Jury trial essay
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Taxation Appendix An Essay on the Trial by Jury by Lysander Spooner
FOR more than six hundred years that is, since Magna Carta, in 1215 there has been no clearer principle
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Beefing Up Your Resume Before the Career Search Begins: Key Advice for College Students. by jury trial Kate Gredley Finding a job can be a difficult endeavor in fahrenheit 911 michael, today#8217;s job market for college graduates #8212; so while you are still in jury essay, college, it#8217;s time to be proactive about your career. Even landing a fairly elementary job in hospitality or retail has become increasingly difficult. Still, it is persuasive essays for high important that you create a resume that demonstrates that you are the jury trial essay superior candidate to all the other Joes and Janes competing for the same position.That is not to say finding a job when you have limited experience or skills will be impossible, it is just a weakness #8212; one that ca n be overcome with the right attitude and a little charm.Unfortunately not all of us job-seekers possess that level of suave charisma #8212; and thus most of us should be thinking of ways to develop new skills, gain new experiences, and fahrenheit 911 michael achieve additional accomplishments. Why Do I Need To Beef Up My Resume? Years ago, a basic resume might have landed you a job without much trouble.
Today, a glut of recently graduated college students and trial essay laid off workers means you must be proactive about your job search. Even a degree in msc nursing, an up and coming field such as informational-technology is no longer enough to assure a job. Jury Trial! How Do I Know If I Need To Beef Up My Resume? Your resume would be considered weak if you have a hard time detailing your experience and accomplishments. More experienced job-seekers will have an school, easier time creating a solid resume, but inexperienced job seekers #8212; if they prepare properly using the tips in this article #8212; should be able to create a resume that is trial just as solid. When Should I Start Beefing Up My Resume? If you are sitting at thesis importance the computer the day before you begin your job-search and realize that your compiled skills and jury trial essay experiences can fill only a few lines, then you have waited too long.
I cannot express enough the importance of consciously engaging in activities that will allow you to gertrude, create a solid resume years before you begin searching for a job. Jury Trial Essay! If you have not been as proactive as you should have been, you should begin engaging in activities to beef up your resume immediately. Here are some activities that you can engage in to beef up #8212; to improve the quality of your resume: Volunteer Work: If you have the time, squeeze in some volunteer experience. You may not be the type of fahrenheit moore essay, individual who enjoys spending precious free time altruistically helping out at non-profits, but consider volunteering at least a few hours a month. Employers like to see that their potential employees are engaged in jury essay, the community.
This kind of service demonstrates a high level of persuasive essays for high school students, respect, responsibility, and willingness to go the extra mile to help the community flourish. Jury! This is for high school students a persona that you should be eager to present to potential employers. [Learn more about volunteering and non-profits here.] Work-Study and Part-Time Jobs: When you build your resume, include any work-study or part-time job experiences that you have acquired over trial the years. You may not believe it, but these jobs form a solid foundation. Even if your part-time job was working at a fast-food joint or chasing down carts at a local store, it still provided valuable experience. Jobs tell future employers that you understand the value of work. Ideally, locate a part-time job that is relevant to your future career field, but even if you can#8217;t, unrelated jobs demonstrate to employers that you have experience working in a formal environment in which you were expected to demonstrate that you could accomplish given tasks and show up on time. Class Projects: Include any major class projects that you worked on while in college or high school. Class projects can be individual or group projects. The class projects that you include on your resume should demonstrate that you have experience in your career field if possible, although more general group projects will still tell employers that you have experience collaborating productively in a group. Persuasive Essays For High! Key class projects to include on your resume are senior projects or your thesis. Internships: Internships, like volunteer work, may be unpaid experience.
Unlike volunteer work, they are often geared toward your upcoming career. They provide actual experience in your chosen career. An internship (or more than one) demonstrates to jury essay, potential employers that you have real-world experience. Too often job-seekers are not able to gain experience in their field until they obtain a job. Internship experience demonstrates that you can excel in your chosen career.
An internship may signal to an employer that the business organization will not need to spend as much time training you in basic skills, which may put you slightly ahead of the other candidates. [Learn more about internships and interning here.] Leadership Positions Within Clubs and Organizations: Consider one or more leadership positions within organizations in jury trial essay, which you are a member #8212; and include these on your resume. Just remember to focus your time on fahrenheit 911 michael moore, a few positions. Accepting too many positions will stretch your time too thinly. Jury Trial Essay! Leadership positions provide valuable experience. You can showcase your skills leading a group, dealing with diverse groups of undergraduate importance, people, and cultivating and jury trial essay organizing ideas. Potential employers like to see this level of rguhs msc nursing, responsibility. Employers often look for individuals who can help the trial essay organization excel, individuals with the potential to become the future managers of the company. [Learn more about stein gaining experience while in college here: 15 Quick Tips for Gaining Valuable Experience in jury essay, College.] Final Thoughts on Beefing Up Your Resume. These are just a few ideas to jumpstart you into persuasive for high, creating a better resume, one filled with more experience than perhaps you thought you had.Hopefully by the end of essay, this process you will have a well-written resume that is full of relevant experiences and accomplishments. For High School! Once the resume has been compiled you can go into job-hunting confidently.One final piece of trial, advice for beefing up your resume #8212; and your skills. Consider actively learning new technology. Office work in particular is business tax planning strategies computer-based.
Companies will often train you, but it is advantageous to express a mastery of technology. Remember, the more you know the better. Essay! Once you decide on a career field, research possible skills that employers will depend on. Some basic skills that you should know how to do include: Creating Webpages with Word Press and HTML Manipulating pictures with Photoshop Using GoogleDocs and Microsoft Office Managing professional social media profiles. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker#8217;s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Gertrude Stein Essay Picasso! Don#8217;t forget to take advantage of jury trial, all the essays students resume articles, tutorials, and more in this section of Quintessential Careers: Resume and CV Resources and Tools for Job-Seekers, as well as the key resources for college grads in essay, this section: College Student, Recent College Grad: Career and Job-Search Resources. Kate Gredley is an business environment essay, elementary teacher with a background in essay, marketing.
She thrives on creativity and helping America#8217;s youth proactively develop skills that will aid them in essays, their future careers. Trial! She writes about persuasive essays school marketing degrees for Globe University. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and jury trial essay our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr.
Randall S. Business Environment Analysis! Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the essay oldest and gertrude stein essay picasso most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is jury trial also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is business tax planning also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an trial, educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at email@example.com.
Check out business environment analysis essay, Dr. Hansen on jury, GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. Msc Nursing! You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Jury! Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to undergraduate thesis, go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an jury trial, archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for persuasive for high school Job-Seekers and jury trial Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers.
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Bibliometrics, Citation And Citation Analysis. Chapter 3: Bibliometrics, Citation and trial, Citation Analysis. Dr. Ranganathan S. Business Tax Planning! R. Jury Essay! (1969) coined the term 'Librametry' and presented his concept in ASLIB conference held at Leamington Spa. He used the term to include statistical approaches to study library and its services. However, the essays, practice of using quantitative method to measure information sources were made even before Dr. Ranganathan but under different terms or without any particular term but 'Statistical Analysis' was in common use before the term Librametry. Essay! Cole and Eales (1917) graphically mapped the tax planning strategies, literature and called this method of analysis as 'Statistical analysis'. Hulme (1923) studied the literature and called it 'statistical bibliography', but the trial essay, terms were found to thesis importance be clumsy as it could easily be mistaken.
Later the term was coined as bibliometrics by Pritchard (1969). 3.2 Different Terminologies in Use:- Many attempts have been made to jury essay define the term bibliometrics and its analogous terms since the use of the term 'statistical bibliography' by Hulme (1923), and according to him 'the purpose of statistical bibliography is to throw light on moore, the process of written communication and the nature and course of development of a discipline (in so far as this is displayed through written communication) by means of counting and analyzing its various facets of written communication'. Raising (1962), in his article clearly defined the term statistical bibliography as 'the assembling and interpretation of trial essay statistics relating to books and periodicals to students demonstrate historical movements and to determine national and jury, universal research, use of books and journal, and to ascertain in many local situations the business analysis essay, general use of books and jury trial, journals'. Essays For High School Students! This definition is also treated as one of the classical definitions of bibliometrics. The term Bibliometrics was first coined by Pritchard (1969) in trial preference to existing terminology 'statistical bibliography' as he felt there is 911 michael essay fair likelihood to misinterpret it as bibliometrical methods to books and other media of jury trial essay communication'. According to Fairthorne (1969), statistical bibliography was 'Quantitative treatment of properties of fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay recorded discourse and behaviour appertaining to it'.
British Standard Glossary (1976) of documentation explained the term bibliometrics as 'the study of use of jury trial documents and patterns of publication in which mathematical and statistical methods have been applied' which is basically similar to Pritchard's original definition of bibliometrics. Hawkins (1977), in persuasive students his on-line bibliometrics study interpreted bibliometrics term as 'The quantitative analysis of the bibliographic features of a body of literature'. Trial! Nicholas and Ritchie (1978), in their books entitled 'Literature on Bibliometrics' opined that bibliometrics provided information about the structure of knowledge and how it is communicated? They further added that bibliometrics studies fall mainly into two broad groups, describing characteristics or features of moore a literature (descriptive studies) and those examining the relationship formed between the essay, components of literature (behavioural studies). More recently Plotter (1981) had defined bibliometrics as 'the study and measurement of the publication patterns of all forms of written communication and their authorship'. Schrader (1981), has also tried to define the term in a more simplified manner and stated that bibliometrics is 'the scientific study of recorded discourse.' Broadus (1987b) presented a historical overview of various definitions of bibliometrics and proposed an alternative definition for bibliometrics. According to him, bibliometrics is the quantitative study of physically published units or of bibliographic units or of essay surrogates of either. More explicitly Sengupta (1990), defines the term as 'organization, classification and quantitative evaluations along with their authorship by mathematical and statistical calculus'.
A more elaborate concept of bibliometrics has been recently explained by Egghe (2000), as 'development and application of mathematical models and techniques to jury essay all aspects of communications.' From these definitions it is concluded that statistical bibliography is replaced by bibliometrics and it means study of measurement of the publication patterns of all forms of written communication and their authorship by means of using citation studies. 3.3 What is fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay Bibliometrics? The term 'bibliometrics' was first used by Pritchard (1969) in his article 'Statistical Bibliography or Bibliometrics' published in jury trial the 'Journal of Documentation'. 'Biblio' means book and rguhs msc nursing dissertations, 'Metric' means a scale or measure. Bibliometric means application of statistical studies in library and information science. According to Pritchard (1969), bibliometrics is defined as 'the application of mathematics and jury, statistical methods to books and moore, other media of communication.' Potter (1981) defines bibliometrics as 'the study and measurement of the publication pattern of all forms of written communication and their author'. In Bibliometrics and Librametry as an area in which studies 'information process and information handling in libraries and information canters by quantitatively analyzing the characteristics and behaviour of documents, library staff, and library users.' The study of bibliometrics and Librametry include bibliometric distribution, citation analysis, library use studies, etc.
It is also a quantitative study of literatures as reflected in bibliographies. Bibliometrics is the trial essay, use of quantitative analysis and statistics to describe patterns of publication within a given field or body of literature. Bibliometrics is a set of methods to quantitatively analyze scientific and technological literature (Bellis 2009). The commonly used bibliometric methods are citation analysis and content analysis. Importance! Content analysis or textual analysis is a methodology used in the social sciences for studying the content of communication. Earl Babbie (2010) defines it as the jury, study of recorded human communications, such as books, websites, paintings and dissertations, laws. According to Farooq Joubish (2011), content analysis is essay considered a scholarly methodology in the humanities by for high students which texts are studied as to essay authorship, authenticity, or meaning. Later subject includes were philology, hermeneutics, and semiotics. Lasswell (1951, p.525 ) formulated the core questions of content analysis and stated that 'Who says what, to whom, why, to what extent and with what effect? Ole Holsti (1969) offers a broad definition of dissertations content analysis as any technique for making inferences by jury trial objectively and business tax planning, systematically identifying specified characteristics of messages. Kimberly (2002) offers a six-part definition of content analysis:Content analysis is a summarizing, quantitative analysis of messages that relies on the scientific method (including attention to objectivity, inter subjectivity, a priori design, reliability, validity, generalisability, replicability, and hypothesis testing) and is not limited as to the types of variables that may be measured or the context in which the jury trial essay, messages are created or presented.
Garfield (1983) and Richard (2010) defined citation analysis as 'the examination of the msc nursing dissertations, frequency, patterns, and graphs of citations in articles and books'. Content analysis uses citations in scholarly works to trial establish links to other works or other researchers. Citation analysis is one of the most widely used methods of bibliometrics. Martyn (1976), defined citation analysis as, 'Analysis of the citations or references or both which forms of business strategies part of the jury trial essay, scholarly publication.' According to Baughman (1974), 'Citation study is a systematic enquiry into the structural properties of the stein essay picasso, literature of the subject' he explains that the structure of literature is of a good quality. Bibliometric method is essay most often used in stein picasso the field of library and information science; as well it has an equal applicability in jury trial other areas also. In fact, in many research fields use of bibliometric methods is carried out to thesis importance explore the impact of their field, the jury trial essay, impact of a set of researchers, or the impact of a particular paper etc. Bibliometrics are now used in stein essay picasso quantitative research assessment exercises of academic output (Henderson et al 2009). The UK government is considering using bibliometrics as a possible auxiliary tool in its Research Excellence Framework, a process which may assess the quality of the research output of UK universities and on jury trial, the basis of the assessment results, allocate research funding (http://www.ref.ac.uk/) Bibliometric methods have been used to trace relationships amongst academic journal citations. Citation analysis, which involves examining an item's referring documents, is used in searching for materials and analyzing their merit. Citation indices, such as Institute for Scientific Information's Web of Science, allow users to search forward in time from fahrenheit moore essay a known article to more recent publications which cite the known item.
Today citation analysis tools are easily available to compute various impact measures for scholars based on data from citation indices. Jury Trial! These have various applications, from the identification of expert referees to review papers and picasso, grant proposals, to essay providing transparent data in support of academic merit review, tenure, and promotion decisions. Nicholas (1978) in his article 'Literature and Bibliometrics' explained the importance of citation analysis and its applications in LIS. He pointed out that information scientists and librarians use citation analysis to quantitatively assess the core journal titles and watershed publications(less used or border lined publications) in 911 michael moore particular disciplines; interrelationships between authors from different institutions and schools of thought; and related data about the academia. Some more pragmatic applications of this information includes the planning of retrospective bibliographies, finding the age of material used in a discipline (Half life) , and comparison between use of recent publications versus older ones, comparing the coverage of secondary services which can help publishers gauge their achievements and competition, and can aid librarians in evaluating the effectiveness of their stock. There are also some limitations to the value of citation data.
They are often incomplete or biased; data has been largely collected manually (which is expensive), though citation indexes can also be used; incorrect citing of trial sources occurs continually; thus, further investigation is required to truly understand the rationale behind citing to allow it to be confidently applied. Thus it is revealed that bibliometric method is very useful to analyze the impact of literature in any subject areas and in LIS it is useful to decide the policies for different activities like acquisition, organization, stacking, introduction of new service, ranking of periodicals, half life of literature in any subject discipline formatting and collection development policies and related policies etc. 3.4 Laws of Bibliometrics:- The three most commonly used laws in bibliometrics are. 1) Bradford's Law of Scatter: - which describes how the literature of a subject area is thesis importance distributed in its journals and which forms the basis for calculating how many journals contain a certain percentage of published articles? 2) Lotka's Law of Scientific Productivity: - A formula for measuring / predicting the productivity of scientific researchers. 3) Zipf's Law of Word Occurrence: - which describes the jury trial, frequency of the business environment, appearance of certain words or more specifically, suggests that people are more likely to select and use familiar rather than unfamiliar words.
Among all these three laws, Bradford's Law is more useful to LIS professionals and jury, related to business essay citation analysis. 3.4.1 Bradford's Law of Scatter:- Bradford (1934), pointed out that if scientific journals are arranged in order of decreasing productivity of articles on a given subject, they may be divided into jury trial, a nucleus of periodicals more particularly devoted to the subject and thesis importance, several groups and zones containing the same number of articles as the nucleus when the number of periodicals in the nucleus and succeeding zones will be 1: n: n2. Jury Trial Essay! Bradford's Law states that journals in a single field can be divided into three parts, each containing the same number of articles: * A core of journals on business environment essay, the subject, relatively few in number, that produces approximately one-third of all the jury trial essay, articles; * A second zone, containing the fahrenheit 911 michael moore, same number of articles as the first, but a greater number of journals, and. * A third zone, containing the same number of articles as the second, but a still greater number of journals. The mathematical relationship of the number of journals core to the first zone is a constant n and to the second zone the relationship is n. Bradford expressed this relationship as 1 : n : n. Bradford formulated his law after studying a bibliography of geophysics, covering 326 journals in the field. He discovered that 9 journals contained 429 articles, 59 contained 499 articles, and 258 contained 404 articles. Trial! So it took 9 journals to contribute one-third of the articles, 5 times of 9, or 45, to produce the next third, and 5 times 5 times 9, or 225, to produce the last third. Bradford's Law serves as a general guideline to rguhs msc nursing librarians in essay determining the number of core journals in any given field. Bradford's Law is undergraduate thesis not statistically accurate, but it is still commonly used as a general rule of thumb.
3.4.2 What is Citation:- Citation is jury trial essay a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the stein essay picasso, original source). More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression (e.g. Newell84) embedded in jury the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to thesis the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears. Jury Trial! Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is school students commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not). A prime purpose of a citation is intellectual honesty to attribute prior or unoriginal work and ideas to the correct sources and to jury essay allow the reader to business strategies determine independently whether the referenced material supports the author's argument in the claimed way. 3.4.3 What is Reference:-
Reference is derived from Middle English referren, from jury trial essay Middle French rfrer, from Latin referre, to carry back, formed from the prefix re- and ferre, to bear. A large number of essay words derived from this root, including referee, reference, referendum, all retaining the basic meaning of the original Latin as a point, place or source of origin. A referee is the provider of this source of origin, and a referent is the possessor of the source of origin, whether it is knowledge, matter or energy. Trial! Because of its meaning, the word reference is used in every sphere of human knowledge, adopting shades of meaning particular to the contexts in which it is gertrude stein essay picasso used. References can take on many forms, including: a thought, a sensory perception that is audible (onomatopoeia), visual (text), olfactory, or tactile, emotional state, relationship with other, space-time coordinate, symbolic or alpha-numeric, a physical object or an energy projection; but, other concrete and abstract contexts exist as methods of defining references within the scope of the various fields that require an origin, point of departure, or an original form. Trial! This includes methods that intentionally hide the stein essay picasso, reference from some observers, as in cryptography. Citations are measured to find the jury essay, different use patterns like author, chronology, geography, subject, forms etc in essays for high school LIS. An essential part of jury research papers, particularly in science is the list of references indicating towards prior publications. Ziman (1968) has rightly indicated 'a scientific paper does not stand alone; it is embedded in the literature of the subject'. Essays School Students! Similarly Nann (1976) defines 'A reference is the acknowledgement that one document gives to another; a citation is the acknowledgement that one document receives from another'.
Malin (1968) says 'A citation implies a relationship between a part or the whole of the cited document and a part or the whole of the citing document.' From these statements of stalwarts it is very clear that citation has an importance while publishing scientific or research communications. It is must to cite the author from which data is used. The research activity built on citing papers and jury trial, using previous knowledge. The use of citation and its study reveals many concepts useful for developing libraries properly. Citation analysis is the area of bibliometrics which deals with the undergraduate thesis, study of their relationships which might be useful for bridging research. Weinstock (1974) identified reasons for citing and quoting references in research study as under. 1. Giving homage to pioneers.
2. Giving credit for related works (Homage to Press.) 3. Identifying methodology, equipment etc. 4. Providing background reading. 5. Correcting one's own work. 6. Trial! Correcting the work of others. 7. Criticizing previous work and environment analysis, adding quality and innovation. 8. Substantiating claims. 9. Alerting to forthcoming work. 10.
Providing leads to poorly disseminated or poorly indexed or uncited work. 11. Authenticating data and classes of fact-physical constants etc. 12. Essay! Identifying original publications in 911 michael essay which an idea or concept was discussed. 13. Identifying original publication or other work describing a concept or term (e.g.HODGKIN'S Disease Pareto's Law, Friedel-Crafts reaction etc.) 14.
Disclaiming work or ideas of others. (Negative Claims) 15. Disputing priority claims of others. (Negative Homage) Apart from jury essay these points references appended in the research study is valid indicator of its significance. The facts stated in the research needs to be supported by earlier citations (studies) and there is always a relation between citing theses or book or an article indicating similarity of the environment analysis, research. 3.4.4 Importance of Citations:- Ziman (1968), Price (1968), Narin (1976), Marin (1968) had opened that citations plays an important role in research. Trial Essay! Father they added that scientific paper or scientific research does not go alone, but it is embedded in the subject of literature, as a reference (citation) which is acknowledgement for the use of information by the another author who cites in his writing.
The relation of cited and citing document stating 'a citation implies relationship between a part or the whole of the cited document and a part or the whole of the citing document.' Citation analysis is the area dealing with the bibliometrics and deals with study of relationship of environment essay cited and citing document and such studies are essential to track the scholarly development in any subject field. 3.5 Citation Analysis:- When one author cites another author, a relationship is established. Citation analysis uses citations in scholarly works to establish links. Many different links can be ascertained, such as links between authors, between scholarly works, between journals, between fields, or even between countries. Citations both from and to a certain document may be studied. One very common use of citation analysis is to determine the impact of a single author on a given field by counting the number of times the author has been cited by others. One possible drawback of this approach is that authors may be citing the single author in a negative context (saying that the author doesn't know what s/he's talking about (Osareh 1996). 3.5.1 Co-citation Coupling:-
Co-citation coupling is a method used to establish a subject similarity between two documents. Jury! If papers A and B are both cited by paper C, they may be said to be related to one another, even though they don't directly cite each other. If papers A and B are both cited by many other papers, they have a stronger relationship. The more papers they are cited by, the stronger their relationship is. 3.5.2 Bibliographic Coupling:- Bibliographic coupling operates on a similar principle, but in a way it is the mirror image of co-citation coupling. Bibliographic coupling links two papers that cite the same articles, so that if papers A and B both cite paper C, they may be said to be related, even though they don't directly cite each other.
The more papers they both cite, the stronger their relationship is. 3.6 Reasons to environment analysis conduct Bibliometric Studies:- Historically bibliometric methods have been used to trace relationships amongst academic journal citations. The bibliometric research uses various methods of citation analysis in trial essay order to establish relationships between authors or their work. The Bibliometric studies are conducted to identify the peers, social change and the core journal, etc. indexing and Thesaurus, research, formulating search strategies in case of automated system, comparative assessment of the secondary services, Bibliographic control, preparation of retrospective bibliographic and library Management. Collection development includes planning, implementation and evaluation of collections (Baughman, 1977): Planning is to map information needs, to develop aims and make decisions about priorities. Knowledge about the structure of fahrenheit moore essay a subject field and about the information resources used in trial the field is needed for essays school students, planning the collection. Bibliometric methods such as citation analysis, bibliographic coupling, co-word analysis and jury essay, co-citation analysis can be used to map the knowledge structure and the use of literature. Implementation of the collection includes library routines, communication and gertrude stein, information provision.
A working indexing language, which reflects the modern terminology, is needed to organise the collection. Essay! Knowledge about the important themes in a field gives a base for developing the terminology. These themes are based on undergraduate thesis importance, the knowledge structure received by bibliometric methods. Collection Evaluation is analysis and assessment of the collection according to its aim and functions. Jury Essay! Different bibliometric methods such as citation analysis, analysis of the scattering of undergraduate thesis articles to journals and trial essay, analysis of the obsolescence of literature are used for this purpose. Application of bibliometric research identified by Wallace (1989), indicated that the use is for developing libraries. - Improving the bibliographic control of literature. - Identifying a core literature especially journals. - Classifying a literature. - Tracing the rguhs dissertations, spread of ideas and growth of a literature. - Improving the efficiency of information handling services.
- Predicting publishing trends and needs. - Describing patterns of book use by patrons. - Developing and evaluating library collections. 3.7 Strengths of Bibliometrics as a Research Approach:- Bibliometric studies are useful and have a quantitative base. The method helps analysis status and strength is in: ' Methods are objective and repeatable. ' Results have a wide range of potential practical value.
' Does not require human subject interaction. ' High reliability in data that are collected unobtrusively, from the published record, and can be easily replicated by essay others. 3.7.1 Limitations of bibliometrics as a research approach:- Following few limitations of the study are observed by. Results are only valid to extent that citations are assumed to picasso represent significant link between citing and cited documents. ' Technical issues related to data obtained from citation indexes and bibliographies. ' Variations and misspelling of author names, authors with same name, incomplete coverage of non-English publications. 3.8 Application of Bradford's Law in Library and jury trial essay, Information Science Research:- Bradford's law is strategies used to solve problems in journal collection management as well as resource development in any libraries.
The basic concept is to conduct Bradford analyses of journals i.e. to jury sort the journals in rguhs msc nursing Bradford zones and thus identify which belong to the core and trial, which does not. Any Bradford analysis involves three steps. 1. Identify many or all items (usually articles) published in this field; 2. Rguhs Msc Nursing Dissertations! List the sources (usually journals) that publish the articles (or items) in rank order beginning with the source that produces the most items; 3. While retaining the order of the sources, divide this list into groups (or zones) so that the number of items produced by each group of sources is about the same. The 'most obvious potentials' of Bradford analyses are: ' Defining the jury trial, core. ' The law of diminishing returns. ' Calculation of cost based on various coverage. ' Setting priorities among journals. Bradford's law is used to solve practical problems related to information seeking and retrieval. An automatic option for sorting the output from online searches of journal literature, which he argued would help online users. 'Computerized sorting of thesis hits by essay the journals in which they appear, and then of journals, high to low, by dissertations the number of hits appearing in each'.
Special libraries and information officers make good use of data generated using bibliometric techniques in selecting and maintaining collections of the most needed serials. Bradford's law, Lotka's law, Zipf's law, and citation analysis have contributed to trial the effective operation of special libraries' From the various studies it is msc nursing dissertations analysed major thrust areas of research in Library and Information Science are using application of bibliometrics and the reasons are: 1. Identify the quantum and structure literature on a specific subject during a particular period. 2. Examine the growth literature output in a subject during a period of time. 3. Identify the source and country-wise distribution of research literature in a particular subject. 4. Compare and jury trial, measure the growth rate of literature on environment, a particular subject in various countries. 5. Jury! Analyze the authorship pattern of literature on a particular subject published from various countries.
6. Analyze the degree of single versus multiple author publication and study the trend in authorship pattern. 7. Undergraduate Thesis! Apply Lotka's authorship productivity concepts on the frequency distribution of authorship productivity. 8. Track the jury trial essay, development of research literature on a particular subject and its language of publication during the period of coverage and analyze the trend in the language of publication. 9. Study the rguhs msc nursing, language of the publication in the context of quantum of pages. 10. Study the frequency distribution of applications in the context of country-wise breakdown. 11. Analyze quantitatively the annual literature output on a specific subject.
12. Identify the variety of research publication on a particular subject. 13. Jury Trial! Analyze the trend among the various types of publication. The recent developments and methods used and developed the techniques: 3.8.1 The impact factor:- The impact factor, often abbreviated as IF, is a measure reflecting the average number of for high citations to articles published in science and essay, social science journals. It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. In case of journals with higher impact factors deemed to be more important than those of environment analysis lower ones. The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), now part of Thomson Reuters.
Impact factors are calculated yearly for those journals that are indexed in Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports and jury trial essay, listed in . In a given year, the impact factor of a journal is the average number of citations received per paper published in business environment essay that journal during the jury essay, two preceding years.[ For example, if a journal has an impact factor of 3 in 2008, then its papers published in 2006 and 2007 received 3 citations each on average in 2008. The 2008 impact factor of a journal would be calculated as follows, 2008 impact factors are actually published in 2009; they cannot be calculated until all of the 2008 publications have been processed by the indexing agency. A = the number of times articles published in 2006 and 2007 were cited by indexed journals during 2008. B = the total number of citable items published by fahrenheit essay that journal in 2006 and 2007. (Citable items are usually articles, reviews, proceedings, or notes; not editorials or Letters-to-the-Editor.) 2008 impact factor = A/B. If is used by many libraries as a tool for selecting Journals for subscription, similarly researcher try to contribute in using it journals for credits. New journals, which are indexed from their first published issue, will receive an impact factor after two years of indexing; in this case, the citations to the year prior to Volume 1, and jury trial, the number of articles published in the year prior to Volume 1 are known zero values. Stein Essay Picasso! Journals that are indexed starting with a volume other than the first volume will not get an impact factor until they have been indexed for three years. Annuals and other irregular publications sometimes publish no items in a particular year, affecting the count. The impact factor relates to trial a specific time period; it is possible to calculate it for business, any desired period, and the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) also includes a 5-year impact factor.
The JCR shows rankings of trial essay journals by impact factor, by business tax planning strategies discipline such as organic chemistry or psychiatry. The terminology used later and becomes popular is Infometrics which covers: The h-index is an index that attempts to measure both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar. Essay! The index is based on the set of the scientist's most cited papers and the number of citations that they have received in other publications. The index can also be applied to the productivity and impact of a group of scientists, such as a department or university or country. The index was suggested by Jorge E. Hirsch, a physicist, as a tool for determining theoretical physicists' relative quality and business tax planning strategies, is sometimes called the Hirsch index or Hirsch number. The h-index can be manually determined using citation databases or using automatic tools. Subscription-based databases such as Scopus and the Web of Knowledge provide automated calculators.
Harzing's (2011) Publish or Perish program calculates the h-index based on essay, Google Scholar entries. In July 2011 Google trialed a tool which allows a limited number of scholars to 911 michael moore essay keep track of their own citations and also produces a h-index and jury trial essay, an i10-index (Google Scholar Blog, 2011), the I10 index indicates the number of academic papers an author has written that have at least ten citations from stein essay others. It was introduced in July 2011 by Google as part of their work on Google scholar. A search engine dedicated to academic and related papers. Each database is likely to produce a study different h for the same scholar, because of different coverage: Google Scholar has more citations than Scopus and Web of Science but the smaller citation collections tend to be more accurate. In addition, specific databases, such as the Stanford Physics Information Retrieval System (SPIRES) can automatically calculate h-index for researchers working in trial essay High Energy Physics.
Infometrics is the study of quantitative aspects of information. This includes the production, dissemination and use of all forms of information, regardless of its form or origin. As such, infometrics encompasses the fields of. ' Scientometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of science; ' Webometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of the World Wide Web; ' Cybermetrics, which is similar to persuasive essays for high school webometrics, but broadens its definition to include electronic resources; ' Bibliometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of recorded information. Scientometrics and webometrics are the essay, latest methods. Scientometrics covers quantitative fashion of the development of science and of the mechanism of business tax planning scientific research. ' Emphasizes investigations in which the jury trial essay, development of science and persuasive for high students, of the mechanism of scientific research is studied by means of (statistical) mathematical methods. ' Publishes original studies, short communications, preliminary reports, review papers, letters to the editor and book reviews on scientometrics. ' Includes the Journal of Research Communication Studies.
Scientometrics is concerned with the quantitative features and characteristics of science and scientific research. Emphasis is jury placed on investigations in gertrude essay which the development and mechanism of science are studied by statistical mathematical methods. The journal publishes original studies, short communications, and preliminary reports, and review papers, letters to the editor and book reviews on scientometrics. Due to its fully interdisciplinary character, the journal is indispensable to research workers and research administrators. It provides valuable assistance to librarians and documentalists in jury central scientific agencies, ministries, research institutes and laboratories. Scientometrics includes the Journal of Research Communication Studies. Consequently its aims and scope cover that of the gertrude stein essay, latter, namely, to bring the results of such investigations together in one place. Bibliometrics and scientometrics are two closely related approaches to measuring scientific publications and science in general, respectively. In practice, much of the work that falls under this header involves various types of trial essay citation analysis, which looks at how scholars cite one another in publications. This data can show quite a bit about networks of scholars and scholarly communication, links between scholars, and fahrenheit 911 michael essay, the development of areas of knowledge over time.
Bibliometrics are also one of the key ways of measuring the impact of scholarly publications. If an article is published in a journal with a high impact factor, which is determined in part by jury trial the number of citations to articles within a particular journal, this raises the publishing profile of the author. The number of citations to that article over time is also a key measure of the productivity and the impact of that scholar. These techniques are very well developed for traditional citations among journal articles, but are much less clear for new types of outputs, including data sets, websites, and digitized collections. For items such as these, when researchers have used the materials to support their publications, they often don't have clear methods available to business them to cite the essay, material. Many of the environment essay, style guides do not have clear guidance for how to cite a database, for instance, or whether to cite a digitized resource in jury essay a way to identify its digital location, or that cites the original item, whether or not the researcher actually consulted it. 3.9.2 Webometrics (Cyber metrics):-
The concept of webometrics is based on bibliometrics, because like the bibliometrics study, one can measure the different quantitative aspect of the web in webometrics study. Secondly it is thesis importance based on Infometrics. The Infometrics study is such type of study, which measures the quantitative aspect of any type of jury information and through webometrics study one can get the information about web (web site). That's why the above phrase is used. The science of fahrenheit moore webometrics (also Cyber metrics) tries to measure the jury, World Wide Web to analysis essay get knowledge about the number and types of hyperlinks, structure of the jury trial essay, World Wide Web and usage patterns. According to Bjrneborn and Ingwersen (2004), the definition of webometrics is the study of the quantitative aspects of the construction and use of information resources, structures and technologies on tax planning strategies, the Web drawing on bibliometric and Infometrics approaches. The term webometrics was first coined by Almind and Ingwersen (1997). A second definition of webometrics has also been introduced as the study of jury trial web-based content with primarily quantitative methods for social science research goals using techniques that are not specific to one field of study (Thelwall, 2009), which emphasizes the development of applied methods for use in the wider social sciences.
The purpose of this alternative definition was to help and publicize appropriate methods outside the information science discipline rather than to replace the students, original definition within information science. Similar scientific fields are bibliometrics, infometrics, scientometrics, virtual ethnography, and web mining. One relatively straightforward measure is the Web Impact Factor (WIF) introduced by Ingwersen (1998). The WIF measure may be defined as the number of web pages in a web site receiving links from other web sites, divided by the number of web pages published in the site that are accessible to the crawler. Essay! However the use of WIF has been disregarded due to the mathematical artifacts derived from power law distributions of these variables. Other similar indicators using size of the institution instead of number of web pages have been proved more useful.
There is one electronic journal, Cyber metrics published since 1997 by the Spanish National Research Council that is devoted entirely to this discipline. Cyber metrics is a branch of knowledge which employs mathematical and statistical techniques of quantity web sites or their components and fahrenheit moore, concepts, measure their growth, stability, propagation, and use examines the authenticity of content, establish laws governing these factors, studies the trial, efficiency of cyber information services and systems, services and products and assesses the impact of cyber age on society. Citations in scholarly works are used to establish links to other works. It is one of the most widely used methods of bibliometrics and studies reference to and from documents Gooden (2001). The benefit of moore essay bibliometrics and citation analysis is expressed by Van Raan (2003), which is reinforced by jury trial essay the studies (Lal and Panda, 1996, Aksnes 2006) that have used this method of research enquiry to evaluate a library collection. Thesis Importance! Citation analysis reveals interesting information about knowledge producers in terms their information seeking behaviour and usage of various information sources. It can highlight the familiarity, awareness and jury trial, usage of knowledge producers regarding the online and print information sources. Citation analysis examines the frequency, patterns and graphs of citations in articles and thesis, books (Garfield, 1983).
This chapter satisfy the objective set for jury essay, the study i.e. 'To study the significance of citations as well as citation study and business environment, bibliometrics'. This chapter elaborates the detailed study of citations, reference, need of citation study and laws etc. ' Aksnes, D.W. Jury! (2006), Citation rates and perceptions of scientific contribution. Journal of the American Society for undergraduate thesis importance, Information Science and Technology, 57(2), p.169-185. ' Bellis, De Nicola (2009). Bibliometrics and citation analysis: from the Science citation index to Cybermetrics. Scarecrow Press, p.417.
ISBN 0-8108-6713-3. Located at jury trial essay, http://books.google.com/books/about/Bibliometrics_and_citation_analysis.html?id=ma4YjaKyM9cC accessed on 23.08.2011. ' Bhughman J C (1974), A structural analysis of the literature of sociology, Library Quarterly, Vol. 44 (Oct), p.293-308. ' Birger Hjrland and dissertations, Jeppe Nicolaisen 'Bradford's Law of Scattering: Ambiguities in the Concept of Subject Royal School of Library and Information Science, Birketinget 6, DK-2300 Copenhagen S., Denmark @db.dk. ' Bradford, S.C. Sources of information on specific subjects. Engineering, 1934, 137 (3550), p.85-86. ' British Standards Institution. British standards of documentation terms. BSI; London; 1976, p.7.
' Broadus R N (1987a), early approaches to bibliometrics, journal of the American society for essay, information science, 38, p.127-129. ' Cole, F J and fahrenheit moore essay, Eales Nellie B (1917), the history of comparative anatomy: a statistical analysis of the jury, literature, Science Progress (11), p.578-596. ' Earl Babbie (2010), the practice of persuasive essays school social research, 10th edition, Wadsworth, Thomson Learning Inc., ISBN 0-534-62029-9. ' Egghe L (2000), Lectures Potter, W G (1981) Introduction to Bibliometrics. Library Trends Vol 30, p.5. ' Egghe L (2000). A heuristic study of the first-citation distribution. Scientometrics 48(3), p.345-359. ' Fairthorne, R. A. (1969), Empirical hyperbolic distributions (Bradford-Zipf-Mandelbrot) for jury essay, bibliometric description and prediction, Journal of gertrude stein essay picasso Documentation, 25, p.319'343.
' Fairthrone R A (1969), Empirical hyperbolic distributions for bibliometric description and prediction, Journal of essay Documentation, 25, p.319. ' Farooq Joubish and fahrenheit 911 michael, Ashraf Khurram (2011), outlook on some concepts in the curriculum of essay social studies, World Applied Science Journal 12(9), p.1374-1377. ISSN 1818-4952. ' Garfield, E (1974), Citation Indexing: Its theory and application in science, Technology and Humanities, New York, Wiley, ' Garfield, E. (1983). Dissertations! Citation Indexing - Its Theory and Application in Science, Technology and Humanities.
Philadelphia: ISI Press. Retrieved November 4, 2011 from Located at jury, http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/ci/contents.pdf. accessed on 12.04.2011. ' Garfield, E.(1983) Citation Indexing - Its Theory and Application in Science, Technology and Humanities Philadelphia's Press. ' Gooden, A.M. (2001). Citation analysis of chemistry doctoral dissertations: An Ohio State University case study. Retrieved October 13, 2008 Located at http://www.istl.org/01-fall/refereed.html accessed on 27.12.2011. ' Google scholar blog (2011), Google scholar citations open to all, Google.
Located at http//en.wikipedia.ogr/wiki/I10-index accessed on 03.09.2011. ' Hawkins D T (1977), Unconventional uses of on-line information retrieval system on line British metric studies. Journal of American society for information science, 28(1), p.13-18. ' Henderson, M., Shurville, S. and Fernstrom, K. (2009). The quantitative crunch: the impact of bibliometric research quality assessment exercises on academic development at small conferences, Campus-Wide Information Systems, Vol 26, No. 3, p.149'167.
' Henderson, M., Shurville, S. and Fernstrom, K. (2009). The quantitative crunch: the impact of bibliometric research quality assessment exercises on academic development at small conferences, Campus-Wide Information Systems, Vol 26, No. 3, p.149'167. ' Higher Education Funding Council for England, Located at rguhs, http://www.hefce.ac.uk/Research/ref/. and http://www.ref.ac.uk/ accessed on 12th May 2012. ' Hjreppe, P (1982), Supplement to bibliography bibliometrics and citation indexing, 4, p.241-273. ' Hjreppe, R (1980), a bibliography of bibliometrics an dictation indexing and essay, analysis, Royal institute of picasso Technology library, Stockholm, Sweden. Located at http://www.gslis.utexas.edu/ palmquis/courses/biblio.html#Laws and http://www.netugc.com/librametric-bibliometric-scientometrics-informetrics accessed on 25.08.2012. ' Hulme, E.W. (1923), Statistical Bibliography in Relation to trial the Growth of Modern Civilization, Grafton, London. p9. ' Kannappanavar, B U (1991), Citation analysis of the doctoral dissertation in library and information science accepted by business environment analysis the universities in Karnataka, Karnataka University, Dharwad, p. 88. (Ph.
D Thesis) ' Lal, A., Panda, S (1996). Research in plant pathology: A bibliometric analysis. Library Science with a Slant to Documentation and Information Studies, 33(3), p.135-147. ' Lasswell Harold (1951), the analysis of political behavior: An empirical approach, Rautledge, London, p.525. ' Lotka A J (1926), the frequency distribution of scientific productivity, Journal of the jury trial essay, Washington Academy of Sciences, Vol. 16 (12), p.317-323. ' Malin M V (1968), the science citation index: A new concept in fahrenheit moore essay Indexing, Library trends, Vol. 16, p. 376. ' Martin, M U (1968), Science citation index: A new concept in indexing, Library Trends, Vol. 16, p.376.
' Martyn L A (1976), Use studies in library planning, Library Trends 24(30). ' Nann F et al (1976), Evaluative bibliometrics: The use of publications and citation analysis in trial the evaluation of scientific activity, cherry Hill, N J, Computer Horizon Inc, p.334-337. ' Narin, Francis and et. Thesis! Al. (1976), evaluative bibliometrics: the use of publication and jury, citation analysis in the evaluation of scientific activity, Cherry Hill, New Jercy, Computer Horizon Inc. p.334-337. ' Neuendorf, Kimberly A. (2002), the Content Analysis Guidebook Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ' Nicholas, David and Maureen Ritchie (1978), Literature and Bibliometrics London: Clive Bingley, p.28-29. ' Nicholas, David and moore, Maureen Ritchie (1978). Literature and Bibliometrics London: Clive Bingley, p.12-28.
' Ole R. Holsti (1969(, Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. ' Potter W G (1981), Introduction to bibliometrics, Library Trends, Vol. 30, p.5. ' Pritchard A (1969), Statistical bibliography an interim bibliography, New Western Polytechnic school of trial Librarianship, London. ' Pritchard A (1969), statistical bibliography; an interim bibliography, North-western polytechnic, school of for high Librarianship, p.60. ' Pritchard, A and Witting, G R (1960), Bibliometrics: A bibliography and index (1874-1959), Aaih Books, Westford, ' Raising L (1962), Statistical bibliography in the health sciences, Bulletin the jury trial, medical library Association, 50, p.450-461. ' Ranganathan S. R. (1969) Librametry and its scope. DRTC Seminar (7) paper DA Bangalore: DRTC, ISI and Sarada Ranganathan Endowment of Library Science.
Reprinted in : JISSI : The International Journal of Scientometrics and Infometrics; Vol.1, No.1 (1995), p.15-21. Fahrenheit 911 Michael Essay! (ISSN-0971-6696) ' Rubin, Richard (2010). Foundations of library and information science (3rd ed.). New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers. ISBN 978-1-55570-690-6. Accessed at http://books.google.com/books?id=Pk1TSAAACAAJ accessed on 09.02.2012.
' Von Sara Ungern-Sternberg Applications in teaching bibliometrics, PhD, Senior lecturer, Abo Akademi University, Department of Library and trial essay, Information Science, FINLAND. ' Schrader, Alvin M. (1981) Teaching Bibliometrics, Library Trends 30, p.151-172. ' Sengupta I N (1990), Bibliometrics and its application in information science and libraries, Atlantic, New Delhi, p.256. ' Swapna Kumar Patra and Prakash Chand (2006), 'Library and Information science Research in gertrude stein India: a Bibliometric Study' Annals of Library and jury, Information Studies, Vol 53, December, p.219-223. ' Van Raan, A.F.J. (2003). The use of essays for high school bibliometric analysis in research performance assessment and monitoring of interdisciplinary scientific developments.
Technikfolgenabschatzung, Theories und Praxis/ Technology Assessment- Theory and Practice, 12(1), p.20-29. ' Weinstock M (1974), Citation Index, Encyclopedia of library and information science, Vol.5, New York, Dekker, p.19. ' Ziman John M (1968), Public knowledge: An essay concerning the social dimension of science, Cambridge, Cambridge university press, p.58. ' Zipf, G. K. (1949) 'Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort' Reading, MA: Addison- Wesley Publishing co, p.34. Chapter 4: Progress of Education and Research in LIS. Chapter/ Section Description Pages. 4.1 Introduction 104. 4.2 LIS Education : Global Overview 104. 4.3 Library and Information Science Education in India 105. 4.4 Historical Development 107.
4.5 Present Scenario of LIS Education in India 108. 4.6 Objectives of Library and Information Science Education 109. 4.7 Levels of Education 110. 4.8 First Course of Library Science in jury essay India (Certificate, Diploma and Training Courses) 112. 4.9 Post Graduate Diploma Courses 113. 4.10 Degree Courses 114. 4.11 Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC) 114. 4.12 Five Year Integrated Course in LIS 115. 4.13 Present Status of LIS Education in India 115. 4.14 Specialization 116.
4.15 Syllabus 116. 4.16 ICT as an Integral Part 116. 4,17 Practical Exposure 117. 4.18 Problems with Present LIS Education and Research 117. 4.19 LIS Research in India 117. 4.20 LIS Research: Global Overview 119. 4.21 Research Trend in Indian Universities 128.
Chapter 4: Progress of Education and Research in LIS. Higher education in each country has its own unique form of system and varies from streams or branches of knowledge. Higher education is imparted by universities and in colleges having equal facilities. Academics in higher education plays an important role in making the society strong as stated different policies are adopted in different countries similarly LIS is a specific subject discipline which support in all educational branches through library systems. Schools of library science provide useful professional education universally and develop library and business tax planning, information professionals to manage the libraries efficiently. Trial Essay! The LIS schools have more emphasis towards developing technical and managerial skills through the LIS education.
Following paragraphs briefly narrated the status of LIS education. 4.2 LIS Education: Global Overview: Tsuji et al (2006), pointed out it in his study that the main theme in LIS education Japan was developed qualified librarians (Shisho) and assistant librarians (Shisho-ho) for thesis importance, public libraries and as well as qualified teacher librarian (shisho-kyouyu) for jury trial essay, school libraries. There is tax planning strategies no formal education system for jury, academic and special libraries. In education field life line learning, library management, information reference service, information retrieval, library organization, copy right, information literacy etc. were more focused. Wilson (2012), in his article 'Fifty years of LIS education' in USA and conducted a survey of gertrude essay picasso research productivity and LIS educators during the period 1959-2008. Author narrated the progress of LIS education in USA and stated that prior to 1960s practicing librarians were teaching LIS education according to jury syllabus and examination conducted by library associations and similar status was also in Australia and Library Association Australia (now Australia library and information association (ALIA) was taking care of the education system.. Latter LIS education moved to higher education institute since 1980.
Chu (2006) in his paper 'Curricula of LIS programs in the USA: A content analysis' in which the msc nursing, syllabi was reviewed by author from trial essay 45 ALA accredited LIS master programs in persuasive school USA. This study brought to jury trial the notice that more elective courses offered in LIS education in USA, while number of core requirement is fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay reduced to few. Author has also pointed that 10% of the trial, LIS courses in USA are designed in such a way to deal will emerging subject and business analysis, latest development in the field of LIS. Thus subjects covered in the syllabus deals with knowledge organization, reference and jury trial, information sources services, management, research in LIS, ICT, collection development, information use etc. As indicated by author in USA education system is giving more emphasis on persuasive essays school, elective subject like ICT, librarianship, resources and essay, services, technical services etc. to manage latest situation. Now LIS courses clusters were introduced, which covers: - Information seeking behaviour.
- Digital publishing etc. 4.3 Library and Information Science Education in India:- LIS education in essay India is completing a century of its existence during the period progress have been achieved in trial developing LIS education to tune with current practices. Radhakrishanan Commission, Kothari Commission, National Knowledge Commission, UGC, NAAC put more efforts in essays school education sector including LIS by trial essay establishing advisory commission for libraries, national policy for library etc. Curriculum Development Commission (CDC) continues grading and upgraded of LIS education in India. The progress from certificate courses to research level through regular and distance mode took leading developing education in India (Joshi, 2010). There has been enormous growth in education and higher education around the globe.
Every country worth its name and has developed a system of education and infrastructure to educate its people, and India is no exception. There has been a fast growth in institution of higher education since the dawn of twentieth century and more particularly, after India attained independence in 1947. 911 Michael! The new India started its development program to achieve the new educational, cultural and economic objectives at the national level. Such developments at these institutions contributed to the development of more libraries, which in turn had to jury essay accept new responsibilities to meet society's changing needs and demands. Libraries are recognized to essays school play an important role in education, scientific research and social-economic development of a country. This envisages the need for jury essay, professionally qualified personnel to manage and run the libraries and information centres effectively and importance, efficiently. In order to feed the growing number of libraries, more trained library professionals were needed.
For this purpose, library science departments started springing up, and library science developed into a distinct field of jury specialization with its own normative principles, theories, techniques, and practices that were deemed sufficient to meet the growing dimensions of library services. Handling of recorded knowledge in modern libraries has given birth to the functional aspects of collecting, organizing and stein essay, promoting the use of reading materials relevant to the users through information transfer activities. These activities, no doubt, assist in defining the spectrum of studies for librarianship. The basic tenet of LIS education is to provide balanced training, integrating theory with practical exercises, and to cover all aspects of professional work with equal emphasis embracing new frontier of librarianship. LIS education aims at providing trained manpower to manage different types of libraries, information and documentation centres which, over a period of time have undergone changes in terms of needs, functions, types and range of services offered as well as tools and techniques being used when offering the services. Jury Trial! Research in library and information science in India is not deep rooted. In the beginning it was in the form of a trial and rguhs, error method. It was Padamashree S R Ranganathan (1889-1972) father of library science who lifted trail librarianship to the level of a science with the formulation of laws of essay library science, and establishment library schools and research centres. He even graded them as normative principles, fundamental laws, canons, principles and postulates. Ranganathan cut new grounds and blazed new practices in library and information science initially by solo research.
This is persuasive for high school evidence from the published literature that Ranganathan era's is characterized by a period of intellectual contribution to the library and jury trial, information science, particularly library classification. The root of the library and information science research in essay India were off shoots from the country first LIS intellectual workshop (i.e., Department of Library and Information Science, University of Delhi) instituted by Dr S R Ranganathan a day of library science profession in India in 1946. The first research degree in the library and jury trial essay, information science in the country and even in the commonwealth countries was awarded by the University of Delhi in 1957 to 911 michael D B Krishna Rao for his thesis 'Facet Analysis and jury, Depth Classification of Agriculture' under the supervision of Dr. S R Ranganathan. 4.4 Historical Development:- The modern period in the history of education for essay, librarianship began in the mid-1800s as librarians around the trial essay, world recognized that systematic education and training were required so that proper order could be brought to the collections that had been growing in all libraries. Fahrenheit 911 Michael Moore! The need for professionally qualified personnel to manage these libraries effectively and efficiently was duly recognized during the first half of the present and consequently, the jury trial, library education programme had been started at several places much before Independence. The history of the education of library science in India may be traced far back as the stein, year of 1911 with the starting of a short term training programme in library science in the Baroda State, under the essay, patronage of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad of Baroda, who, impressed by the splendid work done by undergraduate public libraries in the West, secured the services of an American librarian Mr. Jury Trial Essay! W. A. Borden as Director of the State Library Department. Mr. Bordon had been a pupil of Mr.
Melvil Dewey, who established the first library school in the Columbia College, New York in thesis 1887. In 1915, another student of trial Dewey, Mr. A Dickenson, the then librarian of persuasive essays school students Punjab University, Lahore started a three months apprentice training programme for working librarians. Before Independence, only five universities namely the Andhra University, Banaras Hindu University, Calcutta University and Madras University were offering diploma course in library science. Library education was given a new status and design by Professor S. R. Trial Essay! Ranganathan in 1920, when the moore, first systematic programme in library education was started under the auspices of the trial essay, Madras Library Association in collaboration with the 911 michael essay, Madras University. This library school was subsequently taken over by the Madras University in 1931 and in 1937 the course was converted into Postgraduate (PG) Diploma in Library Science. This was the first diploma programme in Library Science in India. University of Delhi was the first university to establish a full-fledged Department of Library Science just before independence in 1946, and started admitting students to the PG Diploma in 1947. In 1951, the diploma was changed to jury Master in Library Science (M.Lib.Sc). Later, between 1956 to 1959, six new LIS departments were established at Aligarh Muslim University, M.S.University of Baroda, Nagpur University, Osmania University, Pune University and Vikram University.
Since 1960s, the number of LIS departments has continued to increase. After Independence the thesis, stimulus for the growth and development of libraries and library science education has come from the progress in and extension of education, scientific research and programmes of jury trial essay socio-economic development which started in gertrude stein essay 1951 with the commencement of the First Five-Year Plan. As a result of these developments, Library and Information Science today is a well-recognized discipline of study and research at the post-graduate level in more than hundred universities in the country. The Baroda and Nagpur universities started training course in library science in 1956 and the Vikram University in 1957. 4.5 Present scenario of LIS Education in India:- Since its inception decades ago, LIS education has grown and developed into a full-fledged multi-disciplinary subject. Jury Trial Essay! LIS courses at bachelors, masters and research level are being impacted by different institutions ' university departments, colleges, library associations and specialized institutions. There are now 96 universities in rguhs India imparting Library and Information Science education as independent departments in different levels.
The list is shown in appendix. Apart from these departments, there are also specialized RD organizations imparting library and trial, information science education. Worth mentioning is the essays for high students, two years Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS) imparted by Documentation Research and Training Institute (DRTC), Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore (Karnataka) and National Institute of trial Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) formerly INSDOC, New Delhi which is equivalent to Mater degree of Library and thesis, Information Science (LIS). Jury! In addition to, these universities/departments there are several other open universities imparting library education as distance education. Undergraduate! The professional associations such as Delhi Library Association (DLA) and the polytechnic institutions throughout the country are also imparting LIS education as lower level such as Certificate/Diploma in Library and Information Science. With the realization of the importance of higher education and research, research in Library education is not lagging behind like other disciplines. The University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) are promoting to research activity in library and information science by awarding scholarships to research and doctoral students. 4.6 Objectives of Library and Information Science Education:- The goal of library and information science education is the preparation of personnel for the task of successful performance at jury essay, different levels of competence in different types of libraries with an insight into the role of these libraries in a fast changing society.
It should impart a thorough grounding in the intellectual foundations of the profession and competence in the technical and technological skills required for their day-to-day practice in different positions. In other words, education for library and information science should be both knowledge and theory oriented task or practice oriented. The two aspects of theory and practice blend harmoniously in a sound programme of library and information science education because on tax planning strategies, this aspects LIS education depend the effectiveness and success of the programme. In achieving this objective the methods of trial teaching and evaluation employed are as important as the quality of the faculty. The main objectives of undergraduate LIS profession are to provide training for building up leadership qualities among the LIS profession develop knowledge on the latest techniques of information storage, transfer and retrieval of information help to acquire necessary skills in handling information, accessing and application of electronic resources, tools and media; and help to know the trial, latest developments in the Information Technology (IT) To sum up, the basic aims of library and information science education may be as follows. ' To develop necessary technical skills; ' To develop administrative skills; ' To develop service orientation; ' To develop thorough knowledge of fahrenheit 911 michael various sources of information, necessary to give traditional and modern library services. ' To develop professional awareness. 4.7 Levels of Education:- Out of the 96 university departments, 56 departments conduct one-year Bachelors degree and one year Masters Degree in Library and Information Science at the postgraduate level. Thirteen of these universities conduct two years integrated Masters Degree in Library Science. These programme further leads to M.Phil. and PhD levels.
The levels of LIS education in India are discussed as follows in brief: 1.7.1 Certificate/Diploma in trial essay Library Science (C/D. Lib. Sc.):- Many polytechnic colleges, schools and Library Associations impart the thesis importance, low level of jury trial essay library science courses in India having duration of msc nursing dissertations six months to one year. The basic qualification for these courses is 10+2. This course prepares students for jury trial essay, low level professional positions in libraries such as Library Attendant, Library Clerk, etc. 1.7.2 Bachelor of Library and persuasive, Information Science (BLIS) after any graduation:- This is a one-year post graduate degree course. The basic eligibility is a three years degree from any discipline.
This course prepares students for junior professional positions at all types of libraries and jury trial, they perform technical libraries. 1.7.3 Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS):- In the environment essay, early 19th Century, young people learned librarianship by working under the jury essay, more experienced practitioners. But, gradually the 911 michael, tasks performed by librarians became more complex and more dependent on technology. As a result, the study of library science has moved from the work-setting to trial professional schools in Universities. The first ever library school was started by Melvil Dewey in USA in 1887 at Columbia College (now Columbia University).
In 1889 the programme moved to the New York State Library in persuasive essays school Albany when Dewey became the Director there. Jury! The success of Dewey's training programme and the publication of thesis Training for Library Service, a book by the economist Charles Williamson in 1923, led other universities, institutes of technology, and large public libraries to establish their own professional degree programmes in trial essay library science. Master of strategies Library and Information Science is imparted as a one-year post graduate degree course in some universities while in some, it is conducted as a two years integrated course. Many universities which offered one year BLISc and trial, MLISc courses are now switching to two years integrated MLIS course in business analysis the line of other masters degree courses. The North East Hill University (NEHU), RTM Nagpur, Punjab University Chandigarh, Karnataka University, Dharwad, etc are now offering two years MLISc course. This course trains persons for senior professional position in libraries, documentation centres and/or information centres and teachers as well. 1.7.4 Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS):- The Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC), Bangalore (Karnataka) offers two years Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (Now know as Master of Science in Information Science). The National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources (NISCAIR), New Delhi , formerly INSDOC also impart two years documentation programme i.e., Associateship in Documentation (AID) after graduation. The course offered by the DRTC and NISCAIR have upper age on the courses as offered by the university departments in terms of ICT syllabus and trial, intake of the enrolments. 1.7.5 Master of Philosophy in Library and Information Science (M.Phil):-
In Library and Information Science prepares a student for further advanced research in LIS. The basic eligibility for admission for this programme is minimum 55% MLISc or any equivalent degree recognized by the UGC. Analysis! With candidates having more qualifications are being preferred for trial essay, superior position, many students are opting for M.Phil. Courses to better equip them for better positions and essays school students, develop research activity. 1.7.6 Doctor of Philosophy of jury trial Library and Information Science:- This is an advanced level of research programme being offered after the completion of MLISc or M.Phil.
The general aim of a research degree, whether M.Phil. Business! or Ph.D. is to provide training in doing research as well as to develop in jury the candidate a critical and analytical process of thinking with the purpose that they would be able to provide leadership in the profession. They would also be able to help librarians and information scientists to develop techniques and skills required to meet their requirements of the fast changing society. They should be able to identify the needs, set objectives, identify and analyze the problems and find appropriate solutions. They would also be in a position to participate in the planning, organization and implementation of programmes at undergraduate thesis importance, various levels. 1.8 First Course of Library Science in India(Certificate, Diploma and jury trial essay, Training courses):- In India the existence of in service training was initiated by John Macfarlane, the first librarian of the Imperial Library (Now National Library) at Calcutta from 1901-06, as mentioned in some reports. In subsequent years, the training programme was opened to the staff of other libraries and gertrude, even those interested in librarianship who deals with books and other documents.
1.8.1 Baroda School:- In 1911, Sayajirao Gaikwad (1862-1939), the ruler of jury trial essay Baroda state called the American librarian Mr. William Allenson Borden (1853-1931), a disciple of Melvil Dewey to create a cadre of men for the newly established libraries in the state library system. In 1912, he initiated the first training school in library education in India. In 1913, another training class for working librarians of town libraries was started. These classes continued even after the departure of Borden. 1.8.2 Lahore School:- In 1912, the Punjab University called another librarian Mr. Asa Don Dickinson (1876'1960) from gertrude stein USA. He started the second educational course of trial essay three month duration in library science in the year 1915.
This happens to be the 911 michael essay, first university course in India. Mr. Asa Don Dickinson later becomes the Librarian of Panjab University, Lahore (now Pakistan) during 1915'1916. 1.8.3 Andhra Desha:- The Andhra Desha Library Association (founded in 1914) started conducting 'training classes for the library workers' at Vijayawada in 1920. Trial! The classes covered a module on running adult education classes in addition to library technique. 1.8.4 Mysore State:- In 1920, a course for the training of librarians was conducted at business tax planning, Bangalore under the 'program of library development' initiated by the then Dewan of trial essay Mysore Mr.
M. Visweswaraya. 1.8.5 Madras Library Association:- A summer school for gertrude stein, college librarians and lecturers in charge of college libraries in Madras was held in 1928 and repeated in 1930. The Madras Library Association also organized a regular certificate course in library science from 1929. Then in 1931, University of Madras took up the trial essay, training course of MALA in 1931 and business environment analysis essay, started offering the course on a regular basis. 1.8.6 Andhra University:-
Andhra University started a certificate course in 1935, which was letter abandoned. 1.8.7 Imperial Library, Calcutta:- The Imperial library, Calcutta started a training class under the supervision of its librarian Mr. K. M. Jury Essay! Asudulah in 1935. It was a full time regular Diploma course in librarianship at the Imperial Library, Calcutta (now National Library, Kolkata). It continued till 1946. 4.9 Post Graduate Diploma courses:- University of Madras, in 1937, introduced a one year Post Graduate Diploma course in thesis importance place of the certificate course of three month duration. This was the first P G Diploma in library science in India.
The second university to start a post graduate diploma course was the Banaras Hindu University in trial 1942. Essays For High School! University of Bombay initiated a diploma course similar to Banaras Hindu University in 1943. A training course for the staff working in various government organizations was started in 1953. This course was recognized as equivalent to the university diploma courses. 4.10 Degree Courses:- In 1947, Aligarh Muslim University started B.Lib. Science Course for the first time in the country. University of Delhi was the first university to establish a full fledged Department of Library Science in 1946. It also instituted the first post diploma degree course in 1948.
In 1949, the structure was changed. The programme of Master of Library Science was introduced as a two year course with the first year leading to jury trial essay Bachelor of essays for high students Library Science. In between 1956-59, six new LIS departments were established at Aligarh Muslim University, MS University of Baroda, Nagpur University, Osmania University, Pune University and Vikram University. In 1960, Madras University replaced its full time one year diploma course to B.Lib.Sc. Degree course.
By mid 1960, many other universities had fallen in essay the line of university of Madras following the recommendation of Review Committee Report of UGC in introducing different degree courses. Business Tax Planning Strategies! The Government Polytechnique for women, Ambala, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jullandhur, and Rourkela started post matric (class X) diploma courses of two years duration in late 1960s. 4.11 Documentation Research and trial, Training Centre (DRTC):- In 1962, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan established Documentation Research and business, Training Centre at Bangalore. Previously DRTC courses were of 14 month duration which was later on moved to two years programme. INSDOC conducted a short term course for Asian Documentalists in 1963. In 1964, it started a one year post graduate course in Documentation and Reprography leading to 'Associateship in Documentation and Reprography'. In 1977, the programme was renamed as 'Associateship in Information Science (AIS)'.
On September 30, 2002, INSDOC merged with the National Institute of Science Communication (NISCOM) and was renamed as National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources (NISCAIR). At present, it is conducting 'Courses in Information Science'. The DRTC and NISCAIR concentrate on the training of trial essay professionals for special and industrial libraries and information centres. Their course contents are biased toward information science and technology. The programme of these two institutes are class apart from other similar programmes offered by msc nursing dissertations various institutes. In India advanced professional education has remained attached to universities, though there are some regional library associations conducting certificate courses of a few months duration and women polytechnics offering post-masters two year diplomas in library science to train paraprofessionals. Essay! At present, about 107 institutions, mostly university colleges and undergraduate importance, polytechnics, have library science education courses.
Out of these, M. Lib. I. Sc. course is jury trial being offered by more than 75 universities. 4.12 Five Year Integrated Course in LIS:- In 2010, University of Calcutta introduces five year integrated course in Library and rguhs msc nursing dissertations, Information Science and thus becomes the first university to launch such course in jury trial essay LIS domain. The entry qualification for this course was set at Higher Secondary (10+2) in Arts / Science or Commerce. Launching of this course will force the learners to essay picasso choose the jury, LIS by choice and not by chance. It will again help the students to grasp and understand the contents for LIS in a better and exhaustive way. 4.13 Present Status of LIS Education in India:- Only few departments and associations now provide Certificate Courses in Library and Information Science (CLIS) and Diploma in Library and Information Science (DLIS).
The others provide BLISc and MLISc courses. In most of the universities, the prerequisite for admission into business tax planning, the Bachelor or Master degree course in Library and Information Science is 10+2+3 years of education from any faculty (arts, science, commerce etc). The majority of the universities generally conduct two separate courses for the Bachelor's degree followed by the Master of Library and Information Science of one year (or two semesters) duration each. In recent years, some institutions have offered two years of integrated courses of four semester duration. The University of Calcutta went a step ahead and essay, introduced five years integrated course in LIS with entry qualification as 10 +2. Similarly IGNOU and YCMOU are also playing major role in imparting LIS education along with deemed and formal universities. Students in rguhs msc nursing dissertations most schools of jury trial essay library and information science have the opportunity to develop at fahrenheit 911 michael moore, least some degree of specialization. Some may take advanced courses in particular library functions, such as reference work, while others may take courses related to essay a particular type of library, such as a course in business tax planning strategies medical librarianship or public librarianship or academic librarianship. In simple, there are many different courses available in LIS. It makes the professionals available to work at jury trial essay, all levels of library irrespective of type, structure and stein picasso, function. The University Grants Commission (UGC), from time to time recommended the broader outlines of trial courses of Library and Information Science.
The latest effort has been through a UGC Curriculum Development Committee (1993). The UGC and other higher bodies now give emphasis to semester system rather than annual system, and credit-based rather than marks-based system. Every university being autonomous is free to frame its own course of studies, and syllabi of many universities / schools are quite modernized. All programmes to educate librarians share certain characteristics. Programmes typically offer courses in the history of books and librarianship to give students a background in the profession's past. It also includes courses in knowledge organization (classification, cataloguing, bibliography, indexing abstracting, Metadata, semantic syntactic analysis, controlled vocabularies, etc.), collection development (acquisition), information seeking behaviors of users, search strategies, library services (dissemination of the acquired library materials, reference), and management of the collection (preservation conservation of documents). It also includes contents related to scholarly communication (bibliometrics, Infometrics, scientometrics, webometrics), digital libraries and rguhs, ICT. 4.16 ICT as an Integral Part:- Technology is entering in a very big way in jury every sector and in LIS where it has been used extensively to store and retrieve information in persuasive students different forms and structures.
This new dimension is reflected in the course structure of trial essay almost all universities that provides courses in LIS. The courses include topics that impart new skill in organizing web resources, and providing web-based services. 4.17 Practical Exposure:- All courses provide scope of practical knowledge rather than restricting to only theory. Even some universities make it compulsory for their learners to undergo some apprenticeship before practicing the librarianship. 4.18 Problems with Present LIS Education and fahrenheit essay, Research:- 4.18.1 Limited Accommodation Capacity:- All universities which provide Library and Information Science courses witness a great flow of jury learners.
But they are able to accommodate only a limited number of such desired students. 4.18.2 A Very Competitive Entrance Examination:- In most of the universities, students desire to study the LIS has to go through a very competitive entrance examination for admission. 4.18.3 Limitation as a Professional Subject:- LIS is a professional course and so it has the limitations of any other professional courses. The non-inclusion of Library and Information Science in UPSC, Civil Service / State Public Service Commission examination, SET / SLET is a very common. The other problems include lack of a standard cohesive syllabus of LIS and low level of awareness among the general people about this course. 4.19 LIS Research in India:-
The LIS research briefly means the collection and analysis of original data on undergraduate importance, a problem of librarianship, done within the trial essay, library school according to persuasive essays school scientific and scholarly standard. Research in this connection broadly includes investigation, studies, surveys, academic work at jury trial, the doctoral, post doctoral and research staff level, It also includes in house or action research by practicing librarians, information personnel and documentalists, etc. The aim of research in LIS, like any other discipline is to contribute towards the thesis importance, advancement of subject and contribution to the existing knowledge. 4.19.1 Dr. Jury! S. R. Ranganathan's Effort:- The era of LIS research in India started with S. R. Ranganathans efforts. He performed individual research for several years.
His works that lead to some of the fundamental and theoretical principles have dominated the research activities for five decades. His idea of classification and cataloguing becomes the area of research in different library schools all over the world. Gertrude Stein Essay! The library and academic community of those days, even today also respect him as a pioneer researcher in LIS. Some of his worth notable contributions are. a) Five laws of library science. b) Colon Classification. c) Prolegomena to jury essay library classification. d) Classified Catalogue Code. e) Documentation and its facets.
f) Library administration, etc. In India research activity to reflect in two programs. 4.19.2 M. Phil Programme:- i) University of Delhi:- University of Delhi was the first to introduce M. Phil programme in Library and Information Science in 1980. Today more than 11 universities offer the business environment essay, M.Phil programme. The duration of M. Phil programme in almost all universities in this country is one year.
4.19.3 PhD Programme:- i) University of Delhi:- The credit for introducing the doctoral degree programme in jury library science in India goes to Dr. S. R. Ranganathan (1892'1972). In 1951, he started PhD program in Delhi University in 1958. The university offered first doctoral degree in Library science to importance D. B. Trial Essay! Krishan Rao for stein essay, his 'Facet Analysis and Depth Classification of Agriculture' under the guidance of essay Dr. S. R. Ranganathan. In 1977, Panjab University, Chandigarh offered the second Ph.D. Undergraduate Thesis Importance! Today more than 125 Universities in essay India have Ph.D. research facilities. ii) Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC):- In 1962, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan established Documentation Research and tax planning strategies, Training Centre at Bangalore. Since its inception, it has been carrying out research studies on documentation and jury trial essay, related areas.
iii) Library Associations:- The contribution of library association of India towards research activities is negligible but they restrict their activities in gertrude stein essay picasso the field of publication of journals, organization of seminars, conferences and workshop, etc. for making ground to do research in LIS. IATLIS, NASSDOC, ILA, IASLIC are the mentionable among them. iv) Funding of LIS Research in India:- The University Grants Commission (UGC) is promoting LIS research by awarding different kinds of fellowships to the students. Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) and Defence Scientific Information and Documentation Centre (DESIDOC) are also promoting LIS research programme by awarding scholarship to doctoral students. v) D.Litt Programme:- In 1992, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar awarded D.Litt. to Dr.
B. B. Shukla. It claimed to be the first such degree in jury trial library science all over the world.(Kumar, 1998) 4.20 LIS Research : Global Overview:- Rochester and Vakkari (2003) conducted various national studies of undergraduate different countries to jury trial analyse the trends in LIS research at global scenario and record the research trends in LIS research at global level based on the analysis. Msc Nursing! The different national studies in trial research were conducted by these two authors as an assignment of IFLA project during 1997-1998 and compared national and international trends in essay LIS research and recorded the trial essay, development in research. The countries covered in the analysis were basically European countries Japan, China, UK, USA etc. The analytical study conducted and results reported by IFLA provided a descriptive account of research conducted in various prominent countries of the business tax planning strategies, world. The author's analysis on the research activity and broad subject in which prominent research covered during the period 1965-1995 indicated that the major focus in LIS research at International level was concentrated mainly of the essay, following topics. 1. Information storage and retrieval (87)
2. Library and information services (77) 3. Information seeking behavior (8) 4. Gertrude Stein Picasso! Other LIS topics (25) Thus out of 197 research studies it was reflected that ISR, LIS services and ISB were in prominent areas. Though these are common during the jury trial, period the trend was almost similar in other countries also. Essays For High Students! European countries covering Finland, Spain etc had research activity in library services, information seeking behaviour, information services and retrieval where as in UK the same situation was reported.
In Spain 1995 LIS degrees were recognized as academic degrees in universities. Information science research took leading position in European countries. The research trends in Australia reflected in LIS services, information seeking and history were more prominent (74). In China principals in LIS , LIS services, information industry were the trial essay, major research areas, were more considered but library and information services area was more popular. The most popular sub topics on which research was conducted more during 1965-1995 in business tax planning China were : ' Library management and jury essay, administration. In China during the period 1979-1985 it was known as revolver phase of LIS research, 1986-1990 flourishing phase and 1991 onward developing stage and information service, library education were the prominent areas. A comparative study conducted Vakkari (1996) for LIS research in Scandinavia countries like Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway; Spain etc. also reflected European trends in LIS research. Stein Essay Picasso! Thus it was reflected that major countries noted below during this period involved more in research concentration at broad information topics. It was found that research at international level had orientation towards solving information problems.
In LIS many authors reviewed the research methods used by LIS scholars for conducting effective research and noticed that the among the different methods in jury trial essay which descriptive research covering survey (66), historical conceptual research element (79) as well as discussions, mathematical methods, literature review were the prominent methods. In UK, LIS research was examined by msc nursing dissertations Layzell Ward (1998) and pointed out the research trends and informed that research output was low initially and increased latter after establishment of library association which setup research committee 1946 and from 1960 Government funding made available for LIS research. Since the establishment of British Library 1994 the trial essay, growth in research gradually increased after 1980 and information technology, information storage and retrieval become more popular topics. From the moore essay, above global study it is noticed that LIS research progress was slow and different topics were grouped in to three areas based in traditional practices and since 1990 area were shifted towards modernization covering : 1. Library history: Library profession, Library administration, Library education, Analysis of libraries, Publishing and book industries. 2. Library and information services: Circulation, Collection development, Information and essay, seeking behavior, User education. 3. Information storage and retrieval: Cataloguing, classification and indexing, Information retrieval, Bibliographic databases. 4. Information seeking behavior: Methods of information dissemination, Information sources, Information seeking behavior in persuasive for high students different subject, Information use, Information management. 5. Scientific and professional communication: Scientific publication, Citation pattern and structures, Methods of communication. At the end of jury 2001 centre for information research at university of central England, Birmingham examines the research landscape in LIS domain. They have reviewed LIS research 2002-2005 and recorded potential gaps in LIS research activities.
The survey using questioners covered LIS organizations links public library, universities libraries, schools and thesis importance, colleges, government libraries etc. the survey was focused on core areas in jury trial LIS. The centre reported that in LIS research domain may be local regional, national and international have a practice or academic focus. Hayns et. al (2000), pointed out that strategic research, basic research, exploratory research, action research, applied research are the major types of research. Msc Nursing! Strategic research deals with practical applications, basic research relate to theoretical investigation and helps in understanding principals of information management where as exploratory research generate new ideas with practical applications. Applied research creates applications or products as well as transferable knowledge. Action research covers findings solutions to problems at work places worked of different services in 1984 Stewert felt that research area in jury trial essay LIS.
This covers resources and services, new technologies, management of change, library services, staff skills, literacy, staff motivations etc. thus the prominent areas in LIS research was predicted was information retrieval, library co-operation, digital resources, information services, preservation and access to knowledge, information providers, public library etc. Till 1995 prominent research was conducted in above areas using different research methods for conducting research in LIS like, historical method, survey method, qualitative, evaluation, action (case) research method, content analysis, citation analysis, bibliometric methods, secondary analysis (Literature review) and experimental research, bibliographic methods etc. The data collection techniques used by researcher while conducting the study during 1965-1995 mainly covers questioner, observation, interview, content analysis, citation analysis, historical resources analysis and secondary analysis. In UK research conducted mainly in the area public library, library management, user studies, technical processing, information storage and retrieval etc. (Meadows 1994, 1995). Peritz (1977) conducted a study in which analysed research articles published in 39 core journals published during the period 1950-1975 from LIS to find out the msc nursing, publishing trends in the stream.
Author analysed about 900 journals articles and recorded the research trends. Similar study was also performed by Atkins (1988) and he analysed subject trends in LIS research carried out during the jury essay, period 1975-1984 using questionnaire. The purpose of the author in conducting this study was to find past, present and future trends in LIS research. Atkins in his study presented a table indicating popularity of the subject in which research articles were publish and fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay, these were treated as a base to conduct LIS research. The areas isolated by him are : 1. Library management.
2. Information retrieval. 5. Public library. 6. Library automation. 7. Library history. 8. Library finance. 9. Collection development. 10. Information services. 15. Citation studies. 16.
Special libraries. 17. Research libraries. 18. Library education. 19. University library. 20. Library building. 21. Special collection. 22. Trial! National library. 23. Library security.
The author opined that in developed countries till 1980 traditional concept were considered and since 1980 emphasis was given on latest trends related topics which were in currency like databases, ICT applications. Business! The growth of jury essay OCLC, RLIN and WLN gave more attention towards research in the advanced topics and modernization, automation, database developments etc were considered more by for high students the researcher. 'Citation analysis' was the subject area proved more popular and reported more studies as compared to other topics in LIS, due to its applications in the field to manage libraries and provide better services to users and uses in library at its highest potential. Mcnicol and Nankivell (2003), in their study 'The LIS research landscape: A review and prognosis' conducted a survey of research in LIS covering the period in trial two parts 1997-2002 and 2002-2005. The comparative analysis of the study leads to find out trends in research in tax planning strategies LIS. This study highlighted LIS research landscape to identify trends and essay, analysis as well as the gaps in research. Slewart (1984) in his study prepared a research agenda and indicated few research areas in LIS which are not yet considered. 1. Resources utility and user and services requirement. 2. New technologies. 3. Management change. 4. Library services. 7. Retraining staff.
8. Restructuring libraries. Sumsion (1994), also focused on the following research topics and also opined that there is a need to work on the current development to get the quicker solution . 1. Library principals. 2. Identify trends. 3. New user needs. 4. New type of services. Pluse and Prythech (1996), studied and analysed LIS research conducted during 1990-1996 and identified few prospective areas like: 1. Operational management. 2. Standards and benchmarking. 3. Use of internet. 5. Staffing pattern.
Few authors pointed out areas of research conducted in UK, USA during period 1996-2002 after a study and reported few of the prominent areas considered more in developed countries are: 1. Information retrieval. 2. Persuasive! Information skill. 4. Professional development. 7. LIS education. 8. User development.
9. Jury Trial! Electronic services. Thus research conducted in developed countries during 1996-2002 indicated increasing trends and it was highest since 2001. Further while indicating future research development themes for business tax planning strategies, research activities suggested were, 1. Jury Trial! Electronic information. 2. Information policy. 3. Essay! Multimedia policy. 4. LIS education. 5. Business information. Electronic resources and information services based on jury trial, digital media is the need of the time including internet resource management. Essay! Few prominent subjects presented to undertake future studies are: 1. Jury Trial! Impact of digital resources.
2. Digital library development. 3. ICT and school library. 4. Use of electronic resources. 5. Business Essay! Community building. 6. Controlled vocabulary. 7. Information searching. 10. Semantic web and controlled terminologies.
The editorial of library and essay, information science research (1997), in business tax planning which research agenda beyond 2000 was highlighted by Burke and others and essay, focused the areas in LIS research before 1997 and next bilinear were also highlighted. Information seeking and gertrude, information retrieval, storage and preservation technology, information quality was covered more. The opinion of jury editorial board covers the major topics like economics, manage rising cost of journals, electronic publishing, information retrieval, internets and fahrenheit 911 michael, its impact on libraries, bibliographic information resources, library services, quality information services, information need/assessment, managing organizational change due to application of information technology, digital information services, web technology, value added information services are the major core areas to be looked in to trial essay 2000 onwards. Samdani (2011), in his article narrated the status of doctoral research in LIS in Pakistan and appended the essay, views indicating the essay, LIS research was started in 1967 from undergraduate importance university of Karachi. In Pakistan seven universities and one private university is offering doctoral research programme in LIS. During 1967-1971 only five candidates admitted for research program and only one i.e. M A H Chishti completed his thesis and awarded degree in 1981 entitled 'Islamic libraries (749 AD-1257 AD)'. In 1992 second PhD degree was awarded to Nasim Fatima under the guidance of jury essay Dr. Undergraduate Importance! Jamil Jalibi from university of jury essay Karachi entitled 'cataloguing and standardization of Urdu manuscripts'. The third degree awarded to Munira Ansari in 2005 entitled 'Information needs and information seeking behaviour of the gertrude stein essay, media practitioners in Pakistan'. The fourth degree awarded to Shamshad Ahmed in 2009 for entitled 'A study of library and archival record in essay directorate of Sindh archives Karachi'.
The ongoing research activity involve 13 candidates in research programme and their topics are information generating and handling, health science libraries, news paper library, digital library, library and information science education curriculum, reference and information sources etc. It is review that university of Karachi four PhD degrees awarded and 13 ongoing PhD research work. From university of Panjab, Lahor initiated doctoral research program in 1971. First degree awarded in 2004 and second degree awarded in 2005. The topics were funding model in library and essay, collection management in libraries, at present till 2009, three students have submitted the thesis. In university of Sindh research programme started in 2001 first degree awarded in 2005 and presently four students have registered for ongoing research program and their topics school libraries, college librarianship, user survey/user satisfaction, digital libraries etc. From Islamia University started doctoral program in 1986 and first degree awarded in 1991 for university library and presently three students have registered for PhD ongoing research program. From university of Balochistan only one candidate having registered in 2003. University of Peshawar, Urdu university of Karachi, Hamdard University, Karachi research has been reflected only at initial stage. It is thus reported that 19 PhD degrees in LIS were awarded during 1964-2010.
From foreign university thus 1964-2010, 28 PhD degrees were awarded in 46 years duration, almost single degree in jury essay a twice year. During 2004-2010 total ten PhD were declared and this is the real contribution of thesis Pakistan. The topics were covered academic library, collection management, library education, classification, cataloguing, library funding, school library, university library, user education etc. as compared Indian progress is excellent. Miwa (2011), in his article trends in Japanese LIS education is highlighted in which more trace was given on jury, LIS education to maintain quality. The problem areas indentified were public library, academic library, special library, research activities, ICT, professional system etc. it has also same educational pattern followed in India i.e. any bachelor degree, bachelor degree in LIS, master degree and doctoral in LIS.
In Sri Lanka (Chamani 2008), the major research covered till 2008 were library professional, library history, publishing, LIS education, Information system, information storage and retrieval, information seeking behaviour etc. The review of LIS research in different countries highlighted that till 2005 almost traditional research was focused more but since 2005 more research is covering latest trends in the profession. From the review of India the same picture is reported except the ICT and persuasive students, technology based research initiated since 2009 onwards. 4.21 Research trend in Indian Universities: The research activity in Indian universities is gathering momentum as there is essay a greater demand for the research in the discipline. Strategies! During the recent past, quite a number of research activities have been carried out in the universities and research institutions in various parts of the world. In India, due to the establishment of University Grants Commission (UGC), AICTE and other similar bodies and trial essay, their active support, many students are caring out M. Phil. and PhD degrees. During pre-independence, there were only few doctorate degree holders, but after independence the research output increased drastically in business tax planning every field. In India about 125 universities and research institutions are offering PhD programs in trial essay LIS. Many researchers made an effort to gertrude picasso collect data from different universities and analyzed it to fix the research productivity of the various universities in essay India (Chandrashekara 2009).
The credit for the formal institution of the doctoral degree program in library science in essays school India goes undeniably to Dr. S.R. Ranganathan (1892'1972). In 1951, he started library science education at jury trial, the University of Delhi. The University of Delhi awarded the first de jure degree in library science in persuasive essays 1957 to trial essay D.B. Krishan Rao who worked on 'faceted classification for agriculture'(Chandrashekara 2009, Gupta 2010).
Doctoral research remained in the wilderness when Ranganathan shifted to Delhi in 1955. In 1960s and 1970s some doctorates in essay library related topics were earned by library professionals under the guidance and supervision of faculties belonging to the disciplines such as sociology, history, law, economics, management, and the like. Jury! The purpose of reviving and furthering doctoral research facilities was assumed by J. S. Thesis! Sharma (1924'1993), the jury trial essay, then university librarian and head of the thesis importance, library science department of the Panjab University, Chandigarh. Under his guidance, the second de jure (de jure means devoting something and jury trial, someone) Ph.D. in library science was awarded in 1977 after a gap of two decades. Many universities followed with mostly individual efforts and enthusiasm and doctoral research raised since 1980s and gradual improvement in facilities paved ways for India to tax planning strategies maintain its third world leadership in library research and library literature. PhD programs thereafter, mushroomed even despite the essay, lack of facilities or adherence to undergraduate standards (Satija 1999, Gupta 2010). Chandrashekara (2009) collected the data from various authorized sources for the degrees awarded in Indian universities from 1957 to jury trial 2008 in LIS discipline and analyzed in proper manner in his paper. His results indicated that during the for high, period 1957 to 2008 about 802 theses were submitted and awarded the degrees to the researchers. From his analysis it is very clear that LIS researches gained momentum since 1991 to 2008 and on an average degree awarded per year were 36 and from 1957 to 1990 only 8 per annum average degrees were awarded. The drastic change is reported since 2003 onwards and on an average 43 degrees were awarded per trial essay year in business tax planning strategies Indian universities. Even author had grouped decennial growth of trial research degrees awarded in Indian universities.
The trends resulted from the essays students, data presentation indicated that the trial essay, real growth starts from 1980 to 2008 and during 1950 to 1979 only 15 degrees were awarded. Gertrude Essay! The analysis of degrees awarded in different states and arranging them the top 10 states in India conducted LIS research are Karnataka (169), AP (96), MP (80), MS (58), West Bengal (56), Punjab (45), Orissa (43), UP(42), Rajasthan (41), TN (31) and other states contribution is jury essay (141). The analysis made by Chandrashekara and Ramashesh (2009) regarding the research conducted in India during the period 1957-2008 and found that research activity in Karnataka state is leading and Maharashtra is ranked at tax planning strategies, 4th position. The library and information science deals with all aspects of information and essay, knowledge which includes acquisition of essays materials, classification and trial essay, cataloguing, searching tools, information retrieval, library services, preservation and conservation of documents and so on. Gertrude Stein! The library and information science closely related to all other subjects.
It forms its own foundation by taking the help of some other subjects. Dr. Jury! S. R. Ranganathan is a pioneer in strategies the field of essay Library and Information Science in the world and India in particular. He contributed in almost all aspects of the library science. Nowadays many university and colleges provides different courses in Library and business environment analysis essay, Information and jury essay, its related subjects. It ranges from for high school certificate course to PhD. The research trends indicated the trial essay, growth at school students, global level and also in trial India. This chapter satisfies the objective 'To study research growth and research trends in LIS and compare it with current developments in LIS'. Business Environment Analysis! This chapter summarizes the progress in LIS education, LIS research at jury, global and national level. ' Asundi, A Y and Karisiddappa C R (2007) Library and Information Science Education in India: International perspective with special reference to Developing Countries.
DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology Vol. 27(2) March, p.5-11. ' Atkins Stephen E (1988), Subject trends in library and information science research, 1975-1984, Library Trends, Spring, p. 633-658. ' Barman Badan (2012), Library and information science education, Accessed at http://www.netugc.com/library-and-information-science-education-in-india dated on 14.04.2012. ' Burke R M and others (1998), A research agenda beyond 2000, Library and information science research, Vol. 19(3), p. 209-216. ' Chamani G (2008), library and information science research literature in tax planning Sri Lanka: A bibliometric study, journal of the university librarians association of Sri Lanka, Vol. 12. ' Chandrashekara, M and Ramasesh, C P (2009) Library and Information Science Research in India. Asia Pacific Conference on LIS education and practice, p.530-537.
' Gupta, D K and Bhardwaj, K (2010) Library Management Research in trial essay Indian Universities. 911 Michael Moore! Annals of Library and Information Studies. Vol. 57(Dec), p.333-338. ' Higgins, S E(2007) LIS education and research area for developing countries. 5th International CALIBER. Punjab University Chandigarh.
8-10 Feb. ' Jarvelin, K. and P. Vakkari. Trial Essay! 1993. The evolution of library and information science 1965-1985: a content analysis of journal articles. Information Processing and Management, 29(1): 129-144. ' Joshi Manoj K (2010), Library and information science education in India: Some government initiatives, DESIDOC journal of library and information technology, Vol. 30(5), Sept., p 67-73. ' Kumar PSG (1998), Doctoral studies in library and information science in India: A study, DESIDOC Bulletin of information technology, vol.18(1), p5-9. ' Layzell Ward (1998), Layzell Ward, P. (1997).
The nature of UK research literature: Some thoughts arising from a bibliometric study. IFLA General Conference in Copenhagen, 1997. Library Theory and Research Section Open Forum paper accessed at http://ifla.queenslibrary.org/IV/ifla63/63rocm.htm accessed on 12.06.2012. ' McNicol; Sarah and Nankivell, Clare (2003) LIS Researchers and Practitioners: a Research Culture, Library and Information Research News 26(83), pp. 10-16. ' Miwa M et. al. (2011), Global LIS: An effort to describe trends in Japanese LIS education for global collaboration, Asia Pacific conference on Library information education and practice 2011. ' Naukri24 (2012), Library and information science education in India, Accessed at stein essay, http://www.news24online.com/Library-and-Information-Science-Education-in-India--Options,-Opportunities-and-Places_career24_23.aspx accessed on 14.04.2012. ' Peritz (1981), the methods of jury trial essay library science research: some results from a bibliometric survey, Library Research2, p. 251-268.
' Pluse, John M., and Prythech, Ray (1996), Research in Public Libraries, Final Report of the persuasive essays for high school students, Project on Research in Public Libraries, British Library Research and Innovation Report 8, London: BLRIC. ' Rath, P (2010) Information and communication technology - Application in higher education with special reference to north Eastern region. Located at www.caluniv.ac.in/news/prabhakar.doc accessed on 23.07.2011. ' Rochester Maxine, and Vakkari, Pertti (1998), 'International LIS research: A Comparison of National Trends', IFLA Journal 24(3), pp. 166-175. ' Rochester Maxine K (1995), Library and information science research in Australia 1985-1994. A content analysis of research articles in the Australian Academic and jury essay, Research Libraries 26, p. 163-170.
' Rochester Maxine K and Vakkari Pertti (2003), International library and information science research: A comparison of national trends, IFLA professional reports, Nr. 82. ' Samdani R A and Bhatti R (2011), doctoral research in LIS by Pakistani professionals: An analysis, Library philosophy and practice, accessed on http://inillibunl.edu/lpp accessed at 25.02.2012. ' Sumsion John (1994) strategic research areas and possible research models for persuasive essays for high school, UK public libraries, Library Review, Vol. 43(4), p 7-26. ' Tsuji Keita, Yoshida Yuko and Miva M (2006) Survey on faculty of trial essay Library and Information Science education in rguhs msc nursing Japan, Graduate school of library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba, 2-3, Kasuga, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8550. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Science essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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3 Essays Of Rizal Essays and jury, Research Papers. Fahrenheit Moore! Rizal Notes By fatz18angel | Feb. Jury! 2012 Zoom In Zoom Out Page 1 of 5 LECTURE NOTES I. Introduction and significance of R.A. . 1425 ( Rizal Law) II. Rguhs! The world during Rizal’s times local conditions during Rizal’s times LECTURE NOTES I. Introduction and jury trial essay, significance of business tax planning strategies, R.A. 1425 ( Rizal Law) II. The world during Rizal’s times local conditions during Rizal’s times Chapter 1 Advent of a National Hero Chapter 2 Childhood Years in essay, Calamba Chapter 3 Early Education in Calamba and. Ateneo de Manila University , Bankruptcy in fahrenheit 911 michael moore, the United States , Calamba City 437 Words | 4 Pages. I. Seven (7) reasons/proof why Rizal is his parent’s child. 1. He is a religious man like his parent’s; he started reading the Bible at . a very young age. 2. He is a man of independent thought like his father.
3 . Jury Essay! He also inherited his passion in persuasive essays school, rhetoric from his mother. Essay! 4. Business Essay! He inherited his father’s strength, sturdiness, industry and trial, independence. 5. He also inherited his father’s deep feeling of dignity, self-respect, serenity and poise, and seriousness. . Ateneo de Manila University , El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal 751 Words | 3 Pages. Fahrenheit 911 Michael Essay! Birth and Family Life Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861. It was a Wednesday evening in Calamba, Laguna, and his mother nearly died in trial, the . process. He was baptized three days later, on June 22, by undergraduate thesis importance, the parish priest of the Catholic church in essay, his town, Fr. Rufino Collantes from Batangas. His godfather, Fr. Pedro Casanas, was a close family friend.
Rizal's mother named him after St. Business Environment Essay! Joseph, to whom she was ardently devoted. He was born in Calamba, Laguna (a few kilometers south of Manila) on. Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1125 Words | 4 Pages. Larry S.Esperas One hundred fifty one years hitherto, a substantial Filipino in the illustrious epithet of Jose Protacio Rizal . Mercado y Realonda, extricated our predecessors from being slaves by deploying a taciturn yet strapping apparatus. It was for trial essay, his exertion that we are anon lodging on importance the snug threshold of freedom. By dint of his literary works ? essays , novels and articles. He brawled for jury, our territory’s liberty hostile to the Spanish settlers who subjugated us for three hundred thirty. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Manila 1230 Words | 4 Pages. RIZAL : Filipino patriots who were brutally tortured to implicate Rizal : * Deodato Arellano * Dr.
Pio Valenzuela * . Moises Salvador * Jose Dizon * Domingo Franco * Timoteo Paez December 29, 1896 – Rizal was formally notified of the court’s verdict: death. “Imitation of Christ” by Thomas a Kempis - always had with him ( Rizal ). Documentary and gertrude stein, Testimonial evidence presented against Rizal : * A letter of Antonio Luna to Mariano Ponce * A letter of Rizal to his family . Filipino people , Katipunan , Manila 1159 Words | 5 Pages. ?LETTERS TO THE YOUNG WOMEN OF MALOLOS On February 22, 1889, Rizal wrote the jury famous letter now known as “To the Young Women of undergraduate importance, Malolos” . as per the request of Marcelo H. del Pilar. Jury Trial! This famous letter was written by Rizal in Tagalog while he was residing in persuasive, London. The story behind this letter is as follows: On December 12, 1888, a group of trial, 20 young women from Malolos petitioned Governor-General Weyler for permission to open a “night school” so that they could study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko. Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language , Filipino mestizo 1596 Words | 4 Pages. |Earned Points | |Content (40) |40 . | | | |* The essay addresses all areas of the rguhs dissertations essay assignment thoroughly. | | | |* Content includes excellent details. | . Clear , Clearing , Description 362 Words | 3 Pages. Works and jury essay, Writings 1. Thesis Importance! Brief . 3 . Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Scribd . www.scribd.com/doc/68182467/ Rizal -Life-Works-Writings-Summary-1? * Oct 10, 2011 - Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Download as Text file (.txt), PDF File (.pdf), Word Doc (.doc) or read online. 4. Summary of essay, Rizal's Life, Works and Writings 220.127.116.11:8080/course/info.php?id=195? * This course presents a historical-thematic account of the life of Rizal , the society he lived and the works he. Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 543 Words | 3 Pages. made an endeavour, a step towards liberty. Thousands of business analysis, Filipinos died and sacrificed their lives to essay, satisfy their longing for freedom. Heroes like Andres . Bonifacio and Lapu-lapu offered themselves without hesitation only for our motherland. Business Strategies! Dr. Jose Rizal was considered the Juan of jury trial, change; an eye opener for Filipinos who were allured by all the mendacities of the wolves, but then the eyes was shut when he was killed for unfolding the anomalies of the Spaniards.
River of flood gushed into persuasive essays for high school, the land before. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language 1250 Words | 5 Pages. Jury Essay! is the writer’s checklist for fahrenheit, this essay : Essay 3 Writer’s Checklist for Evaluation Essay 1. Have . I included a clear description of the subject I am evaluating? a. I have included descriptions of my topic, and each part example given throughout my essay . 2. Does my thesis clearly state my opinion of the jury subject I am evaluating? a. Yes my opinion is undergraduate, clearly stated. Trial Essay! I have made sure to include a few examples to environment essay, support why I favor this subject for my essay . 3 . Have I used effective criteria to evaluate. Baking , Coming out , Cooking 837 Words | 3 Pages. Relevance of Jose Rizal Today Dr Jose Rizal , national hero of the Philippines The following article about Dr Jose . Rizal is widely circulated on essay the Internet in celebration of Rizal Day which is fahrenheit 911 michael essay, observed every 30th day of December, the day he was executed in Bagumbayan by Spanish authorities, more than 100 years ago. To preserve the originality of the jury essay report,I am presenting it the same way it is found on the Internet and business strategies, as written by two sources of jury trial essay, information, for which I express my indebtedness. Undergraduate Importance! Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1964 Words | 7 Pages. Jury Trial! 20th century, Rizal in the Philippines in the late 19th century. In an undated essay on education, La Instruccion, whose . manuscript is preserved in the Philippine National Library, Jose Rizal presented a critique on primary instruction in the Philippines during the late 19th century and provided suggestions for its improvement. Before taking further studies in Manila and Europe, Rizal was taught by fahrenheit 911 michael, his mother, private tutors and a small private school in Binan, thus his essay was based on.
Andres Bonifacio , Christianity , Filipino language 856 Words | 3 Pages. Essay! Rizal’s Journey in Hong Kong and Macao Hounded by powerful enemies, Rizal was forced to leave his country for the second . Gertrude Essay Picasso! time in February 1888. He was then a full-grown man of jury trial, 27 years of gertrude, age, a practicing physician, and a recognized man-of-letters. Essay! • February 3 , 1888 - after a short stay of six months in his beloved Calamba, Rizal left Manila for Hong Kong. He was sick and sad. To aggravate his discomfiture, he was sick during the crossing of the choppy China Sea. • February 7. China , Chinese language , Chinese New Year 871 Words | 3 Pages. ?JOSE RIZAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE COURSE SYLLABUS SUBJECT ( 3 units): History 23 COURSE TITLE: Life and undergraduate, Works of trial, . Rguhs! Rizal I. Course Description Objectives A study of the life of Dr. Jury Trial Essay! Jose Rizal , national hero and environment essay, martyr, and of his important works, particularly the Noli Me Tangere and the El Filibusterismo in their unexpurgated editions.
At the end of the course, the student is expected to: 1. Understand the life, works and jury trial essay, writings of Rizal particularly his moral and intellectual legacies. Rguhs Dissertations! Andres Bonifacio , El filibusterismo , Filipino people 504 Words | 2 Pages. the important claims of Renato Constantino, which supports his negative thesis of Rizal , was the trial essay refusal of the latter to align with the . Moore! Philippine Revolution. This argument was based on the documentary evidence’s such as Rizal’s manifesto to jury trial essay, the Filipino people, and Dr. Pio Valenzuela’s 1896 testimonial. Quibuyen’s article, Rizal and the Revolution the same core Constantino evidences were used to debunk the anti- Rizal thesis and further prove Rizal’s participation of the for high school students Revolution. Discuss thoroughly.
Colonialism , Emilio Aguinaldo , Katipunan 1147 Words | 4 Pages. Trial! RIZAL Chapter7-Paris to Berlin Chapter 7 Paris to Berlin (1885-87) ? Rizal went to gertrude stein, Paris and Germany in order to . specialize in ophthalmology. Jury Trial! ? He chose this branch because he wanted to cure his mother’s eye ailment. In Gay Paris (1885-86) ? After studying at 911 michael moore the Central University of jury trial, Madrid, Rizal , who was then 24 yrs old, went to Paris to acquire more knowledge in importance, ophthalmology. ? Maximo Viola – a medical student and a member of trial, a rich family of San Miguel, Bulacan ? Senor. Anthropology , Baden-Wurttemberg , Berlin 876 Words | 4 Pages. Msc Nursing! M. Cecilio B .Jose Rizal C. Silvestre Ubaldo D. Doctor Uliman 2. Who wrote the German poem that Rizal translate into . Tagalog? A. Fray Rodriguez B. Lt. Jose Taviel de Andrade C. Father Rector Gregorio Echavarria D. Von Wildenath 3 . He is a liberal-minded Spaniard, who knows that Rizal life was in jury trial essay, Jeopardy because the friars were powerful.
A. Fr. Francisco de Paula Sanchez B. Von Wildenath C. Governor General Terrero D. Lt. Jose Taviel De Andrade 4. Gertrude! Rizal wrote down the essay findings. Andrade , CALABARZON , Calamba City 803 Words | 3 Pages. Environment Analysis Essay! AN ESSAY ABOUT JOSE RIZAL Who is Jose Rizal to common people? What is the impact of trial essay, his life, woks and . Business! writings? When we ask most average persons today these questions, they might answer something like, he is our national hero, he died in Bagumbayan, and he wrote two great novels. Beyond that nothing more is jury trial, explicitly said about Jose Rizal . As I read through the chapters of the book I have come discover many more things that is rguhs msc nursing, admirable about this man. Jury Trial! In his childhood, he wrote a poem to.
El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Manila 1132 Words | 3 Pages. administration in the colony. In 1853 to rguhs msc nursing dissertations, 1898, there were 41 political dictum who held office in the Philippines. In 1885 to 1896, during the jury trial regency of . Queen Ma. Cristina there were four assign to the colonial government and persuasive essays school students, two acting capacity. Essay! Rizal observes in his Noli Me Tangere that Governor-General was talking to Crisostomo Ibarra about his burdens he weigh in his shoulder. About his hardship of pleasing the importance King Minister and worst is when he consult the mother country about his proposal which. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 932 Words | 3 Pages. ? 1. Rizal as a lover ----- was he a womanizer or a chick boy? Defend your answer. Rizal had the impression of jury, being a . womanizer because if his past relationships with many women. Msc Nursing! (Segunda Katigbak, Leonor Valenzuela, Vicenta Ybardaloza, Leonor Rivera, Consuelo Ortiga, Nelly Boustead, Suzanne Jacoby, Usui Seiko, Gertrude Beckett, and Josephine Bracken). Truly, these were just serial relationships which mean most of them were not serious. Only Josephine Bracken was the jury only one he lived within.
Antonio de Morga , British Empire , Filipino people 1498 Words | 5 Pages. ?Nhu Nguyen Mr. Alley BIBL 105 20 February 2014 Essay Question 3 In a human’s life, it takes a great amount of wisdom and . diligence to become successful. Thus, those who are lazy and gertrude, foolish will have little chance of climbing to the top. Subsequently, one cannot help but wonder what the trial difference between diligence and laziness is, as well as between wisdom and folly, and the book of Proverbs is one that offers explanations to such a question. First, it is important that people comprehend the essay difference. Essay! Bible , Book of essays students, Proverbs , Old Testament 799 Words | 4 Pages. Jury! Written Report Mariella Mae Corral Vergara II-BEED Rizal in London (1888-1889) Lived in London May 1888 to Mar. 1889 3 . Essay! reasons why he stayed there: 1)To improve the his knowledge of theEnglish Language 2)To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesosde Las Islas Filipinas 3 )London was a safe place for him to carryon his fight against essay Spanish Tyranny Filipiniana studies, completing annotating Morga’s books, wrote many articles in La Solidaridad Penned Young Women of Malolos Life in London . Calamba City , Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language 592 Words | 3 Pages.
EVENTS Rizal departed for Spain secretly for thesis, two reasons and those were (1) to avoid detection by the Spanish authorities and the friars . and (2) his parents do not know about essay, his departure. Fahrenheit 911 Michael Essay! Rizal went abroad to observe keenly the life and culture, languages and customs, industries and trial, commerce, and governments and laws of the stein European nations in order to jury trial, prepare himself in the mighty task in liberating his oppressed people from Spanish tyranny. On his travel to 911 michael, Spain, Rizal had seen and. Cortes Generales , Francisco Franco , Jose Rizal 731 Words | 3 Pages. Town): * A poem wrote by Rizal when he was 15 years old and was a student of Ateneo De Manila. * B. Earliest Childhood Memories . * At the age of three, Rizal was a frail, sickly and undersized, so he was given the tenderest care by his parents. During childhood memory, he was know how to trial, pray the tax planning strategies angelus. The imaginary tales by aya (nurse maid) makes Rizal enduring interest in legends and folklore. * C. Jury! Hero’s First Sorrow * The first sorrow of Rizal was brought by the death of.
Angelus , CALABARZON , Jose Rizal 1116 Words | 4 Pages. ?Moore Brooke Professor Sharp Composition I 5 November 2014 Essay # 3 Approximately 443,000 people die prematurely from smoking . or exposure to secondhand smoke each year. Smoking Harms nearly every organ of the body and causes many diseases and reduces the importance health of smokers in general. Smoking during pregnancy would be an example of the harmful risk factors, and not only harms the mother but also the child. Even though many people think that menthol and e-cigs are less harmful, they have the same. Cancer , Lung cancer , Myocardial infarction 879 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Jury! What do you think is the contribution of Rizal’s parents’ qualities of the shaping of his personality that made him later hero?
When Jose . Environment Analysis Essay! Rizal is still a child his mother taught him to read a book even if he is only 3 years old of age at that time. His father is called to be “haciendero”, “mercado” and capitanes of the town which they were born. Rizal described his father as “a model of jury trial, fathers” because his father Don Francisco gave all their needs just to 911 michael essay, have a good life even if building. Filipino people , Jose Rizal , Manila 1395 Words | 4 Pages. CHAPTER 1 : ADVENT OF NATIONAL HERO JUNE 19, 1861 – the day when Jose Rizal was born JOSE RIZAL - The greatest hero of the . Philippines - “many – splendored genius” - dowered by jury trial, God superb “intellectual”, - “moral” and essays school students, “physical qualities” - a man of many talents - a martyr and a patriot ? WORLD WHEN RIZAL WAS BORN 1861 PAX HISPANICA – reigned over the archipelago GOV. JOSE LEMERY – the governor general – a good militarist amp; established politico military over trial Visayas amp; Mindanao . Calamba City , Family , Grandparent 1120 Words | 5 Pages. RIZAL IN PARIS After completing his studies in Madrid, Rizal went to gertrude stein, Paris and jury essay, Germany to specialize ophthalmology. He studied . Rguhs Dissertations! this field to jury, be able to cure his mother’s eye ailment. He served as an stein essay picasso assistant to famous ophthalmologists in Europe. He also continued his travels and observations on European life and customs, government and laws in Paris and Germany. * In Gay Paris * 24 years old, already a physician * On his way to Paris, he stopped at Barcelona to meet his friend, Maximo.
Berlin , Calamba City , Germany 2149 Words | 7 Pages. many reasons why he wanted to return home like (1): the bad situations that were happening in Calamba because of agrarian trouble; (2) the jury trial essay cataract treatment . of his mother; ( 3 ) to dissertations, practice his medical profession and to be with his family; (4) want to know what happened to Leonor Rivera. His education, work and writings of essay, Rizal including his associations with professors, scholars and fahrenheit 911 michael moore essay, scientist made him famous in Europe. He may wanted to see the effect of the ” Noli Me Tangere” in first hand to his. Calamba City , Dominican Order , Filipino people 3334 Words | 7 Pages. RIZAL’S ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSES OF THE INDOLENCE OF THE FILIPINO PEOPLE Rizal pointed out jury essay, that long before the 911 michael moore coming of the Spaniards, the . Filipinos were industrious and hardworking. It is the trial Spanish reign that brought about a decline in business, economic activities because of certain causes. First, the establishment of the Galleon Trade cut off all previous associations of the Philippines with other countries in Asia and the Middle East.
As a result, business was only conducted with. Emilio Aguinaldo , Faith , Filipino people 1715 Words | 5 Pages. ? Essay # 3 The voyages of essay, discovery and of the new world were promoted by many factors economically, technologically, . politically, and environment analysis, religiously. In the years from about 1450 to 1525 there were many reasons as to why explorations were aided by the main four factors that were previously stated. Advancements in astronomy and navigation were big technological factors. Countries were gaining little income, causing them to go and search for ways to become prosperous was an economic factor. Trial Essay! The. Christopher Columbus , Crown of Castile , Europe 826 Words | 3 Pages. Virginia Winston Essay 3 Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness The book of Proverbs is a book that can provide us with . wisdom and knowledge for effective every day living. Proverbs supply wisdom for all people regardless of their age, sex or position in society.
God wants his people to be wise and informed with quality applications for a successful and blessed lifestyle. An attribute to possess in order to obtain great wisdom on diligence and for high school, laziness is first we must have the fear of. Trial Essay! Bible , Book of strategies, Proverbs , Hebrew Bible 1038 Words | 3 Pages. ?Brandon Nelson 12/5/2014 EN 11011 Essay 3 Beatdown by the Badge. Jury Trial Essay! Police brutality has been an issue in America now for quite . some time. Recently, it seems to have hit crisis proportions.
There are protests popping up in cities all across the country. Why is police brutality now in stein, the national spotlight and on the tips of most Americans tongues? Due to the advancement of technology the last 15 years or so, people now have the ability on their phone to video record and upload to the internet, police. Abuse , Chicago Police Department , Constable 1056 Words | 3 Pages. Trial Essay! Paris to Berlin (1885-87) * Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to specialize in ophthalmology. * To cure his mother’s illness. . * Barcelona - stopped in Barcelona to visit, Maximo Viola - Befriended Eusebio Corominas – editor of for high school students, La publicidad. Don Miguel Morayta (owner) - Article on the “Caroline’s Question” * In Gay Paris November 1885 (four months) - Worked as an assistant to Dr. Louis de Weckert , leading French Opthalmologist - Visited his friends: Tavera’s. Jury Essay! Anthropology , Berlin , Germany 766 Words | 4 Pages. Reform movement did not cause the business tax planning Revolution DICHOTOMY: REFORM REVOLUTION Renato Constantino Echoed Agoncillo Accepts: Essentialist characterization of . Agoncillo DICHOTOMY RIZAL BONIFACIO 3 . NOT based on historical FACTS FACTS: (REFORMIST) Province of Spain NOT for INDEPENDENCE Anti-Friar NOT anti-SPANIARD Not for Armed Revolution RIZAL : El Fili and Manifesto to the Filipino People Denounced the Revolution Antonio Luna: x Katipunan 4. MIDDLE CLASS Illustrados Economic interest Cautious and conservative.
Andres Bonifacio , El filibusterismo , Filipino people 1083 Words | 3 Pages. ?Diantae Thomas March 24 2015 Mrs.David English 101 Being Against Animal Rights In the trial essay essay , “The Case For Animals Rights”, Tom Regan . Environment Analysis! stresses that, “the fundamental wrong is the system that allows us to view animals as our resources, here for jury, us- to be eaten, or surgically manipulated, or exploited for sports or money.” As an animal lover, I would never want to intentionally harm or kill any animal without a justifiable cause. Environment Analysis! But within reason, animals should not be treated equally as human. A Theory of Justice , Animal rights , Human 836 Words | 5 Pages. First Homecoming From 1882 to jury trial, 1887, Rizal was in Europe studying. There he was allured, fascinated and have all the beautiful memories . Strategies! throughout his sojourn. But this will not make Rizal forget his fatherland and his nationality. After 5 years of memorable adventure in Europe, he returned to the Philippines in August 1887 and jury trial essay, practiced medicine in Calamba. Although his life is threatened because his Noli Me Tangere caused uproar especially among the friars, he insists on essays returning home. He has. Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1918 Words | 6 Pages.
JOSE PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONZO REALONDA Calle Real, Rizal Shrine Calamba, Laguna 0915-5774925 firstname.lastname@example.org . Jury Trial! OBJECTIVE: To share a heart of persuasive for high, a Filipino nationalist and inspire all the Filipino youth today EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND: 1887 Eye specialization course, PhD University of Heidelberg 1885 Philosophy and Letters, PhD 1884 Licentiate in Medicine Universidad Central de Madrid 1878-1882 Opthalmology (undergraduate) 1877-1878 Philosopy. Bachelor's degree , Filipino people , Jose Rizal 278 Words | 3 Pages. ?Bagas, Camille Anne A. BSIT-3A *Singapore - (May 3 , 1882) During the jury trial voyage he carefully observed the people and things on board the . steamer. Environment Analysis Essay! - There were sixteen passengers. He was the only Filipino and trial essay, the rest were Spaniards, British, and Indian negroes. Fahrenheit Moore! - The captain of the jury trial essay ship, Donato Lecha befriended Rizal . Undergraduate Importance! - To kill boredom of the voyage, Rizal played chess with his fellow passengers. He then defeated them many times, for he was a good chess player. - On May 9, the Salvadora docked. Africa , Egypt , French language 1029 Words | 3 Pages. reading of jury, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin It was out of Rizal’s deeper vision that El Filibusterismo emerged. 2. Thesis Importance! English meaning of the title . Trial! “Touch Me Not” “Dangerous patriot who will soon be on tax planning the gallows, or else a conceited fellow.” 3 . Places where it was written Madrid, Paris, Germany, Wilhelmsfeld London, Paris, Madrid, Biarritz 4. Year it was first written 1884 1887 5. Place and year the unpolished version was completed Berlin (1886) Biarritz (1891) 6. Place and year the. El filibusterismo , Harriet Beecher Stowe , Jose Rizal 486 Words | 3 Pages. Essay! GROUP 2 :RIZAL’S ESSAYS ORTEGA, OLLERO PASTRANA PENALOSA PFLEIDER To the young women of persuasive essays for high school, Malolos (London, February 22, . 1889) This famous letter was written by Rizal in Tagalog, while he was reading in London, upon the request of M.H. del Pilar. The story behind this letter is this; On December 12, 1888, a group of twenty young women of trial essay, Malolos petitioned Goveror-General Weyler for permission to open a “night school” so that they might study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko. Andres Bonifacio , Bulacan , Filipino language 851 Words | 4 Pages.
MERCADO RIZAL ALONZO Y REALONDA * Sociological Imagination, C. Wright Mills: an awareness of the relationship between an business environment analysis essay individual and the . wider society (History + Biography + Social Structure) ------------------------------------------------- FORMATIVE YEARS: 1861 – 1882 The Family * Rizal Family: one of the biggest families during their time / principalia class * Mercado: real surname adopted in 1731 by Domingo Lamco (paternal great great grandfather of jury, Jose Rizal ) * Rizal : second. Stein Picasso! Andres Bonifacio , Ateneo de Manila University , Filipino people 1586 Words | 7 Pages. read Aesop’s fables then I can quickly fill myself in with the necessary background information I need to understand the jury essay context of these stories through an essays . additional source; Wikipedia for trial, example. Likewise, when I read the original story for this essay question, I was unaware of what a begum, or a Birbal is. Gertrude Stein Picasso! However, because I am a native English speaker it was easy for me to quickly find and understand this additional information and make myself aware of the jury trial essay context. Business! By checking the meaning of jury, these. Emperor , England , English language 1238 Words | 4 Pages. you will see that they do go hand in hand.
In Proverbs 6:6-8, it says, “Go to the ant, you sluggard; consider its ways and business, be wise! It has no commander, no . overseer or ruler, yet it stores its provisions in summer and gathers its food at trial harvest” ( 3 ). The ant is diligent by going out, on business strategies its own free will, and prepared the fields for his crops in the summer and then when harvest arrived, he was blessed with a bountiful harvest. This example mirrors diligence with wisdom. He was wise by preparing. Bible , Book of Proverbs , New Testament 824 Words | 3 Pages. Jose Rizal is a 1998 Filipino biographical film of the Philippine national hero Jose Rizal directed by Marilou Diaz-Abaya and trial, . starring Cesar Montano as Jose Rizal . At the time of its release, it was the most expensive film in the history of Philippine cinema with a budget of over PhP.80 million. The film was an official entry to the 1998 Metro Manila Film Festival. Upon release, the film met a universal critical acclaim. Plot Imprisoned in Fort Santiago under the abusive Spanish colonization. Cesar Montano , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 959 Words | 3 Pages. BARCELONA * Rizal continued his trip by rail, finally reaching Barcelona on for high June 16, 1882 * Filipinos in Barcelona were some of his . classmates in Ateneo, welcomed him.
They gave him a party at cafe Plaza de Cataluna. Jury! After toasts, Rizal in turn gave them the tax planning latest news and gossips in the Philippines. * Rizal wrote a nationalistic essay entitled “Amor Patrio” which was his first written article on Spain’s soil. He then sent his article to Basilio Teodoro Moran, publisher of Diariong Tagalog. Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1349 Words | 4 Pages. Instability of colonial administration 2. Corrupt officialdom 3 . Jury Essay! No Philippine representation in Spanish Cortes 4. Human rights denied to . Fahrenheit Essay! Filipinos 5. No equality before the law 6. Maladministration of justice 7. Racial discrimination 8. Frailocracy 9. Force labor 10. Haciendas owned by trial essay, the friars and 11.
Guardia civil CHAPTER 15 “Rizal’s Second Sojourn in Paris and the Universal Exposition of undergraduate thesis, 1889” Summary: Rizal went to Paris after his stay in London. Despite the social parties. Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1540 Words | 6 Pages. Spring 2014 Essay 3 The Longman Reader Select one of the topics below and respond in an essay of between 650 and . 1000 words. Jury Trial Essay! Develop your own thesis and supporting ideas/details. Include clear, concrete examples so that you can “show” rather than “tell.” Write a 1- 3 sentence summary of either the TedTalks Video or The Longman Reader essay in your essay so that your readers understand your references. Also include a quotation from the essay . Acknowledge any source you use in your essay both in the. Bystander effect , EconTalk , Essay 907 Words | 2 Pages. RIZAL IN DAPITAN From June 17, 1892 to July 31, 1896, Dapitan became the bare witness to one of the most fruitful periods in Rizal's life. . Business Analysis! His stay in the province was more than he was living in jury essay, exile. It was the business period when Rizal had been more focused on serving the jury trial essay people and the society through his civic works, medical practices, land development, promotion of education and of course, coming accross with his one true love, Josephine Bracken. The part of Rizal's life where he came to know.
Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1084 Words | 3 Pages. School! “RIZAL’S TRAVEL TO OTHER COUNTRIES: THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO HIS HEROISM” Spain Jose Rizal was departed from jury spain, and it . was kept secret from Spanish authorities. On May 3 , 1882 he boarded on Salvador bound for Singapore, and that time he was the only Filipino passenger. The captain of the ship, Donato Lecha from Asturias Spain, befriended him although some Spaniards who spoke ill of the Philippines peeved him. He was conferred the degree of Licentiate in. Ateneo de Manila University , Complutense University of Madrid , Jose Rizal 1944 Words | 7 Pages. Carezza Marie P. BS Architecture Life and business environment analysis, Works of Rizal MWF | 4:00-5:00 Is Rizal a hero, saint or martyr? Who is . Essay! Rizal ? Jose Rizal , the national hero of the Philippines and pride of the rguhs dissertations Malayan race, was born on June 19, 1861, in the town of Calamba, Laguna. He was the seventh child in a family of jury trial essay, 11 children. Undergraduate Thesis Importance! Both his parents were educated and belonged to distinguished families.
His father, Francisco Mercado Rizal , an industrious farmer whom Rizal called a model of fathers, came from Binan, Laguna;. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 808 Words | 3 Pages. se Rizal , Liberator of the Philippines In the early morning of December 30, 1896, 35 year old Jose' Rizal , an jury indio with strong . oriental features but the bearing of dissertations, a western intellectual, wearing a black suit and hat, stood erect and calm in an open field by Manila Bay. Ministering to him were Premium2705 Words11 Pages Dr. Jose Rizal Would Have Become a Cebuano Rizal Would Have Become A Cebuano Written by Lope Lindio MABUHAY Wednesday, 18 June 2008 10:07 The probability was very high that if. Andres Bonifacio , Calamba City , Jose Rizal 1227 Words | 5 Pages. Jury Trial Essay! ------------------------------------------------- Essays of rguhs msc nursing dissertations, Rizal http://www.oocities.org/mcc_joserizal/work.html Amor Patrio . (Love of Country) -1st published essay . -stated that Philippines is a country for Filipinos, not for Spain. -Pen name: Laong Laan (ever prepared) -this essay was sent to the Philippines to be translated in tagalog by Marcelo H. Essay! Del Pilar. -published in “Diariong Tagalog”: Aug 30 1882, Manila. - Rizal encouraged his compatriot in Spain and the Filipino people to love. Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language , Filipino people 2632 Words | 9 Pages. rizal life works and writings chapter 2. Rizal life works and writings chapter 20 summary Free Essays on Summary Of Rizal S Life Works And Writings Chapter . 1 for students. RAFAEL CHRISTIAN P. NONATO CHAPTER 20 Ophthalmic Surgeon. Chapter 20 opthalmic surgeon in hong kong Jan Michael de Asis 15,790 views Writings in gertrude picasso, London Other than annotating Morgas work, Rizal wrote a lot. Jose Rizal Life Work And Writing Chapter 3 Free Essays 1 - 20 Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Scribd a Genius Writer, Scientist and National Hero. Rizal life.
1951 , 1973 , 1976 1184 Words | 4 Pages. ? Essay 3 Southampton Solent University School of XX Faculty of YY succeed@solent Level 1 10 credits 2,000 word . essay Student name : Stuart Dent Course title : Academic Skills Seminar tutor : Andrew Doig Stuart Dent 1 Essay 3 Standards of academic writing among British university students are falling. Discuss. Introduction In this paper, it is understood that ‘academic writing’ has the meaning as clearly given by Hopkins (2008) of “'structured research' written by 'scholars' for. Academia , Academic dishonesty , College 2279 Words | 9 Pages. Rizal Submitted by: Jose Marcko Durano Submitted to: Sir Parawan Rizal , American sponsored Hero . Essay! | Rizal was an American-sponsored hero | Rector’s Bill |Claro M. Recto Foundation | Why is fahrenheit essay, Rizal the trial National hero? |Jose Rizal | Discovery in Binyan Jose Rizal |Jose Rizal . Essays For High School Students! Andres Bonifacio , Honore de Balzac , Jose Rizal 413 Words | 5 Pages. quibuyen's rizal ; by: joyce anne tuliao A Nation Aborted By Floro Quibuyen What was Rizal’s vision? Rizal’s vision was of the nation as . an jury essay ethical community, a vision of an inclusive nation without borders, and gertrude stein essay picasso, not of a sovereign nation demarcated by a territory and protected by the armature of the trial state. Essay Picasso! He was convinced that the road to essay, national liberation, to persuasive for high school students, freedom and justice, was not via the jury violent seizure of business environment essay, state power—wherein today’s slaves become tomorrow’s tyrants.
The Historians… . Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 894 Words | 3 Pages. Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) is the most venerated and essay, acclaimed patriot in the . Philippines recognized for his unselfish and non-violent contributions to the historical and social transformations in the country. He is one of the national heroes of the Philippines regarded by the National Heroes Committee, together with Andres Bonifacio. He was the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era that led. Andres Bonifacio , Calamba City , Jose Rizal 780 Words | 3 Pages.
CHAPTER 5 : Rizal in Paris and Germany * Rizal went to Paris and stein picasso, Germany in order to specialize in ophthalmology, - a . Jury Trial Essay! branch of medical science dealing with the anatomy, functions and diseases. * Rizal was just only 24 y/o when he went Paris to business tax planning strategies, study ophthalmology. STOPOVER AT BARCELONA * To visit his friend MAXIMO VIOLA, a medical student and a member of a rich family in San Miguel, Bulacan. November 1885-February 1886 * Rizal worked as an assistant to jury trial, Dr. Louis de Weckert. Berlin , East Germany , Germany 741 Words | 3 Pages. Synopsis Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861, in Calamba, Philippines.
While living in Europe, Rizal wrote about the . discrimination that accompanied Spain's colonial rule of his country. He returned to the Philippines in 1892, but was exiled due to his desire for reform. Although he supported peaceful change, Rizal was convicted of sedition and executed on rguhs msc nursing dissertations December 30, 1896, at age 35. CONTENTS Synopsis Early Life Writing and Reform Exile in the Philippines Execution and jury trial essay, Legacy QUOTES . Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 504 Words | 3 Pages.
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Definition Essay On Family Values Essays and Research Papers. ?My Definition of Family with Classification The definition of “ family ” may differ from one person . to the next. Even the various dictionaries have multiple definitions for the simple yet ever so complex word. The Oxford English Dictionary’s etymology of the word family comes from the Middle French famile, beginning in 1337 with family being defined as a group of people living under the same roof, household, in 1442-44 included a group of people related by blood, 1580 a group of people related. Definition , Extended family , Family 1311 Words | 6 Pages. Family Values Family Values The concept of family as the client has become an jury trial, . integral part of nursing. Research has shown that personal illness affects the family unit and not just the gertrude stein individual, plus, effectiveness of health care is essay improved when emphasis is placed on family (Harmon Hansen, 2001). Nursing theorists have touched on family nursing; however, there is no complete theoretical framework for family nursing.
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English Composition II October 27, 2012 Definition Essay The term “identity” as the essay English dictionary defines it is “the . individual characteristics by essays for high school, which a person or thing is recognized,” however, the jury trial essay dictionary fails to truly capture the word’s meaning. Fahrenheit Moore Essay? Generally the development of an individual’s identity goes on during his/her childhood, puberty and in jury, most situations it ends at adulthood. Identity is quite difficult to define because it is such an undergraduate thesis importance, abstract concept. In order to define. Cengage Learning , Definition , Existentialism 1154 Words | 3 Pages. A Comparative Study of Family Values Between China and America - Family Values. Family values are political and social beliefs that hold the nuclear family to be the essential ethical and moral . unit of society.
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I remember when I was little my GG was diagnosed with breast cancer. We found out we weren't able to get rid of it and it would cut down her life span but even though that doctor knows what happened she made us all smile and gertrude stein that's a gift. If that doctor wouldn't have been there I don't know what my family would've done. In my eyes that's. Cyclops , Debut albums , Emotion 1331 Words | 3 Pages. Generosity! When most people think of the trial word generosity, they think of the Red Cross or Goodwill, but it doesn’t have to be that complicated. Generosity . can be as simple as lending a friend a pencil. Generosity used to be a trait inherited by noble families . But Generosity is a quality that is tax planning learned and practiced rather than inherited.
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? THE CHANGE IN THE FAMILIES FORMS AND FUNCIONS IN SOCIETY STUDENT’S NAME: TN ID: 1066385 INSTRUCTOR: GLORIA MICHALCHUK ESL 140 – COURSE . # 7052-1 NOVEMBER 25th, 2003 THE CHANGE IN THE FAMILIES FORMS AND FUNCIONS IN SOCIETY Society is composed of many elements based on trial values , traditions, cultures, government’s policies etc.; and family is one of the undergraduate thesis importance main basic ingredients, forming the society. Therefore, as the society changes its element, family is jury also forced to change the. Extended family , Family , Marriage 2680 Words | 8 Pages. that lingered throughout the house. Nonetheless, she was able to work around it because she knew that these Saturday mornings only came once a month. 911 Michael? My . father is a firefighter who is constantly sacrificing his life to better someone else’s. Jury Essay? As a family , we knew the horrible tragedies that could happen to him or to anyone else working in the service. I learned to cherish every minute spent with my father, and learned how to cherish our relationship. With the turnout of events that occurred in. Family , Father , Mother 1438 Words | 4 Pages. SANTELICES, Rhey Elmerson S. ENGLCOM EW2 Definition Essay Draft August 16, 2011 . Death is the gertrude essay one thing in life we can be sure about and that is why religions have beliefs about what it means.
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?Types of jury, Values Although every family's list of values will be different, there are different categories of values . Business Essay? that tend to be similar. Social Values Social Values consist of things like peace, justice, freedom, equality, and bettering our community. Examples of social values include: Not hurting others and jury also standing up for those who can't stand up for themselves Being respectful and courteous in your interactions Volunteering time and skills in the community Being generous with what you. Family , Morality , Paisley Park Records 1240 Words | 5 Pages. What Is a Family ? thorny question for many policymakers is, “What is a family ?” Definitions abound, but consensus . Business? does not. How we define the trial family is often hotly-debated because the definition has significant consequences in people’s lives. Government agencies often have to define what a family is in environment analysis, order to determine who benefits from their program and who does not. Towns or cities often have to define families in developing zoning and housing regulations.
Family definitions can have a bearing. Adoption , Definition , Divorce 2101 Words | 7 Pages. Latin American Family Values Latin Americans seem to value the family above everything else. In . fact, many spend all their lives just trying to trial essay, improve the situation for their families . From experience, when speaking with a Latin American, the majority of the time they will say that their family is what brings them the most joy or what they are most proud of. Not only do Latin Americans work to care for their families but they also work to keep their families united.
They pride themselves. Americas , Brazil , Family 2071 Words | 6 Pages. With respect to business tax planning strategies, family , assess the ability of the legal system to respond to jury trial essay, differing issues concerning values . Family law is the picasso most complex aspect of the Australian legal system as it is constantly under review and reform pursuing to adopt society’s continual change in values and principles. The changing of jury trial essay, laws in persuasive students, an attempt to be parallel with society is a strenuous process. Nevertheless, legislations are reflective of contemporary society’s values and ethics. Jury? Numerous legal issues arise. Divorce , Family , Family law 1498 Words | 5 Pages. Family Unity and Moral Values The increase in the number of divorces and the decrease in the number of marriages does not . Business Tax Planning? reflect a breakdown of the family unit in the United States and the decay of moral values . I don't think divorce is as big of trial essay, problem as politicians make it out to be. Yes, many couples get divorced, but their children can still have stability and grow up to strategies, be good people. (Price) The breakdown of the trial family unit in the United States and the decay of moral values are. Divorce , Family , Marriage 1242 Words | 4 Pages. Definition and Heroism Essay Assignment.
8th Grade Language Arts Heroism Essay Assignment Due October 9, 2009 Your assignment is to write a multi-paragraph . essay that defines your concept of heroism. You will use various strategies of fahrenheit moore, definition ( definition by function, example, and negation) to explain your unique opinion on the concept. Steps Prewriting/Planning 1. Revisit your responses to the Essential Question: What defines a hero? You may ask yourself, “To what extent or to jury, what degree can a person or an action. 2005 albums , Definition , Essay 580 Words | 3 Pages. ?Running Head: DEFINITION ESSAY 1 . Definition Essay Altruism Upper Iowa University Author Note This paper was prepared for English Composition II, taught by Professor H. DEFINITION ESSAY 2 Altruism Eric Gibson, the rguhs dissertations editor of the Leisure Arts page of jury, The Wall Street Journal, once wrote. Altruism , Arianna Huffington , Auguste Comte 1102 Words | 5 Pages. amount of money and possessions, 2. Gertrude Stein? abundance of valuable material possessions or resources, 3. abundant supply, and 4. all property that has a money . value or an exchangeable value . It originally comes from the 13th century: from Middle English welthe, from wele weal. In this day and age most Americans view wealth as the first definition , a large amount of money and possessions.
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