally accepted and frequently found in et decorum essay, city nightclubs and radio stations. Several characteristics of cities also allowed jazz to survive in urban areas. African American , African American culture , Black people 2335 Words | 7 Pages.

believe that my thesis statement is very effective. * 3.Have I included enough details so the reader can visualize my experience? * The details . included in my essay should give the reader a clear view on my experience. * 4.Are the analysis essay events presented in a logical sequence? * The events included in my essay are presented in a logical sequence. * 5.Have I used transitions to help the economics personal statement sequence of rhetorical analysis ap language events flow smoothly? * I have used transitions to do i use citations research paper, help t sequence of. Armed forces , English-language films , Essay 834 Words | 3 Pages. Main Causes of Pollution in Urban and essay ap language Rural Areas. 11th January 2013 This report in dulce est imagery essay, order to your assignment task regarding to the Main Causes Of “Pollution In . Urban And Rural Areas”.Kindly go through the report thoroughly and give feedback accordingly. T.A “MAIN CAUSES OF POLLUTION IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS” CAUSES OF LAND POLLUTION: [pic] REASON: . Groundwater , Noise pollution , Pollution 743 Words | 3 Pages. NAME : FATIN NAZIHAH BINTI ABDULLAH STUDENT I/D : 2014177579 . Compare and contrast raising children in a small town and raising children in the city. Children who grow up in the city are prone to gain adaptability skills at a tender age, develop acute social awareness, and have consistent coverage to culturally diverse populations and ap language experiences. Craft Essay! A University of Virginia research found that cities are in fact much safer places to live than small . Childhood , City , Developmental psychology 1445 Words | 4 Pages. Migration: Rural-Urban Migration of Newlyweds. Migration – Rural - urban migration of newlyweds Migration is the physical movement by humans from one region to another over essay, . vast distances across geographic barriers or shorter distances from engagement paper rural areas to more urbanized cities in their own country of residence. In recent years the rate of rural - urban migration in many less economically developed countries such as China has become alarming as more people waft into the urban centres from the rural areas.

In particular many young, newlywed couples. City , College , Elementary school 1122 Words | 3 Pages. AdvantagesDisadvantages of RuralUrban Life. Rural - Urban Differentials in analysis essay, the Attitude of Global Systems of GSM Ndagi, Oduwole Sanusi . Sentences! Rural - Urban Differentials in the Attitude of Global Systems of analysis essay ap language Mobile Communication (GSM) Consumers to Merits and Demerits of GSM Technology in Ogun State, Nigeria I. Ndagi O. O. Oduwole R. Employee Engagement Research Paper! A. Sanusi Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria AFRICA ABSTRACT The advent of the Global System of Mobile Communication (GSM) in Nigeria has become the order of most day-to-day activities; however, consumers of essay ap language GSM. Base station , Cellular network , City 2168 Words | 8 Pages. Urban geography Urban geography is a branch of human geography concerned with various aspects of cities. Use Citations In A Research Paper! An urban . geographer's main role is to essay ap language, emphasize location and space and study the essay spatial processes that create patterns observed in urban areas. To do this, they study the site, evolution and growth, and classification of villages, towns and rhetorical cities as well as their location and importance in relation to different regions and cities.

Economic, political and social aspects within cities are also. City , Developed environments , Economics 1017 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Urban and Rural Divide 1 Imagine life in Los Angeles. Now imagine life in a neighbouring . rural California town. Finally, picture life in Reflective Log, Cairo, Egypt. Which of these last two places is more different from rhetorical analysis essay Los Angeles? Many people might mistakenly choose Cairo because it is in a different country. In fact, city dwellers all over the world tend to have similar lifestyles, so the employee paper biggest differences are between Los Angeles and its smaller neighbour. Urban people and rural people, regardless.

Apartment , City , Rural 577 Words | 2 Pages. ESSAY - Examine sociological explanations for the lower rates of recorded crime in rural compared to urban areas. Homework Essay Question – Mrs Young 8th November 2013 ESSAY QUESTION: ‘Examine Sociological explanations for the . lower rates of recorded crime in rural compared to urban areas’… A group of sociologists based in Chicago became known as Chicago School, and they argued that the analysis growth of cities produced distinctive neighbourhoods, each with its own characteristic lifestyle. Shaw and do i use citations research McKay applied this perspective to their study of delinquency. Statistics from rhetorical ap language their study shows that 9. Council house , Crime , Crime prevention 1422 Words | 4 Pages. India’s life insurance firms have exceeded expectations in terms of growing their business in rural India, both among the . rural wealthy and argumentative essay the not-so-wealthy, and most firms in the business are actually ahead of targets laid down by the sector’s regulator, Insurance Regulatory and rhetorical ap language Development Authority, or Irda.

The companies claim that apart from helping them grow sales in locations outside the near-saturated urban markets, this strategy also helps them maintain their profitability at craft essay, existing. Business , City , Economics 760 Words | 3 Pages. quality of life rather than bringing into account Australia's economic figures (www.wikipedia.org, 18/11/2006). Quality of life . is analysis essay ap language, both objective and subjective. Each of these two axes comprises several domains which, together, define the in a research total construct.

Objective domains are measured through culturally relevant indices of objective well-being. Subjective domains are measured through questions of satisfaction. (http://acqol.deakin.edu.au/introduction/index.htm, 18/11/2006). This essay will compare. City , Ecology , Rural 966 Words | 3 Pages. Postcode 3000, ResCode which mainly aimed to facilitate urban consolidation have been introduced by the Government of analysis essay Victoria. . Urban consolidation does has some positive effects on solving recent urban problems. However, it also leads many seriously social, economical, and environmental issues. And this essay is research paper, going to rhetorical, discuss which way should Melbourne be developed in the future on social, economical, and environmental aspects. As urban consolidation has been the major planning policy in Melbourne. City , Global warming , Precipitation 1339 Words | 4 Pages. Difference in Reflective Log, Social Relations Between City Dwellers and analysis Rural Communities. Why are the social relations between urban and rural areas so different and what causes these differences to occur?

This . question is what I am going to when in a, be arguing. I will be doing this not only through my opinions and ideas, but also through the works of Georg Simmel, Louis Wirth and Ernest Burgess. All three of rhetorical analysis these urban scholars add a slightly different view of urbanism as a way of life . Georg Simmel's interpretation of interpersonal social relations in Reflective Log, the city is rhetorical ap language, one based on the stimulus. City , Population , Rural 1958 Words | 5 Pages. Effects of Urban Sprawl on craft essay Wildlife Imagine yourself driving down the street in the middle of your suburban neighborhood and all of a sudden . Rhetorical Ap Language! a deer jumps out in front of your vehicle causing you to slam on Reflective Log the brakes. You sit in your car wondering why there was an animal in the middle of rhetorical essay ap language you neighborhood. You should ask yourself: Is urban sprawl effecting our wildlife?

Urban sprawl is definitely effecting our wildlife, but many species are learning to adapt to living so close to humans. As. City , Endangered species , Hunting 1542 Words | 5 Pages. Did you know that teens that live in an Urban area get a better education academically than teens that live in paper, Rural areas? This . is due to analysis, the fact that the kids living in student room economics personal, a larger city tend to get better grades simply because they apply their brain power more than people that live in a rural area. It was found strange, but rather interestingly enough proven a fact. Rhetorical Essay! When you live in use citations in a paper, a larger city there tends to be a lot more than just the normal things that you put use to in thought.

You really do. City , Developed environments , Population 597 Words | 2 Pages. FACULTY OF CONSERVATION, THE ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT OF RURAL AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COURSE : SOCIAL . ECONOMICS OF RURAL LIVELIHOOD CODE : ERL213 LECTURE : FRANCIS UNGAPEMBE STUDENT : GIFT KAPOTA YEAR : 2 ASSIGNMENT : Seven QUESTION : Discuss the role of government in rhetorical essay, promoting socio-economics of rural livelihood DUE DATE : 7 September 2013 DATE SUBMITTED: 2 September. Economic development , Economics , Land reform 1383 Words | 4 Pages. from a past dangerous experience and try to protect others from the same fate as the ones they had lost previously to these dangers.

In the end both main . characters gave up their own lives for another and showed leadership. Nance and Mrs. Wang had life experiences and craft essay remained aware of the dangers of Mother Nature. Mrs. Wang would climb the dike steps everyday after supper to see how high the river had risen. Analysis Essay Ap Language! She knew how dangerous it was if the dike broke. It would drown her family and the whole. Antagonist , Climbing , Old age 854 Words | 3 Pages. | | | | | | | | | | | | | How might ‘creativity’, rather than flagship developments, help to regenerate local communities?| | | | . | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Essay Introduction Presently ‘creativity’ seems to be a cure-all for a variety of problems.

Lot of research has been done on personal the topic of creativity and its role in different field such as creative cities (Landry, 2000), creative clusters (Mommaas, 2009), creative industries (O’Connor. City , Creative class , Creativity 1861 Words | 6 Pages. Writing and Compare-and-contrast Essays. ? Compare and rhetorical essay Contrast This type of writing assignment is common. On a standardized test, you may be asked to analyze literature, evaluate . ideas, or make a judgment and explain your reasons. In responding to argumentative essay, these types of rhetorical prompts, you often will compare and dulce contrast characters, concepts, or choices. You will be asked to identify similarities and analysis essay ap language differences, which are the key to compare -and-contrast essays . There are ways to organize your thoughts about compare -and-contrast topics, which will. Comparison , Comparisons , Essay 1384 Words | 4 Pages. ? Compare and Contrast: “Fish Cheeks” and “Caged Bird” Rachael Becker Assignment 5 . Nicole Yurchak 1/30/2014 The differences between a narrative and a descriptive essay determine the way in which the reader receives the story. The purpose of each is still very clear, to connect to the reader using story telling. In order for the reader to employee engagement research paper, receive the story as intended, the analysis ap language author must create a clear picture of;.

Amy Tan , Bird , Finite difference 866 Words | 3 Pages. Compare Contrast: The Rocking-Horse Winner/The Lottery ENGL 102_B40: Literature and Composition Spring 2011 . Michaela Gates L23562144 APA Gambling, whether for life or money, is risky and success is not guaranteed, even if you ‘win’. In A Research Paper! Two different tales both involving risk. Essay! 1. Gambling for something valuable - One for est imagery essay life and rhetorical the other for money 2. Characters’ Personalities - Paul was hopeful and cared deeply for craft essay his. Gambling , Horse , Horse racing 781 Words | 3 Pages.

Cause and essay Effect of People Migrating from Rural Areas to Urban Areas. trend of people migrating from rural dwellings to dulce essay, urban area in search of an earning, better education or may be due to . environmental degradation in rural areas. Even, political conflicts, wars, and income disparities among and within regions may also be a motivating factor which results in rhetorical essay ap language, migration whether international or national. Whatever may be the reasons, migration is a very common phenomenon nowadays in employee research paper, most of the cities. Recent studies reveal that the urban population is increasing day. City , Health care , Human migration 957 Words | 3 Pages. ??Greening urban areas is not just about making places look nice. Evaluate the contribution of rhetorical essay ap language green areas in cities to do i use citations paper, meeting the goals of rhetorical analysis ap language . Engagement! sustainable development (40 marks) Sustainable development is most frequency defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to rhetorical, meet their own needs. Thus, sustainable development means finding a balance between the fulfillment of human needs with the protection of the natural environment. Argumentative Essay! Sustainable. Biodiversity , City , Ecological economics 1521 Words | 4 Pages.

Topic: Food In The Cafeteria Should Be Healthy Type of essay : Persuasion Introduction: Introduction Sentence: Parents spend a . lot of time keeping their children healthy but at a young age, they start school and many schools n lot of time keeping their children healthy but at a young age, they start school and many schools now a days have cafeterias. Cafeteria , Greek loanwords , Rhetoric 861 Words | 5 Pages. Urban Civilization Essay For History. ?Bowie, Tomeka C. History-114 9-15-2014 Dr. R. Essay Ap Language! J. Simms From the Flintstones’’ Caves to Towns and then to Reflective Log, Sumeria, Babylon and Egypt: Early . Urban Civilizations or Not? “We are not the first to suffer, rebel, fight, love and die.

The grace with which we embrace life , in spite of the pain, the sorrows, is always a measure of what has gone before…” Although preceding is rhetorical ap language, a quote from Alice Walker’s “Revolutionary Petunias,” and found in A Shining of Hope: The History of Black Women in America by. Ancient Egypt , Ancient Near East , Civilization 810 Words | 3 Pages.

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Free International Relations and Politics essays. Ryan air is an Irish airline competing in the fairly recent development of the European budget airline industry. They are one of the key players within the market, and analysis, perhaps the craft essay most profitable. This report undertakes a detailed study of Ryan air. Rhetorical Analysis Essay Ap Language? It looks at argumentative sentences Ryanair's current strategy and the management of that strategy. Ap Language? It identifies how the business' operations and craft essay, functions impacts on the carrier's customer relations and leaderships with regard to their overall strategy.

Mission and Vision of the company: Ryanair does not publish a formal vision or mission statement, but in accordance with Jack Welch's advice, Strategy, then, is simply finding the big aha and setting a broad direction. Michael O'Leary's broad direction, communicated in public statements, is to simply continue to be the rhetorical largest Low Cost Leader in the European airline industry and to carry 73 million passengers in the fiscal year 2010/11. Research? Implementing this vision is a function of analysis ap language many individual tactics, including an absolute dedication to low cost performance in every element of the value chain, quick gate turnarounds, nonunion operations, performance-based incentive compensation plans, standardization on et decorum, one type of aircraft, and flying (in most cases) to secondary airports, which provides significant savings for Ryanair. The objectives and structure of rhetorical ap language this report will consist of four main sections which will enable a strategic direction to craft essay be recommended to Ryan air: To research in to the current strategic position of Ryan Airways. To critically analyse Ryan Airways' internal and external environment. Ap Language? To design a selection of strategic options utilising the internal and external analysis To evaluate the most appropriate option for Ryan Airways and discuss implementation. As everyone in this world prefer for the low cost airlines and many airlines do have adopted this strategy and Reflective Log, have been a boom.

In bigger markets, premium airlines have the disadvantage over the low cost airlines are that premium airlines will never get their costs to a point where they can make a profit at low fares. One of rhetorical ap language these low cost airlines is the Ryan Air which is an Irish airline company and the first low-cost airline. In July 1985, Ryanair has started their operation between Waterford in the southeast of Ireland and London's Gatwick airport. Catlan, Declan and Shane Ryan are the three founding shareholders of Ryanair. Employee Paper? The basic idea was to offer low-cost no-frills services between Ireland and London. Now, Ryanair have made their position in its own field, being Britain's favourite airline.

Ryan air currently has a team of more than 7,000 people and rhetorical essay ap language, expects to carry approximately 73 million passengers in fiscal year 2010/11. The strategic position of any organisations is evaluated by certain factors which are included below along with the environmental analysis which will be followed later. To the market segment Ryan Air claimed that they were 'Europe's first no frills airline'. Due to their increasing competitive edge, Ryanair made the strategic decisions to craft essay attract customers at both ends of rhetorical their routes. Craft Essay? Haberberg and analysis essay, Rieple (2001) supported Ryanair by argumentative essay sentences enticing passengers from France, Italy and Scandinavia.

This had increased their market share as well as added the bonus of ap language creating a well recognised brand name across Europe. 1.3.2 Prescriptive, Emergent or Something Unique? Where the objective has been defined in engagement research advance and the main elements have been developed before the strategy commences is a prescriptive corporate strategy where as an emergent corporate strategy is one whose final objective is unclear and analysis essay ap language, whose elements are developed during the course of engagement research paper its life, as the essay strategy proceeds. Lynch (2000) As is shown above by Lynch (2000) the two recognised strategy models are extremely different, however these are the two dominant strategy approaches as stated by Dennis Foster in his lecture on Managing Strategic Change (2006). So it is safe to recognise that Ryan air does not follow either of the strategy. Research Paper? As a whole, however certain aspects or functions make up the carrier but for analysis essay an organisation of Ryanair's size different parts would have different aims and objectives underneath a main umbrella strategy for the organisation. For example, Ryan air would follow the prescriptive model for any planning undertaken for the new routes or planes as the et decorum objective would have been defined beforehand and elements such as finance will have had to have been agreed before any purchasing goes ahead. On the rhetorical ap language other hand the training and development will follow the emergent strategies where elements can be discovered along the way for example if staff needed more health and safety training then the training programme could be redirected. The Ryan air as already stated follows neither of the strategic approach religiously but possesses a strategy which is unique to their organisation, which has identified their needs and objectives.

However their approach to strategic management isn't unique in itself as the majority of organisations will tailor strategies to suit their business' own individuality. As the number of when use citations research paper low-cost carriers has grown, these airlines have begun to ap language compete with one another .The main competitors of the Ryan air are carriers including Easy Jet, BMIbaby, Fly Be and Thomson Fly who by emphasising their low cost tickets try to argumentative essay attract potential customers. This makes the competition in this market segment fierce as in order to analysis essay offer the lowest fares, costs must also be kept to a minimum. Despite the presence of other low cost airlines in Europe, Ryan air continues to maintain its leadership of the lowest cost airline in Europe. The advantage of this company is its ability to drive down the cost as lowest fares at the same time are profitable.

This is done through: The airline's fleet uses the employee engagement research single type of aircraft made up of Boeing 737, which reduce the training and servicing cost. This type of aircraft is rhetorical analysis, commonly used. To reduce their costing and providing good customer service, Ryanair contracts out of services like baggage handling, ticketing, aircraft handling, and argumentative sentences, other functions to third parties. Analysis Essay Ap Language? But firm have maintained their staff and services on the Dublin Airport, this is the exception. Engagement? By doing contract out of services, company is able to obtain competitive rates and multiyear contracts at fixed prices, limiting exposure to cost increase.

It also helps Ryanair's to employee responsibilities and potential disputes. As the airport includes landing fees, passenger loading fees, aircraft parking fees and noise surcharges so in order to ap language reduce this Ryan air flies to many regional or secondary airports in a point to argumentative essay point model rather than traditional model. This model will further allows the airline to offer lower fares due to the lower landing and handling costs. A performance related pay structure was followed by the firm in order to control employee compensation costs although the company provides lower labor costs, but based on their performance the employees can earn additional pay. Ryan air uses newspapers, radio, television and analysis essay, its website as their main advertising tools and reduces the student personal market cost by cutting the rates on commission to the travel agent. 2.0 External analysis:The external environment awareness is necessary for rhetorical analysis ap language the success within the Reflective Log airline industry, this section aims to highlight the position of the industry, in particular looking at competitors and assessing Ryan's capability to meet current and future challenges. PESTLE analysis means analysis of Political, Economical, social, Technology, Legal and Environment factors. These are the six main macro external factors. We can examine these factors in order to realize Ryanair's future external and opportunities. In the airline industry, competition is very cruel especially after credit crunch in 2008. Due to recession companies are struggling to maintain their position as well struggling to survive in the airline industry.

But we can also see these threats into rhetorical analysis essay ap language opportunities. Ryanair has converted these threats into opportunities as becoming the craft essay most suitable company to gain advantages in the airlines industry. So this is one of the answers to analysis the questions related to their future strategy and their position's of the future competition. The main characteristics of the low cost airlines companies are reducing their cost as minimum as they can without compromising their customer service. It may be just one-side of student room economics personal them is their low fares. One of the main strategies in Ryanair airline is no frills such as free food or any air-mile promotions. Essay? They prefer only Boeing 737-800 aircraft and their aircrafts seat density is very high. The bookings of the airlines are made through internet so there are no sales commissions and they earn huge amount.

As Ryanair is mainly low cost airline, therefore their customers are highly price sensitive especially during the recession times so it will be very easy for customers to change their airlines. Argumentative Essay? In this era customer's knowledge about cost of service is highly and rhetorical analysis ap language, Ryan air does not provide customer loyalty but the bargaining power of customer is Reflective Log, very low .Still Ryan air is able to maintain the cheapest airline in rhetorical ap language all Europe destinations. As there are lots of barriers to the entry and the capital invested in et decorum est imagery essay this sector is very high so you should always take the flight authorizations. It is also very difficult to rhetorical analysis be new in airline industry as it will be hard to find the suitable airports for flights. It will also be difficult to take a place in current competition. Ryan air will not be affected by any threats by new entrants. Even the existing companies are changing their strategy or reducing their tickets price it won't affect Ryan air (Lufthansa). One of the main threats of substitutes for Ryanair is Brand loyalty. As there is dulce et decorum essay, no brand loyalty for essay ap language the customers then customers can switch to another airline without any hesitations and there will be no switching cost for the customers. So Ryanair has to overcome these types of employee engagement paper threats by maintaining their brand loyalty to their customers.

As the market is highly competitive, Ryan air's advantages can be copied. In Europe it had been seen that there is an agreement made between Ryan air and Easyjet that not to compete head to head. However if any company decide to compete on the same basis as Ryanair it will be highly crucial for essay ap language Ryanair. Use Citations In A Paper? This will make Ryan air with heavy pressure on prices, margins, and hence lead to profitability. Factor Ways which factor applies to Ryanair. Marketing - strong branding and reputation, aggressive price strategy. Low costing due to airport operator deals.

Strengths Reputation as biggest budget airline. Lots of publicity due to analysis essay ap language O'Leary and Controversial issues. Cash tied up in craft essay purchase of new planes. Entire company based on European low cost airline market. Weaknesses Shock profit warnings may have used cash reserves and weakened fiscal structure. Refusal to back down over issues such as EU Commission.

Possible new routes, Opportunities New planes = larger capacity. Advertising space on website and essay ap language, planes, more revenue. Competitors - BMI baby, Easy jet, Thomson Fly. Economic recession would mean less. Threats Disposable income. EU Commission could put restrictions. on company if do not adhere to state. Future Strategy and Recommendations. One of the most important corporate-level strategies is Reflective Log, mergers and acquisitions in the new millennium as it is necessary for the firm growth and success.

It is expected from Ryanair to acquire other companies in order to improve its capabilities and acquire more competitive advantage. Strategic Human Resource Management. Ryanair, have sacrified its services and processes because of the analysis essay commitment to low- cost airfare. As a potential source of competitive advantage, human resources are not seen that is the company does not seem to dulce value its customers. Ap Language? It is believed that the argumentative essay company's human resources are the rhetorical source of competitive advantages therefore human resources or the company's people are one source of sustainable competitive advantage. As we know in this era of fast changing environment the technological innovations and other strategies can be copied there human resources will bring sustainable competitive advantages.

In order to provide good customer services such as providing discounted flights and value promotion the when do i in a firm should has a detailed plan for its strategic moves in the market to keep the competitive advantage at a stable mode within its competitors and will need to focus more on essay ap language, the core competencies that allow Ryanair to practically and wisely designs suitable airline operations within the cambridge personal statement bracket of their marketing network services in rhetorical essay a market standard-based perspective. Ryanair should not stop to change their marketing plans or rejuvenate from time to time, they should be goal oriented in Reflective Log order to re-invent the rhetorical essay performance process upon the upgrading of rules and Reflective Log, regulations mandated by the state. In order to renew revenue generation Ryanair need to ap language overcome the lack of product differentiation. In order to be defined as an independent profit centres it is then recommended that Ryanair should outsources as many non-core functions as possible which can abandon peripheral services such as catering or ground handling services. Based on the above analysis, it is highly recommended that Ryanair should consider the expansion in to haul markets - specially the transatlantic routes which accounts for more than 60% of world's air travel. Therefore moving in to this new haul market which has low fare strategy along with added service options. And also by introducing complementary goods and services through its web sites, the company can utilize its existing business as this will allow company to reduce its cost base per unit of customers. Exploring Corporate Strategy; Gerry Johnson, Kevan Scholes, Richard Whittington; 8th edition; 2008. International Business; Donald A. Ball, Paul L. Frantz, Michael S. Minor; 9th Edition; McGraw Hill 2004. The Strategy Process; Henry Mintzberg, James Brian Quinn; 3rd Edition; 1996. Strategic Management; Pearce Robinson; 8th Edition; 2003.

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