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Easy essay childhood

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Essay about Childhood Memories -- Personal Narrative

Book Review on A Child called It and The Lost Boy by Dave Pelzer. Book Review on easy essay A Child called It and The Lost Boy by Dave Pelzer. The story of The Lost Boy is an autobiography of essay, Dave Pelzer. Pelzer writes about the troubles he went through since childhood until adulthood. The writer was unfortunate to be born in a family that had irresponsible parents that were alcoholic and unreasonable. Pelzer’s mother physically, psychologically and emotionally abused him, while his father paid no attention to childhood what he went through.

Finally, Pelzer was relocated from his home and placed in finding identity essay foster homes until he attained his adulthood. Both his parents passed on but that did not bother Pelzer. In fact, the writer loves his foster parents more as opposed to the biological ones. Pelzer considers himself as a lost boy because of the abnormal life experiences he had to encounter (Pelzer 56). Pelzer states that the easy publication A Child called “It ” is similar to the story of The Lost Boy (70). The former has been written by the same author discusses how the protagonist, a young boy, was saved by dissertation methode the school from his mother’s violent behavior.

The protagonist’s mother hit his head on the kitchen counter and forced him to lie to the nurse. The nurse finally realizes that the boy had been abused for long, and instinctively takes him to the children service where he is adopted. Easy Essay Childhood? The characters in the two books grew up in an environment, which was at first condusive but later worsened. Dave says that since infancy up to his early years, his parents were caring and took them to vacations. He specifically quotes one evening he watched the ap lang sunset as his mother cuddled him (Pelzer, 80). At this time, the characters would be said to have a normal child development since he had a caring family then. Middle childhood was terrible because Dave experiences torture, depression and frustration. For example, his mother never fed him appropriately, he slept in the basement, she beat him and once stabbed him (Pelzer, 57). This treatment made Dave to have a middle childhood full of oppressions and childhood, he could not tell anyone. By the time Dave was an synthesis adolescent, he was living in a foster home.

His adolescence was full of rebellion and essay childhood, hostility. For instance, he and his friend set fire in thesi school and he had to go back to juvenile (Pelzer, 78). Essay Childhood? This abnormal character was caused by the feeling of freedom after an oppressive experience at methode, his home. He felt like a normal child who was free to express himself, hence the essay hyperactive. There are factors that contributed to development from adolescence into adulthood. The major one was presence of loving foster parents.

Because he got caring parents, this enabled him to go through adolescence and be successful in his adulthood. The characters have an exceptional behavior, which they exhibit. Most children, who would experience such misery in childhood, are expected to be timid and unsocial. On the contrary, Dave grows up to be a bold and successful man. Synthesis Rubric? The author’s purpose in writing the given books is to address the easy essay childhood issue of your identity essay, child abuse. This vice exists and it is being practiced by some ruthless guardians in homes. Pelzer informs affected children not to allow such acts because they are inhuman.

Parents are not only the people who may be abusive to children; it could also be perpetrated by another adult. This book acts like an alert to parents in ensuring that their children are not abused by anyone (Pelzer 85). Dave, the childhood main character has had different experiences during his growth and identity essay, development. Easy? He was an unhealthy child because he was never fed well. At first, Dave says that his mother was nice and treated him well. Proof Fence? As time went by, she became alcoholic and picked on him. According to the story, she had become mentally challenged. Dave was subjected to a life of fear, frustration, and psychological trauma.

The story of A Child called “It ” also talks about essay childhood child abuse and lack of respect for children’s rights. It shows the dangers of mental challenges within the society. The protagonist’s mother maltreated the son because she was mentally incapacitated. People with mental challenges should be separated for the community because they could cause deaths to 911 michael moore other community members in easy extreme situations. Alcoholism and other irresponsible habits exhibited by these parents are contributing factors to poor parenting and the family element (Pelzer 67). This is actualized to Dave’s parents by the loss of their son.

The story is meant to make readers understand that a stable family enables children to grow normally and healthily because they are settled and psychologically at peace. Thesi? Pelzer asserts that he uses first person for the bigger part of the story of The Lost Boy (97). This is because, the approach created an effectual manner in which the story could be written as an autobiography. Only Pelzer, the author, could narrate his story and as well as opinions on easy essay the given issues. The story setting is in the Daly City in California, where David lives with his family during his early childhood. The story mostly revolves within the synthesis essay rubric home setting because it offers the location where most of the incidents occurred. The protagonist is subjected to misery and suffering coercing him to several foster homes. His adolescent stage is easy childhood, not exciting as it is characterized with segregation, as other children do not appreciate the moore essay fact that he is a fostered child (Pelzer 55). The story of A Child called “It ” is also written in first person and this has helped to easy bring out the impact of the story’s themes and purpose. When the boy makes direct address, the fair research papers reader finds it easier to understand the story and makes it easily unforgettable.

The first person approach allows the reader to acquire the easy essay intended expressions, impressions and the mood of the story, a sad one for the matter. This is easily evidenced by the writing technique. The same position makes the story more active and lively because it infuses pragmatism within the methode publication. Dave Pelzer’s The Lost Boy is successful in several ways. These include detailed explanations of child abuse and the unconstructive effects it accords to children after they are rescued from the cruel environment of the abuser. This book really portrays how life can be miserable for both abused children and those in adoption. Pelzer assists the reader in reflecting on the evaluation of one’s achievements. Easy? The story makes a notable point in follow the rabbit fence offering individual appreciations towards good growth and easy essay childhood, development in terms of synthesis essay rubric, love and support from families. The author has successfully managed to make emotional expressions and this is quite captivating to easy essay childhood the readers (Pelzer 120). The achievements of A Child called “It ” include the provision of succinct information concerning children’s rights protection.

This is evidenced by the nurse who reports Dave’s abuse. In other words, the writer says it is important to come forward and report any incidences of child abuse because extreme abuse may lead to death. For example, the protagonist is stabbed with a knife and denied medial care; he bled a lot and this was life threatening. In addition, the 911 michael moore boy was malnourished because he was not fed well. Note that, malnourished children can die due to starvation and lack of appropriate nutrients. One of the easy greatest hindrances recovering males is accepting they were once victims. This writer has not been affected by this weakness and he successfully joins the Air Force and doing voluntary work (Pelzer 89). A weakness observed in synthesis essay this story is it does not elaborate exactly how the essay childhood writer moves from moore essay, being a victim to a conqueror.

It lacks required details that explain every step of how Pelzer handled each element. More details are required to show the writer’s journey to success and a fulfilling life. It is easy essay childhood, not also clear how the dissertation methode writer is living presently. However, the book has tried making some conclusions about the writer to easy essay childhood improve the audience’s understanding. Pelzer advices that the developmental stages of a child should be handled with care and guardians should pay attention to follow proof fence essays the child (95). This is quite important when a child moves from childhood to maturity stage. A lot of guidance is needed for smooth transition.

Using Dave’s example, this did not appear as the case as his childhood is full of misery and much suffering. After he is easy, taken to a foster home, the protagonist becomes hyperactive because of the freedom he has not known in a long time. The writer also suggests that the finding your identity essay boy was full of bitterness hence his harsh character. There is an childhood instance where the boy is negatively influenced by his peer and they plan to set fire to a classroom. Upon identification, the peer quickly changes the story and implicates Dave. At one of his foster homes, the protagonist rides a bicycle and goes to view his maternal home and this is taken as an indiscipline action (Pelzer, 100). Dave is punished but this time in a proper way.

Punishing adolescents in the required way enables them to learn from their mistakes and know that the guardians wish them well. Pelzer, Dave. Moving forward: Taking the lead in your life. London: Orion Books Limited, 2010. Print. Pelzer, Dave. A child called “it.” An abused child’s journey from identity, victim and victor. London: Orion Books Limited, 2008. Print. We have the capacity, through our dedicated team of writers, to complete an order similar to this. Essay? In addition, our customer support team is always on standby, which ensures we are in touch with you before, during and finding, after the completion of the paper.

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Childhood Memories Essays: 10 Brilliant Writing Ideas

Sample Of Book Report In English Essays and Research Papers. LITERATURE Class: VHVH 01 – Group: 4 Name: Le Kim Ha Anh Student ID: 0957010009 Writing Book Reports : DOING . ENGLISH – A GUIDE FOR LITERATURE STUDENTS (Robert Eaglestone) Ranked in the list of more than 700 thousands of the world's best-selling books , Doing English is essay childhood, really a good choice that needed for proof essays the study of essay childhood, English college students. The author of the book – Robert Eaglestone, a lecturer in English at Royal Holloway, University of synthesis ap lang, London, and Series Editor of Routledge Critical Thinkers. Critical thinking , Elizabeth I of England , English literature 1248 Words | 4 Pages. Name of Book : Nickel and Dimed Author: Barbara Ehrenreich Plot Summary: The author, Barbara Ehrenreich, works for the prestigious New . Easy Essay. Yorker magazine. One day over lunch with a famous editor discussing possible stories to science fair write, she comments that the minimum wage is easy essay childhood, too low.

She thinks someone used to more money should try to live on this pittance. The editor, Lewis Lapham, assigns her the science fair projects papers, story. This is not good news for Ehrenreich. Easy Essay Childhood. Having spent her childhood with middle class struggling. Barbara Ehrenreich , Cost , Nickel and Dimed 914 Words | 4 Pages. BOOK REPORT The Outsiders By: S.E Hinton(New York: Puffin Books , 1967) The outsider: The Outsiders is follow the rabbit essays, about . Easy. two weeks in fahrenheit 911 michael moore the life of a 14-year-old boy. Easy Childhood. The novel tells the story of synthesis essay rubric, Ponyboy Curtis and easy childhood his struggles with right and wrong in a society in which he believes that he is an outsider. Your Identity Essay. The title of this book is easy childhood, related to fahrenheit 911 michael the story, because in easy essay the novel, Ponyboy and Johnny are outsiders.

They can be thought of as Outsiders because they are labeled Greasers although they do not act like. Adolescence , Antagonist , Character 1428 Words | 4 Pages. ? Book Report : A Child of Sorrow (A requirement submitted in English 7 and PLE) Aug. 22, 2014 Mon Alexander . D. Mendoza Class Number 26 Grade 7-Tindalo Submitted to: Prof. Ma. Concepcion A. Fahrenheit 911 Michael. Gaffud Ms.

Jenny Flor S. Easy Childhood. Baclor I. Author’s Background Zoilo M. Galang was born on June 27, 1895 in Bacolor, Pampanga. He was known as the first Filipino writer to make a novel written in English entitled “A Child of Sorrow” that was published on 1921. He grew under the auspices of the Spanish culture. Character , Fiction , Holiday 1398 Words | 6 Pages. The name of the book I choose to analyse for this book report is Nativity. It was written by Lasana . M. Sekou and published by House Of Nehest Publishers in the year 2010.

The ISBN of the book is 9780913441978 and the soft cover edition of the book cost $140.00TTD. The English version of the poem has nine chapters (9) and moore essay consist of easy childhood, forty-one (41) pages. The main characters discussed in the poem were the enslaved Africans. The setting. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 1167 Words | 4 Pages. | | |Progress Report # | . | | | |Reporting Period: | |to | | | | |Submittal Date | | |Grant Agreement No: . Completeness , Date , Grammatical number 582 Words | 4 Pages.

452 5/15/2013 Book report - The Managerial Odyssey There is nothing worse than being always ways on essay the tramp – Homer . book fifteen I start reading this book with bad mood. Easy Essay. I hate to read books , especially the book not written by English . It will always be a disaster for someone to read the book that not written by rubric ap lang their first language. Childhood. However, this book really blows my mind. Finding Identity. Bod Focazio and his special style of humorous told me this is a knowledgeable and fun book . This book gives me a lot of. Better , Failure , Management 1318 Words | 5 Pages. ? Book Report Writing Template This is a guide only. It is childhood, not meant to write the report for thesi you. It gives you a . format or template for writing your own report . The original draft was developed by a teacher friend of mine to use with her own students. Essay Childhood. I have made a few additional enhancements which I believe make the model more clear and complete. A note of finding, caution here.

Your instructor may have another book report format that he/she prefers. Childhood. So, make sure they approve of this format before. Character , Protagonist , Typography 934 Words | 4 Pages. ? Book report 4S (26) So Nga Wun Tara Book title: Eyewitness Companions: . Synthesis Ap Lang. Mythology Author: Philip Wilkinson, Neil Philip Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Every human society has its mythology .Across the cultures of the world, there are countless myths and numberless gods and goddesses. Easy Essay. The variety of dissertation methode, these myths is fascinating, their story is essay, entertaining, and they have inspired artists and writers across the centuries; they are still relevant to us today .Besides. Apollo , Athena , Culture 1412 Words | 3 Pages. Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Dog Days By: Jeff Kinney (A Book . Essay Rubric Ap Lang. Report ) in partial fulfillment of the requirement in easy childhood English I Submitted by: de Ayre, Seanne Neilsen Date: February 16, 2011 The story is rubric, about a boy named Greg Heffley. Greg is having an ultimate summer fantasy of easy childhood, his life, but Greg is only spending his. American Civil War , Diary of a Wimpy Kid , Family 1237 Words | 3 Pages. extremely complex so I couldn’t do it without so much detail.

SORRY! D: The Host By Myah Dalton A riveting dystopian novel with dreamed up characters, . Melanie and identity essay Wanderer, written into something amazing by Stephanie Myer becomes the extraordinary book , “The Host.” In a land thousands of years from now there is an earth, among this earth is a civilization occupied by childhood human bodies, but their minds are occupied by peacekeeping, for lack of fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay, a better word, aliens. Essay. They call themselves souls and they. Emotion , Stephenie Meyer , The Host 934 Words | 2 Pages. Book Report Who Says Elephants Can't Dance? Inside IBM's Historic Turnaround Louis V. Gerstner Jr. (Author) Lou Gerstner, Jr., . Thesi. served as chairman and chief executive officer of childhood, IBM from April 1993 until March 2002, when he retired as CEO.

He remained chairman of the board through the end of 2002. Before joining IBM, Mr. Gerstner served for four years as chairman and CEO of RJR Nabisco, Inc. Dissertation Methode. This was preceded by easy childhood an eleven-year career at methode the American Express Company, where he was president of the. American Express , Chief executive officer , Chief executives 2056 Words | 5 Pages. BOOK REPORT SUBMITED BY: GRACIAN FIDER SUBMITTED TO: MRS PORTERIA Title: Courage Author: Bienvenido N. Easy Essay. Santos Place and synthesis essay . Essay. Date Publication: 1985 Settings: School Theme: Courage Characters:ConchitaFred Maria Mr. Arsenio L. Dissertation Methode. Torres Belen Gloria Introduction: All of us have memories of our teachers. We remember especially those who have influenced us to better ourselves, or those who have inspired us to achieve our dreams. Whatever role our teachers have had in our lives, they will always. Education , High school , Monday 960 Words | 2 Pages. ? English Visual Representation “Fear-Less” Away- Michael Gow The Fear- Ben Howard Thomas Noble S.Colley Visual Representation . Easy Essay Childhood. Report “Discovery and fahrenheit moore essay Discovering can offer new understanding and renew perceptions of ourselves and essay childhood others” Introduction In the texts Away- Michael Gow and The Fear- Ben Howard the audience discovers the concept that fear, in an individual is projects papers, more a process than a single moment in life, this is the essay, core idea communicated to the aspiring.

Anxiety , Claustrophobia , Fear 1291 Words | 6 Pages. Book report of Man from the South One day, on an accidental occasion, a stranger is willing to bet with you on your one of you . Easy Childhood. skills which is not so critical, and you are likely to win. If you do succeed, according to the serious bet, you can get a quite new limousine from the man which is worth millions of dollars; If not, however, what you have to do is thesi, just to easy essay childhood dedicate your little finger, which means, have that poor finger chopped instantly by finding your identity essay the man and then you will be rushed to the hospital. Fiction , Finger , Hand 1630 Words | 4 Pages. ? I Acknowledgement On the essay, very outset of this report , I would like to extend my sincere heartfelt obligation . Essay. towards all the essay childhood, personages who have helped me in this endeavor. Without their active guidance, help, cooperation encouragement, I would not have made headway in thesi the book report . First, I would like to extend my sincerity and give thanks to our Dear God for giving me strength and His guidance Second, I am extremely thankful and pay my gratitude to my.

Aircraft ground handling , Airport , Corazon Aquino 1648 Words | 6 Pages. 1 some teens lack the qualities or take longer to achieve the easy, qualities to become successful in his or her life. In the book 7 habits of . highly effective teens Sean covey boiled down 7 habits that make a successful teen these habit are some that every teen should want to learn to fahrenheit 911 michael moore go on the right path. Being productive,begin with the end in childhood mind,put first things first think win win seek first to understand synerqize and sharpen the saw were all of the habits for highly effective teens each habit. Cherokee , Family , Learning 1158 Words | 4 Pages. himself, the book entitled “Beyond Massa- Sugar Management in the British Caribbean 1770-1834,” examines the daily operations on the plantation . including the dissertation methode, lifestyle of the superior Europeans and the enslaved Africans during the seventeenth and eighteenth century. Easy. The book is inclusive of your identity, an in depth study of chattel slavery on the sugar estate of the British Caribbean. Also it is revisionism of previous knowledge as many contradictions of past events were made throughout the book with vital evidence.

Caribbean , Cuba , Decision making 2088 Words | 8 Pages. ?BATANGAS CHRISTIAN SCHOOL BOOK REPORT TITLE Childhood Interrupted: An analysis Caryl Mitzi M. Easy Essay. Balmes . 23 January 2014 World Literature Part 1: An Overview “Childhood Interrupted” based on a true life story of its author herself Kathleen O’ Malley was about the dark life under the hands of a nuns in an orphanage. She was then living in a peace simple life with her mom and sister Sarah Louise until she reached her age of six when the follow the rabbit, nuns have legally abducted. Facebook , Social network aggregation , Social network service 983 Words | 4 Pages. ?Cheyenne Crook Sociology 220 08 November 2014 Book Review No Easy Answers: The Truth behind Death at Columbine is a non-fiction novel, . written by childhood Brooks Brown, which provides insight to science fair the behind-the-scenes factor to easy essay the Columbine High School shooting in Littleton, Colorado. On April 20th of 1999, two high school boys, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, entered their local high school by finding your storm with shot guns and homemade pipe bombs. Before turning their weapons on themselves, Harris and easy essay Klebold killed.

Brooks Brown , Columbine High School , Columbine High School massacre 1297 Words | 7 Pages. that changed your excitement into irritation, and then you said to yourself, “Shit! I forgot what my pin code is!” – that was exactly what I felt when our . professor told us that we have to do an activity that we haven’t done before and then make a report about essay, it. I was so excited about the “something you haven’t done before” part to the point I almost forgot that there were so many exciting activities I haven’t done before, because of some stupid things like fear of heights, thanks God it was a. Shopping mall , Thing 1235 Words | 4 Pages. ? A BOOK REPORT ON “THE ABDUCTION” A Requirement in English 12 (Developmental Reading) Submitted to: Mrs. . Childhood. Bernadette S. Garcia of the rabbit essays, Mindanao University of essay childhood, Science and Technology (MUST) Submitted By: Jealouden G. Methode. Alamis BEED-SPED 1X4 February 27, 2015 My book report was written for our subject in English 12 required by Mrs. Bernadette S. Garcia.

My novel is entitled “The Abduction” by John Grisham. It has 217 pages, published by Hodder Stoughton. It is first published in Great. Best Friend of Charleston , Family , Father 905 Words | 3 Pages. English Report ---drug abase Solution: drug abase (family) Parents how to help their child to easy childhood stay away from drug? . Parents played a really important role of helping teenagers to stay away from drug. The reason is thesi, parents are really close to their child When their child faced some problems and they don’t know how to solve the problem, parents should do something for them to help them to solve the problem. So that important thing is build up a strong with their child. There are four effective. A. R. Gurney , Child , Childhood 695 Words | 3 Pages.

JOSEPH T. WARD DEAR MOM A SNIPER’S VIETNAM Novel Joseph T. Essay Childhood. Ward writes this inspiring true story on cruelty of the projects research papers, war in Vietnam from his perspective. . From the essay, time he makes his decision to join the Marines in the beginning of the book all the way to making it to Vietnam as a Marine Scout Sniper. Among the Joseph T. Ward, Dave Young, Mike O’Grady, and Nick Herrera (whom all since childhood have been friends with Joseph T. Ward and decided to join the Marines with him) share six purple hearts. Marine , Royal Marines , Scout 1000 Words | 3 Pages. ? Sample Investigative Report __________________________ COUNTY SCHOOLS INVESTIGATION REPORT (CONFIDENTIAL) . Fahrenheit 911 Michael Essay. To: ___________________________ [Attorney, if involved otherwise Superintendent] From: _________________________ Re: John Young [Employee who was investigated] The undersigned was designated to easy childhood conduct an investigation of alleged misconduct involving the above referenced employee. The initial information that served as a basis for this investigation was provided by Student Mary. Caller ID , Doctor , Interpersonal relationship 789 Words | 3 Pages. “Devon has a book club?” is the rabbit fence essays, a question probably a lot of kids at this school would ask. Essay. Though not the the rabbit essays, most populous of Devon’s . Essay Childhood. extracurricular activities, the book club is an important intellectual outlet in which students with exceptional interest in the literary arts may go to read-up on some of the best works of literature out there.

Despite being a relatively young club of only science fair projects one year of age, the book club has taken part in the reading and analysis of such works as Orwell’s 1984, Stephen. Critical thinking , Extracurricular activity , High school 1888 Words | 5 Pages. ?Far from verity After taking time reading this eye opening novel “Lies My Teacher Told Me” written by Dr. James W. Easy Essay. Loewen, the book has open . my mind to American History and the reality of everyday life, for example on thesi the topics of essay childhood, Helen Keller, the unbelievable truth of Woodrow Wilson, the exploration of Christopher Columbus, and the inverse truth of heroes and thesi sheroes. To begin with, in textbooks I have read, Woodrow Wilson was seemed as one of the most important man and promising to essay the blacks.

Bankruptcy in the United States , Historiography , History 2892 Words | 10 Pages. ?Andrew Freedman Glass Castle Book Review Freedman 1 Block 5 AP Language and science fair projects papers Composition Ms. Essay Childhood. Snedeker The Glass Castle is a chilling . memoir written by the writer Jeannette Walls. Fahrenheit 911 Michael Moore Essay. The memoir is about her unfortunate childhood, which involved constantly being on the move due to her father Rex’s drinking problems getting them into debt or losing him a job. The author has a way of describing things that leaves readers emotionally connected, sympathetic, grateful, wanting more and many other.

Jeannette Walls , New York City , The Glass Castle 829 Words | 3 Pages. to try something new, so they switched the rings that they were wearing and tried again, “one-two-three-go! Said Digory. And then jumped” (43). This decision . by Digory and Polly to easy childhood go exploring now has huge impacts on the rest of the book and even affects the books to come. Dissertation Methode. While adventuring, they stumble upon Jadis will later on essay childhood become the “White Witch” in Narnia. Another decision that was made was the decision by Digory is to dissertation get a seed that would produce a tree to keep the queen away from Narnia. Aslan , Digory Kirke , Narnia 994 Words | 3 Pages.

Cement. Jack and childhood Jerry went to the plant to do some audit works. During the audit, Jack found out that there was a problem with the clerk who handled . miscellaneous cash receipts because when Jack asked to count the petty cash, she pulled her check book and wrote a $150 check and told Jack to synthesis essay include that check in the petty cash fund also. The clerk has been taken out money from the petty cash fund when she needed and no one ever noticed. Essay. She asked Jack not to thesi tell the manager because if they found. Cash , Education in easy childhood Scotland , Educational years 1885 Words | 5 Pages. Report On The English Week Programme In SMK Alam Shah English Week was an opportunity for students to show . everyone their appreciation and ability at finding English . In SMK Alam Shah, the English Week was carried out from 18 April until 22 April 2011. The programme was organized by the English Language Society. With the slogan “I Love English ”, this programme was aimed to encourage all pupils to use English Language as a medium of essay childhood, interaction with their friends and teachers.

Various activities were. British Isles , England , English language 859 Words | 3 Pages. A Book Report ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Sidney Sheldon (February 11, 1917 – January 30, 2007) was an Academy Award-winning American . writer. His TV works spanned a 20-year period during which he created The Patty Duke Show (1963–66), I Dream of Jeannie (1965–70) and Hart to Hart (1979–84), but he became most famous after he turned 50 and began writing best-selling novels such as Master of the Game (1982), The Other Side of Midnight (1973) and Rage of finding your identity essay, Angels (1980). Essay Childhood. He is the seventh best selling writer of. Death , Sidney Sheldon , The Reynolds and Reynolds Company 1657 Words | 5 Pages. ?812000460 The book entitled “Beyond Massa - Sugar Management in the British Caribbean, 1770-1834” written by Dr. John F. Thesi. Campbell seeks to . examine the workings of the plantation life of both the enslaved and the European whites who were known as masters. It delves deeper into essay childhood, the truth about slavery and revisionism, as this book contradicts many past events and judgements on fahrenheit essay slavery with supporting evidence.

Dr. Essay Childhood. Campbell focused on the British Controlled Caribbean territory of Jamaica and specifically. Caribbean , Cuba , Europe 1793 Words | 7 Pages. ? Book Report on identity The Death Cure Brett Duffy English 10G January 16, 2015 Blackville School . Section 1- Quotes “I’m sorry guys, I’m sorry, but I need you to listen to me, I’m getting worst by the hour and I don’t have many sane ones left, please leave me here.” This quote is the character development of newts character, it is showing us just how much he is childhood, willing to do to make sure that the others succeed in synthesis ap lang finding a cure for the flare. “What a surprise, she lied again” This. American films , Atmosphere , Character 801 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Catcher in the Rye - a book presentation A short biographical sketch of the easy, author The Catcher in the Rye is finding your identity essay, a novel written by the . Childhood. American author Jerome David Salinger, born on thesi January 1th 1919 in New York City. His parents were very wealthy, and he was raised in Manhattan. Salinger has expressed in a number of interviews that he had trouble fitting in at school, and therefor moved from easy essay childhood, prep school to prep school as a child. In 1934, his parents decided to thesi send him to a military academy. Holden Caulfield , J. D. Salinger , Joan Caulfield 1624 Words | 5 Pages. ? Name:_____________________________________________________Hour___ Bloom’s Taxonomy Book Report Book Title . (1 pt): Number of pages (1 pt): Genre (1 pt): Knowledge (1 pt): 1. Write 4 facts about the author.

You can find information on the back flaps of the book , or you can look him/her up on the internet. (4 sentences) Comprehension (2 pt each): 2. Describe the essay childhood, main character. Include both physical description and synthesis essay rubric personality traits. (4-5 sentences) 3. Easy Childhood. Describe another character. Antagonist , Character , Protagonist 787 Words | 5 Pages. ?Combs II (1) Michael Combs II Hayes January 29, 2014 Period 4 Book Report Artemis Fowl is fair research, a young-adult fantasy novel . written by Eoin Colfer. It is the first book in the Artemis Fowl series, followed by Artemis Fowl: The Arctic Incident.

This book has 280 pages including the prologue and childhood epilogue and the theme of this book is illusion of power. The story takes place in synthesis rubric ap lang the dawn of the 21st century. The locations the book goes to are Ho Chi Minh City, where Artemis meets his informant, and. Artemis Fowl , Artemis Fowl: The Eternity Code , Artemis Fowl: The Lost Colony 1458 Words | 4 Pages. Book Report : Non-Fiction Upstairs Room by Johanna Reiss We Are Witnesses: Five Diaries of Teenagers Who Died in the . Holocaust by Jacob Boas Rescue: The Story of How Gentiles Saved Jews in the Holocaust by easy childhood Milton Meltzer Hiding to Survive: Stories of Jewish Children Rescued from the science projects, Holocaust by Maxine B. Easy Essay Childhood. Rosenberg Parts of the Book Report : Title Page Actual Book Report Contents of Book Report : 1. Discuss the setting of the book . . Antisemitism , Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the thesi, Holocaust , Debate 318 Words | 3 Pages. BOOK REPORT : The Outsiders 1. Hinton, S.E. The Outsiders. New York: Puffin Books , 1967 2. The title of easy essay, . this book relates to the story, because in the book , Ponyboy and Johnny are outsiders. They can be thought of finding essay, as Outsiders because they are labeled Greasers although they do not act like hoodlums, like the childhood, rest of the dissertation, Greasers.

They are thought of as Greasers just because they live on the East Side of town, and because they slick back their hair. But Ponyboy and Johnny are different. Death , Greaser , S. E. Hinton 1321 Words | 4 Pages. ?(Name layout using the pink package) 1st Semester Goal Chart: English and Writing What do you expect to childhood accomplish within the next two . weeks? There are two goals I want to accomplish within the next two weeks. My first goal is to “get used to how this English class functions.” In order to methode accomplish this goal, I am planning to start out with just following all the directions the essay childhood, teacher gives us, and get used to how the class starts and flows.

For example, in the first few days, I noticed. Academic term , Essay , High school 1981 Words | 5 Pages. English IV/ Capstone Research Mitchell Annotated Bibliography Holmes, G: Britain after the Glorious Revolution 1689-1714. Macmillian . and Co LTD, 1969. Print. Much of the excitement of history lies not in the narrative of dissertation methode, events, but in childhood the process of discussion. Fahrenheit. This book is wholly concerned with problems. Easy Essay. Problems such as corruption took place in the 16th century. This book covers more than the ap lang, corruption in the English church but every event that could lead up to this event. It defies.

Catholic Church , Christianity , Church of England 989 Words | 3 Pages. responsible for Hitler, who was a Christian and the Holocaust.” References Glucklich, A. (n.d.). Easy Essay Childhood. Dying for heaven; Holy Pleasure and finding your identity Suicide . Bombers-Why the Best Qualities of Religion Are Also Its Most Dangerous. Retrieved from childhood, HarperCollins e- books . Is there a God? Does Religion Cause Terrorism? (n.d.). Identity Essay. Retrieved from http://www.is-there-a-god.info/clues/terrorism.shtml Nance, M. (2010) An end to al-Qaeda; Destroying bin Laden’s Jihad and Restoring America’s Honour. Easy Essay Childhood. New York, NY: St. Martin’s.

Al-Qaeda , Faith , Islam 1739 Words | 8 Pages. All over the world, english can be considered as an follow the rabbit proof essays, official language of businesses. It is very important for easy essay childhood the individuals to fluently speak . Fahrenheit. or atleast understand english in order to survive in the corporate environment. Easy Essay Childhood. The students of Arellano University enrolled in thesi English 12 which is Business English conducted a research about easy essay, effectivity of Business English , This study speaks to the importance of understanding the dissertation methode, different influences of English in business life. English is the easy, most common. British Empire , Commonwealth of dissertation methode, Nations , Communication 1817 Words | 7 Pages. 1 BOOK REPORT Name: Smith, Stephen Grade: LCpl Date: Section: . Book Title: Rifleman Dodd . Author: C.S. Forester Why I chose this book : Originally this book was given to childhood me by on of my combat instructors in Marine Combat Training(MCT). I wanted to read it but soon found it impossible due to certain time constraints. I lost the book during the transition from M.O.S. school to my current residence.

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Book Report on the catcher in the rye. ? Book Report for the Catcher in the Rye By Jerome David Salinger Amy Zeng Mr. Poldiak . 05/27/2013 Author Introduction The author of the Catcher in the Rye, Jerome David Salinger was born in New York in 1919. He is the son of a wealthy cheese importer. He grew up in a fashionable neighborhood in Manhattan. Thesi. He graduated from Valley Forge in 1936 and easy childhood attended different colleges. He published his first short story in fahrenheit essay 1940. Fuck , J. D. Salinger , The Catcher in the Rye 1573 Words | 5 Pages. ?Assignment Two: Major Report Sample of Structure Table of Contents Executive Summary Introduction . Background Information Industry Micro environment Macro environment Competitors Product Classification of Product Three Levels Target Segment Evaluation of easy essay childhood, Offer Recommendations Conclusion Please ensure that your table of contents includes page numbers for each section.

Executive Summary The ES should contain a summary of all key findings from the report . Although it appears. Brand , Brand management , Competition 833 Words | 9 Pages. A BOOK REPORT ON ANIMAL FARM by A report submitted in partial fullfilment of the requirements for . Moore Essay. COLLEGE University of 20 March 2012 Table of Contents Table of contents. i Introduction. ii Characters. iii Plot Summary. Animal Farm , George Orwell , Leon Trotsky 1895 Words | 7 Pages. Milson Luce Biology 141 November 2, 2012 Book Report on The Soul of DNA Sister Miriam Michael lived her childhood years . already in the light of God. She showed qualities of compassion and care taking at a very young age. Easy Essay Childhood. These qualities helped shape her to the rabbit fence the devote Christian she was, serving as an Adrian Dominican Sister. Essay. She was born to essay a Roman Catholic family on December 24, 1913. Her parents, Mary Holland and Frank Stimson had a total of six children, Miriam was the easy childhood, third.

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ID: XXXXXXXX Report Title: INTERIM REPORT Date: 28/11/07 Module Tutor: David Tucker Word count: 756 (Excluding references) . Index Page 1.0 Working Title 3 2.0 Background Information 3 3.0 Nature of Submitted Work 3 4.0 Aims and Objectives 3 5.0 Initial Literature Review 4 6.0 Research Methodology 8 7.0 Data Analysis and Presentation 8 8.0 Chapter Headings 9 9.0 Time Schedules 10 INTERIM REPORT : 1.0 Working. Corporate social responsibility , Data analysis , Focus group 1048 Words | 10 Pages. Step-by-step There are 5 sections to essay childhood this book report . Each section is dissertation methode, worth 20 points. Do not skip a section. Each . section is easy, important to essay rubric ap lang show your understanding of the book you read. Section 1 – Section 1 is a paragraph about the award that your book either won outright, or was nominated for. Learning about the award means you know why the easy essay, book won, and you see the recommendation of others. Someone, somewhere, thought this book was worth reading, and special – because it won or was.

Character , Climax , Fiction 1882 Words | 5 Pages. Book Rview on The English Patient. THE ENGLISH PATIENT Book Review The English Patient is a novel by Michael Ondaatje. . Ondaatje was born in Sri Lanka in 1943, moved to your identity essay England in 1954, and settled in Canada in easy essay 1970. He is a Canadian poet and novelist. Ondaatje's work includes 13 books of poetry and 5 novels. Among them, The English Patient won him the essay rubric, Booker Prize. Though Michael Ondaatje is a really good poet, he does not have an extensive popularity among readers. Childhood. Even after his novel The English Patient. 1992 in literature , Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Love 1215 Words | 3 Pages. Anna Karlsson EP12 Engelska Book report Book report I have read The Whale Rider by Witi Ihimaera. Dissertation. It . is a short little book with a green cover.

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Proceedings A sample of workers were questioned individually. Business letter , Creative writing , Idea 469 Words | 7 Pages. Physics Lab Report Format General Remarks: Writing a lab report is the only way your TA will know what you have done during . the easy essay childhood, lab and how well you have understood the process and the results. Part of your lab experience should be learning how to organize and present your work in a scientific way. There is research papers, no framework that can be used as a “one size fits all”, therefore this sample lab report should only be used as an example. Easy Essay. Any lab report should have the following features: . Linear equation , Linear regression , Measurement 914 Words | 4 Pages. A Report on English Camp Activities. A Report on English Camp Activities Last school holidays, the English Language Society in my school had . Science Papers. organised an English Camp for essay all students. There were many activities organised by dissertation the society to attract the students to participate and to practise using English language through out the camp. As the secretary of the essay, English Language Society, I has been asked to report on the activities during the fahrenheit moore essay, English Camp. There were several activities organised by the member of easy childhood, English Language.

British Isles , Dialect , E. Dissertation Methode. Nesbit 665 Words | 3 Pages. ?A Lesson Plan in English Prepared by: Cyra P. Nerpiol I. Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to: . Distinguish the difference between Present Continuous tense from easy essay childhood, other tenses especially the Present Tense. Compare and contrast the meaning of a sentence as to the use of Present Continuous Tense from other tenses. Analyze the correct usage of the Present Continuous tense. II. Your Essay. Lesson: “Present Continuous Tense” III.

Materials: ppt. presentation handouts . Grammatical tense , Grammatical tenses , Past tense 672 Words | 4 Pages. HOW TO WRITE A SURVEY REPORT A survey report is a formal piece of writing based on childhood research. Rubric Ap Lang. I Structure: . Introduction State the purpose/aim of the easy essay, report , when and how the information was gathered. Thesi. Main Body All the information collected and analysed is presented clearly and in detail (break down the respondents into groups according to sex, age and easy essay place of residence, state the main differences between groups). Subheadings, numbers or letters can be used to separate each.

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Tricks #038; Tips to Describe an Invention in a Patent Application. December 26, 2015. One of the biggest problems that inventors face when setting out to describe an easy invention is with defining what the law refers to as “alternative embodiments of the thesi, invention,” or simply “alternative embodiments.” Whenever you read the easy essay childhood, word “embodiment” in a patent application or issued patent the drafter is finding your merely talking about a particular version of the invention. The trouble many inventors have is that they don’t understand why they would ever have more than a single version of their invention. They will sometime say: “Everyone would do it this way and include all the features, you’d be crazy not to!” The problem created by this mentality can be enormous. If you do not describe it then it is not a part of your invention. So, for example, if you describe an invention as always having elements A + B + C + D and easy then someone makes virtually the same thing but leaves D (or any of the other elements out) they couldn’t possibly be infringing. Finding Identity Essay! Why? Because the invention was too narrowly described. Most inventors are quite good at essay childhood describing exactly what they have invented. The invention is dissertation your work and you know it best, so it is not surprising that most inventors can (with enough effort) explain what they view as the best version of the easy essay, invention; what the law refers to as the “preferred embodiment.” Nevertheless, it is synthesis ap lang absolutely essential to think outside the box when you describe an easy childhood invention in any patent application.

You don’t want to thesi, just describe the best version of your invention, but rather you want to describe every version of the invention that can work at all, no matter how crudely. If it works at all it should be described in a patent application. Whenever I speak to inventors I always encourage them to stop and think about different ways that their invention can be made or used, even if you deem them to be inferior. Failure to disclose alternatives will almost certainly foreclose your ability to say those alternatives are covered by your disclosure, which will prevent any issued patent from covering those undefined variations. This may not seem like a big deal, but history has shown that it is critical. If you are lucky enough to easy essay, have invented something of great importance you can rest assured that there will be a number of individuals and companies trying to capitalize on the rabbit proof the opportunity you have created. Economics 101 teaches that if you are making money there will be market entrants that seek to steal your business until the point is easy essay reached where no additional entrants to the market would make money. The word “steal” above is synthesis rubric ap lang so harsh. If you create something and another enters the marketplace to essay childhood, compete againt you I can assure you that it will feel like it is your stealing. But in the business world the laws of economics are not bound by easy childhood a moral code, and stealing is synthesis essay rubric ap lang really the wrong word to use in essay, many, if not most cases. It would be stealing, at least in my opinion, if they were to methode, trample on your patent rights.

But what if you don’t obtain a patent or your patent is so narrow, weak or defective because you didn’t appropriately define your invention? If those market entrants will not be infringing your patent then it really isn’t stealing, and it wouldn’t be considered any kind of easy essay childhood, business wrong or legally recognizable injury. Projects Research Papers! Thus, to childhood, prevent what will certainly feel like stealing you need to essay ap lang, take care to appropriately describe the invention you have and the variations of that invention to create a buffer around the invention, a moat of easy essay, protection that surrounds your innovation. This will make it more difficult for thesi competitors to encroach on your market and force them to compete with what are hopefully clearly inferior products or services. The take away less here is simple — If you dismiss variations or entirely different and unique embodiments then you are leaving those to the individuals and/or companies that would seek to capitalize on a product or process that is similar to your own, but not specifically covered by your patent.

So what can you do? In many instances, for a variety of reasons, inventors start the easy essay childhood, patent application process with a provisional patent application. See Benefits of your identity essay, a Provisional Patent and essay childhood The Truth About Provisionals . Assuming that is how you will elect to proceed, before you finalize your provisional patent application, or if you are working with a patent attorney or patent agent — before you finalize what information you provide to them, you should go back through what you have written and ask yourself whether you are using any terms that may have a particular meaning. With each term ask yourself whether it has a commonly understood meaning by those who are skilled in this field? If the term does have a commonly understood meaning in dissertation methode, the industry it is absolutely essential that you use it to mean what others in the industry think it means. Do not get creative. While the easy essay, patent laws do say that a patentee can be his or her own lexicographer, it is follow proof important not to make too much of this latitude. If those in the industry understand a term to carry a certain meaning that is the meaning the courts will use when interpreting the scope of the patent disclosure, but why take a chance? When in doubt it is easy essay always the best practice to thesi, explain through illustration and description rather than to easy essay childhood, simply rely upon a meaning that may or may not be understood in the industry.

The specification (i.e., written description) you create and ultimately file is the glossary for the invention and is intended to describe what you have in its full glory and to define any terms or concepts so everyone understands and methode there is no ambiguity. It is essay also essential that you look over what you have written to thesi, make sure that the description is complete. In order for any patent application to be complete the invention must be enabled. This requirement, aptly named the enablement requirement, is geared toward ensuring that every disclosure places the subject matter of the invention into the possession of the public. This is essay childhood what is commonly referred to as the quid pro quo of moore essay, patent law. The government will grant a patent, together with exclusive rights for a limited time, provided, however, that the easy essay, inventor explain in specific detail how to make and use the invention covered by the patent. The purpose of the requirement is so that when the patent expires the public has enough information to make and use the invention without having to go back to get more information from the inventor. In order to satisfy this enablement requirement you need to synthesis essay ap lang, specifically and objectively define and describe how to essay, make and use your invention. The quickest way to explain the concept of enablement is by way of example.

The popular children’s song “Skeleton Bones” explains how all the methode, bones in the body are connected. The leg bone is connected to the knee bone, which is connected to the thigh bone, which is in turn connected to the back bone, which is connected to the neck and so on. Notice that this is easy childhood a very general overview of how the bones in the body are connected. This is thesi a good first step, but there is a lot more that can and should be written. The back bone, however, is easy childhood made up of many smaller bones. For example, there are seven cervical vertebrae in the necks of all mammals, and these bones together make up a portion of the back bone. Therefore, a more complete description of the backbone would point out that the neck is a part of the backbone. An even more complete description might include saying cervical vertebrae 1 (i.e., C1, which is a part of the neck) is connected to cervical vertebrae 2 (i.e., C2) and so on. Follow The Rabbit Proof! The point is essay childhood that the fence essays, more description you provide the better, but you absolutely must have at least the big picture overview of how everything fits together, and easy childhood how to make and use the invention.

Therefore, be sure that you have disclosed with as much detail as possible how all the pieces of your invention connect, work together, function and interrelate. One excellent way to make sure you are including an appropriately detailed description that treats a variety of variations and alternative embodiments is to have many professional patent drawings. In fact, the single best way to enhance any disclosure is through quality patent drawings, and I am a big fan of fahrenheit moore, including more rather than less. This is childhood because whatever is shown in dissertation, the drawings will be considered disclosed, and easy essay drawings are really worth 1,000 words and then some to tell a story. The patent laws require the patent applicant to furnish at least one drawing of the thesi, invention whenever the essay, nature of the case requires a drawing to understand the invention, which in synthesis rubric, my experience is almost always.

The only real exception being when you are claiming a chemical compound or method, but even with a method you can and should (in my opinion) find something to illustrate. The drawings must show every feature of the invention specified in the claims. Easy Essay Childhood! In order to capture the thesi, full benefit of a filing date, a patent application needs to completely cover the invention and easy all permutations as of the time the application is filed, and drawings can and research will provide a safety net if you have enough and they are detailed. You can file a provisional patent application without drawings, but that is a huge mistake in my opinion because drawings really are worth at easy essay childhood least a thousand words. It is also possible to get a non-provisional patent application filing date without a drawing, but that doesn’t mean that drawings aren’t required. Unfortunately, because you cannot add disclosure after you file a non-provisional patent application you may be prevented from filing drawings after your non-provisional filing date, which could ultimately compromise the disclosure and fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay force some expensive procedural maneuvers that essentially will result in starting over with a new patent application.

Thus, the best advice has to be to always include drawings, lots of them, whenever you file a patent application. Indeed, the United States Court of easy, Appeals for the Federal Circuit has frequently consulted drawings in order to determine what one of skill in science projects research papers, the art would have considered disclosed at essay the time the application was filed. If you accidentally leave something out of the written disclosure, the drawings you submit may save you in the long run, provided of course they are detailed enough to convey nuanced information about your invention, hence the preference for high quality professional illustrations rather than just amateur sketches. In many cases the Patent Office will accept those amateur sketches, but given the synthesis ap lang, relatively low price of getting professional drawings ($75 to $150 a page) and given the essay, far greater detail in a professional illustration, you are really doing yourself a disservice if you do not have professional illustrations at the time of science projects, filing. So why do drawings help so much with the disclosure? In addition to the truth that a picture (or drawing) is worth a thousand words, in a patent application you are supposed to go through and explain in writing what each of the drawings shows. So if you have more drawings that is naturally going to easy essay, lead to more textual description. Fahrenheit Moore Essay! If you actually do go through the easy, drawings one by one and explain what they show you will invariably find yourself thinking of things that could be discussed but aren’t actually shown well in the drawing, perhaps because of the angle or perhaps because you want to finding, talk about the materials that could be used for easy the pieces and parts. That is fine, just write it into the description. The drawings are there to facilitate understanding and if as you describe something in the drawing you think of other things just describe them in the text.

For example, the drawing might show a do-hickey and instead of a do-hickey it could be a widget. So you just explain: “do-hickey 15, which could be made out of A, B or C, connects to whatchamacallit 10, which likewise can be made out of A, B or C. Although not pictured, the do-hickey 15 could instead be a widget.” I know this is a little skimpy, but it is intended to just be low level illustrative of the thesi, fact that you use the easy essay childhood, drawings and the associated reference numerals to synthesis essay rubric, direct the reader to the pieces and parts you are discussing. The point is you get more disclosure with more drawings and then if you actually do go through and describe the drawings like you are supposed to you will put more meat on the bones and easy essay childhood almost certainly be inspired to think of variations or alternatives you wouldn’t have otherwise thought about. For more on this topic see Working with Patent Drawings to Create a Complete Disclosure . At the end of the day you are trying to describe an invention, which is something that at least in part has heretofore never existed, after all that is what is identity essay required to have an childhood invention. So you need to describe not only the specific invention you have but all the possible variations and options, because if you don’t describe those they are not a part of dissertation methode, your invention and you are just inviting competitors to copy you without infringing your patent. One convention that might assist you as you set out to describe an invention is to think about how you would describe your invention to someone who is blind.

This is a tough task no doubt, but the goal of the written disclosure is to provide verbal description that is much like a step by essay step how to manual. If you are trying to describe your invention to someone who cannot see then you will invariably find creative and enlightening ways to verbally get your message across. Fahrenheit 911 Michael Moore Essay! This is the type of childhood, detail that should be in an application, and when combined with good, quality drawings you really have something worthwhile. For more information on moore patent application drafting please see:

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in easy essay childhood, a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place.

Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to science fair research papers, the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Essay? Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of science fair projects, cutting and pasting relevant information together.

Think of this as your brag file . Essay Childhood? 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the dissertation, fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on easy putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . Dissertation? According to Zhang , the essay childhood, only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and thesi, need to childhood, explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to thesi, save space and easy essay childhood, focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of your, different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is easy essay, listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this.

If you truly have enough relevant and fahrenheit moore, important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out easy how to follow the rabbit proof fence, tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of easy childhood, your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to finding identity, your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. Easy? We’ll talk about getting creative in thesi, order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Essay? Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by essay, using a font size between 10 and 12 and essay, leaving a healthy amount of synthesis essay rubric, white space on easy essay the page.

You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. Methode? If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to easy essay childhood, make it awesome. 10. Essay Ap Lang? Make Your Contact Info Prominent.

You don’t need to childhood, include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to thesi, include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in easy essay, this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on finding your essay each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to easy essay, look stunning? There’s no shame in finding essay, getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and easy, only include the experience relevant to projects research papers, the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to).

14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the easy essay, bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the follow the rabbit proof, recruiter just isn’t going to easy essay, get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Dissertation? Remember that the easy, first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is moore, readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them.

Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. Easy Essay Childhood? How many people were impacted by dissertation methode, your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to essay, achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . Fence Essays? People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and easy essay childhood, add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to fahrenheit 911 michael essay, explain your impact, check out essay these tips for essay, turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on childhood a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to fence essays, get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Easy? Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the dissertation, same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for!

20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. Easy Childhood? There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. Thesi? If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Easy? Use our handy list of research, better verbs to easy childhood, mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and projects, make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to easy, the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on essay which words to include? Dump the job description into childhood, a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and dissertation methode, spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include?

Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Essay? Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college.

25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by dissertation, listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is childhood, more specific to the job, list that first to grab the 911 michael moore, reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. Easy Childhood? The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it.

If you graduated from projects research papers, college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the essay, fact that you were in synthesis essay ap lang, the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in easy childhood, your education section, especially if it feels a little light.

Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and methode, any industry-related certifications. Easy Essay? Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Science Fair Projects Papers? Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for essay, skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Thesi? Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about essay, it.

32. Fair Papers? Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for essay, your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Essay Rubric? Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by easy childhood, someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards.

Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the fahrenheit 911 michael essay, company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from easy, your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. Methode? If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to easy essay childhood, each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the moore essay, reason for your sporadic job movement and childhood, make it less of an science projects research papers, issue. Essay Childhood? Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments.

Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from fahrenheit 911 michael essay, Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Essay? Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the thesi, growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and easy essay, intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. Research Papers? 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for easy childhood, references—and will assume that you have them. Dissertation Methode? There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and easy essay, clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an the rabbit fence essays, editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to easy childhood, always send a PDF rather than a .doc.

That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. The Rabbit Fence Essays? To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of easy, HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of follow fence, “Resume.” It’s one less step the easy essay, hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and moore essay, make some updates. Have you taken on essay childhood new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape.

Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and finding your identity, content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on the web. Essay? Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for synthesis essay rubric ap lang, help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out childhood all the essay rubric, amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Milk Process Automation In Dairy System Using Plc-Scada. As we have selected 'MILK PROCESS AUTOMATION IN DAIRY SYSTEM USING PLC and SCADA' after observing a lot of projects, because we have observed that automation is widely used in most of the companies for various processes. In today's generation it is childhood needed in 911 michael each field. Thus all the process needs a few operators to control automation. Many processes are done in a dairy so to operate and control the processes need many operators. Our aim is to reduce operators and to save time and money.

This will be achieved by automation and we have use PLC and SCADA in this project for automation. SCADA is the software for this process. In dairy process, first of easy essay all raw milk will be collected in the tank. Then after filtration and clarification of follow the rabbit fence milk will be done and collect into a balanced tank. After that pasteurization of milk will be done.

Further, the process of separation of milk takes place and next standardization of milk will be done. In standardization, milk will standardize in different quality. Now after packing process will take place. In packing process, this different quality of essay childhood milk will be packed in bottle. This all processes are done with automation using PLC and thesi SCADA. At last we will get different quality of milk in bottle like Silver, gold, platinum etc. Here, we shall conclude that we have different quality milk in easy essay childhood bottle from raw milk in finding identity real time with automation process. The first ideas about fully automating the milking process were generated in the mid seventies. Cost of labour in several countries was growing and this was one of the childhood main reasons to start the essay development of automation around milking.

The first applications were automatic concentrate feeders. A further step in the automation of milking parlors was the development of easy essay automatic cluster removers. In the early eighties, automation in moore milking parlors was expanded with the development of milk yield recording equipment and sensors to detect udder health problems. All these developments and new milking technology reduces the labour input during milking, resulting in a higher output per man-hour. The final step in the automation development seemed to be the development of automatic teat cup attachment systems. Easy Essay! The idea of course was to develop a fully automated automatic milking system. An Automatic milking system is in use for 24 hours per day, needs adjusted cleaning and cooling procedures, complicates visual control and the milking frequency varies from cow to science research papers cow and from day to day. One of the essay aspects affected by automatic milking is milk quality.

The quality of papers milk is a very important aspect of milk production. Easy! Milk payment systems and consumer acceptance are, to a great extent, based on it. Automatic milking is a fully automated process. Visual control of the your essay milk is not possible as during conventional milking. Therefore, the milk quality needs to be managed in a different manner. Childhood! Several devices such as sensors for conductivity, color and temperature of the milk, yield measurement and essay rubric ap lang machine on time figures are integrated and inform the easy essay farmer on the status of the follow the rabbit essays milk. We only know that in India there are huge numbers of people depends on milk giving animals. They supply milk to Dairies and it reaches to us in the form of various milk products like cheese, milk, butter, milk powder and so on. Actually what happens to the milk, how it is processed?

What makes the milk conducive to health? What treatment it receives? And how various milk products are prepared? Even though with modern automation in place, the need to configure design process itself, specifically looking at methodologies for generating optimal dairy processing. Flow sheets over easy essay, a range of scales, from raw milk to final product and packaging, are most sought after. Automation is delegation of human control functions to technical equipment for increasing productivity, better quality, increase safety in working conditions reducing manpower reduced cost. Ap Lang! Manufacturing of products under the essay control of computers and fair projects papers programmable controllers, manufacturing assembly lines as well as stand-alone machine tools (CNC machines) and easy childhood robotic devices can be used for dairy automation. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) in combination attract the need of the project for its capability to provide over all fast and reliable control for large process automation needs. Automation in various process industries using PLC and SCADA has gained high importance due to methode efficient reliable control.

Dairy industry is one area in which automation plays an important role to control, automate and stream line the process. Modern day dairy plants are capable of childhood processing large volume of products, from raw milk to final packaging of various milk based products. The dairy industry is divided into 911 michael moore, two main production areas: ' Primary production of milk in farms. ' Processing of milk The aim of this project is to study the dairy process automation, to suggest any scope of essay childhood improvement in fahrenheit moore essay the milk processing and packaging and to implement them using PLC SCADA. Brief History Of Work. 2.1 History Of PLC. The first PLC can be traced back to 1968 when Bedford Associates, a company in Bedford, MA, developed a device called a Modular Digital Controller for General Motors (GM). The MODICON, as it was known, was developed to easy essay help GM eliminate traditional relay-based machine control systems. Because relays are mechanical devices, they have limited lifetimes.

They are also cumbersome, especially in large applications where thousands of them may exist. With so many relays to work with, wiring and dissertation methode troubleshooting could be quite complicated. Since the MODICON was an electronic device, not a mechanical one, it was perfect for GM's requirements, as well as for many other manufacturers and childhood users of control equipment. With less wiring, simpler troubleshooting, and easy programming, PLC technology caught on quickly. PLCs are often defined as miniature industrial computers that contain hardware and software that is thesi used to perform control functions. Easy Childhood! A PLC consists of two basic sections: the central processing unit (CPU) and the input/output interface system.

The CPU, which controls all PLC activity, can further be broken down into the processor and dissertation methode memory system. The input/output system is physically connected to field devices (e.g., switches, sensors, etc.) and provides the interface between the easy essay CPU and the information providers (inputs) and your identity essay controllable devices (outputs). PLCs can be divided into at least three categories: ' Full-size, for top level applications requiring fast program execution with very short instruction cycle times. They are capable of supporting several CPUs for multiprocessing to easy childhood provide more processing power. They offer the fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay TCP/IP communication capability over easy essay childhood, general purpose networks to projects papers the supervisory workstations, and support field bus data transmission with equipment controllers. ' Middle-size, intended for industrial automated systems of medium power. They offer a large choice of analog and digital input/output modules. They are usually connected to childhood a field bus on thesi, one side and to the equipment on easy essay, the other side; their speed is not an important parameter, the amount of data transferred is small and the average price per thesi, function is low. ' Small or micro-size, for direct interface with sensors and easy actuators. Thesi! They are very simple electrically and mechanically and are sometimes integrated with the intelligent sensor itself, they are characterized by short reaction times and they transfer a small amount of data.

To operate, the CPU reads input data from connected field devices through the use of its input interfaces, and then executes, or performs the control program that has been stored in its memory system. Programs are typically created in ladder logic, a language that closely resembles a relay-based wiring schematic, and essay are entered into the CPU's memory prior to operation. Finally, based on the program, the dissertation methode PLC writes, or updates output devices via the output interfaces. This process, also known as scanning, continues in the same sequence without interruption, and changes only when a change is made to easy childhood the control program. As PLC technology has advanced, so have programming languages and communications capabilities, along with many other important features. Today's PLCs offer faster scan times, space efficient high-density input/output systems, and special interfaces to allow non-traditional devices to follow fence essays be attached directly to the PLC. Not only can they communicate with other control systems, they can also perform reporting functions and diagnose their own failures, as well as the failure of a machine or process. When you consider all of the advances PLCs have made and all the benefits they offer, it's easy to see how they've become a standard in childhood the industry, and why they will most likely continue their success in rubric ap lang the future. 2.1. (A) Interacting With PLCs. Occasionally, users will need to interact with the PLC to program or configure it.

They also need a means through which the easy PLC can communicate errors or alarms. Users interface with PLCs in a number of ways. All PLCs include ports or network capabilities through which they can receive the user programming. For other interactions, some PLCs employ a series of switches or LEDs, while others use a text-based display. Still others employ a web-based interface that connects with users through a PC. PLCs are finding their application in accelerators, technical services, experiments and in the laboratory for methode, equipment test-beds. The technical requirements of the accelerators, the technical services and the experiments are mostly the same. Thus, a range of PLC products is needed for general purpose applications in a large diversity of fields such as electricity, water, gas, cryogenics, cooling, ventilation, process control, magnet control, machinery, personnel access and easy childhood safety systems. It is 911 michael essay planned to use PLCs for accelerator specific systems like: interlocks for main magnet power supplies, beam targets, dumps, stoppers, collimators, aperture limiters and essay beam extraction electronics. 2.2 Diagram Of Process Flow Chart.

Figure.2.0 Process Flow. 2.3 Process Flow. Milk is a white liquid produced by dissertation the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for young mammals before they are able to easy essay childhood digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrums, which carries the mother's antibodies to the baby and can reduce the risk of many diseases in the baby. It also contains many other nutrients. As an agricultural product, milk is extracted from mammals during or soon after pregnancy and used as food for dissertation methode, humans. Childhood! Worldwide, dairy farms produced about 730 million ton of milk in 2011. India is the world's largest producer and consumer of milk, yet neither exports nor imports milk. New Zealand, the European Union's 28 member states, Australia, and the United States are the thesi world's largest exporters of milk and milk products. China and Russia are the world's largest importers of milk and milk products.

Throughout the easy essay childhood world, there are more than 6 billion consumers of milk and follow the rabbit proof essays milk products. Easy Essay! Over 750 million people live within dairy farming households. Science Fair Papers! Milk is a key contributor to improving nutrition and food security particularly in developing countries. Improvements in livestock and dairy technology offer significant promise in reducing poverty and malnutrition in the world. Despite all the easy preventive hygiene measures, the follow the rabbit essays raw milk delivered to dairies by agricultural businesses still contains unwanted foreign substances ' such as somatic cells and blood from the udders, contaminants from the air and dirt from contact with the easy childhood milking machines, the milk lines and the transport vehicles. The flow chart involves the various following processes: 1. Fahrenheit Essay! Milk receipt tank. 2. Easy! Filter and clarification. The each and every above process is briefly explained as follows: 1. Milk Receipt Tank: This tank consists of the milk that is thesi brought to the industry from source like farms.

Here the milk is childhood just stored and care is taken that the stored milk is safe and will then further it is taken for the further process. Separation and clarification can be done at the same time in one centrifuge. Particles, which are more dense than the thesi continuous milk phase, are thrown back to easy childhood the perimeter. The solids that collect in the centrifuge consist of dirt, epithelial cells, leucocytes, corpuscles, bacteria sediment and sludge. Fair Projects Papers! The amount of solids that collect will vary, however, it must be removed from the centrifuge. More modern centrifuges are self-cleaning allowing a continuous separation/clarification process. Childhood! This type of centrifuge consists of a specially constructed bowl with peripheral discharge slots. These slots are kept closed under pressure.

With a momentary release of pressure, for about 0.15 s, the contents of sediment space are evacuated. Science Fair Projects Papers! This can mean anywhere from easy essay 8 to 25 L are ejected at essay, Intervals Of 60 Min. For One Dairy, Self-Cleaning Translated To A Loss Of 50 L/Hr Of Milk. Filtered milk (UF milk) is a sub classification of milk protein concentrate that is easy essay produced by passing milk under pressure through a thin, porous membrane to essay ap lang separate the childhood components of identity milk according to essay their size, permitting greater efficiency in cheese making. Specifically, filtration allows the smaller lactose, water, mineral, and vitamin molecules to pass through the membrane, while the larger protein and fat molecule are retained and concentrated. The removal of essays water and lactose reduces the volume of milk, and thereby lowers its transportation and storage costs. Filtration makes cheese manufacturing more efficient and can benefit consumers if cost savings are passed on. Pasteurization or pasteurization is a process of heating a food, which is easy usually a liquid, to fahrenheit a specific temperature for a predefined length of essay childhood time and synthesis essay rubric ap lang then immediately cooling it after it is easy childhood removed from the heat. This process slows spoilage caused by finding your microbial growth in essay childhood the food.

Unlike sterilization, pasteurization is not intended to kill all micro-organisms in the food. Instead, it aims to reduce the number of viable pathogens so they are unlikely to cause disease (assuming the pasteurized product is stored as indicated and is consumed before its expiry date). Commercial-scale sterilization of food is not common because it adversely affects the your taste and quality of the product. Certain foods, such as dairy products, may be superheated to ensure pathogenic microbes are destroyed. Milk should be clarified by separators to improve milk quality ' for good reason: As a basic food, milk is subject to easy essay childhood national and international laws. The aim of these laws is to ensure that milk and dairy products are brought into circulation only in fahrenheit 911 michael moore perfect condition which will not harm health. Centrifuges can be used to separate the cream from the easy essay childhood skim milk. Under the influence of centrifugal force the fat globules (cream), which are less dense than the skim milk, move inwards through the separation channels toward the axis of rotation. The skim milk will move outwards and leaves through a separate outlet. The streams of skim and cream after separation must be recombined to a specified fat content. This can be done by adjusting the throttling valve of the cream outlet; if the valve is completely closed, all milk will be discharged through the thesi skim milk outlet.

As the valve is progressively opened, larger amounts of cream with diminishing fat contents are discharged from the cream outlet. With direct standardization the cream and skim are automatically remixed at the separator to provide the desired fat content. 3.1 What Is Automation? Automation is the use of easy essay childhood various control system for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching in telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships or aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated. The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labor; however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision. The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic was not widely used before 1947, when General Motors established the automation department. It was during this time that industry was rapidly adopting feedback controllers, which were introduced in the 1930s. Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, and electronic and computers, usually in fahrenheit essay combination.

Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes and ships typically use all these combined techniques. 3.2 Types Of Automations. a. Feedback control. b. Sequential control and logical sequence control. c. Computer control. a. Feedback Control. Feedback control is accomplished with a controller.

To function properly a controller must provide correction in a manner that maintains stability. Maintaining stability is a principle objective of control theory. As an example of easy childhood feedback control, consider a steam coil air heater in which a temperature sensor measures the temperature of the heated air, which is the measured variable. This signal is constantly fed back to the controller, which compares it to the desired setting (set point). The controller calculates the difference (error) then calculates a correction and sends the correction signal to adjust the air pressure to a diaphragm that moves a positioned on the steam valve, opening or closing it by the calculated amount. Finding Your! All the elements constituting the essay childhood measurement and control of a single variable are called a control loop.

The complexities of follow the rabbit proof fence this are that the quantities involved are all of different physical types; the temperature sensor signal may be electrical or pressure from an enclosed fluid, the controller may employ pneumatic, hydraulic, mechanical or electronic techniques to easy childhood sense the error and send a signal to adjust the air pressure. The first controllers used analog methods to perform their calculations. Analog methods were also used in solving differential equations of control theory. The electronic analog computer was developed to fahrenheit 911 michael essay solve control type problems and electronic analog controllers were also developed. Analog computers were displaced by easy childhood digital computers when they became widely available. Common applications of feedback control are control of temperature, pressure, flow, speed. B. Sequential Control And Logical Sequence Control. Sequential control may be either to a fixed sequence or to follow the rabbit essays a logical one that will perform different actions depending on various system states. An example of a adjustable but otherwise fixed sequence is easy essay a timer on a lawn sprinkler. An elevator is an example that uses logic based on the system states. A basic form of sequential control is relay logic by which electrical relays engage electrical contacts which either start or interrupt power to follow the rabbit a device.

Relay logic was developed when starting and essay stopping industrial sized electric motors, opening and closing solenoid valves and starting and science papers stopping other devices was done with relays, timers and other electrical hardware. More complicated examples involve start up and shut down sequences for equipment, in which a number of safety precautions can be taken by easy essay good design of control logic. The number of relays, cam timers and synthesis rubric drum sequencers can number into the hundreds or even thousands in essay childhood some factories. Thesi! Special computers called programmable logic controllers were designed to replace many of these hardware items and to essay add a higher level of functionality. In a typical hard wired motor start and stop circuit (called a control circuit) a motor is started by pushing a Start or Run button that activates a pair of electrical relays. The lock-in relay locks in contacts that keep the control circuit energized when the push button is released. (The start button is a normally open contact and the stop button is normally closed contact.). Another relay energizes a switch that powers the device that throws the motor starter switch (three sets of contacts for three phase industrial power) in the main power circuit. Synthesis Essay Ap Lang! (Note: Large motors use high voltage and easy essay childhood experience high in-rush current, making speed important in making and breaking contact. This can be dangerous for personnel and property with manual switches.). All contacts are held engaged by their respective electromagnets until a stop or off button is pressed that de-energizes the lock in relay.

See diagram: Motor Starters Hand-Off-auto With Start-Stop. c. Fair Papers! Computer Control. Computers can perform both sequential control and essay feedback control, and dissertation typically a single computer will do both in an industrial application. Easy! Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) are a type of special purpose microprocessor that replaced many hardware components such as timers and drum sequencers used in relay logic. General purpose process control computers have increasingly replaced stand alone controllers, with a single computer able to methode perform the operations of hundreds of controllers. Process control computers can process data from a network of PLCs, instruments and controllers in order to easy childhood implement typical (such as PID) control of thesi many individual variables or, in some cases, to implement complex control algorithms using multiple inputs and mathematical manipulations.

They can also analyze data and create real time graphical displays for operators and run reports for engineers and management. Control of an automated teller machine (ATM) is a example of an interactive process in which a computer will perform a logic derived response to a user selection based on information retrieved from a networked database. The ATM process has a lot of easy essay childhood similarities to other online transaction processes. The different logical responses are called scenarios. Such processes are typically designed with the aid of use cases and your essay flowcharts, which guide the writing of the software code.

3.3 Different Control Systems Used In Automation. a. Easy! HMI Controller based control system. b. Essay! DCS based Control system. c. PC based control system. d. Childhood! PLC Based automation system. a. Human Machine Interface (HMI) In complex systems, the synthesis rubric ap lang human-machine interface is typically computerized. The term Human-computer interface refers to this kind of easy essay systems. The engineering of the human-machine interfaces is by considering ergonomics (Human Factors). The corresponding disciplines are Human Factors Engineering (HFE) and Usability Engineering (UE), which is part of Systems Engineering. Tools used for essay, incorporating the human factors in easy essay childhood the interface design are developed based on knowledge of computer science, such as computer graphics, operating systems, programming languages.

Nowadays, we use the identity essay expression Graphical User Interface for Human-Machine Interface on computers, as nearly all of them are now using graphics. Primary methods used in the interface design include prototyping and simulation. b. Essay Childhood! Distributed Control System (DCS) A distributed control system refers to a control system usually of a manufacturing system, process or any kind of dynamic system, in which the your essay controller elements are not central in location (like the brain) but are distributed throughout the system with each component sub-system controlled by easy one or more controllers. c. Essay! PC Based Control System.

Compact, low-cost and yet advanced process-control engineering can be achieved based on Programmable Controllers. d. PLC Based Automation System. PLC Automation panels are used in Process Control application in industries such as . Easy Essay Childhood! Steel / Aluminum / Wire and Cable / Tyre Tube / Packaging / Plastic / Polyfilms / Pharmaceuticals / Defense / Automobile / Power Plant / Marine / LPG Gas Oil / Cement / In fracture / Crane Automation etc. Programmable Logic Controller. A Programmable Logic Controller, PLC or Programmable Controller is a digital computer used for dissertation, automation of electromechanical processes, such as control of childhood machinery on factory assembly lines, amusement rides, or light fixtures. The abbreviation PLC and the term Programmable Logic Controller are registered trademarks of the rubric ap lang Allen-Bradley Company (Rockwell Automation). Easy! PLCs are used in many industries and machines. Unlike general-purpose computers, the PLC is designed for multiple inputs and output arrangements, extended temperature ranges, immunity to electrical noise, and resistance to vibration and impact.

In essence, a programmable logic controller reads its input signals and responds to essay ap lang them by turning the output modules on or off. It functions under the classic if/then scenario, only on a much more complicated scale since it controls multiple input and output devices, all of which must be responded to immediately and constantly as designated by easy the user program. The unit's output modules usually consist of devices like lights, switches, starters, valves, solenoids, and moore displays. Programs to easy essay childhood control machine operation are typically stored in battery-backed-up or non-volatile memory. A PLC is an follow proof fence essays, example of a hard real time system since output results must be produced in easy childhood response to input conditions within a limited time, otherwise unintended operation will result. PLCs are incredibly valuable pieces of technology, since a single unit can often replace hundreds or thousands of relays. Though they were originally designed for the automotive industry, PLCs have since been implemented in a number of different fields.

In large part, the automation processes in most modern factories are facilitated by PLCs. These devices are designed to follow their programming instructions precisely, which is especially vital in a factory assembly line setting where a small mistake or miscalculation can result in costly errors. Some PLCs function on a very basic level; others are capable of controlling higher-level, more complicated processes. 911 Michael! They can be used for a wide variety of input/output functions and timing applications. They also offer motion control and complex networking capabilities. Figure-4.1 Multiple Inputs And Multiple Outputs PLC. 4.1. Essay! (A) PLCs Are Preferred Because: 1) Consistency in manufacturing can be easily achieved. 2) Complete control of the manufacturing process can be achieved. 3) Accuracy and quality can be improved.

4) Productivity can be improved. 5) Makes it easy to work in 911 michael essay difficult or hazardous environment. 4.2 Why PLC Is Used In Automation? PLC play a vital role in automaton, programmable logic controller device can manage and control entire industry to produce better and quick Response. A PLC is a digital computer used for automation of industrial processes, like controlling machinery or factory assembly lines. Unlike desktop computers, PLCs are have multiple inputs and outputs, operate under extended temperature ranges, have immunity to electrical noise, and have resistance to vibration and impact. Programs to control machine operation are usually stored in easy essay childhood battery-backed or non-volatile memory. The main difference between PLC and other computer is that plc has multiple inputs and outputs then can do multiple works at moments, you can produce more output quickly. 1. Less cost to implement: For the cost of relays and timers to automate about 3 lines for conveying product from science projects finishing machine to packaging machine, you could pay for a PLC to childhood do the same job. In general, a PLC system would make production more flexible and responsive.

2. Reliability: Relays and Electro-mechanical timers (magnetic control), are susceptible to electrical / mechanical failure. With PLCs the control logic is non-mechanical, (solid state). And with the PLC, you can program extra logic to monitor and test itself for possible failure at no extra cost. This would make safety circuits more safe, and reduce process variability. With PLC control you could increase compatibility with existing equipment, scalability, improving ease of use, and providing a common look and feel. 3. Speed: The PLC can speed up operation of dissertation machines that you could not obtain with that old out dated relay logic. Essay Childhood! Control logic makes decisions more accurate and faster than a human operator could hope to fair projects papers achieve. Easy Essay! Timers can be set to hundredths of a second to compensate for external variables, and enhance safety. 4. Thesi! Greater functionality: PLCs have the ability to compare real-time values and make decisions based on that comparison.

They can do complex mathematical functions, and adjust the machine accordingly. The greater functionality allows you to design logic that can automatically adjust for easy childhood, different machine products, there by reducing downtime for proof, setups and easy machine change over. 5. Safety: In the thesi past with relay control logic, safety circuit implementation was weighed out on a cost verses likely hood method. In other words, the basic emergency stop button, relying on operators to stop the machine before an accident occurred. Easy Essay Childhood! Usually do to follow proof fence essays distractions and slow reaction time of humans, the button wasn't pressed until after the damage was done. With PLCs, you can cover 99% of essay all the possible safety risk, and the only follow proof fence essays, cost is the time it takes to add a few rungs of logic to your program. Safety curtains are about the most expensive item, but well under the cost of an accident. Using the PLC to monitor safety risks is easy essay equivalent to having a full time employee watching, but with quicker reaction time than any human.

6. Less downtime: Downtime can be broken down in to two separate areas. Scheduled and non scheduled. 911 Michael! DuPont has been quoted as saying: Maintenance is the single largest controllable cost opportunity, representing $100-$300 million per year corporate-wide. Scheduled down time will be less if that time is for machine modifications, which require less work with PLCs. Some of the preventive maintenance can be automated through the PLC to essay childhood even further reduce down time. Unscheduled downtime can be broken down (no pun intended), further into two groups: Troubleshooting and thesi repair. The more complex our systems become, the more beneficial it is to write logic that will not only essay childhood, isolate failures but also indicate potential failures that may occur in the near future.The trouble shooting down time can be reduced by 90%. This is fahrenheit accomplished by utilizing the sensors already in place, to do testing through PLC logic to easy essay childhood isolate where trouble is originating. Repair is usually only a fraction of the time it takes to find the problem. It's not uncommon to spend hours tracking down a limit switch that is bent, or a dirty proximity sensor. The cost to find the problem is more expensive than the cost to repair it.

With PLCs the cost to find the problem is greatly reduced. A PLC has following sections and thesi each section has unique job to perform. 1) The sensing section. This section consists of essay childhood limit switches, photoelectric sensors, push buttons etc. These incoming hardware devices provides input signal to follow proof the PLC. These devices are also called as field input devices. Essay! The term 'field input is finding used because this device provides incoming signals that are tangible items that you physically connect to PLC. Figure-4.2 Sensing Section Of PLC Source.

2) Input section. This section is essay childhood majorly divided into 2 parts: First, the physical screw terminals, where incoming signal (i.e. input), from the field input devices (e.g. limit switch) are connected to the PLC. The second portion of the input section is the PLC's internal conversion electronics. This section converts and finding your isolates the high-voltage input level from field input devices.

High-voltage signals from field input devices are converted to +5 volts direct current (VDC) for a valid ON input signal, and a 0 VDC for a valid OFF input signal. Incoming signal conversion and isolation is easy childhood necessary because microprocessor components operate on dissertation methode, +5 VDC, whereas an easy essay, input signal may be of dissertation methode 24 VDC, 120 volts alternating current (VAC), or 220 VDC. If 120 VAC signal is inputted, for easy essay, example, into 5 VDC, circuit will quickly destroy your PLC. The controller is also known as central processing unit (CPU), or simply as the processor. Central processing unit controls or supervises the entire process. The central processing unit solves the user program and projects papers apparently updates the status of the outputs. The programmer is a device used by the programmer or operator to enter or edit program instructions or data. Childhood! The programmer can be handheld unit, a personal computer, or an industrial computer programming terminal. 5) Output section.

The ON or OFF status of the inputs are read and the information is used to fair research papers solve the user ladder program and the updated signals is sent to the output section. The output section is simply a series of essay switches, one for each output point, that are controlled by CPU and are used to turn output field devices ON or OFF. Figure-4.3 Input and output section. 6) Field hardware devices. The devices that are controlled by synthesis essay the PLC's output section screw terminals are the field hardware devices. 4.2.(b) How does a PLC work? Microprocessor is the heart of any computer; it is also called as processor, or CPU.

The central processing unit supervises system control through the essay childhood user program. After reading the science projects papers input signal, the easy essay childhood CPU follows the instructions, that a programmer or operator has stored in the PLC's memory. Essay! Depending upon the result of the solved program, the field control devices or outputs are turned ON or OFF. When the easy essay childhood PLC is synthesis rubric running and easy following the fair projects programmer's instructions, it is called as solving the program. 4.2. Essay Childhood! (c) How can we register instructions into the PLC's memory? The instructions which we want our PLC to carry out can be transferred to essay rubric ap lang the controller memory using either handheld programmer or a personal computer. The first step is to develop the user ladder program. Once the user ladder program is verified for correctness, the next step is to download the program into the processor's memory.

The process of transferring the easy essay user defined PLC program from personal computer's memory into PLC memory is called as downloading the program. But before downloading the user program, the processor must be in the rabbit program mode. Now, if all the inputs and easy childhood outputs signals are wired to the correct screw terminals, the processor can be put in research papers run mode. In run mode, the program will continuously run and solve the programmed instructions. Easy! The process of solving the programmed instruction is sometime called as solving the logic. This constant running of the program in a PLC is called as scanning. 4.2.(d) The PLC's purpose. The PLC is primarily used to control machinery. A program is fahrenheit moore written for the PLC which turns on and off outputs based on easy, input conditions and the internal program.

In this aspect, a PLC is the rabbit essays similar to a computer. Essay Childhood! However, a PLC is designed to be programmed once, and run repeatedly as needed. In fact, a crafty programmer could use a PLC to control not only simple devices such as a garage door opener, but their whole house, including switching lights on 911 michael essay, and off at certain times, monitoring a custom built security system, etc. Most commonly, a PLC is essay childhood found inside of a machine in an industrial environment. A PLC can run an automatic machine for years with little human intervention. They are designed to ap lang withstand most harsh environments.

PLCs have built in childhood communications ports, usually 9-pin RS-232, but optionally EIA-485 or Ethernet. Modbus, BACnet or DF1 is usually included as one of the communications protocols. Other options include various field buses such as DeviceNet or Profibus. Other communications protocols that may be used are listed in the List of automation protocols. Most modern PLCs can communicate over methode, a network to some other system, such as a computer running a SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) system. PLCs used in larger I/O systems may have peer-to-peer (P2P) communication between processors. Easy Essay! This allows separate parts of dissertation a complex process to easy childhood have individual control while allowing the subsystems to co-ordinate over the communication link. These communication links are also often used for HMI devices such as keypads or PC-type workstations. Technicians or other users write unique programs that direct the function of the PLC. The programs are written on methode, a PC in one of the standard programming languages and then downloaded to childhood the PLC directly through a cable or over thesi, a local network.

The information is easy then stored in the PLC's memory. The program is stored in the PLC either in battery-backed-up RAM or some other non-volatile flash memory. Often, a single PLC can be programmed to replace thousands of relays. PLCs can be programmed using standards-based programming languages. Thesi! A graphical programming notation called Sequential Function Charts is essay available on certain programmable controllers. Initially most PLCs utilized Ladder Logic Diagram Programming, a model which emulated electromechanical control panel devices (such as the contact and coils of relays) which PLCs replaced. This model remains common today.

The most frequently used programming language for PLCs is methode ladder logic; however, other languages are also common. The table below explains each of the five languages most often used for PLC programming. Programming Language Description. Ladder Logic Ladder logic is a graphical language that includes math operations, timers, counters, and similar functions. Function Block Diagram Function block diagram is essay childhood a programming language that illustrates data flow and signal paths. It aptly expresses the relationships between control system algorithms. Structured Text Structured text is fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay a text language that is highly structured and supports a broad spectrum of functions.

It is similar to childhood the programming language PASCAL. Instruction List Instruction list is a simple assembly language, and 911 michael it is widely used in PLCs. Sequential Function Chart Sequential function chart is childhood a highly structured language and is best for complicated control systems. It manages complex tasks by dividing them into smaller tasks. 4.5 Basic PLC Operation. PLCs consist of input modules or points, a Central Processing Unit (CPU), and essay output modules or points. An input accepts a variety of easy essay childhood digital or analog signals from various field devices (sensors) and thesi converts them into a logic signal that can be used by the CPU.

The CPU makes decisions and executes control instructions based on easy essay, program instructions in memory. Output modules convert control instructions from the CPU into a digital or analog signal that can be used to control various field devices (actuators). A programming device is used to input the desired instructions. Science Fair Projects! These instructions determine what the PLC will do for a specific input. An operator interface device allows process information to easy essay be displayed and new control parameters to be entered.

Figure-4.4 Scan cycle of PLC. (Source: www.software.inv ensys.com) If input power fails and power supply can no longer deliver voltage to the system; power backup preserves any program that has been inserted into the CPU RAM. Power Supply - This module can be built into your, the PLC processor module or be an external unit. Common voltage levels required by the PLC are 5Vdc, 24Vdc, 220Vac. The voltage lends are stabilized and often the essay childhood PS monitors its own health. The power supply gives the voltage required for electronics module (I/O Logic signals, CPU, memory unit and peripheral devices) of the PLC from the line supply. The power supply provides isolation necessary to protect the science fair projects research papers solid state devices from most high voltage line spikes. As I/O is expanded, some PLC may require additional power supplies in order to maintain proper power levels. Figure- 4.5 Block Diagram of easy childhood PLC.

(Source: www. Your! plc-scada.html) Pushbuttons (sensors), in this simple example, connected to PLC inputs, can be used to childhood start and stop a motor connected to a PLC through a motor starter (actuator). Figure-4.6 Motor Start/Stop Using PLC. Figure- 4.7 Types of PLC. 4.6 Advantages Of PLC. The same, as well as more complex tasks can be done with a PLC. Wiring between devices and relay contacts is done in the PLC program. Hard-wiring, though still required to connect field devices, is less intensive.

Modifying the application and correcting errors are easier to handle. It is easier to create and change a program in finding your identity a PLC than it is to wire and easy childhood rewire a circuit. Following are just a few of the advantages of PLCs: ' Smaller physical size than hard-wire solutions. ' Easier and faster to make changes. ' PLCs have integrated diagnostics and override functions. ' Diagnostics are centrally available.

' Applications can be immediately documented. ' Applications can be duplicated faster and less expensively. ' Reliability in operation. ' They are attractive on Cost-Per-Point Basis. ' Flexibility in control techniques. ' Flexibility in programming and reprogramming in the plant. ' Cost effective for controlling complex systems. 4.7 Disadvantages Of Programmable Logic Controller. 1. There's too much work required in science fair projects papers connecting wires.

2. There's difficulty with changes or replacements. 3. It's always difficult to find errors and require skillful work force. 4. When a problem occurs, hold-up time is indefinite, usually long. 4.8 PLC Vs Microcontroller. Microcontrollers (MCU) are complete computer systems on a chip. They combine an arithmetic logic unit (ALU), memory, timer/counters, serial port, input/output (I/O) ports and a clock oscillator. Programmable logic controllers (PLC) are the easy essay control hubs for automated systems and processes.

They contain multiple inputs and outputs that use transistors and other circuitry to simulate switches and relays to control equipment.They're also programmable via standard computer interfaces and methode proprietary languages and network options. Programmable logic controllers have been used for industrial control systems for many years. Their proven reliability in harsh environments and design to handle many inputs and outputs has made them the foundation of many factory automated systems. Easy Childhood! PLCs can be combined with most other technologies to provide a sophisticated control and synthesis ap lang monitoring system. 4.9 Difference Between PLC And Microcontroller. PLC is a special microcontroller designed for industrial application. Essay Childhood! It is for controlling machinery or processes. A microcontroller is a microprocessor that can be used for any type of application. The basic difference between PLC and microcontrollers is only the way of programming.

Most common way of PLC programming is with graphical language Ladder logic programming which looks a little more similar to electrical schematics than a computer programming language. There is dissertation some ways like functional block diagrams, as well mnemonic (like assembler), stages etc. Childhood! Second significant characteristic is the infinite loop (cycling) through the dissertation ladder start-to-end and again from start. Easy Essay! This was for the regular plcs; some newer plcs have event driven capabilities. Also plcs are more restricted in calculations. A PLC is a modular device which one can program using Ladder diagrams (relay logic) or Statement List. It is optimized to fair projects research handle several digital inputs and outputs, and is more rugged for use in childhood industrial applications. Basically it scans the inputs, and determines the outputs based on the logical conditions programmed into it by follow the rabbit fence essays the user. It internally uses a microcontroller to childhood handle all input, output and logic scans. Application area is mostly industrial automation. Then, Microcontrollers are cores that will do anything you program them to do.

They probably can be used in follow the rabbit fence each of the above applications, but with varying effectiveness. As always, your work is in discerning which option will work best in a given situation. 5.1 Introduction Of Ladder Diagram. Ladder diagrams are specialized schematics commonly used to easy essay childhood document industrial control logic systems. Synthesis Ap Lang! They are called ladder diagrams because they resemble a ladder, with two vertical rails (supply power) and as many rungs (horizontal lines) as there are control circuits to represent.

If we wanted to easy draw a simple ladder diagram showing a lamp that is essay controlled by a hand switch, it would look like this: We can construct simply logic functions for our hypothetical lamp circuit, using multiple contacts, and document these circuits quite easily and understandably with additional rungs to easy childhood our original ladder. If we use standard binary notation for science projects papers, the status of the switches and lamp (0 for un-actuated or de-energized; 1 for actuated or energized), a truth table can be made to show how the logic works: Now, the essay childhood lamp will come on essay ap lang, if either contact A or contact B is actuated, because all it takes for the lamp to be energized is to have at least one path for current from easy essay childhood wire L1 to wire 1. What we have is a simple OR logic function, implemented with nothing more than contacts and a lamp. We can mimic the AND logic function by wiring the two contacts in series instead of. Parallel: Now, the lamp energizes only if contact A and contact B are simultaneously actuated. A path exists for current from fence wire L1 to the lamp (wire 2) if and only if both. switch contacts are closed. The logical inversion, or NOT, function can be performed on a contact input simply by using a normally-closed contact instead of a normally-open contact: Figure-5.4 NOT logic function.

Parallel contacts are logically equivalent to easy essay an OR gate. ' Series contacts are logically equivalent to an AND gate. ' Normally closed (N.C.) contacts are logically equivalent to a NOT gate. ' A relay must be used to invert the output of a logic gate function, while simple normally-closed switch contacts are sufficient to represent inverted gate inputs. ' A rung of ladder diagram code can contain both input and output instructions. ' Input instructions perform a comparison or test and set the 911 michael moore essay rung state based on the outcome. ' Normally left justified on the rung. ' Output instructions examine the rung state and childhood execute some operation or function.

' In some cases output instructions can set the rung state. ' Normally right justified on the rung. ' This is a programming language, which expresses a program as a series of finding your 'coils' and 'contacts', simulating the essay childhood operation of electromechanical relays. ' The resultant program is the equivalent of an equation, which is executed continuously in methode a combinatorial manner. ' The advantage of this language is the familiarity many electricians have with the easy simple operation of relays. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System (SCADA) 6.1 What Is SCADA? This acts as an operator station.

The operator can monitor as well as control the thesi process parameters from these stations. Apart from online process data the operator will have access to historical and real-time trends, alarms and reports. The operator can give commands to control hardware for opening the valve, change the set point, start the pump etc. 6.2 Features Of SCADA Software. The common features of SCADA include Dynamic process mimic, Trends, alarm, Connectivity with hardware, Recipe management etc. 6.3 Applications Of SCADA. SCADA systems have many applications right industrial automation, power distribution to water management. Basic dairy processes have changed little in easy essay the past decade.

Specialized processes such as ultra filtration (UF), and modern drying processes, have increased the opportunity for the recovery of milk solids that were formerly discharged. Fahrenheit 911 Michael Essay! In addition, all processes have become much more energy efficient and the use of electronic control systems has allowed improved processing effectiveness and cost savings. Implementation of the Project / Simulation. Working / Implementation of the Project work/ simulation. 7.2 Aim Of The Task. The aim of the essay childhood task is that a can or says an object which is placed at left corner should move to the heating chamber automatically. Projects! It should be heated as per essay, requirement and 911 michael have to return on its place.

The aim of the task is that a can which is at the left end position on a conveyer belt, has to be moved automatically. We need the following components to complete the task: At an easy essay childhood, instance the can is at zero position. When it is at thesi, zero position at that time the sensor 1 will be on. It will remain in the on easy, state until the can doesn't move along. A switch is provided to methode control the or say to on the whole system. User input value is childhood provided so that user finds flexibility in synthesis ap lang giving the desired temperature to the heating chamber. At the very starting of the easy system we have to provide the user value. For example if we have given the follow fence user value as '30' then the heating chamber will heat the object for 30 seconds. After providing the user value, the can will move along on the conveyer belt. As long as the can is essay moved the sensor1 will be turned off.

The conveyer is provided with the value of methode 1000 in its properties. That means the length of the belt is easy essay childhood 1000. Finding Your Identity! As the object be moved along, the valve will be open and the valve will let the easy door be automatically open. An object when reaching near the open door at that time the sensor 4 is on. The object will pass through the open door and your essay the door is closed again.

Sensor 2 will be on sensing the object inside the essay heating chamber. The heater will heat the fair projects papers object as per scheduled by the user value. Authorised person can even change the user value and can increase or decrease the number of seconds. A counter is placed so that we can visualize the easy childhood seconds of the heating chamber. When the timer is done with the counting at that time sensor 3 is on.

And after the object is moved away, that sensor will again turned off. Motors and wheels will move forward and reverse with respect to the object. As soon as the object is essay heated the essay door is opened again and the heated object moved out of the chamber and reverses in 911 michael moore the direction to its original position. Easy Essay Childhood! Whole the methode above process is implemented in the programming ahead. IF sw==1 AND x==1 THEN v=1;ELSE v=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door==0 THEN s4=1;ELSE s4=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 AND h==0 THEN x=1; ENDIF; IF v==1 AND door120 THEN door=door+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 THEN s1=1; ELSE s1=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND door==120 THEN s2=1;ELSE s2=0; ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob620 AND h==0 AND door==120 THEN k=1;ELSE k=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k==1 AND ob0 THEN w1=w1+5;ELSE w1=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob620 AND k==1 THEN ob=ob+10;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==620 AND h==0 THEN x=0;ENDIF; IF v==0 AND door0 THEN door=door - 5 ;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND ob==620 THEN s3=1;ELSE s3=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door == 0 AND s3==1 AND hui THEN h=h+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==620 AND h==ui THEN x=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 AND h==ui THEN x=0; ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door==120 AND h==ui AND ob=620 THEN d=1;k=0;ELSE d=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND d==1 AND k==0 THEN w2=w2+5; ELSE w2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob0 AND d==1 THEN ob=ob - 10;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 THEN d=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door==0 AND ob==0 THEN h=0;ENDIF; 7.4 Outcome Of Task. Figure 7.4.(b) outcome of heating an element(when switch is childhood on)

Figure 7.4.(C) Outcome Of Heating An Element(Process While Heating An Element) 7.5 Milk Process Automation in Dairy system. Figure 7.5 Milk Process Automation In Dairy System. 7.6 Programming For The Milk Process Automation. IF sw==1 AND t100 THEN p1=1;t=t+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p1==1 AND k1100 THEN k1=k1 + 5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k1==100 AND t11000 THEN t1=t1+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t1900 THEN l=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t1==1000 THEN k1=0;p1=0;v2=1;l=1;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND v2==1 AND k2100 THEN k2 = k2+5;l=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k2==100 AND t21000 THEN t2=t2+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k2==100 AND k1==0 AND p1==0 AND t10 THEN t1 = t1 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t2==1000 THEN k2=0;v2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t2==1000 AND v2==0 AND k2==0 THEN h2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND h2==1 AND tm80 THEN tm=tm+1;h2=1;v1=1;p2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v1==1 AND p2==1 AND k3100 THEN k3=k3+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k3==100 AND k4100 THEN k4=k4+5;h1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k4==100 AND h1==1 AND k5100 THEN k5=k5+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k5==100 AND k6100 THEN k6=k6+5;h1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 THEN p2=0;v1=0;h1=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND tm==80 THEN p2=0;h1=0;h2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND h2==0 THEN p3=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND p3==1 THEN tm=0;h2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND h2==0 AND k7100 THEN k7=k7+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k7==100 AND k2==0 AND t20 THEN t2=t2 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k7==100 AND t31000 THEN t3=t3+20;k3 =0;k4=0;k5=0;k6=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t2==0 AND h2==0 THEN k7=0;p3=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 THEN c1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 AND c1==1 AND tm150 THEN tm1=tm1+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 AND tm1==50 THEN p4=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p4==1 THEN tm1=0;c1=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p4==1 AND k8100 THEN k8=k8+5;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND k8==100 AND k7==0 AND p3==0 AND t30 THEN t3=t3 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k8==100 AND t41000 THEN t4=t4+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t4==1000 THEN k8=0;p4=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t4==1000 AND tm250 THEN tm2=tm2+2;sp=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND tm2==50 AND t4==1000 THEN v3=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v3==1 THEN tm2=0;sp=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v3==1 AND k9100 THEN k9=k9+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k9==100 AND k8==0 AND p4==0 AND t40 THEN t4=t4 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k9==100 AND v3==1 AND t61000 THEN t6=t6+20;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 THEN k9=0;v3=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v3==1 AND t5100 THEN t5=t5+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t5==100 AND k9==0 THEN v4=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v4==1 AND k10100 THEN k10=k10+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v4==1 AND k101 AND t50 THEN t5=t5 - 5;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t5==0 THEN v4=0;k10=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND k10==0 AND tm350 THEN t61=1;tm3=tm3+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k10==0 AND tm3==50 THEN t61=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND k10==0 AND t61==0 THEN v5=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 THEN tm3=0;t61=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND tm3==0 AND v5==1 AND k11100 THEN k11=k11+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 AND k11==100 AND t60 THEN t6=t6 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 AND k11==100 AND t71000 THEN t7=t7+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 THEN v5=0;k11=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND v5==0 THEN c2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND c2==1 AND tm450 THEN tm4=tm4+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND tm4==50 THEN c2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND tm4==50 AND t70 THEN t7=t7 - 20;p1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==0 THEN tm4=0;ENDIF; Wonderware is the global leader in thesi Human Machine Interface (HMI), SCADA and real-time operations management software.

Wonderware solutions enable production and industrial operations to synchronize with business objectives to achieve speed,flexibility and sustained profitability. Wonderware software delivers significant cost benefits for designing, building, deploying and easy childhood maintaining robust applications for manufacturing and infrastructure operations. Fahrenheit Moore Essay! Wonderware Supervisory HMI Software brings an empowering simplicity to easy childhood managing plant operations through legendary ease of use, unparalleled scalability, matchless capabilities and standards-based, secure integration. Achieve improved operator awareness and productivity and reduce operational risks, response time and system downtime. Wonderware InTouch brings real-time visibility to a new level and transforms the dissertation methode way industrial user interfaces and Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs) are de'ned, moving from merely presenting data to easy essay the next evolution of displaying information in context. Thesi! Instead of developing a library of 'symbols', the new features of easy childhood InTouch enable application developers to focus on creating highly contextualized and interpretive visual content and assembling the most effective HMI applications and moore essay user interfaces for operational excellence and abnormal situation management. With InTouch 2014, the success rate of easy childhood exception handling can be improved by 37% and the total time required to complete tasks can be reduced by 41%. KEPServerEX is an server which provides direct connectivity between hundreds of different PLCs, devices, and systems, and a wide variety of client applications, including HMI, SCADA, Historian, MES, ERP, and countless custom applications. Employing the universally accepted standard, KEPServerEX maximizes the promise of expedites project development through the use of finding identity a single server interface, regardless of the control system in use. Multiple device drivers can be 'plugged in' to easy essay childhood one application which centralizes communications and greatly reduces user learning curves. Industrial Strength and Easy to Use Our intuitive interface makes industrial connectivity so easy that within minutes you can be providing data to your application.

KEPServerEX enhances single server interface, ensuring shorter product learning curves, reduced system training and maintenance costs, and improved network reliability, regardless of the control system in use. Methods used to manage and essay rubric configure 3rd party OPC servers may vary from one. manufacturer to the next. This results in essay childhood a continuous process of learning each new. OPC server when a new PLC or device is used. Thesi! If the goal of easy essay childhood OPC technology is finding identity to. provide a single, well defined and reliable interface to share data, then it would seem only essay childhood, natural that this goal should be matched with a single user interface to simplify configuration.

Experience High Performance Communications. KEPServerEX is designed for synthesis, efficient operation throughout the entire product. Each driver plug-in is developed to take advantage of any operational gain that a given PLC or device offers for enhanced communication speed. Kepware's development team has written drivers on nearly every Microsoft platform dating all the way back to essay childhood DOS. This depth of 911 michael moore development experience keeps us keenly aware of essay how to develop and maintain high performance connectivity without sacrificing quality. Minimum Effort ' Maximum Throughput. KEPServerEX is a truly multi-threaded application where drivers support up to 100 channels of communication and each channel isa separate task running inside the server application. By distributing the communication load across multiple channels, maximum throughput can be achieved.

The use of multiple tasks to improve communication performance may immediately raise the concern aboutpotential negative impacts on the host PC. Rest assured, KEPServerEX has been real-world tested in applications actively polling over onehundred-thousand tags, producing only a negligible effect on essay ap lang, the host PC's CPU usage and memory. 8.3 Wpl Software. WPLSoft is a software for PLC ( Programmable logic controller). Easy Childhood! PLC is a control system using electronic operations.When PLC is in fair papers operation, use WPLSoft to monitor the set value or temporarily saved value in timer (T), counter (C), and register (D) and force On/Off of output contacts. Using Mouse and F1. F12 function keys.

1. Easy Childhood! Click 'File' 'New' to create a new document and enter the ladder diagram mode shown below. Figure-8.3(A) Create A New Document In WPL. 2. Click the Normally Open (NO) contact icon on toolbar or press F1 function key. 3. Your Identity! The 'Input Device Instruction' dialog box will appear. You can select device name (e.g. M) and number (e.g. 10), and enter comments (e.g. Easy! Internal Relay).

Then, click 'OK' to save the setting. 4. Click the Output Coil icon on toolbar or press F7 function key. The 'Input Device Instruction' dialog box will appear. Science Research! You can select device name (e.g. Y) and essay childhood number (e.g. 0), and enter comments (e.g. Output Coil). Then, click 'OK' to save the setting. Figure- 8.3(D) Output Device Instruction.

5. Fahrenheit 911 Michael Moore! Click Application Instructions icon or press F6 function key. Choose 'All Application Instructions' in the Instruction Type box and select 'END' instruction from the easy essay pull-down menu or type the 'END' instruction in the Application Instruction list box. Then, click 'OK' to save the setting. 6. Click the compiler icon to convert the ladder diagram to instructions. After compiler action is completed, the numbers of steps will be displayed on the left side of the start of the ladder diagram. 7. Identity Essay! If the easy childhood ladder diagram is not correct, a Ladder Diagram Error message will appear and point out the follow essays exact erroneous rows and addresses after the compiler action is completed. Figure-8.3(G) Ladder Diagram Error Message. Result And Analysis.

The outcome of our project includes Standardization Of milk Production, Quality Improvement, Improve Commissioning Time, Reduced Production Time, Improved Quantity of Product, and reduced Manufacturing Cost. Dairy industry is one area in which automation plays an easy essay, important role to control, automate and stream line the process. Modern day dairy plants are capable of processing large volume of products, from raw milk to thesi final packaging of various milk based products. This objective is essay typically achieved by. ' Heat treatment to ensure that milk is safe for human consumption and projects has an extended keeping quality, and. ' Preparing a variety of dairy products in a semi-dehydrated or dehydrated form (butter, hard cheese and milk powders), which can be stored. The focus of this document is on the processing of milk and the production of milk-derived products butter, cheese and milk powder at dairy processing plants.

' Our project includes processes taking place at a typical milk plant include: ' Receipt and childhood filtration/clarification of the raw milk. ' Separation of all or part of the milk fat (for standardization of finding your market milk, production of cream and butter and other fat-based products, and easy essay childhood production of milk powders) ' Homogenization (if required) ' Deodorization (if required) ' Further product-specific processing. ' Packaging and the rabbit fence storage, including cold storage for perishable products. ' Distribution of final product. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition is real time industrial process control systems used to centrally monitor and control remote or local industrial equipment such as motors, valves, pumps, relays, etc' A SCADA system gathers. SCADA is used in power plants as well as in oil and gas refining, telecommunications, transportation, and easy essay childhood water and synthesis rubric waste control. Main advantage SCADA is Saves Time and essay Money , Less traveling for workers (e.g. helicopter ride) , Reduces man-power needs , Increases production efficiency of a company , Cost effective for power systems , Saves energy, Reliable.

PLC SCADA Automation is the use of scientific and technological principles in the services of machines that take over work normally done by humans. Applications manufacturing companies in virtually every industry are achieving rapid increases in finding identity essay productivity by childhood taking advantage of automation technologies. ' Programmable logic control systema version2 EE IIt Kharagpur. ' Basic of PLC Programming,industrial control systems fall 2006. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Engineering essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to methode a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

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